Because people around the world need it. Farmers, policy makers, researchers, development practitioners, future generations all need ag knowledge—to improve the world we live in.Research organizations like the CGIAR cannot be satisfied just knowing they have produced high quality science. It is essential that the outputs of their research are communicated and put to use, in the village, on the ground, in the lab, or across the negotiating table.The Triple-A Framework developed by the ICT-KM Program seeks to help CGIAR Centers and Programs and their scientists decide on the level of Availability, Accessibility and Applicability (AAA) they want for their research outputs, and also the pathways with which to turn these outputs into International Public Goods.The Problem: Research outputs inaccessible:They are not capturedThey are locked up behind passwordsThey are kept inside intranetsThey are not on the Internet, or digitalTheir addresses are not permanentThey are not easy to findLicenses do not encourage re-useThey can’t ‘travel’ as far as they shouldHow accessible are your research outputs? How can we ensure that our global public goods are accessible and available both within the CGIAR and beyond?
Benchmarking:To better understand ways that CGIAR Centers make their published research outputs available and accessible, a benchmarking study of six Centers was carried out in 2008 and 2009. The study scored several typical ‘pathways’ that could be used to identify and obtain research outputs published in 2006. Results indicate that these outputs are generally available – they can be identified – in various pathways but that they are much less openly accessible in full text. The results also show differences between the approaches of the six Centers, differences in performance between pathways, and differences in the accessibility of different types of outputs.Benchmarking at CIAT:84 peer reviewed articles47 peer reviewed book chapters87 conference and workshop papers39 articles from other journals49 own reports/ publications (not including newsletters, annual report)Total 306 research outputsAvailability (Citations)Excellent availability for:Peer reviewed journal articles100% available via CIAT’s library catalog*96% via Google Peer reviewed book chapters81% available via library catalog100% via Google * NOTE: All CIAT library catalog entries are available in the CGVlibrary.Less available:Conference & workshop papers23% available via library catalog33% available via Google Other journal articles39% available via library catalog92% available via Google Own reports/publications88% available via library catalog88% available via GoogleAccessibility (Full text)Poor accessibility for most categoriesPeer reviewed journal articles31% accessible via library catalog and web26% via Google ScholarPeer reviewed book chapters 4% accessible via library catalog and/or web 11% via Google ScholarConference & workshop papers15% accessible via library catalog33% accessible via Google ScholarOther journal articles41% accessible via library catalog13% accessible via Google ScholarOwn reports/publications51% available via library catalog 2% available via Google ScholarThe good news:CIAT outputs scored high on availability Accessibility in most categories could be improved through concerted efforts Great support of the DG What should be done to improve accessibility?:According to staff--ResearcherObserve CIAT policy on technical and scientific publication (#1.08)Negotiate better copyright terms – certain flexibility for non-profits Post final author version on the web (PDF after peer review, not final published version)Inform library staff about special permissions you negotiate… other pathwaysLibrary staffMake CIAT’s library catalog harvestable (in preparation)Provide as many full text links to existing library recordsRequest permissions from publishers Advise researchers on copyright negotiations… other pathways Ongoing initiatives – to improve accessibility—Internal seminars accessible since 2003 Scientific Posters Exhibits accessible since 2004CGIAR wide initiatives: SINGER, CSI, and CGVlibraryGlobal and regional initiatives: AGRIS and AGRI2000Google Book Search: 250 CIAT books digitizedE-Books Dissemination via different channels: press releases, web/intranet news, E-Newsletter & Alerts, etc. Also via social media (Blog, Slideshare, FlickR, RSS, etc.) AAA seminar at CIAT:visit from ICT-KM’s Enrica Porcari and Peter Ballantyne to promote availability and accessibility of research results came timely to get CIAT’s communications unit started in the use of social media tools.Concrete actions to ensure the results of the hard and valuable work of CIAT’s researchers get to the hands of those who need it most.
Let’s look at some of the pathways adopted and used by CIAT—and how they have been working.CIAT and social media: the early days:CIAT has set up a Web page with links to several social media channels. Have a look at:The photos. Neil Palmer recently joined CIAT as a public relations officer and proved to be a very talented photographerThe video interviewsThe presentations and more then 100 posters that are part of an exhibitionThe blog, available in Spanish and English, where we collectively capture as many sessions as we can.The communications staff is encouraged by the increasing number of visits: 600 in less then 3 days.Congratulations CIAT!Taking advantage of web 2.0 technologies, KSW09 will offer interactive coverage including a daily display of photos in Flickr; RSS so users can subscribe and receive updates; and a blog in both English and Spanish. Tools such as Slideshare will also be used to facilitate the access to all the materials resulting from this eventWhat and Who?20+ blogposts9 video interviews (blips)112 posters30+ presentations100+ photos800+ blog visits350+ blip views1000+ slide views570+ photo viewsAlexander ZuritaAndrea CarvajalCarlos SaaEdith HesseEdwin SaavedraFernando PinoGladys RodriguezIdris JonesJuan Jose SabaMaria Fernanda MejiaMariano MejiaNeil PalmerOlga Lucia GonzalezOlive WahuraT’hiongoSimone Staiger-Rivas
Advanced social media: from reach to impactHow to take more strategic approach to use of social media as a AAA pathway?… the focus of the seminars and trainings by Peter Casier!
Making (Ag) Knowledge travel:We’re on a journey together!Introduction to CGIAR efforts to make researchprocesses and outputs Available, Accessibleand ApplicableEnrica PorcariActing Director of CommunicationsCGIAR Consortium
How do we make knowledge travel?• For knowledge to travel (and be used) people need: – To be able to find it (availability) – To be able to put their hands on it (accessibility) – To be able to make use of it and re-use it (applicability)• CGIAR AAA framework• ‘Benchmark’ : how likely are research outputs to ‘travel’• Help scientists and Centers/Programs decide on level of availability and accessibility of outputs – and the pathways to get there!.
Good to see where we started from• CIAT carried out AAA benchmarking based on 2006 CGIAR Performance Indicator Outputs• Results presented at 2009 KS week – Good availability, poor accessibility• Showed pathways developed with other CIARD partners• DG supported plan of action
Some AAApathways adoptedby CIAT1. Information management pathways2. Social media pathways 1. Slide share for presentations and posters 2. Blip TV for videos 3. Microblogging with Twitter3. Policies4. Other?
Some pathways Making a websites content visible onUsing Web 2.0 solutions for your the Web Digital accessibility ofWebsite contentDevelop a Repository Better for Digital Content licensing Newsfeeds Open access policies Using video to communicate research outputs
Some important steps• Facilitate institutional readiness (e.g. policies, incentives etc.)• Capture the outputs/knowledge generated– throughout the whole research cycle (not just at the end!)• Store, curate and preserve content• Decide on right IP and use appropriate licenses• Open access to your content• Publish on other platforms• Make the content visible• Make the content travel• Use pathways to generate different, more applicable content (e.g. social media through videos etc,)
Where are you NOW?Need to take the temperature.• Benchmarking for 2011• Which pathways are being used? Evaluating them• Identifying continued as well as new challenges to AAA• What new opportunities are there?• What can or do you want to do to improve? Adopting new pathways? Strengthening existing pathways?
Making knowledge travel (AAA) across theCGIARKey for the new CGIAR Consortium—collective level activities and supportto centres and CRPs, with special focus on:• Good data and information policies• Good information management pathways that allow open access and sharing of information• Good data management and sharing pathways, e.g some Centers using new tools like Dspace, Dataverse etc• Stronger web presence for greater visibility and access to knowledge assets• Use of social media in ever more strategic ways: from reach to impact
A few things to think about...• Communications is not a PR issue• Internet methods are not the only ones, but important• Not a once off• Opportunity for Collective Action - support from Consortium• CRPs are being launched• New cgiar.org• Carrots and sticks• How do we make it easy?• How do we empower scientists?... A few examples...