Section 1: The French and Indian War George Washington French and Indian War
Colony <ul><li>When a country claims land in a different place and uses it to gain power and wealth by using and abusing i...
<ul><li>Push down one domino </li></ul><ul><li>They all fall down </li></ul>Cause Effect
 
Section 1: The French and Indian War George Washington French and Indian War
RIVALS
European Rivals in North America <ul><li>England, France, Spain, and the Netherlands  </li></ul><ul><li>competed for trade...
 
European Rivals in North America Conflict in the Ohio Valley <ul><li>By the 1740s, English traders were crossing the </li>...
European Rivals in North America Native Americans Choose Sides <ul><li>France had built a strong alliance with the Native ...
The French and Indian War Begins <ul><li>The French and Indian War began in 1754. </li></ul>
The French and Indian War Begins A Young Bold Leader <ul><li>Washington was only 22 years old in 1754. </li></ul><ul><li>H...
The French and Indian War Begins A Young Bold Leader <ul><li>Washington led 150 men into the Ohio country in </li></ul><ul...
The French and Indian War Begins A Young Bold Leader <ul><li>Determined to carry out his orders Washington  </li></ul><ul>...
A String of British Defeats Further British Setbacks <ul><li>During the next two years British attacks against </li></ul><...
The Tide of the Battle Turns <ul><li>In 1757, William Pitt becomes the head of  </li></ul><ul><li>British government. </li...
Pittsburgh, PA
The Fall of New France Battle for Quebec <ul><li>Quebec is the capital of New France. </li></ul><ul><li>Quebec was vital t...
The Fall of New France Battle for Quebec <ul><li>British General Wolfe devises a plan to capture  </li></ul><ul><li>Quebec...
The Fall of New France Battle for Quebec <ul><li>On September 18, 1759 </li></ul><ul><li>Quebec is surrendered to the Brit...
The Fall of New France Treaty of Paris <ul><li>The Treaty of Paris ends the war. </li></ul><ul><li>The treaty ends French ...
How did the map of North America change after the French and Indian War ended?
 
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Ch. 5 sec. 1 power point

  1. 1. Section 1: The French and Indian War George Washington French and Indian War
  2. 2. Colony <ul><li>When a country claims land in a different place and uses it to gain power and wealth by using and abusing its resources </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Push down one domino </li></ul><ul><li>They all fall down </li></ul>Cause Effect
  4. 5. Section 1: The French and Indian War George Washington French and Indian War
  5. 6. RIVALS
  6. 7. European Rivals in North America <ul><li>England, France, Spain, and the Netherlands </li></ul><ul><li>competed for trade in the colonies. </li></ul><ul><li>France claimed the vast area that stretched from </li></ul><ul><li>the St. Lawrence River west to the Great Lakes and </li></ul><ul><li>south to the Gulf of Mexico. </li></ul>
  7. 9. European Rivals in North America Conflict in the Ohio Valley <ul><li>By the 1740s, English traders were crossing the </li></ul><ul><li>Appalachian Mts. in search of furs. </li></ul><ul><li>France was determined to stop the English from </li></ul><ul><li>expanding westward. </li></ul><ul><li>The Ohio River was important to the French be- </li></ul><ul><li>cause it provided a vital link between land in Canada </li></ul><ul><li>and their settlements along the Mississippi River. </li></ul>
  8. 10. European Rivals in North America Native Americans Choose Sides <ul><li>France had built a strong alliance with the Native </li></ul><ul><li>American groups of the Algonquins and Hurons. </li></ul><ul><li>Many English settlers were farmers and they </li></ul><ul><li>usually ignored Indian rights by felling trees and </li></ul><ul><li>clearing land for crops. </li></ul><ul><li>A British alliance was attractive to the Iroquios </li></ul><ul><li>because they were enemies of the Algonquin, and </li></ul><ul><li>Huron peoples. </li></ul>
  9. 11. The French and Indian War Begins <ul><li>The French and Indian War began in 1754. </li></ul>
  10. 12. The French and Indian War Begins A Young Bold Leader <ul><li>Washington was only 22 years old in 1754. </li></ul><ul><li>He grew up on a plantation in Virginia, he was </li></ul><ul><li>gifted in mathematics and began working as a land </li></ul><ul><li>surveyor at the age of 15. </li></ul><ul><li>Washington was to build a fort where the </li></ul><ul><li>Monongahela and Allegheny rivers meet to form the </li></ul><ul><li>Ohio River. </li></ul>
  11. 13. The French and Indian War Begins A Young Bold Leader <ul><li>Washington led 150 men into the Ohio country in </li></ul><ul><li>April of 1754, along the way Washington heard the </li></ul><ul><li>French had built Fort Duquesne at the very spot </li></ul><ul><li>Washington had hoped to build his fort. </li></ul>Pittsburgh
  12. 14. The French and Indian War Begins A Young Bold Leader <ul><li>Determined to carry out his orders Washington </li></ul><ul><li>carries out a surprise attack on the French. </li></ul><ul><li>Washington quickly makes a makeshift stockade, </li></ul><ul><li>Fort Necessity. </li></ul><ul><li>700 French and Indians surround the fort, the </li></ul><ul><li>Virginians surrender. </li></ul>Fort Necessity
  13. 15. A String of British Defeats Further British Setbacks <ul><li>During the next two years British attacks against </li></ul><ul><li>French forts failed. </li></ul><ul><li>Meanwhile, the French won important victories </li></ul><ul><li>capturing Fort Oswego and Fort William Henry. </li></ul>VS.
  14. 16. The Tide of the Battle Turns <ul><li>In 1757, William Pitt becomes the head of </li></ul><ul><li>British government. </li></ul><ul><li>Pitt makes his first job to win the war in North </li></ul><ul><li>America. </li></ul><ul><li>Pitt sends Britain’s best generals to North </li></ul><ul><li>America and promises payments to colonists who </li></ul><ul><li>support Britain. </li></ul>William Pitt
  15. 17. Pittsburgh, PA
  16. 18. The Fall of New France Battle for Quebec <ul><li>Quebec is the capital of New France. </li></ul><ul><li>Quebec was vital to the defense of New France. </li></ul><ul><li>The city sat on the Plains of Abraham, on top of </li></ul><ul><li>a steep cliff high above the St. Lawrence River. </li></ul>
  17. 19. The Fall of New France Battle for Quebec <ul><li>British General Wolfe devises a plan to capture </li></ul><ul><li>Quebec. </li></ul><ul><li>He knew that French General Montecalm had </li></ul><ul><li>only a few soldiers guarding the cliff because the </li></ul><ul><li>French thought it was too steep to climb. </li></ul><ul><li>Late at night, the British take foot to the cliff. </li></ul><ul><li>The next morning 4,000 British troops are drawn </li></ul><ul><li>and ready for battle on the Plains of Abraham. </li></ul>
  18. 20. The Fall of New France Battle for Quebec <ul><li>On September 18, 1759 </li></ul><ul><li>Quebec is surrendered to the British. </li></ul>
  19. 21. The Fall of New France Treaty of Paris <ul><li>The Treaty of Paris ends the war. </li></ul><ul><li>The treaty ends French power in North America. </li></ul><ul><li>Britain gains Canada and all French lands east </li></ul><ul><li>of the Mississippi River except New Orleans. </li></ul><ul><li>Spain which enters the war on the French side </li></ul><ul><li>has to give up Florida and is given all land west of </li></ul><ul><li>the Mississippi River. </li></ul>
  20. 22. How did the map of North America change after the French and Indian War ended?
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