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Ch  5 sec  2 turmoil over taxation (2) Ch 5 sec 2 turmoil over taxation (2) Presentation Transcript

  • Chapter 5 Crisis in the Colonies 1745 - 1775 Section 2 Turmoil Over Taxation
  •  
    • Push down one domino
    • French and Indian War
    • They all fall down
    • Taxes on the colonist.
    • Proclamation of 1763
    Cause Effect View slide
  •   View slide
  • Conflict Between Britain and the Colonies British actions Colonists’ reactions Name: __________________ Period: _____ Social Science Date: ___________________ Concept Web Chapter 5: Crisis in the Colonies Section 2: Turmoil Over Taxation
  • Using ONE book, do the following with your partner.
    • SKIM pages 146-153 to complete the concept web.
    • Make sure you include details.
    • Example:
    • Correct example: Tea Act, a tax on tea and also stated the colonist could only buy tea from England.
    • Incorrect example: Tea Act
  • Chapter 5 Crisis in the Colonies 1745 - 1775 Section 2 Turmoil Over Taxation
  •  
  • Trouble in the Ohio Valley
    • English colonists head West, over the Appalachian Mountains, after the French leave
    • Native Americans in the Ohio Valley are treated poorly by the English arrivals
  • War in the Ohio Valley Once Again!
    • Angry Native Americans find a leader – Pontiac
    • Pontiac leads a fight against the English called Pontiac’s War in 1763
    • Native Americans lost the war to the English
  • Proclamation of 1763
    • British government set up the Proclamation of 1763 to stop colonists from settling in the West – caused too many problems with the Native Americans
    • Proclamation of 1763 drew an imaginary line down the Appalachian Mountains – colonists could NOT cross it! COLONISTS ARE ANGRY!!
  • Proclamation of 1763
  • More Bad News for the Colonists
    • Britain sent 10,000 troops to the colonies to enforce the Proclamation of 1763
    • Most of the soldiers stayed in the Eastern cities
    • Colonists had to pay for these troops they didn’t want!
  • Question
    • Can you think of a compromise that might have satisfied both the English government and the colonists?
  • Colonists are mad at the British government!
  • King George III Parliament England 13 Colonies +
  • Colonists Must Pay Taxes!
    • King George III and Parliament raised taxes in the colonies to pay off war debt from the French and Indian War
  • Colonists Must Pay Taxes!
    • Sugar Act 1764 – molasses- sweetener used to make rum.
    • Stamp Act 1765 – wills, diplomas, marriage papers, newspapers, almanacs, playing cards, dice
  • Protesting the Taxes…Colonists Get Even!
    • Colonists protested the taxes by throwing rocks at tax agents, tarring and feathering tax agents, and rioting .
    • Tarring and feathering
  •  
  • Protesting the Taxes…Colonists Get Even!
    • No Taxation Without Representation ! Colonists can’t vote to elect members of Parliament to represent them – so they shouldn’t be taxed
    • Colonists write petitions and boycott British goods
    • Petition – sign a piece of paper to show your support for a cause
  • Boycott – stop buying something
  • Even More Taxes…
    • Townshend Acts 1767 – glass, paper, paint, lead, tea
  • Make a prediction: What will be the next action(s) taken by the American colonists in response to the Sugar Act, Stamp Act, and Townshend Acts? Explain your answers. Give your opinion.
  •  
  • Make a prediction
    • Discuss the WHO, WHAT, WHEN AND WHERE of this picture.
    • List 3 facts of this picture and make an inference of what you think is happening in this picture.
  • The Boston Massacre
    • FIRST
    • Britain sent soldiers to protect British custom house officials.
    • Colonists had to provide British soldiers with housing, candles, bedding, and drinks.
  • The Boston Massacre
    • NEXT
    • Colonists gathered outside on the night of March 5, 1770 in Boston. They shouted insults and threw snowballs and ice at the British soldiers (lobster backs).
  • The Boston Massacre
    • FINALLY
    • The British soldiers panicked and fired into the crowd. Five colonists were killed or lay dying.
    • Some of the victims were Samuel Maverick and Crispus Attucks.
    • Colonists protest!
  • The Boston Massacre
    • THEN
    • More colonists arrived and the crowd grew larger.
  • The Boston Massacre
    • Effects
    • Paul Revere created the engraving to show British soldiers firing at unarmed colonists.
    • What is wrong in this engraving?
  • The Boston Massacre
    • The soldiers were arrested and tried in court. John Adams defended the soldiers saying they deserved a fair trial.
    • At the trial John Adams argued that the colonists had provoked the soldiers.
    • The soldiers received branding on their thumbs.
  • BOSTON MASSACRE
    • What is your opinion: Who do you think was more at fault for causing the Boston Massacre – the colonists or the British soldiers?
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  • Colonial Leaders
    • Samuel Adams
    • John Adams
    • Abigail Adams
  • Colonial Leaders
    • Mercy Otis Warren
    • Patrick Henry
    • George Washington