HYPERTENSION QUIZ
By
DR. ANUGOM Emeka
WHAT IS HYPERTENSION/HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE?

• A: A condition where low oxygen supply to the blood leads to
tiredness and ot...
WHAT IS HYPERTENSION/HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE?

• CORRECT ANSWER IS: B

• Blood flow puts too much tension on the wall of the a...
WHICH IS THE NORMAL BLOOD PRESSURE VALUE?

• A: Readings higher than 140/90mmHg
• B: Readings above 120/80mmHg but less th...
WHICH IS THE NORMAL BLOOD PRESSURE VALUE?

• CORRECT ANSWER IS: C

• A reading below 120/80 is desirable by most regulator...
WHAT IS THE MAIN CAUSE OF HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE?

• A: Unknown
• B: Obesity

• C: Stress
• D: Aging

6
WHAT IS THE MAIN CAUSE OF HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE?

• CORRECT ANSWER IS: A
• In 90-95% of the cases, the cause is unknown.
• I...
WHAT IS THE EARLY SYMPTOMS OF HIGH BLOOD
PRESSURE?

• A: Extreme Thirst with/without dehydration
• B: Tingling sensation o...
WHAT IS THE EARLY SYMPTOMS OF HIGH BLOOD
PRESSURE?

• CORRECT ANSWER IS: D
• There are usually no obvious noticeable sympt...
WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING ARE RISK FACTORS ASSOCIATED
WITH HYPERTENSION?

•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•

A: Ageing
B: Heredity and Race
C...
WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING ARE RISK FACTORS ASSOCIATED
WITH HYPERTENSION?
• CORRECT ANSWER IS: I
• The non-modifiable risk fac...
WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING ARE RISK FACTORS ASSOCIATED
WITH HYPERTENSION?
• However, the others are modifiable factors
amenabl...
WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING ARE HEALTH PROBLEMS ASSOCIATED
WITH HYPERTENSION?

•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•

A: Damage to the Heart (e.g. ...
WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING ARE HEALTH PROBLEMS ASSOCIATED
WITH HYPERTENSION?
• CORRECT ANSWER IS: I
• High blood pressure can ...
YOU HAVE TO TAKE MEDICATIONS ONCE YOU HAVE HIGH
BLOOD PRESSURE?

• A: True
• B: False

15
YOU HAVE TO TAKE MEDICATIONS ONCE YOU HAVE HIGH
BLOOD PRESSURE?

• CORRECT ANSWER IS: FALSE
• Lifestyle changes is the fir...
YOU SHOULD STOP TAKING MEDICATIONS ONCE YOU HAVE
YOUR BLOOD PRESSURE CONTROLLED?

• A: True

• B: False

17
YOU SHOULD STOP TAKING MEDICATIONS ONCE YOU HAVE
YOUR BLOOD PRESSURE CONTROLLED?

• CORRECT ANSWER IS: FALSE
• Hypertensio...
CREDITS

•

http://www.webmd.com/hypertension-high-blood-pressure/rm-quiz-hypertension ( Reviewed by Michael W.
Smith 2013...
QUESTIONS
.

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Hypertension quiz

  1. 1. HYPERTENSION QUIZ By DR. ANUGOM Emeka
  2. 2. WHAT IS HYPERTENSION/HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE? • A: A condition where low oxygen supply to the blood leads to tiredness and other health problems • B: A condition where force of blood pumping in the walls of the arteries is high enough to cause health problems • C: A condition where the heart pumps blood very fast, giving a high pulse rate • D: None of the above 2
  3. 3. WHAT IS HYPERTENSION/HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE? • CORRECT ANSWER IS: B • Blood flow puts too much tension on the wall of the arteries, leading to its damage and increased heart workload . This can lead to series of very serious health problems if uncontrolled, like heart attack, stroke, kidney disease etc. 3
  4. 4. WHICH IS THE NORMAL BLOOD PRESSURE VALUE? • A: Readings higher than 140/90mmHg • B: Readings above 120/80mmHg but less than 140/90mmHg • C: Readings between 90/60mmHg to 120/80mmHg • D: Readings less than 90/60mmHg 4
  5. 5. WHICH IS THE NORMAL BLOOD PRESSURE VALUE? • CORRECT ANSWER IS: C • A reading below 120/80 is desirable by most regulatory bodies. • If between 120/80 to less than 140/90 you have prehypertension, with possibility of developing hypertension if lifestyle changes are not started. • If above 140/90 or above, you have high blood pressure. The higher the reading, the greater the health risks. So take control TODAY! • Some Experts suggests that blood pressure below 90/60 is low. 5
  6. 6. WHAT IS THE MAIN CAUSE OF HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE? • A: Unknown • B: Obesity • C: Stress • D: Aging 6
  7. 7. WHAT IS THE MAIN CAUSE OF HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE? • CORRECT ANSWER IS: A • In 90-95% of the cases, the cause is unknown. • It’s usually measured with a sphygmomanometer. • The top reading(systolic) showing pressure when the heart contracts/beats and the lower reading (diastolic), the pressure when the relaxes in between beats, to fill up with blood. • Occasionally secondary causes like kidney or adrenal diseases may cause hypertension 7
  8. 8. WHAT IS THE EARLY SYMPTOMS OF HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE? • A: Extreme Thirst with/without dehydration • B: Tingling sensation of the hands and feet • C: Ringing of the ears • D: Mostly no obvious symptoms experienced • E: Fever and headache • F: Cough and Catarrh 8
  9. 9. WHAT IS THE EARLY SYMPTOMS OF HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE? • CORRECT ANSWER IS: D • There are usually no obvious noticeable symptoms during the early onset of high blood pressure, and often even in later years. • 1 in 5 people with hypertension have no clue that they have it. • This is why it's called the “silent killer”, because it will quietly damage heart, lungs, blood vessels, brain and kidneys if left untreated. • It’s usually common amongst African-Americans. 9
  10. 10. WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING ARE RISK FACTORS ASSOCIATED WITH HYPERTENSION? • • • • • • • • • A: Ageing B: Heredity and Race C: Gender (Male/Female) D: Smoking E: Physical Inactivity F: High Cholesterol G: Diabetes H: Excess Alcohol Intake I: All of the Above 10
  11. 11. WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING ARE RISK FACTORS ASSOCIATED WITH HYPERTENSION? • CORRECT ANSWER IS: I • The non-modifiable risk factors include: • Ageing: which is associated with increased risk. • Heredity and race (e.g. Close Family member hypertensive; African-Americans) who have genes that make them more salt sensitive. Hence caution especially in consuming salt hidden in canned foods, baking soda, cheese, dried fruits and some drugs. maximum intake is 1500mg (3/4 tablespoon of salt.) an extra gram (1/2 teaspoon) can raise BP by 5mmHg in them. • Gender (Male) are more prone up to 45yrs, then same for both gender, up to 65yrs when its more in females then. • Also pregnant women are at risk of developing this condition in pregnancy from 20weeks. 11
  12. 12. WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING ARE RISK FACTORS ASSOCIATED WITH HYPERTENSION? • However, the others are modifiable factors amenable to lifestyle changes: • Smoking builds up fat in arteries hence increased risk. • Exercising regularly helps lower risk . • Diet low in salt (which builds up fluid in the heart), saturated fat and cholesterol, rich in vegetables , fruits and whole grains, with healthy proteins like fish, poultry and nuts are advisable. • Excess Alcohol intake can raise blood pressure. • 60% of Diabetics have hypertension. 12
  13. 13. WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING ARE HEALTH PROBLEMS ASSOCIATED WITH HYPERTENSION? • • • • • • • • • A: Damage to the Heart (e.g. Heart Attack) B: Stroke C: Damage to the Kidney (e.g. Kidney Failure) D: Loss of Vision E: Problems with Erection F: Memory Loss G: Chest Pain (Angina) H: Breathing Problems (Fluid in the Lungs) I: All of the Above 13
  14. 14. WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING ARE HEALTH PROBLEMS ASSOCIATED WITH HYPERTENSION? • CORRECT ANSWER IS: I • High blood pressure can lead to Heart problems, notably Heart attack and Chest Pain. • It can affect the kidneys leading to kidney failure. • It can also affect the nervous system leading to most notably Stroke; Memory loss. • Erectile dysfunction may also arise from this and all hypertensives should beware while taking stimulants like Viagra(phosphodiesterase inhibitors) • It can also lead to breathing problem that may result in respiratory arrest. 14
  15. 15. YOU HAVE TO TAKE MEDICATIONS ONCE YOU HAVE HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE? • A: True • B: False 15
  16. 16. YOU HAVE TO TAKE MEDICATIONS ONCE YOU HAVE HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE? • CORRECT ANSWER IS: FALSE • Lifestyle changes is the first step to control mild high blood pressure. Exercise, Eat healthy, lose weight, quit smoking, cut alcohol and salt intake • If changes are unsuccessful or blood pressure is very high see your doctor for prescriptions. • Ensure you take these medications regularly, check your blood pressure regularly at home and in the clinic. • Also maintain the lifestyle changes as these help together with medications to reduce risk of complications from high blood pressure. 16
  17. 17. YOU SHOULD STOP TAKING MEDICATIONS ONCE YOU HAVE YOUR BLOOD PRESSURE CONTROLLED? • A: True • B: False 17
  18. 18. YOU SHOULD STOP TAKING MEDICATIONS ONCE YOU HAVE YOUR BLOOD PRESSURE CONTROLLED? • CORRECT ANSWER IS: FALSE • Hypertension is a life-long condition that is treated and NOT cured. • DON’T stop taking your medications if your blood pressure normalizes. • Keep monitoring the blood pressure. • Relaxation exercises like yoga, tai chi and deep breathing are helpful alongside lifestyle changes already discussed. • BEWARE of certain herbal preparations, as they may counter efficacy of your medications. • Discuss dosage plans with your Doctor always. 18
  19. 19. CREDITS • http://www.webmd.com/hypertension-high-blood-pressure/rm-quiz-hypertension ( Reviewed by Michael W. Smith 2013) • http://www.heart.org/HEARTORG/Conditions/HighBloodPressure/AboutHighBloodPressure/Blood-PressureQuizzes_UCM_301805_Article.jsp (American Heart Association 2012) • http://www.aarp.org/health/conditions-treatments/info-02-2013/high-blood-pressure-quiz.html (Christina Ianzito 2013) • http://www.medindia.net/medical-quiz/quiz-on-hypertension.asp (Medindia 2013) • http://www.webmd.com/hypertension-high-blood-pressure/ss/slideshow-hypertension-overview (Reviewed by Varnada Karriem-Norwood 2012) • http://www.mcedservices.com/medex2/7quiz/NQ7-7Q01.htm 19
  20. 20. QUESTIONS . 20

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