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Personality

Personality

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  • Cognition means a process of thought.

Transcript

  • 1. Personality By Payal Chhabra
  • 2. Meaning
    • Personality can be defined as a dynamic and organized set of characteristics possessed by a person that uniquely influences his or her thoughts, motivations, and behaviour in various situations.
    • The sum total of the physical, mental, emotional, and social characteristics of an individual
    • The organized pattern of behavioural characteristics of the individual
    • The complex of characteristics that distinguishes an individual or a nation or group
  • 3. Meaning cont…
    • Personality means discussing about the growth & development of a person’s whole psychological system.
    • A sum of total ways in which an individual reacts & interacts with others.
    • A person’s personality is greater than his looks or physical appearance. It is his mind and his emotions.
  • 4. Personality Determinants
    • Heredity
    • Environment
    • Situation
  • 5. Heredity
    • Physique
    • Facial Attractiveness
    • Gender
    • Energy level
    • Temperament
      • Light-hearted, fun loving
      • Have a lot of ambition, energy, and passion
      • Highly creative – as in poetry and art but pre-occupied with the tragedy and cruelty in world.
      • Self-content and kind, shy & lazy, resistant to change
  • 6. Environment
    • Culture in which we are raised
    • Our family
    • Friends
    • Social groups
    • Other influence with experience.
      • It plays substantial role in shaping our personality.
  • 7. Situation
    • Pressure
    • Funny
    • Bravery
    • Presence of mind
    • Tension time
  • 8. Personality Traits
  • 9. Interpersonal Dynamics
    • Interpersonal dynamics – are the give and take behavior between people during human relations
    • Interpersonal dynamics grow increasingly complex as more people interact
  • 10. Key Topics of Interpersonal Dynamics Transactional Analysis Assertiveness Conflict Management
  • 11. Transactional Analysis (TA)
    • Method for determining how people interact
    • When we interact, behavior can be:
      • passive
      • aggressive
      • assertive
        • Performance is greater with this behavior
    • TA is a method of understanding behavior in interpersonal dynamics
  • 12. TA: Ego States
    • Major ego states that affect our behavior or the way we transact through communication:
      • Parent Ego State (P)
        • Critical parent
        • Sympathetic parent
      • Child Ego State (C)
        • Natural child
        • Adapted child
      • Adult Ego State (A)
  • 13. TA: Types of Transactions
    • Within ego states there are three different types of transactions :
      • Complementary Transactions
      • Crossed Transactions
      • Ulterior Transactions
  • 14. Complementary Transactions
    • Occur when the sender of the message gets the intended response from the receiver
      • Generally result in more effective communication
    Supervisor P A C P A C Employee
  • 15. Crossed Transactions
    • Occur when the sender of a message does not get the expected response from the receiver
      • These result in surprise, disappointment, and hurt feelings for the sender of the message
    P A C P A C Supervisor Employee
  • 16. Ulterior Transactions
    • Occur when the words seem to be coming from one ego state, but in reality the words or behaviors are coming from another
      • Sometimes when people don’t know what they want or how to ask for it in a direct way, they resort to ulterior transactions
      • Best to avoid ulterior transactions because they tend to waste time
  • 17. Ego states Summarized
    • Parents ego refers to our ‘Taught’ concept of life.
    • Adult concept refers to our ‘Thought’ concept of life.
    • Child concept refers to our ‘Felt’ concept of our life.
  • 18. Major Conclusions of 3 ego States
    • Conversations are always reaction from Parent, Adult & Child.
    • Each Ego states has both Positive & Negative features i.e. it can add to or subtract from another person’s feelings of satisfaction.
  • 19. Major Conclusions of 3 ego States
    • Ego States can be detected by carefully observing the words & tone used postures, gestures, & facial expressions shown.
    • Ego states are more apparent in two person transaction than in group transaction.
  • 20. TA: Life Positions Negative Positive Attitude toward Others Attitude toward Oneself Negative Positive I’m OK – You’re not OK I’m OK – You’re OK I’m not OK – You’re not OK I’m not OK – You’re OK
  • 21. I’m Not OK You’re not OK - A {Avoidant/Averse Style}
    • Regulating Parent & Traditional Style –
    • Nurturing Parent & over Indulgent Style-
    • Adult & Cynical Style-
    • Adaptive Child & Sulking Style-
    • Reactive Child & Withdrawal Style-
    • Creative Style & Humorous Style -
  • 22. I am OK You’re Not OK –B {Bossing Style}
    • Regulating Parent & Perspective Style-
    • Nurturing Parent & Patronizing Style-
    • Adult & Task – Obsessive Style-
    • Adaptive Child & Complaining Style-
    • Reactive Child Aggressive Style-
    • Creative Child & Bohemian Style-
  • 23. I’m OK You’re OK - C {Confident Style}
    • Regulating Parent & Normative Style-
    • Nurturing Parent & Supportive Style –
    • Adaptive Child & Resilient Style –
    • Reactive Child & Comforting Style –
    • Creative Child & Innovative Style –
  • 24. I am not OK, You’re OK- D {Diffident Style}
    • Regulating Parent & Indifferent Style-
    • Nurturing Parent & Ingratiating Style-
    • Adult & Overwhelmed Style-
    • Adaptive Child & Dependent Style-
    • Reactive Child & Intropunitive Style-
    • Creative Child & Satirical Style-
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  • 33. THANK YOU