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Fazioli_Post Conference Presentation
 

Fazioli_Post Conference Presentation

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Presentation given at the Post University eLearning Conference on Friday September 17, 2010

Presentation given at the Post University eLearning Conference on Friday September 17, 2010

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    Fazioli_Post Conference Presentation Fazioli_Post Conference Presentation Presentation Transcript

    • Is anybody out there?Closing the cyber gap in eLearning to increase motivation
      Mark P. Fazioli, PhD
      September 17, 2010
      Shaping the Future: New Possibilities for Online Learning
    • About Me
      Director of Instructional Design Post University
      PhD in Instructional Design Capella University
      Shaping the Future: New Possibilities for Online Learning
    • Outcomes
      Shaping the Future: New Possibilities for Online Learning
      Explain the cyber gap that exists in online learning
      Describe immediacy and social presence
      Understand how to use elements of immediacy and social presence to close the cyber gap and increase motivation in online courses
    • Ponder this…
      What do you think “cyber gap” means?
      Shaping the Future: New Possibilities for Online Learning
    • Ponder this…
      Do you think the cyber gap has an effect on learner motivation?
      Shaping the Future: New Possibilities for Online Learning
    • Personalization Principle
      Moreno & Mayer, 2004
      Shaping the Future: New Possibilities for Online Learning
    • Personalization Principle
      Personalization of narration allows learners to exert less mental effort when learning new concepts in computer-based learning environment, increasing learning (Moreno & Mayer, 2004)
      Shaping the Future: New Possibilities for Online Learning
    • How learning improves
      People work harder to understand material when they feel they are in a conversation with a partner rather than simply receiving information
      There is a feeling of participation and activity—learning is once again active
      Shaping the Future: New Possibilities for Online Learning
    • Enhancing Social Presence
      Shaping the Future: New Possibilities for Online Learning
    • Social Presence
      Awareness of the presence of another person with possibility for interaction (Short, Williams & Christie, 1976).
      Shaping the Future: New Possibilities for Online Learning
    • Makes interactions appealing, thereby increasing learner motivation.
      Fostering social presence in a learning environment creates a level of comfort.
      Learning environments that lack social presence are viewed as impersonal reducing the comfort level and the interaction within the course.
      Social Presence
      Shaping the Future: New Possibilities for Online Learning
    • Social Presence
      Using social characters (social agents) creates a connection between the course room and the students.
      CASA – Computer As Social Agents.
    • Social Presence
      So what do you think are other ways to increase social presence in an online course?
      Breakout into groups of four…
      Shaping the Future: New Possibilities for Online Learning
    • Immediacy
      Shaping the Future: New Possibilities for Online Learning
    • Immediacy
      The psychological distance which a communicator put between themselves and the object of communication (Gunawardena, 1995).
      Shaping the Future: New Possibilities for Online Learning
    • Immediacy
      Verbal“we”, “you”, “our” and “your”, and humor
      Nonverbalannouncements, discussion threads, emails
      Shaping the Future: New Possibilities for Online Learning
    • Motivation
      Shaping the Future: New Possibilities for Online Learning
    • Motivation
      The hypothetical concept that explains the initiation, direction, intensity and persistence of goal-directed behavior (Good & Brophy, 1990).
      Shaping the Future: New Possibilities for Online Learning
    • Motivation
      Intrinsic Motivation
      Extrinsic Motivation
      Shaping the Future: New Possibilities for Online Learning
    • Motivation
      ARCS Model
      Attention
      Relevance
      Confidence
      Satisfaction
      Shaping the Future: New Possibilities for Online Learning
    • How to close the gap
      Shaping the Future: New Possibilities for Online Learning
    • Media Objects
      Static photos
      Avatars
      Video
      Audio
      Shaping the Future: New Possibilities for Online Learning
    • Language & Tone
      Formal NarrationMonologue-style using third person
      Shaping the Future: New Possibilities for Online Learning
    • Shaping the Future: New Possibilities for Online Learning
    • Language & Tone
      Conversational Narration“you”, “your”, “I”, “our”, and, “we”
      Shaping the Future: New Possibilities for Online Learning
    • Shaping the Future: New Possibilities for Online Learning
    • Language Activity
      Take the script you’re given, and in your groups convert it to a more conversational format.
      Be ready to share your ideas!
      Shaping the Future: New Possibilities for Online Learning
    • Making it work in online
      Shaping the Future: New Possibilities for Online Learning
    • Faculty information
      Use a video or photo with a conversational script
      Shaping the Future: New Possibilities for Online Learning
    • Announcements & Email
      Be personalized and friendly in style
      Write as though you are talking directly to the learners
      Shaping the Future: New Possibilities for Online Learning
    • Instructional Strategies
      Narrative case studies in storytelling format
      Assignment directions
      Include audio in PowerPoint presentations
      Shaping the Future: New Possibilities for Online Learning
    • Address modalities
      Be sure to hit both visual and verbal modalities
      Have a picture of the instructor nearby when there is a page of text
      Include audio notes to remind learners that the instructor is a human!
      Shaping the Future: New Possibilities for Online Learning
    • Questions
      Shaping the Future: New Possibilities for Online Learning
    • Contact Info
      Mark Fazioli, PhDPost UniversityDirector of Instructional Design(203) 591-5688mfazioli@post.edu
      Shaping the Future: New Possibilities for Online Learning