In Limbo:Dilemmas Faced by Undocumented Students By: Michelle Sotolongo Academic Advisor University College Texas State University – San Marcos
Papers the movie 2009
What Is an Undocumented Immigrant; Student? Defined as a person who has entered the country without official authorization. The INA’s definition of an “alien” is any person who is not a citizen or a national of the United States An undocumented student is one who was born abroad and brought over at a young age, completing most of his or her schooling in the U.S.A.
Why don’t they just wait for their documents and enter legally, like “everyone else”? Green Card Wait Times: Skilled workers/professionals: currently exceeds 5 years Siblings of US citizens: 11-12 years or 22 years if from the Philippines Spouse or minor child of legal resident: 5 yrs, 7 if from Mexico Government fees (for HB-1 visa) have increased for hiring skilled foreign-born professionals, generally exceeding $3,000 for each individual hired Skilled foreign nationals, particularly graduates of US universities, cannot work or remain in the United States without HB-1 visas
Immigrant Myths vs. FactsHe has a doublemajor ininternationaleconomics andKorean, maintainsa 3.6 grade-pointaverage and is on Luis Perezschedule to Today, at age 29, Luisgraduate a quarter Perez has the right toearly. He plays David Cho call himself a jurisseven musical doctor. But he cant yetinstruments. call himself an American.
Psyche of an Undocumented StudentFear of deportationLonelinessDepressionFrustration
Challenges Faced Loss of close relationships Housing problems Obtaining legal documentation Acculturation and/or Assimilation process Learning English language Negotiating their ethnic identity Changing family roles Adjusting to schooling experience
How the Students Cope With their DilemmaOrganizing protests, rallies, and voter registration drivesSucceeding in completing degreesVolunteering and Community InvolvementAdvocacy and Awareness
How Institutions Cope With the Dilemma FOR AGAINST California × Alabama – complete ban × Georgia Connecticut × Indiana Illinois × South Carolina – complete ban Maryland Rhode Island, the first state in the nation to decide the issue as a matter of policy UNDECIDED o Montana, will let voters decide in November 2012 whether or not to deny lower tuition rates o Oregon, still considering allowing in-state tuition
What Roles We Play: Faculty and Staff ADMISSIONS Find out UPPS on undocumented students, or if one even exists Make students aware of their academic options for their specific situations and goals Mention accessibility of college during recruiting trips to junior high and high schools
What Roles We Play: Faculty and Staff FINANCIAL AID Know what and how to search for available aid that does not require a social security number National: Mexican American Legal Defense Fund, Latino College Dollars, The East Los Angeles Community Union State: TASFA, TEXAS Grant, Texas Public Education GrantTexas High school graduates qualifying for state residency under Education Code Sections 54.052 & 54.053 (formerly House Bill 1403/Senate Bill 1528) are eligible to apply for state financial aid as well as pay in-state tuition at public colleges and universities.
What Roles We Play: Faculty and Staff FINANCIAL AID Private University/Departmental**There are no legal ramifications for private organizations or individuals who grant scholarships to undocumented students**
What Roles We Play: Faculty and Staff ACADEMIC ADVISORS Offer guidance and support, referring to campus counseling services if needed Become knowledgeable with graduate and doctoral programs that accept undocumented students Be able to provide resources for the student to be involved in finding solutions, fostering self-sufficient behavior and increasing self-esteem Be honest about what happens after graduation and facilitate an open dialogue with students, encouraging them to continue one with their parents
What Roles We Play: Faculty and StaffPROSPECTIVE STUDENTS AND COMMUNITY Provide information on the DREAM Act Make students aware of their eligibility to apply when passed Hold independent informational workshops in the community, during orientations or campus visitation days Source or develop a student support group Source or develop a scholarship fund for undocumented students at your campus
D EVELOPMENTR ELIEF andE DUCATION ofA LIENM INORS
DREAM Act Criteria Would extend a six-year conditional legal residency status to undocumented youth who meet several criteria, including: – Entry into the United States before age 16 – Continuous presence in the United States for five years prior to the bill’s enactment – Receipt of a high school diploma or its equivalent (GED), or admission into an institution of higher education – Must be between the ages of 12 and 35 at the time of application – Demonstrated good moral character
DREAM Act Concerns Undocumented students would be taking seats and financial aid away from native-born students – 10 states have already passed laws allowing undocumented students to qualify for in-state tuition: California, Illinois, Kansas, Nebraska, New Mexico, New York, Oklahoma, Texas, Utah, and Washington None of these states, which are home to about half the nation’s undocumented immigrants, have experienced a large influx of enrollment in higher education Native-born students have not been displaced by undocumented students Educational systems in these states have not reported the undocumented students to be a financial drain
DREAM Act BenefitsQualifying youth would be authorized to:Work legally in the United StatesGo to schoolJoin the military
DREAM Act BenefitsDuring the six-year conditional status, the beneficiarywould be able to transition to permanent legal residentstatus, and consequently be able to apply for UScitizenship, if:–they graduate from a two-year college–complete two years of a four-year degree–or serve at least two years in the US militaryNo longer forced to work in the cash economy asdomestic workersday laborersambulatory vendorssweatshop factory workers Undocumented students in higher education Better jobs Increase tax revenues from higher salaries = future competitiveness as a nation
…This Just In•June 15, 2012
Q&A If you have any additional questions,concerns, or suggestions you can email me at email@example.com Thank you!
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