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Serbian

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  • 1. SERBIAN CULTURE
  • 2. Serbia is a small country in the heart of Europe, but its cultural heritage is big.
  • 3. The territory of modern Serbia is rich in traces of the past and of ancient civilisations. The remaining of the oldest civilizations in this part of Europe are found on the banks of the river Danube- Lepenski Vir (6500-5500BC) and Vincha (5500-3500 BC)
  • 4. The most abundant examples of classical cultural heritage on the territory of Serbia are those left behind by the great Roman Empire.
  • 5. Serbia was at the crossroads of the Eastern and Western cultures which influenced the unique cultural heritage of this region. The influence of the Byzantine Empire is visible in numerous monuments, churches and monasteries from the 12th century and later.
  • 6. Ottoman's 500-year-long ruling had a great influence on the Serbian culture, customs, cuisine and the language. Several thousands words in the Serbian language come from Turkish. A lot of literature was inspired by the period.
  • 7. Serbian Cyrillic alphabet The Serbian Cyrillic is an adaptation of the Cyrillic script for the Serbian language, developed in 1818 by Serbian linguist Vuk Karadžić. It is one of the two standard modern alphabets used to write the Serbian language, the other being Latin. Karadžić based his alphabet on the Cyrillic script, following the principle of "write as you speak and read as it is written".
  • 8. Miroslav Gospels, one of the oldest surviving documents written in Serbian (1186) The beginning of Serbian literacy dates back to the activity of the brothers Cyril and Methodius in the Balkans. Monuments of Serbian literacy from the early 11th century can be found, written in Glagolitic. Starting with the 12th century, books were written in Cyrillic.
  • 9. Art Serbian monasteries, with their fresco and icon paintings, are pinnacle of Serbian medieval art. The most famous Serbian medieval fresco is the Mironosnice na Grobu (or the "White Angel") from the Mileševa monastery
  • 10. Pirot carpet Pirot carpet refers to a variety of flat tapestry-woven carpets or rugs traditionally produced in Pirot, a town in southeastern Serbia. They are one of the most important traditional handcrafts in Serbia. In the late 19th century and up to the Second World War, Pirot kilims have been frequently used as insignia of Serbian and Yugoslav royalty. This tradition was revived in 2011 when Pirot kilims were reintroduced for state ceremonies in Serbia
  • 11. Traditional Serbian clothes from different parts of the country Traditional Serbian shoe cold "opanak"
  • 12. Licidersko srce-Licider heart-A traditional souvenir from Serbia. A heart made of dough and brightly coloured
  • 13. Greetings from Serbia Pozdrav iz Srbije