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    Ch. 5 sec. 1 power point Ch. 5 sec. 1 power point Presentation Transcript

    • Section 1: The French and Indian War George Washington French and Indian War
    • Colony
      • When a country claims land in a different place and uses it to gain power and wealth by using and abusing its resources
      • Push down one domino
      • They all fall down
      Cause Effect
    •  
    • Section 1: The French and Indian War George Washington French and Indian War
    • RIVALS
    • European Rivals in North America
      • England, France, Spain, and the Netherlands
      • competed for trade in the colonies.
      • France claimed the vast area that stretched from
      • the St. Lawrence River west to the Great Lakes and
      • south to the Gulf of Mexico.
    •  
    • European Rivals in North America Conflict in the Ohio Valley
      • By the 1740s, English traders were crossing the
      • Appalachian Mts. in search of furs.
      • France was determined to stop the English from
      • expanding westward.
      • The Ohio River was important to the French be-
      • cause it provided a vital link between land in Canada
      • and their settlements along the Mississippi River.
    • European Rivals in North America Native Americans Choose Sides
      • France had built a strong alliance with the Native
      • American groups of the Algonquins and Hurons.
      • Many English settlers were farmers and they
      • usually ignored Indian rights by felling trees and
      • clearing land for crops.
      • A British alliance was attractive to the Iroquios
      • because they were enemies of the Algonquin, and
      • Huron peoples.
    • The French and Indian War Begins
      • The French and Indian War began in 1754.
    • The French and Indian War Begins A Young Bold Leader
      • Washington was only 22 years old in 1754.
      • He grew up on a plantation in Virginia, he was
      • gifted in mathematics and began working as a land
      • surveyor at the age of 15.
      • Washington was to build a fort where the
      • Monongahela and Allegheny rivers meet to form the
      • Ohio River.
    • The French and Indian War Begins A Young Bold Leader
      • Washington led 150 men into the Ohio country in
      • April of 1754, along the way Washington heard the
      • French had built Fort Duquesne at the very spot
      • Washington had hoped to build his fort.
      Pittsburgh
    • The French and Indian War Begins A Young Bold Leader
      • Determined to carry out his orders Washington
      • carries out a surprise attack on the French.
      • Washington quickly makes a makeshift stockade,
      • Fort Necessity.
      • 700 French and Indians surround the fort, the
      • Virginians surrender.
      Fort Necessity
    • A String of British Defeats Further British Setbacks
      • During the next two years British attacks against
      • French forts failed.
      • Meanwhile, the French won important victories
      • capturing Fort Oswego and Fort William Henry.
      VS.
    • The Tide of the Battle Turns
      • In 1757, William Pitt becomes the head of
      • British government.
      • Pitt makes his first job to win the war in North
      • America.
      • Pitt sends Britain’s best generals to North
      • America and promises payments to colonists who
      • support Britain.
      William Pitt
    • Pittsburgh, PA
    • The Fall of New France Battle for Quebec
      • Quebec is the capital of New France.
      • Quebec was vital to the defense of New France.
      • The city sat on the Plains of Abraham, on top of
      • a steep cliff high above the St. Lawrence River.
    • The Fall of New France Battle for Quebec
      • British General Wolfe devises a plan to capture
      • Quebec.
      • He knew that French General Montecalm had
      • only a few soldiers guarding the cliff because the
      • French thought it was too steep to climb.
      • Late at night, the British take foot to the cliff.
      • The next morning 4,000 British troops are drawn
      • and ready for battle on the Plains of Abraham.
    • The Fall of New France Battle for Quebec
      • On September 18, 1759
      • Quebec is surrendered to the British.
    • The Fall of New France Treaty of Paris
      • The Treaty of Paris ends the war.
      • The treaty ends French power in North America.
      • Britain gains Canada and all French lands east
      • of the Mississippi River except New Orleans.
      • Spain which enters the war on the French side
      • has to give up Florida and is given all land west of
      • the Mississippi River.
    • How did the map of North America change after the French and Indian War ended?
    •