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Ch. 5 sec. 1 power point Ch. 5 sec. 1 power point Presentation Transcript

  • Section 1: The French and Indian War George Washington French and Indian War
  • Colony
    • When a country claims land in a different place and uses it to gain power and wealth by using and abusing its resources
    • Push down one domino
    • They all fall down
    Cause Effect
  •  
  • Section 1: The French and Indian War George Washington French and Indian War
  • RIVALS
  • European Rivals in North America
    • England, France, Spain, and the Netherlands
    • competed for trade in the colonies.
    • France claimed the vast area that stretched from
    • the St. Lawrence River west to the Great Lakes and
    • south to the Gulf of Mexico.
  •  
  • European Rivals in North America Conflict in the Ohio Valley
    • By the 1740s, English traders were crossing the
    • Appalachian Mts. in search of furs.
    • France was determined to stop the English from
    • expanding westward.
    • The Ohio River was important to the French be-
    • cause it provided a vital link between land in Canada
    • and their settlements along the Mississippi River.
  • European Rivals in North America Native Americans Choose Sides
    • France had built a strong alliance with the Native
    • American groups of the Algonquins and Hurons.
    • Many English settlers were farmers and they
    • usually ignored Indian rights by felling trees and
    • clearing land for crops.
    • A British alliance was attractive to the Iroquios
    • because they were enemies of the Algonquin, and
    • Huron peoples.
  • The French and Indian War Begins
    • The French and Indian War began in 1754.
  • The French and Indian War Begins A Young Bold Leader
    • Washington was only 22 years old in 1754.
    • He grew up on a plantation in Virginia, he was
    • gifted in mathematics and began working as a land
    • surveyor at the age of 15.
    • Washington was to build a fort where the
    • Monongahela and Allegheny rivers meet to form the
    • Ohio River.
  • The French and Indian War Begins A Young Bold Leader
    • Washington led 150 men into the Ohio country in
    • April of 1754, along the way Washington heard the
    • French had built Fort Duquesne at the very spot
    • Washington had hoped to build his fort.
    Pittsburgh
  • The French and Indian War Begins A Young Bold Leader
    • Determined to carry out his orders Washington
    • carries out a surprise attack on the French.
    • Washington quickly makes a makeshift stockade,
    • Fort Necessity.
    • 700 French and Indians surround the fort, the
    • Virginians surrender.
    Fort Necessity
  • A String of British Defeats Further British Setbacks
    • During the next two years British attacks against
    • French forts failed.
    • Meanwhile, the French won important victories
    • capturing Fort Oswego and Fort William Henry.
    VS.
  • The Tide of the Battle Turns
    • In 1757, William Pitt becomes the head of
    • British government.
    • Pitt makes his first job to win the war in North
    • America.
    • Pitt sends Britain’s best generals to North
    • America and promises payments to colonists who
    • support Britain.
    William Pitt
  • Pittsburgh, PA
  • The Fall of New France Battle for Quebec
    • Quebec is the capital of New France.
    • Quebec was vital to the defense of New France.
    • The city sat on the Plains of Abraham, on top of
    • a steep cliff high above the St. Lawrence River.
  • The Fall of New France Battle for Quebec
    • British General Wolfe devises a plan to capture
    • Quebec.
    • He knew that French General Montecalm had
    • only a few soldiers guarding the cliff because the
    • French thought it was too steep to climb.
    • Late at night, the British take foot to the cliff.
    • The next morning 4,000 British troops are drawn
    • and ready for battle on the Plains of Abraham.
  • The Fall of New France Battle for Quebec
    • On September 18, 1759
    • Quebec is surrendered to the British.
  • The Fall of New France Treaty of Paris
    • The Treaty of Paris ends the war.
    • The treaty ends French power in North America.
    • Britain gains Canada and all French lands east
    • of the Mississippi River except New Orleans.
    • Spain which enters the war on the French side
    • has to give up Florida and is given all land west of
    • the Mississippi River.
  • How did the map of North America change after the French and Indian War ended?
  •