The United Kingdom is a unitary state consisting of four countries: England, Northern Ireland, Scotland and Wales. It is governed by a parliamentary system with its seat of government in London, the capital, but with three devolved national administrations in Belfast, Cardiff and Edinburgh, the capitals of Northern Ireland, Wales and Scotland respectively.
NATIONAL SYMBOLS Flag of Scotland Flag of Northern Ireland Flag of Wales Flag of England
QUEEN ELISABETH II
Her birthday is officially celebrated in Britain on the 3rd Saturday of June each year.
Born: 21 April, 1926.
She is Queen since 6 February 1952
Charles, Prince of Wales.
Anne, Princess Royal.
Andrew, Duke of York.
Edward, Earl of Wessex.
The Queen's Grandchildren Prince William of Wales Peter Phillips Princess Beatrice of York Lady Louise Windsor Prince Harry of Wales Princess Eugenie of York Zara Phillips Viscount Severn
A royal anthem is a patriotic song much like a national anthem but specifically praising, or praying for, a monarch or royal dynasty
EDUCATION IN THE UK
Education in the United Kingdom is a devolved matter with England, Northern Ireland, Scotland and Wales having separate systems.
For years uniforms have been on the way out, but now they're making a comeback.
The British Government places great importance on the need to assess and test pupils in order to know what they have achieved. Compulsory testing takes place at the ages of seven, eleven and fourteen in England and Scotland. All children in state schools are tested in English and mathematics at the ages of seven, 11 and 14, and pupils aged 11 and 14 are also tested in science.
FOOD AND DRINK
British food has traditionally been based on beef, lamb, pork, chicken and fish and generally served with potatoes and one other vegetable . The most common and typical foods eaten in Britain include the sandwich, fish and chips, pies like the cornish pasty, trifle and roasts dinners. Some of our main dishes have strange names like Bubble & Squeak and Toad-in-the-Hole.
FOOD AND DRINK Fish and chips Sandwich Trifle Bubble & Squeak
Some people have their biggest meal in the middle of the day and some have it in the evening, but most people today have a small mid-day meal - usually sandwiches, and perhaps some crisps and some fruit
There are over 700 varieties of British cheese available with a British cheese for every occasion . The British Cheese Board was formed in 1995 and its members account for a significant proportion of cheese produced in the UK.
Cheddar Cheeses Soft Cheeses Cheese Platter
TRADITIONAL DRINK: TEA
Britain is a tea-drinking nation . Every day they drink 165 million cups of the stuff and each year around 144 thousand tons of tea are imported.
Tea in Britain is traditionally brewed in a warmed china teapot, adding one spoonful of tea per person and one for the pot. Most Britons like their tea strong and dark, but with a lot of milk.
SPORTS AND LEISURE
Rugby originated from Rugby school in Warwickshire. It is similar to football, but played with an oval ball. Players can carry the ball and tackle each other. The best rugby teams compete in the Super League final each September. For many years Rugby was only played by the rich upper classes, but now it is popular all over the country. American Football derived from Rugby also Baseball derived from the old English game of Rounders
Cricket is played on village greens and in towns/cities on Sundays from April to August Teams are made up of 11 players each. They play with a ball slightly smaller than a baseball and a bat shaped like a paddle. Two batters stand in front of wickets, set about 20 metres apart. Each wicket consists of three wooden rods (stumps) pushed into the ground, with two small pieces of wood (bails) balanced on top. A member of the opposing team (the bowler) throws the ball towards one of the batters, who must hit the ball so that it does not knock a bail off the wicket. If the ball travels far enough, the two batters run back and forth between the wickets while the fielders on the opposing team try to catch the ball. The game is scored according to the number of runs, which is the number of times the batters exchange places.
Polo is played with four men on horses to a team. A ball is hit with a stick towards the goal , one at each end of a 300 yard long by 160 yard wide field.
What is a pub ? The word pub is short for public house. There are over 60,000 pubs in the UK. One of the oldest pubs, Fighting Cocks in St. Albans, Herts, is located in a building that dates back to the eleventh century.
MUSIC The Beatles Queen The Rolling Stones
Famous people William Shakespeare Winston Churchill J.K. Rowling
London The Tower of London and the River Thames Buckingham Palace The Houses of Parliament and the Big Ben London is the capital of both England and the United Kingdom
Buckingham Palace is one of the most popular landmarks in London. It is the London home of the British Royal family. The 600 room palace is surrounded by a 40 acre garden. 40,000 tulips are planted each year in front of Buckingham palace
The Palace of Westminster
The Palace of Westminster, known also as the Houses of Parliament, is where the two Houses of the Parliament of the United Kingdom conduct their sittings. It is the place where laws governing British life are debated and passed.
The Palace of Westminster contain the bell Big Ben that is struck each quarter hour.
Big Ben is one of the most famous landmarks in the world. The clock tower is situated on the banks of the river Thames and is part of the Palace of Westminster.
Officially "Big Ben" does not refer to the whole clock tower ,but to the huge thirteen ton bell that strikes the hour.
Tower of London
For over 900 years the Tower of London has been one of the capital's most prominent landmarks and a world-famous visitor attraction. Throughout its long history, the Tower has served as a royal palace and fortress, prison and place of execution, an arsenal, royal mint, menagerie and jewel house.
The guards at the Tower of London are called Yeoman Warders. In principle they are responsible for looking after any prisoners at the Tower and safeguarding the British crown jewels, but in practice they act as tour guides and are a tourist attraction in their own right. There are twelve Yeomen Warders.
Their nickname is Beefeater
St. Paul's Cathedral
The first St Paul's Cathedral was built in 604 AD but burnt down in 675. The rebuilt cathedral was again burnt down in the Great Fire of London in 1666.
You can see the distinctive dome of St Paul's from miles away. The dome of St Paul's Cathedral is the second biggest dome in the world, after St Peter's in Rome