Sakai And The Academic Enterprise
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Sakai And The Academic Enterprise

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A discussion of the ICOM collaboration technology standard proposal (at OASIS by Oracle) and how it could impact Sakai.

A discussion of the ICOM collaboration technology standard proposal (at OASIS by Oracle) and how it could impact Sakai.

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  • 1. Sakai and the Academic Enterprise Oracle’s Perspective Michael Feldstein, Principal Product Manager, Oracle Eric Chan, Consulting Member of Technical Staff, Oracle
  • 2. The following is intended to outline our general product direction. It is intended for information purposes only, and may not be incorporated into any contract. It is not a commitment to deliver any material, code, or functionality, and should not be relied upon in making purchasing decisions. The development, release, and timing of any features or functionality described for Oracle’s products remains at the sole discretion of Oracle. July 2009 10th Sakai Conference - Boston, MA, U.S.A.
  • 3. The Problem Space July 2009 10th Sakai Conference - Boston, MA, U.S.A. 3
  • 4. What is the Academic Enterprise? Source of Truth • SIS • Data Hub • Identity Management • Etc. Academic Nerve Center Online Learning Environment • Business Intelligence • Data Warehouse • LMS • Google Docs • CRM • Wikis • Flickr • Etc. • Blogs • Etc.
  • 5. What Else? Source of Truth Web- conference • SIS • Data Hub Email • Identity Management • Etc. Calenda r Chat Academic Nerve Center Online Learning Environment • Business Intelligence • Data Warehouse • LMS • Google Docs • CRM • Wikis • Flickr • Etc. • Blogs • Etc. Networked Drives
  • 6. Sakai 2: The Challenge In Microcosm • Applications are silos • Sites are silos • The existence of 23 discussion forums doesn’t help you build the 24th • Similar apps can’t share the same data • Transport support is labor-intensive • Federation is hard July 2009 10th Sakai Conference - Boston, MA, U.S.A. 6
  • 7. Sakai 3 Gets You Partway There • No more site silos • Reduced application silos • A REST erector set for building capabilities (e.g., discussions)
  • 8. But Wouldn’t It Be Great If… • Your presence indicator knew you were in class in Room 301 • A teacher could add an assignment from her desktop calendar • The student would get that assignment added to his PIM task list • Activities (including archives) taking place in external apps like DimDim or Google Wave would be surfaced in the course site • Course sites from a partner school could be surfaced in your Sakai instance • Students and teachers could aggregate course content from several universities in a rich desktop client (PLE) • You could save not only the end product but all the related collaborative artifacts of student work to an ePortfolio • Somebody else did some of the programming work of all of this for you
  • 9. A New Standard: ICOM July 2009 10th Sakai Conference - Boston, MA, U.S.A. 9
  • 10. Integrated Collaboration Object Model Collaborative access to global networked knowledge • assists humans, organisations, and systems • with individual, collective learning and problem solving • by encompassing multidisciplinary contributions • enabling increased innovation and knowledge production on individual, organisational, and global levels. Inspired by Doug Engelbart’s original 1962 report of: AUGMENTING HUMAN INTELLECT: A CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK July 2009 10th Sakai Conference - Boston, MA, U.S.A. 10
  • 11. Network of Collaboration Entities Entity Class Hierarchy Social Network Implicit Relations Explicit Relations July 2009 10th Sakai Conference - Boston, MA, U.S.A. 11
  • 12. Current State of Fragmented Collaboration Applications Productivity eroded by • incompatible collaboration tools • technology driven tools require constant context switching to perform a single task • incomplete threads of conversations when users communicate through multiple channels • unable to relate, aggregate, and reason about diverse types of collaboration artifacts by project, task, or metadata • lack of uniform relevance rankings of search results from isolated repositories • soaring costs or technical barriers for integrating silos of repositories • weakening governance amid proliferation of web 2.0 content silos July 2009 10th Sakai Conference - Boston, MA, U.S.A. 12
  • 13. Why Integrated Model? An integrated collaboration model is essential for • (users) role-aware and task-driven collaboration • seamless transitions among the diverse collaboration activities • (developers) application development platform • custom composite applications, • contextual collaboration in enterprise business applications, • enterprise workplace portals, • new modes of collaboration • (integrators) application integration architecture • interoperable standard modules • canonical data and message model • model-driven development and integration July 2009 10th Sakai Conference - Boston, MA, U.S.A. 13
  • 14. Benefits of Integrated Model Common policy enforcement of heterogeneous contents coupled with an extended common infrastructure • identity management • access control • governance and record management • business rules and processes • business intelligence • task/project oriented organization of disparate types of contents • conversation threads through multi-channel, multi-modal communication artifacts • classification, tagging, meta-data associations, activity streams • faceted search and relational navigation • search and relevance ranking • subscriptions and notifications July 2009 10th Sakai Conference - Boston, MA, U.S.A. 14
  • 15. OASIS ICOM Technical Committee Charter • Charter • http://www.oasis-open.org/committees/icom/charter.php • Objective • Define the classes, attributes, relationships, and behavior of objects for a broad range of collaboration activities around shared workspace, communication, content, coordination, and social networking • Scope • Specify the normative standards for collaboration objects and operations in UML 2 and RDF/OWL representations • Define the non-normative guidelines (architectures and use-case scenarios) for a new workspace centric protocol to support a broad range of collaboration activities • Current organizational members • Oracle Corporation • Digital Enterprise Research Institute (DERI) • Cisco Systems, Inc. • KnowledgeTree, Inc. • ESoCE-NET July 2009 10th Sakai Conference - Boston, MA, U.S.A. 15 OASIS is acronym for Organization for the Advancement of Structured Information Standards
  • 16. Include a Broad Range of Collaboration Activities ICOM is extensible and includes diverse classes of objects: • teamwork (shared workspaces, discussion forums, real-time conferences, presence, etc.); • communication (e-mail, instant message, telephony, RSS, etc.); • content (text and multi-media contents, contextual connections, taxonomies, folksonomies, tags, saved searches, etc.); • coordination (address books, calendars, tasks, journals, etc.); and • social networking (articulated social networks among users, communities, groups, activities, wiki pages, blogs, recommendations, social bookmarking, etc.) Virtually all ICOM objects are entities which are assigned universal resource identifiers July 2009 10th Sakai Conference - Boston, MA, U.S.A. 16
  • 17. Shared Source ICOM Prototype Framework ICOM JPA Framework for Concurrent Engineering to provide •POJO classes •byte code Injection into POJO methods •attribute change tracking •distributed transactions •JPQL parser Custom Factory Providers for •DAO factory •JPQL parse tree visitor factory July 2009 10th Sakai Conference - Boston, MA, U.S.A. 17
  • 18. Integrated Model enables Federation Jane’s Personal Learning /Research Joe’s Personal Learning /Research Environment Environment Online Learning /Research Environment ICOM POJO Federation of LMS Cambridge University Georgia Tech UC Davis LMS LMS Provider LMS Provider Provider July 2009 10th Sakai Conference - Boston, MA, U.S.A. 18
  • 19. ICOM’s Workspace Centric Design Pattern • Workspace is a durable context and place to collaborate. • examples of contexts are projects, libraries, personal learning environments, personal information management, e-Portfolios, asynchronous meetings • Workspace involves participants with different membership roles. • participants can observe the presence of other participants in the workspace. • Workspace contains one or more • message and document folders • address books • calendars, task lists • web conferences, chat rooms • wiki pages, forums, etc. • Workspace is an integration hub for multi-vendor • collaboration services • content repositories • metadata facilities • infrastructure July 2009 10th Sakai Conference - Boston, MA, U.S.A. 19
  • 20. ICOM Intersects Enterprise Business Objects in Application Integration Architecture Joining structured business processes and unstructured collaboration activities July 2009 10th Sakai Conference - Boston, MA, U.S.A. 20
  • 21. ICOM Synopsis Integrated collaboration object model offers: • a standard contiguous model for seamless transitions among collaboration activities • interoperability among modular services • unified user experience by consolidated applications in dynamic user interface frameworks • common security, governance, and record management • extended common infrastructure simplifies business/IT administration, provisioning, and management • (subsequent TC’s to define) bindings to multiple programming languages and protocols • programming language bindings (RDF/OWL, Java, C#, Ajax, Python, …) • protocol bindings (SPARQL, REST/SOAP, Web Service, …) July 2009 10th Sakai Conference - Boston, MA, U.S.A. 21
  • 22. Join the Effort! http://www.oasis-open.org/committees/icom/ July 2009 10th Sakai Conference - Boston, MA, U.S.A. 22
  • 23. A Modest Proposal July 2009 10th Sakai Conference - Boston, MA, U.S.A. 23
  • 24. Consider ICOM for Sakai 3 • For Now: Adopt/adapt the REST API • You have to develop one anyway • You get a major head start on design and documentation • Provides the possibility of full ICOM adoption in the future • Oracle can provide advice • After 2010: Evaluate adoption of the object model • An open source reference implementation should be available • DAOs for integration with other platforms should be available • Migration should be relatively straightforward
  • 25. Questions? July 2009 10th Sakai Conference - Boston, MA, U.S.A. 25
  • 26. Communication Workspace (SIOC DERI et al proposal for ICOM) July 2009 10th Sakai Conference - Boston, MA, U.S.A. 26
  • 27. Community of Actors and Workspaces (Oracle Beehive’s proposal for ICOM) July 2009 10th Sakai Conference - Boston, MA, U.S.A. 27
  • 28. Object Model of Workspace (Oracle Beehive’s proposal for ICOM) July 2009 10th Sakai Conference - Boston, MA, U.S.A. 28
  • 29. Community of Spaces July 2009 10th Sakai Conference - Boston, MA, U.S.A. 29
  • 30. Space of Multiple Conversations July 2009 10th Sakai Conference - Boston, MA, U.S.A. 30
  • 31. ICOM Folders July 2009 10th Sakai Conference - Boston, MA, U.S.A. 31
  • 32. ICOM Artifacts July 2009 10th Sakai Conference - Boston, MA, U.S.A. 32
  • 33. Entity and Metadata July 2009 10th Sakai Conference - Boston, MA, U.S.A. 33
  • 34. Document July 2009 10th Sakai Conference - Boston, MA, U.S.A. 34
  • 35. Calendar July 2009 10th Sakai Conference - Boston, MA, U.S.A. 35
  • 36. Task List July 2009 10th Sakai Conference - Boston, MA, U.S.A. 36
  • 37. Conference July 2009 10th Sakai Conference - Boston, MA, U.S.A. 37