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Personality

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Personality

Personality


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  • Cognition means a process of thought.
  • Transcript

    • 1. Personality By Payal Chhabra
    • 2. Meaning
      • Personality can be defined as a dynamic and organized set of characteristics possessed by a person that uniquely influences his or her thoughts, motivations, and behaviour in various situations.
      • The sum total of the physical, mental, emotional, and social characteristics of an individual
      • The organized pattern of behavioural characteristics of the individual
      • The complex of characteristics that distinguishes an individual or a nation or group
    • 3. Meaning cont…
      • Personality means discussing about the growth & development of a person’s whole psychological system.
      • A sum of total ways in which an individual reacts & interacts with others.
      • A person’s personality is greater than his looks or physical appearance. It is his mind and his emotions.
    • 4. Personality Determinants
      • Heredity
      • Environment
      • Situation
    • 5. Heredity
      • Physique
      • Facial Attractiveness
      • Gender
      • Energy level
      • Temperament
        • Light-hearted, fun loving
        • Have a lot of ambition, energy, and passion
        • Highly creative – as in poetry and art but pre-occupied with the tragedy and cruelty in world.
        • Self-content and kind, shy & lazy, resistant to change
    • 6. Environment
      • Culture in which we are raised
      • Our family
      • Friends
      • Social groups
      • Other influence with experience.
        • It plays substantial role in shaping our personality.
    • 7. Situation
      • Pressure
      • Funny
      • Bravery
      • Presence of mind
      • Tension time
    • 8. Personality Traits
    • 9. Interpersonal Dynamics
      • Interpersonal dynamics – are the give and take behavior between people during human relations
      • Interpersonal dynamics grow increasingly complex as more people interact
    • 10. Key Topics of Interpersonal Dynamics Transactional Analysis Assertiveness Conflict Management
    • 11. Transactional Analysis (TA)
      • Method for determining how people interact
      • When we interact, behavior can be:
        • passive
        • aggressive
        • assertive
          • Performance is greater with this behavior
      • TA is a method of understanding behavior in interpersonal dynamics
    • 12. TA: Ego States
      • Major ego states that affect our behavior or the way we transact through communication:
        • Parent Ego State (P)
          • Critical parent
          • Sympathetic parent
        • Child Ego State (C)
          • Natural child
          • Adapted child
        • Adult Ego State (A)
    • 13. TA: Types of Transactions
      • Within ego states there are three different types of transactions :
        • Complementary Transactions
        • Crossed Transactions
        • Ulterior Transactions
    • 14. Complementary Transactions
      • Occur when the sender of the message gets the intended response from the receiver
        • Generally result in more effective communication
      Supervisor P A C P A C Employee
    • 15. Crossed Transactions
      • Occur when the sender of a message does not get the expected response from the receiver
        • These result in surprise, disappointment, and hurt feelings for the sender of the message
      P A C P A C Supervisor Employee
    • 16. Ulterior Transactions
      • Occur when the words seem to be coming from one ego state, but in reality the words or behaviors are coming from another
        • Sometimes when people don’t know what they want or how to ask for it in a direct way, they resort to ulterior transactions
        • Best to avoid ulterior transactions because they tend to waste time
    • 17. Ego states Summarized
      • Parents ego refers to our ‘Taught’ concept of life.
      • Adult concept refers to our ‘Thought’ concept of life.
      • Child concept refers to our ‘Felt’ concept of our life.
    • 18. Major Conclusions of 3 ego States
      • Conversations are always reaction from Parent, Adult & Child.
      • Each Ego states has both Positive & Negative features i.e. it can add to or subtract from another person’s feelings of satisfaction.
    • 19. Major Conclusions of 3 ego States
      • Ego States can be detected by carefully observing the words & tone used postures, gestures, & facial expressions shown.
      • Ego states are more apparent in two person transaction than in group transaction.
    • 20. TA: Life Positions Negative Positive Attitude toward Others Attitude toward Oneself Negative Positive I’m OK – You’re not OK I’m OK – You’re OK I’m not OK – You’re not OK I’m not OK – You’re OK
    • 21. I’m Not OK You’re not OK - A {Avoidant/Averse Style}
      • Regulating Parent & Traditional Style –
      • Nurturing Parent & over Indulgent Style-
      • Adult & Cynical Style-
      • Adaptive Child & Sulking Style-
      • Reactive Child & Withdrawal Style-
      • Creative Style & Humorous Style -
    • 22. I am OK You’re Not OK –B {Bossing Style}
      • Regulating Parent & Perspective Style-
      • Nurturing Parent & Patronizing Style-
      • Adult & Task – Obsessive Style-
      • Adaptive Child & Complaining Style-
      • Reactive Child Aggressive Style-
      • Creative Child & Bohemian Style-
    • 23. I’m OK You’re OK - C {Confident Style}
      • Regulating Parent & Normative Style-
      • Nurturing Parent & Supportive Style –
      • Adaptive Child & Resilient Style –
      • Reactive Child & Comforting Style –
      • Creative Child & Innovative Style –
    • 24. I am not OK, You’re OK- D {Diffident Style}
      • Regulating Parent & Indifferent Style-
      • Nurturing Parent & Ingratiating Style-
      • Adult & Overwhelmed Style-
      • Adaptive Child & Dependent Style-
      • Reactive Child & Intropunitive Style-
      • Creative Child & Satirical Style-
    • 25.  
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    • 32.  
    • 33. THANK YOU