The Philippine Independent Church


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The Philippine Independent Church

  1. 1. Archbishop Bernardino Nozaleda And Gen. Basilio Augustine Fr. Gregorio Aglipay Artemio ricarte Mariano Trias Emiliano Regio de Dios
  2. 2. • Gen. Emilio Aguinaldo – Advised Fr. Aglipay to go to the North • Archbishop Nozaleda – Sent Fr. Aglipay to the North • Fr. Aglipay Returned to Manila and found that many people are troubled • Fr. Aglipay went to Cavite and Joined Aguinaldo’s Movement Gen. Emilio Aguinaldo Appointed Fr. Aglipay as the “Military Vicar General” (Oct. 20, 1898)
  3. 3. Oct. 21,1898 • Aglipay issued a letter to the Filipino clergy urging them to organize themselves into a cohesive body geared to national emergency. Oct.22, 1898 • Aglipay issued a manifesto asking the Filipino clergy to organize themselves and take charge of all vacant parishes • He urged priest under his jurisdiction to rally for the revolutionary cause
  4. 4. April 29,1899 • Archbishop Nozaleda excommunicate Fr. Aglipay that will take effect on May 5, 1899. • Fr. Aglipay also declared Nozaleda excommunicated. He charged him of starving the people and collaboration with the Spaniards and Americans October 22, 1899 Apolinario Mabini directed a manifesto to the Filipino Clergy urging them to a Filipino National Church.
  5. 5. The time is ripe for the Filipino Church Fr. Agilpay called an assembly at PaniquiTarlac on Oct.23, 1899 Agenda: Filipinization of Catholic church Prevention of anarchy in religious matter Provisional constitution of the Filipino Church was framed
  6. 6. WAR TIME – The New Church don’t have opportunity to grow fully
  7. 7. January 2, 1900 • Mons. Placido Chapelle arrived. An American Apostolic Delegate. • Pro-friar The Filipino hated Chapelle. Many Filipino clergy and Revolutionary leaders joins the religious movement
  8. 8. • Influenced by Chapelle’s undiplomatic language. Salustiano Araullo and Jose Chanco laid the problem of Filipino clergy to the Pope
  9. 9. Aug 3, 1902 Pascual H. Poblete scheduled a mass meeting at the Zorilla Theater
  10. 10. That same night… • Isabelo de los Reyes Sr. called a meeting of his Labor Union at the Centro de bellas Artes • Proposal: To establish a Filipino Church independent of Rome with Aglipay as the Supreme Bishop. • The New Church is called “Iglesia Filipina Independiente” (Philippine independent Church)
  11. 11. Executive Committee • • • • • • • • Trinidad H. Pardo Fernando Maria Guerero Martin Ocampo Manuel ortigas Trinidad H. Pardo Fernando Maria Guerero Adriano Garces J. Barlin Manuel Roxas Toribio Dominguez However,…. They denied any connection with the independent church
  12. 12. Aglipay and the Jesuits Dr. Leon Ma. Guerrero and Joaquin Luna Invited Aglipay to an inter View at Jesuit house at Sta. Ana Manila . Father Francisco Foradada - He Insulted the Filipino priest that urge Alipay to continue the schism
  13. 13. Father Joaquin Villalonga Deal with Aglipay after what Foradada had done and he urged him to come back to the catholic faith. Aglipay is accompanied with young priest Santiago Fonacier
  14. 14. Consecration of Aglipay Aglipay was consecrated on September 6 1902 as bishop and he also accept the position of supreme Bishop Oct. 26- First mass of Aglipay as supreme bishop Jan.18, 1903 - He was consecrated as supreme bishop of the bishop of isabela, Cagayan, Pangasinan , Nueva Ecija, Cavite and Manila
  15. 15. Lineage of IFI Obispo Maximo
  16. 16. I. Gregorio Aglípay y Labáyan D.D. II. Santiago Antonio Fonacier y Suguítan III. Gerardo Bayaca y Medina IV. Isabelo de los Reyes, Jr. y López Ph.D., D.D. V. Macario Ga y Vilches D.D. VI. Abdias dela Cruz y Rebantád D.D. VII. Solimán Ganno y Florés VIII.Tito Pasco y Esquillo IX. Alberto Ramento y Baldovino D.D X. Tomás Millamena y Amabran D.D. XI. Godofredo David y Juico D.D. XII. Ephraim Fajutagana y Servanez D.D.
  17. 17. Gregorio Aglípay y Labáyan D.D. • • • • • • • • • • • • Date of Birth: May 5, 1860. Birthplace: Batac, Ilocos Norte. Educational Attainment: - A.B. at University of St. Tomas (UST), 1881.- Theology at UST,1883 and in Vigan,1887.Ordained Subdeacon: 1887. Deaconate: 1888. Priesthood: December 26, 1889 at Sto. Domingo Church, Intramuros, Manila. First Sung mass: January 1, 1890, Sta. Cruz Church, Manila. Proclaimed Obispo Máximo: August 3, 1902, Manila. Consecrated Bishop: January 18, 1903, Tondo, Manila. Doctor of Divinity. Meadville Theological School, Chicago, USA, 1931. Term of Office: 1902-1940 (Inaugural holder) Died: September 1, 1940 in Manila.
  18. 18. I. Santiago Antonio Fonacier y Suguítan • • • • • • • Santiago Fonacier OM II Date of Birth: May 21, 1885. Birthplace: Laoag, Ilocos Norte. Educational Attainment: - A.B., Escuela Docente de Laoag, 1900. Episcopate: January 12, 1933, Tondo Cathedral, Manila. Elected Obispo Máximo: October 14, 1940, Tondo Cathedral, Manila. • Term of Office: 1940-1946 • Died: December 8, 1977 in Pasay City.
  19. 19. Accomplishments: He lead the Church during the four years of Japanese occupation in the country.
  20. 20. III. Gerardo Bayaca y Medina • • • • • • • • Date of Birth: September 23, 1893. Birthplace: Laoag, Ilocos Norte. Educational Attainment: - A.B., Philosophy & Theology, Vigan Seminary.Priesthood: June 6, 1919 (Roman Catholic). Joined the IFI: October 1933. Elected Obispo Máximo: January 22, 1946, Maria Clara Christ Church, Sta. Cruz, Manila. Term of Office: January – September 1946. Died: December 1975 in Botolan, Zambales
  21. 21. IV. Isabelo de los Reyes, Jr. y López Ph.D., D.D. • Date of Birth: February 14, 1900. • Birthplace: Barcelona, Spain. • Priesthood: September 24, 1923, Maria Clara Christ Church, Sta. Cruz, Manila. • Episcopate: January 23, 1925, Maria Clara Christ Church, Sta. Cruz, Manila. • Elected Obispo Máximo: September 1, 1946, Maria Clara Christ Church, Sta. Cruz, Manila. • Bestowal of Apostolic Succession: April 7, 1948, Episcopal Pro-Cahedral of St. Luke, Binondo, Manila. • Re-elected Obispo Máximo: September 1, 1949; 1953; 1951; 1957;1961; 1965; 1969. • Term of Office: September 1946 – October 1971. • Died: October 10, 1971 in Manila.
  22. 22. • Accomplishments: - Concentrated on developing and nurturing institutional life strengthened the theological position of the Church. to - He ushered in the forging of concordat relations with various Churches in many countries,first on the list was with the Protestant Episcopal Church of U.S.A. (PECUSA); and sought membership in national and international ecumenical bodies such as the National Council of Churches in the Philippines, Christian Confernce in Asia, the Anglican Communion, and World Council of Churches. - He took the helm for the construction of the new National Cathedral (the Cathedral of the Holy Infant Jesus along Taft Avenue, Manila) to supplant the Cathedral in Tondo that was destroyed during the War.
  23. 23. V. Macario Ga y Vilches D.D. • • • • • • • • • • • Date of Birth: April 10, 1913. Birthplace: Buenavista, Guimaras. Educational Attainment: - A.A., AB Pre-Law, Siliman University, 1933.Deaconiate: April 10, 1934, Tondo Cathedral,Manila. Priesthood: May 8, 1934, Tondo Cathedral, Manila. Episcopate: January 22, Ma. Clara Christ Church, Manila. Bestowal of Apostolic Succession: September 1, 1948, La Paz, Iloilo. Elected Obispo Máximo: November 1971. Re-elected: May 1973, 1977. Term of Office: 1971-1981 Died: April 7, 2002 in Bacolod City.
  24. 24. Accomplishments: • His leadership was challenged by the general political situation in the country during the martial law years. • - He rode in the flatform of stabilizing the church financial condition, reconciliation with the separated brethens, Christian Stewardship, and securing ownership of church lots and properties. • - During his term, a fund raising campaign was initiated for the building of Aglipay national Shrine in Batac, Ilocos Norte. President Ferdinand Marcos and First Lady Imelda Marcos attended the inauguration as the Principal Sponsor, held on September 1977.
  25. 25. • - The adoption of a new Constitution and Canons in 1977 marked another important milestone in the institutional life of the Church. • - During his term, two Regional Seminaries were opened in June 1980, these were the IFI Theological Seminary (presently Aglipay Central Theological Seminary) at Urdaneta, Pangasinan; and the IFI Regional Seminary at La Paz, Iloilo (presently St. Paul Theological Seminary in Guimaras).
  26. 26. VI. Abdias dela Cruz y Rebantád D.D. • • • • • • • • Date of Birth: September 25, 1931. Birthplace: Ochando, New Washington, Aklan Educational Attainment: - B.Th., St. Andrew Theological Seminary, 1956.- A.B. English, F.E.U, 1964.- M.A. History, U.P., 1967.Diaconate: April 12, 1916, Ma. Clara Christ Church, Manila. Priesthood: May 6, 1956,Parish of Our Lady of Peace, La Paz, Iloilo. Episcopate: June 29, 1964, Parish of Our Lady of Peace, La Paz, Iloilo. Elected Obispo Máximo: May 1981, National Cathedral, Manila. Term of Office: 1981-1987
  27. 27. Accomplishments: • His administration would however be beset with the problem of separation led by former Obispo Máximo Ga who refused to concede to his defeat and formed the Iglesia Catolica Filipina Independiente (ICFI).
  28. 28. VII. Solimán Ganno y Florés • • • • • • • • • • • Date of Birth: September 19, 1931 Birthplace: Bungui, Ilocos Norte. Educational Attainment: - A.B., Universityof Hawaii 1953.- B.Th., SATS 1965.- M.Th. SEACST, 1974.Diaconate: 1953,Parish of Immaculate Concepcion, Batac, Ilocos,Norte. Priesthood: 1954, Church of Heroes and martyrs, Sampaloc, Manila. Episcopate: May 8, 1969,National Cathedral, Manila. Elected Obispo Máximo: May 1987, Bacoor, Cavite. Term of Office: 1987-1989 Died: May 19, 1989, Manila. Also known as: - The First Dean of the National Cathedral.
  29. 29. Accomplishments: • During his term, the Supreme Council of Bishops (SCB) published two consecutive pastoral letters in May 1988 (Our Heritage, Our Response) and 1989 (Witnessing: Sharing in the Pilgrimage) respectively that contain an articulation and elucidation of the nationalist heritage of the Church. In the two pastoral letters, the Church also reiterated its advocacy to the people's agenda, support to nationalist industrialization and genuine land reform, and boldly condemned foreign intervention in the political governance of the country. • It was during Bishop Ganno's term that the Statement on Development was issued on July 30, 1987. The statement laid down the agenda of the church for renewal on the various aspects of its organizational and institutional life.
  30. 30. VIII. Tito Pasco y Esquillo • • • • • • • • Date of Birth: January 4, 1930. Birthplace: Balasan, Iloilo. Educational Attainment: - A.B. Pre-Law, Central Philippine University.- B.Th., SATS, 1957.- A.B. Political Science,University of Iloilo, 1964.- M.Div., SATS, 1990.- M.A. History, U.P., 1967.Diaconate: March 21, 1957, Ma. Clara Christ Church, Manila. Priesthood: May 24, 1957,Parish of Our Lady of Peace, La Paz, Iloilo. Episcopate: March 31, 1964, Parish of Our Lady of Peace, La Paz, Iloilo. Elected Obispo Máximo: June 1989, National cathedral, Manila. Term of Office: 1989-1993
  31. 31. Accomplishments: • He authored the Three-Year Vision Program launched in October 1990 which was aimed to enhance stewardship and education in the Church. • He supported, together with the NPO, the hungerstriking teachers camping at the National Cathedral in 1991. The church admonished the Aquino Government to reinstate the teachers and compensate their salaries and benefits. (This hunger-strike event was featured in the movie Mila starring Maricel Soriano.) • Bishop Pasco led the Church in launching the Centennial Decade Celebration at the Folk Arts Theater on August 3, 1992 to mark the beginning of a ten-year celebration prior to the centennial anniversary of the Church on 2002.
  32. 32. IX. Alberto Ramento y Baldovino D.D. • • • • • • • • • • • • Date of Birth: August 9, 1936 Birthplace: Guimba, Nueva Ecija. Educational Attainment: - BTh, SATS, 1958.- MDiv., SATS, 1990.Diaconate: April 8, 1958, Ma. Clara Christ church, Manila. Priesthood: April 28, 1958, Ma. Clara Christ church, Manila. Episcopate: May 1969, National Cathedral, Manila. Elected Obispo Máximo: May 1993, Trinity College, Quezon City. Doctor of Divinity: General Theological Seminary, New York,USA. Term of Office: 1993-1999. Died: October 3, 2007, Tarlac. Also known as: - Member of the Joint Monitoring Committee on the Peace Process between the Government of the Republic of the Philippines (GRP) and National Democratic Front of the Philippines (NDFP).- ”Bishop of the Poor, Peasants, and Oppressed”.One of the Martyrs of IFI with commemoration day of October 3 on the church’s lectionary.
  33. 33. Accomplishments: • He strengthened the capability of the Church in facilitating the national program with the creation of various commissions in the Central Office. • - He was an instrument in releasing many prisoners of war held by the revolutionary movements. • - He led the Church to an increasing awareness of its prophetic role in the establishment of a just society. He was recognized as peacemaker and endorsed as member of the joint monitoring committee on the peace process between the Government of the Republic of the Philippines (GRP) and National Democratic Front of the Philippines (NDFP). • It was during his term that the concordat between the Iglesia Filipina Independiente and the Church of Sweden was signed in 1995.
  34. 34. X. Tomás Millamena y Amabran D.D. • • • • • • • • • • • Date of Birth: Birthplace: Sibalom, Antique. Educational Attainment: - BTh, SATS, 1978.- M.Th., SATS, 1988.Diaconate: April 16, 1970, SATS Chapel, Quezon City. Priesthood: April 19, 1970, National Cathedral, Manila Episcopate: March 6, 1962, Parish of St. Michael Archangel and All Angels, Culasi,Antique. Elected Obispo Máximo: May 1999, YMCA Hotel, Manila. Doctor of Divinity: Seabury Western Theological Seminary, Illinois, USA, 2002. Term of Office: 1999-2005. Also known as: - The ”Centenary Obispo Máximo”.- Member of GRP-NDFP Negotianing Panel for Peace Talks, Oslo, Norway.
  35. 35. Accomplishment: • His centerpiece program is embodied in the Ten Year Strategic Plan of the Church that was approved in 2002. • Obispo Máximo Millamena held the apostolic staff in leading the Iglesia Filipina Independiente in celebrating its centenary in August 2 & 3, 2002 at Quirino Grandstand, Luneta, Manila.
  36. 36. XI. Godofredo David y Juico D.D. Accomplishment: • The Most Reverend Godofredo David was elected by the May 2005 General Assembly as eleventh Obispo Máximo. • He continued pursuing the programmatic designs of the Ten Year Strategic Plan and focused on human resource development, church workers benefit, and property consolidation as his centerpiece program. • The extrajudicial killing of the Most Reverend Alberto Ramento in 2006 has led his administration toward a more pro-active engagement with justice and peace, and human rights issues.
  37. 37. XII. Ephraim Fajutagana y Servanez D.D. • • • • • • • Birthplace: Odiongan, Romblon. Educational Attainment: - Bth., SATS, 1977Diaconate: 1977 Priesthood: 1977 Episcopate: July 2002. Elected Obispo Máximo: May 10, 2011, Manila. Doctor of Divinity: November 30, 2011, SATS, Quezon City. • Term of Office: 2011–present (incumbent).