Diabetes Awareness
Content <ul><li>What is Diabetes Mellitus ? </li></ul><ul><li>Types of Diabetes </li></ul><ul><li>Signs and symptoms </li>...
What is diabetes <ul><li>Diabetes is a disease in which  blood glucose levels are above normal . Most of the food we eat i...
Type of Diabetes <ul><li>Type 1 (Insulin Dependent DM) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Juvenile-onset diabetes, may account for 5% t...
Symptom <ul><li>Frequent urination  </li></ul><ul><li>Excessive thirst  </li></ul><ul><li>Unexplained weight loss  </li></...
How to diagnose DM? IFG – impaired fasting glucose IGT – impaired glucose tolerance
Complication <ul><li>Eye – Can get blurring of vision leading to blindness </li></ul><ul><li>Heart – high risk of Heart At...
Treatment <ul><li>Lifestyle modification  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Diet control </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Physical activity ...
Summary <ul><li>Diabetes is a serious disease with multiple complication </li></ul><ul><li>Diabetes is common but you can ...
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Diabetes Awareness

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Diabetes Awareness

  1. 1. Diabetes Awareness
  2. 2. Content <ul><li>What is Diabetes Mellitus ? </li></ul><ul><li>Types of Diabetes </li></ul><ul><li>Signs and symptoms </li></ul><ul><li>How to diagnose diabetes? </li></ul><ul><li>Complications </li></ul><ul><li>Treatment </li></ul><ul><li>Summary </li></ul>
  3. 3. What is diabetes <ul><li>Diabetes is a disease in which blood glucose levels are above normal . Most of the food we eat is turned into glucose, or sugar, for our bodies to use for energy. </li></ul><ul><li>The pancreas, makes a hormone called insulin to help glucose get into the cells of our bodies. </li></ul><ul><li>When you have diabetes, your body either doesn't make enough insulin or can't use its own insulin as well as it should. This causes sugar to build up in your blood </li></ul>
  4. 4. Type of Diabetes <ul><li>Type 1 (Insulin Dependent DM) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Juvenile-onset diabetes, may account for 5% to 10% of all diagnosed cases of diabetes </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Type 2 (Non-Insulin Dependent DM) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Adult-onset diabetes, may account for about 90% to 95% of all diagnosed cases of diabetes. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Weight gain / Obesity </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Gestational diabetes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pregnant women who gets DM </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Symptom <ul><li>Frequent urination </li></ul><ul><li>Excessive thirst </li></ul><ul><li>Unexplained weight loss </li></ul><ul><li>Extreme hunger </li></ul><ul><li>Sudden vision changes </li></ul><ul><li>Tingling or numbness in hands or feet </li></ul><ul><li>Feeling very tired much of the time </li></ul><ul><li>Very dry skin </li></ul><ul><li>Sores that are slow to heal </li></ul><ul><li>More infections than usual. </li></ul>Yes No
  6. 6. How to diagnose DM? IFG – impaired fasting glucose IGT – impaired glucose tolerance
  7. 7. Complication <ul><li>Eye – Can get blurring of vision leading to blindness </li></ul><ul><li>Heart – high risk of Heart Attack </li></ul><ul><li>Kidney failure leading to Dialysis </li></ul><ul><li>Brain – risk of stroke </li></ul><ul><li>Nerves – reduce sensation to both hands and feet leading to injury, which can be complicated further by infection -> can lead to amputation </li></ul>
  8. 8. Treatment <ul><li>Lifestyle modification </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Diet control </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Physical activity 30min x 3 times a week </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Weight reduction </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Stop smoking </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Medical therapy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Oral hypoglycaemic agent </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Insulin injection </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Control Blood Pressure </li></ul><ul><li>Control Cholesterol Level </li></ul>
  9. 9. Summary <ul><li>Diabetes is a serious disease with multiple complication </li></ul><ul><li>Diabetes is common but you can reduce your risk by losing even a small amount of weight. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Thank you

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