Edurenal Illness

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  • 1. What you need to know about……………. Kidney Failure / Renal Failure
  • 2. Kidney disease is one of the costliest illnesses in the U.S. today. Each year, more than 50,000 Americans die because of Kidney Disease. More than 260,000 Americans suffer from chronic renal failure and need dialysis or kidney transplantation to stay alive. More than 35,000 patients are waiting for kidney transplants, but only about 11,000 will receive transplants because of a shortage of suitable organ donors. Every year 2200 new cases of Malaysians are diagnosed with end stage renal failure. There are over 1800 people waiting for a kidney transplant in Malaysia, the numbers are increasing each year. …… This number is frightening…… The Facts About Kidney Disease
  • 3. Kidneys : What are they? Your kidneys are two bean-shaped organs near the middle of your back. Their main function is to eliminate excess fluid and waste material from your blood.
  • 4.
    • How do your kidneys function?
    • Your kidneys do some important jobs to keep your body healthy:
    • Balance your body fluids. Excess fluid is filtered out as urine.
    • Remove waste products from your blood.
    • Remove drugs and toxins from your body.
    • Release hormones into your blood to :
    • - Control blood pressure
    • - Make red blood cells
    • - Keep your bones healthy.
  • 5. Kidney diseases are diseases of the kidney substance that alter the structure and function of the kidney. There are many diseases of the kidneys such as glomerulonephritis, pyelonephritis & polycystic kidney.The treatment and potential for recovery depends on the type of disease. Kidney diseases can lead to kidney failure. Normal Kidneys Polycystic kidneys Healthy kidneys eliminate waste from the blood & maintain the body’s normal chemical balance. Fluid filled sacs, called cysts, characterize autosomal Dominant polycystic kidney disease. What are kidney diseases?
  • 6.
    • Kidney failure is a condition where the kidneys are incapable of performing its
    • normal function. Certain toxic substances which should have been excreted such
    • as urea and creatinine are accumulated in the body.
    • The two main causes of kidney failure are Diabetes & High Blood Pressure.
    • Many other conditions can harm the kidneys. These include :
    • Glomerulonephritis, a disease that causes inflammation in the kidneys.
    • Inherited diseases like polycystic kidney disease , which causes many cysts to
    • form in the kidneys.
    • IgA nephropathy or other nephropathy. Essentially an autoimmune problem.
    • Exact trigger not well known.
    • Very large, long standing kidney stone.
    • NSAID or pain killer like ponstan, voltaren can cause kidney failure.
    What is kidney failure ?
  • 7.
    • Who is at Risk ?
    • Risk factors for chronic kidney disease include :
    • Diabetes
    • High blood pressure
    • A family history of chronic kidney disease
    • Older age
    • Drug overdose, excessive use of alcohol
    • Long term use of pain medications such as aspirin, panadol, ibuprofen
    • and treatment with antibiotic.
  • 8.
    • Blood in urine. Most often not visible. But sometimes may appear tea color urine.
    • Protein in urine, low urine output.
    • Swelling of face and legs
    • Tiredness, fatigue
    • Pale and sallow complexion
    • Have dry and itchy skin
    • Poor appetite, sometimes accompanied with nausea and vomiting
    • High blood pressure. Especially when it is hard to bring it to good control.
    How to early detect kidney ailments?
  • 9.
    • Early detection can do a lot in preventing deterioration of the kidney function.
    • Kidney failure does not go down the drain in 3 months, or even one year usually.
    • But deteriorate very slowly. Thus getting screening helps.
    • What are the screening test done?
    • Simple testing of urine with dipstick for protein. If you have 2 positive
    • result over several weeks, please consult Dr.
    • Have a blood test for creatinine. Once creatinine exit the high control limit
    • of 133 umol/L, the kidney will fail expodentially.
    • 24 hours urine collection for creatinine and urine protein.
    • Ultra sound or CT scan of kidney.
    How do you prevent kidney failure?
  • 10. Since 30 – 40 % of kidney failure in Malaysia is due to diabetes, it is imprerative that all diabetics take note of this and screen for this complication annually. There is an extra urine test called urine microalbumin, to detect extra early diabetic kidney disease. Good diabetes control is important part of prevention of kidney failure.
    • What happens if kidney failure occurs?
    • ( End Stage Renal Disease )
    • Two successful treatment can be done – Dialysis or a Kidney Transplant.
    • These treatments can help you stay healthy and continue your daily activities.
    Important message:
  • 11.
    • Dialysis is a type of treatment that removes wastes and excess fluid from your
    • blood. 3 forms of dialysis can be done – hemodialysis, peritoneal dialysis and
    • continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis ( CAPD ).
    • A kidney transplant is an operation to place a new kidney in your body to take
    • over the work of your failed kidneys.
    • The kidney may come from someone who has died or from a living donor who
    • may be a close relatives, friend or possibly a stranger who wished to donate a
    • kidney to anyone in need of a transplant.
    You need dialysis when you develop End stage renal disease – usually by the time you lose about 85 – 90% of your Kidney function . Dialysis and Kidney Transplant – what are they ?
  • 12. Do you know how much $$$ you need to spend if you have kidney failure? Hemodialysis – RM 150 – RM 250 each time. Normally required 3 times /weeks. costing the patient between RM 1950 – RM 3250 per month.(not including consultation fee and medication). Peritoneal dialysis – RM 2300 – RM 2400/months. Continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis ( CAPD ) – RM 2000/month Kidney Transplant – RM 10,000 in GHKL where kidney donated by own relatives. - RM 100,000 in oversea, example China, Singapore & India.
  • 13. Estimated expenses incurred in kidney dialysis and transplant patients having out-patient treatment in private hospital Total expenses per year = RM 30,225 which averages to RM 2500/month (Excluding admissions to hospitals for other complications) Average cost after kidney transplant = RM3000/mth for the first 3 months for kidney monitoring and medicines to prevent kidney rejection. Cost may be reduced when transplanted kidney is stabilized. If complications arise or serum creatinine is high, renal biopsy may be done. Average cost = RM1000 including a stay in hospital. Subsequently? RM 1,825 RM 5 Daily Medication RM 960 RM 240 Every 3 mths Blood transfusion if the HB is low RM 500 RM 250 Every 6 mths Cardiac Assessment RM 1,200 RM 300 Every 3 mths Kidney function test RM 25,740 RM 165 3 X/week Dialysis Yearly expenses Cost Frequency Procedure
  • 14. Do you need help ?? Tel No : 04 – 2297211 ( Penang ) 04 – 3231013 ( B’worth ) 04 – 9173604 ( Jitra, Kedah ) Buddhist Tzu- Chi Dialysis Center Tel No : 04 - 6571888 Hospital Lam Wah Ee Tel No : 04 - 2261133 Penang Adventist Hospital Tel No : 03 – 26981333 04 - 2292433 National Transplant Resource Center Tel No : 03 - 79549048 National Kidney Foundation of Malaysia
  • 15.
    • How do you keep your kidneys healthy and more resistant to deterioration?
    • Hydrate yourself well. Drink lots of plain water to keep your urine pale most of
    • the time.
    • 2. Avoid unnecessary medication ( esp NSAID and on long term ). Look for better alternative solution.
    • 3. Avoid overloading your kidney with protein. Most of us only need about 2 ounces of protein a day! Protein leakage thru the kidney filter accelerate the deterioration of kidney function. Consult a renal dietitian if you need help.
    • Keep your cholesterol in good level.
    • 5. Keep blood pressure and sugar in good control.
  • 16.
    • What else you can do ?
    • Keep yourself in your best health by practicing all known health habits, ie :
    • Good diet, pay special attention to salt intake ( better use sea salt due to its wider range of mineral profile ) and protein intake.
    • Handle life stress well
    • Regular exercise
    • Adequate rest/sleep.
    • This article is not meant to diagnose nor treat your disease. It is only for general
    • information. You should seek a face to face consultation with a qualified medical
    • practitioner for a proper assessment and treatment plan.
    HEALTH IS WEALTH