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Ch  5 sec  2 turmoil over taxation (2)
 

Ch 5 sec 2 turmoil over taxation (2)

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    Ch  5 sec  2 turmoil over taxation (2) Ch 5 sec 2 turmoil over taxation (2) Presentation Transcript

    • Chapter 5 Crisis in the Colonies 1745 - 1775 Section 2 Turmoil Over Taxation
    •  
      • Push down one domino
      • French and Indian War
      • They all fall down
      • Taxes on the colonist.
      • Proclamation of 1763
      Cause Effect
    •  
    • Conflict Between Britain and the Colonies British actions Colonists’ reactions Name: __________________ Period: _____ Social Science Date: ___________________ Concept Web Chapter 5: Crisis in the Colonies Section 2: Turmoil Over Taxation
    • Using ONE book, do the following with your partner.
      • SKIM pages 146-153 to complete the concept web.
      • Make sure you include details.
      • Example:
      • Correct example: Tea Act, a tax on tea and also stated the colonist could only buy tea from England.
      • Incorrect example: Tea Act
    • Chapter 5 Crisis in the Colonies 1745 - 1775 Section 2 Turmoil Over Taxation
    •  
    • Trouble in the Ohio Valley
      • English colonists head West, over the Appalachian Mountains, after the French leave
      • Native Americans in the Ohio Valley are treated poorly by the English arrivals
    • War in the Ohio Valley Once Again!
      • Angry Native Americans find a leader – Pontiac
      • Pontiac leads a fight against the English called Pontiac’s War in 1763
      • Native Americans lost the war to the English
    • Proclamation of 1763
      • British government set up the Proclamation of 1763 to stop colonists from settling in the West – caused too many problems with the Native Americans
      • Proclamation of 1763 drew an imaginary line down the Appalachian Mountains – colonists could NOT cross it! COLONISTS ARE ANGRY!!
    • Proclamation of 1763
    • More Bad News for the Colonists
      • Britain sent 10,000 troops to the colonies to enforce the Proclamation of 1763
      • Most of the soldiers stayed in the Eastern cities
      • Colonists had to pay for these troops they didn’t want!
    • Question
      • Can you think of a compromise that might have satisfied both the English government and the colonists?
    • Colonists are mad at the British government!
    • King George III Parliament England 13 Colonies +
    • Colonists Must Pay Taxes!
      • King George III and Parliament raised taxes in the colonies to pay off war debt from the French and Indian War
    • Colonists Must Pay Taxes!
      • Sugar Act 1764 – molasses- sweetener used to make rum.
      • Stamp Act 1765 – wills, diplomas, marriage papers, newspapers, almanacs, playing cards, dice
    • Protesting the Taxes…Colonists Get Even!
      • Colonists protested the taxes by throwing rocks at tax agents, tarring and feathering tax agents, and rioting .
      • Tarring and feathering
    •  
    • Protesting the Taxes…Colonists Get Even!
      • No Taxation Without Representation ! Colonists can’t vote to elect members of Parliament to represent them – so they shouldn’t be taxed
      • Colonists write petitions and boycott British goods
      • Petition – sign a piece of paper to show your support for a cause
    • Boycott – stop buying something
    • Even More Taxes…
      • Townshend Acts 1767 – glass, paper, paint, lead, tea
    • Make a prediction: What will be the next action(s) taken by the American colonists in response to the Sugar Act, Stamp Act, and Townshend Acts? Explain your answers. Give your opinion.
    •  
    • Make a prediction
      • Discuss the WHO, WHAT, WHEN AND WHERE of this picture.
      • List 3 facts of this picture and make an inference of what you think is happening in this picture.
    • The Boston Massacre
      • FIRST
      • Britain sent soldiers to protect British custom house officials.
      • Colonists had to provide British soldiers with housing, candles, bedding, and drinks.
    • The Boston Massacre
      • NEXT
      • Colonists gathered outside on the night of March 5, 1770 in Boston. They shouted insults and threw snowballs and ice at the British soldiers (lobster backs).
    • The Boston Massacre
      • FINALLY
      • The British soldiers panicked and fired into the crowd. Five colonists were killed or lay dying.
      • Some of the victims were Samuel Maverick and Crispus Attucks.
      • Colonists protest!
    • The Boston Massacre
      • THEN
      • More colonists arrived and the crowd grew larger.
    • The Boston Massacre
      • Effects
      • Paul Revere created the engraving to show British soldiers firing at unarmed colonists.
      • What is wrong in this engraving?
    • The Boston Massacre
      • The soldiers were arrested and tried in court. John Adams defended the soldiers saying they deserved a fair trial.
      • At the trial John Adams argued that the colonists had provoked the soldiers.
      • The soldiers received branding on their thumbs.
    • BOSTON MASSACRE
      • What is your opinion: Who do you think was more at fault for causing the Boston Massacre – the colonists or the British soldiers?
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    • Colonial Leaders
      • Samuel Adams
      • John Adams
      • Abigail Adams
    • Colonial Leaders
      • Mercy Otis Warren
      • Patrick Henry
      • George Washington