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  • October 29

Turkey's presentation Presentation Transcript

  • 1. OCTOBER 29TH REPUBLIC DAY
  • 2. October 29thOctober 29th  Many people go to local stadiums on October 29 to watchMany people go to local stadiums on October 29 to watch performances dedicated to Republic Day in Turkey.performances dedicated to Republic Day in Turkey.  Such performances usually consist of theater sketches, poetrySuch performances usually consist of theater sketches, poetry readings and traditional Turkish dances.readings and traditional Turkish dances.  Many school children participate in school performances forMany school children participate in school performances for parents and teachers.parents and teachers.  Parades may take place in some cities and politicians may giveParades may take place in some cities and politicians may give public speeches on this day.public speeches on this day.  Many people also lay wreaths to Atatürk’s monuments or visitMany people also lay wreaths to Atatürk’s monuments or visit Atatürk’s mausoleum in the country’s capital, Ankara.Atatürk’s mausoleum in the country’s capital, Ankara.  In the evening of October 29 many cities have traditionalIn the evening of October 29 many cities have traditional processions with flags and musical bands to commemorateprocessions with flags and musical bands to commemorate Republic Day in Turkey. The processions usually end withRepublic Day in Turkey. The processions usually end with fireworks, which begin after dark.fireworks, which begin after dark.
  • 3. Public lifePublic life  Republic Day is an official national holiday inRepublic Day is an official national holiday in Turkey. Public administration buildings,Turkey. Public administration buildings, schools, post offices and many smallschools, post offices and many small businesses are usually closed on this day.businesses are usually closed on this day.
  • 4. Backgroun d Republic Day marks the creation of the Turkish Republic in 1923. After Turkey’s victory in the War of Independence (1919-1923), the Turkish parliament proclaimed the new Turkish state as a republic. A new constitution, which the parliament adopted on October 29, 1923, replaced the constitution of the Ottoman Empire. The leader in the Turkish War of Independence, Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, became the country’s first president on the same day.
  • 5. The common symbols of RepublicThe common symbols of Republic Day in Turkey are:Day in Turkey are:  The Turkish flag.The Turkish flag.  Pictures of Mustafa Kemal AtatürkPictures of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk
  • 6. International April 23International April 23 Children's Day FestivalChildren's Day Festival is a festival which isis a festival which is celebrated on April 23celebrated on April 23 each year in Turkey.each year in Turkey.
  • 7. This festival is gathering the children from allThis festival is gathering the children from all over the world under the motto of "Love,over the world under the motto of "Love, Friendship and Peace". The festival is organizedFriendship and Peace". The festival is organized by Turkish Radio and Television Corporationby Turkish Radio and Television Corporation
  • 8.  The 23rd April Children’s Festival aThe 23rd April Children’s Festival a children’s festival which was gifted tochildren’s festival which was gifted to Turkish children by Mustafa KemalTurkish children by Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, founder of the Republic ofAtatürk, founder of the Republic of Turkey, to mark the opening of theTurkey, to mark the opening of the Assembly. The Festival intends toAssembly. The Festival intends to contribute creation of a world wherecontribute creation of a world where children can live peacefully bychildren can live peacefully by developing sentiments of fraternity,developing sentiments of fraternity, love and friendship.love and friendship.
  • 9. 30th AUGUST VICTORY DAY
  • 10. Military parades and ceremonies at monuments to Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, who founded the Turkish Republic, are some common ways to celebrate Victory Day in Turkey.
  • 11. Powerful Army Strong Turkey
  • 12. What do people do?What do people do?  Many people in Turkey celebrate VictoryMany people in Turkey celebrate Victory Day by attending military parades, whichDay by attending military parades, which take place in many big cities throughouttake place in many big cities throughout the country. Air forces celebrate the daythe country. Air forces celebrate the day with demonstrationwith demonstration flights.flights.
  • 13.  Residents and shop owners decorate their windows withResidents and shop owners decorate their windows with Turkish flags and images of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk.Turkish flags and images of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk. State officials attend a ceremony at Atatürk's MausoleumState officials attend a ceremony at Atatürk's Mausoleum in Ankara. All promotions in the Turkish Armed Forcesin Ankara. All promotions in the Turkish Armed Forces take place on this day, and military schools hold annualtake place on this day, and military schools hold annual graduation ceremonies on August 30.graduation ceremonies on August 30.
  • 14. BackgroundBackground • Victory Day in Turkey commemorates the key Turkish victory against Greek forces in the Battle of Dumlupınar (August 26-30, 1922). The outcome of the battle determined the overall outcome of the Turkish War of Independence (1919- 1923). • Turkish people accept August 30 as the date of the Turkish troops’ overall victory.
  • 15. Symbols: The Turkish flag and images of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk are the symbols of Victory Day in Turkey.
  • 16. 19th May19th May COMMEMORATCOMMEMORATIION OF ATATÜRK,ON OF ATATÜRK, YOUTH AND SPORTS DAYYOUTH AND SPORTS DAY
  • 17. What do people do?What do people do?  During the May 19 celebrations, young Turkish athletes carry theDuring the May 19 celebrations, young Turkish athletes carry the national flag from Samsun, a Black Sea port from where Mustafanational flag from Samsun, a Black Sea port from where Mustafa Kemal Atatürk started Turkey’s War of Independence in 1919,theKemal Atatürk started Turkey’s War of Independence in 1919,the country’s capital. The marathon usually takes about 10 days. Thecountry’s capital. The marathon usually takes about 10 days. The Turkish president accepts the flag at a ceremony on May 19.Turkish president accepts the flag at a ceremony on May 19.  Many people lay wreaths to Atatürk’s monuments and hangMany people lay wreaths to Atatürk’s monuments and hang Turkish flags outside their windows.Turkish flags outside their windows.
  • 18. Public lifePublic life  The Commemoration of Atatürk, YouthThe Commemoration of Atatürk, Youth and Sports Day is an official holiday inand Sports Day is an official holiday in Turkey. All administration buildings, postTurkey. All administration buildings, post offices, schools, and most businessesoffices, schools, and most businesses are closed on this day.are closed on this day.
  • 19. BackgroundBackground  The founder of the Turkish Republic, MustafaThe founder of the Turkish Republic, Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, arrived in Samsun on May 19,Kemal Atatürk, arrived in Samsun on May 19, 1919, to start a popular uprising against the1919, to start a popular uprising against the decision of the World War I.Turkey presentlydecision of the World War I.Turkey presently accepts the date of Atatürk’s arrival in Samsun asaccepts the date of Atatürk’s arrival in Samsun as the starting date of the Turkish War ofthe starting date of the Turkish War of Independence. Following Atatürk’s wish, theIndependence. Following Atatürk’s wish, the Turkish government declared May 19 to be YouthTurkish government declared May 19 to be Youth and Sports Day and made it an official holiday inand Sports Day and made it an official holiday in 1938.1938.
  • 20. It is celebrated byIt is celebrated by attending sports events andattending sports events and remembering Turkey’s Warremembering Turkey’s War of Independence, whichof Independence, which started on this day in 1919.started on this day in 1919.
  • 21. SymbolsSymbols  The Turkish flag, images of Atatürk andThe Turkish flag, images of Atatürk and the boat on which he arrived in Samsun,the boat on which he arrived in Samsun, as well as images related to sports areas well as images related to sports are the symbols of the Commemoration ofthe symbols of the Commemoration of Atatürk, Youth and Sports Day in Turkey.Atatürk, Youth and Sports Day in Turkey.
  • 22. What do people do?What do people do?  Many people wake up early on the first day ofMany people wake up early on the first day of the Ramadan Feast. They put on their bestthe Ramadan Feast. They put on their best clothesclothes and have a large breakfast. Thisand have a large breakfast. This symbolizes the end of the fasting period.symbolizes the end of the fasting period.  The Ramadan Feast has an alternative name inThe Ramadan Feast has an alternative name in Turkey, the Sugar Feast (Şeker Bayramı),Turkey, the Sugar Feast (Şeker Bayramı), because people treat their guests to sweets andbecause people treat their guests to sweets and traditional desserts during the festival. In a moretraditional desserts during the festival. In a more recent tradition, some people use the officialrecent tradition, some people use the official holiday to travel abroad or go to Turkish resorts.holiday to travel abroad or go to Turkish resorts.
  • 23. •It is customary to visit one's relatives, especially older ones, and kiss their hand as a sign of respect. Children may go door-to-door, kissing hands of the grown-ups and receiving sweets and small amounts of money in return.
  • 24. Public lifePublic life  The Ramadan Feast is an official holiday thatThe Ramadan Feast is an official holiday that continues for three days in Turkey.continues for three days in Turkey. Administration buildings, schools and mostAdministration buildings, schools and most businesses are closed during this period.businesses are closed during this period.
  • 25. Background The Ramadan Feast is the first day of Shawwal, which is the 10th month of the Islamic calendar. Each month in the Islamic calendar begins with the first sighting of the new moon. As a result, the exact dates of the Ramadan Feast change every year. The Ramadan Feast is celebrated after a month of fasting.
  • 26. SACRIFICE FEASTSACRIFICE FEAST The common symbols of the Sacrifice Feast in Turkey are a ram (or a sheep) and mosque.
  • 27. WHAT DO PEOPLE DOWHAT DO PEOPLE DO ??  The Sacrifice Feast is one of the oldest Islamic holidays in Turkey. ItThe Sacrifice Feast is one of the oldest Islamic holidays in Turkey. It commemorates the story about Prophet Ibrahim (Abraham) who showedcommemorates the story about Prophet Ibrahim (Abraham) who showed obedience to God by agreeing to sacrifice his son. God then sent him a ramobedience to God by agreeing to sacrifice his son. God then sent him a ram to be sacrificed instead.to be sacrificed instead.  The Sacrifice Feast comes about 70 days after the Ramadan Feast.The Sacrifice Feast comes about 70 days after the Ramadan Feast.  OOn the first day of the Sacrifice Feast in Turkey, men go to a mosque for an the first day of the Sacrifice Feast in Turkey, men go to a mosque for a special morning prayer. Then the sacrifice ritual begins.special morning prayer. Then the sacrifice ritual begins.  The butcher reads a prayer before slaughtering the animal.The butcher reads a prayer before slaughtering the animal.  Families share about two-thirds of the animal’s meat with relatives andFamilies share about two-thirds of the animal’s meat with relatives and neighbors, and they give about one-third to the poor.neighbors, and they give about one-third to the poor.  In recent years, some Turkish people started making donations to charityIn recent years, some Turkish people started making donations to charity organizations instead of sacrificing animals.organizations instead of sacrificing animals.  Many people in Turkey take special care to help the poor during theMany people in Turkey take special care to help the poor during the Sacrifice Feast.Sacrifice Feast.  People usually wear their best clothes during the Sacrifice Feast.People usually wear their best clothes during the Sacrifice Feast.  They welcome guests to their homes or visit relatives or friends during theThey welcome guests to their homes or visit relatives or friends during the holiday.holiday.  Some people in Turkey may use the four-day holiday to go on a vacation.Some people in Turkey may use the four-day holiday to go on a vacation.
  • 28.  The Sacrifice Feast is an official four-day holiday inThe Sacrifice Feast is an official four-day holiday in Turkey. Administration buildings, schools, banksTurkey. Administration buildings, schools, banks and post offices are usually closed during thisand post offices are usually closed during this period.period. Public life
  • 29. THE INTERNATIONAL ROSE, CARPETTHE INTERNATIONAL ROSE, CARPET AND TOURISM FESTIVALAND TOURISM FESTIVAL ISPARTA is famous for its roses (rose oil, rose jam, rose perfume etc) and its carpets.
  • 30. • This is the most important local festival in Isparta. The International Rose, Carpet and Tourism Festival of Isparta is held every year in the first week of June. This attractive festival takes place at the end of the rose harvesting period and brings so much vital action to Isparta. Extraordinary parades, international folk-dance shows, beauty contests (rose), and famous singers are all worth seeing.
  • 31. Newrose (nevruz) is celebrated on 21st March. It means "rebirth of nature",
  • 32. HELVA BAKLAVA BÖREK GÖZLEME KADAYIF ŞEKERPARE
  • 33. TURKISH COFFEE AYRAN TURKISH TEA SALEP
  • 34. SOME RECIPES FROM TURKISHSOME RECIPES FROM TURKISH CUISINECUISINE White beans with rice
  • 35.  White beans with rice is the traditionalWhite beans with rice is the traditional Turkish dish. It is to us what pasta is toTurkish dish. It is to us what pasta is to Italians. You can cook white beans withItalians. You can cook white beans with stew beef or lamb, with ground meat,stew beef or lamb, with ground meat, pastrami (pastrami (pastirmapastirma) or soujuk (Turkish) or soujuk (Turkish sausage).sausage).
  • 36. Used MaterialsUsed Materials  2 cups of cooked cannellini: white kidney:2 cups of cooked cannellini: white kidney: fazolia beansfazolia beans  3 tbsp olive oil or butter3 tbsp olive oil or butter 1 tbsp tomato paste1 tbsp tomato paste 2 onions, chopped2 onions, chopped red peppers,red peppers,  Chopped 2 tomatoesChopped 2 tomatoes 1-2 cup of water1-2 cup of water 1 tsp pepper flakes1 tsp pepper flakes 1 tsp ground black pepper1 tsp ground black pepper 2 tsp salt2 tsp salt dried chili peppers (only if you like spicy food)dried chili peppers (only if you like spicy food)
  • 37. RecipeRecipe  -Soak beans in water over night and then the next-Soak beans in water over night and then the next day, boil them until soft OR pressure cook driedday, boil them until soft OR pressure cook dried beans for 35-40 minutes OR use canned beans.beans for 35-40 minutes OR use canned beans. -Heat oil in a pot and sauté onion and pepper until-Heat oil in a pot and sauté onion and pepper until soft: 7-8 minutes. Add tomato paste and stir forsoft: 7-8 minutes. Add tomato paste and stir for another 2 minutes.another 2 minutes. -Pour in first beans, then tomatoes, and then water-Pour in first beans, then tomatoes, and then water until the water level is 1/2 inch above the beans. Adduntil the water level is 1/2 inch above the beans. Add salt, black pepper, and pepper flakes. Stir once orsalt, black pepper, and pepper flakes. Stir once or twice very gently (do not forget the beans are tendertwice very gently (do not forget the beans are tender now and we don't want to smash them). If you will usenow and we don't want to smash them). If you will use dried chili peppers, place them on top. Cover anddried chili peppers, place them on top. Cover and simmer on low for 25-30 minutes.simmer on low for 25-30 minutes. -Serve with rice, especially on top of rice. Turkish-Serve with rice, especially on top of rice. Turkish style white beans are awesome with pickledstyle white beans are awesome with pickled vegetables like white cabbage, cornichons, carrots,vegetables like white cabbage, cornichons, carrots, etc. We call them Turshu .etc. We call them Turshu .
  • 38. VermicelliVermicelli  2 tbsp Olive/ sun flower/ corn oil, or butter (rice is best2 tbsp Olive/ sun flower/ corn oil, or butter (rice is best with butter)with butter) Use a 2 to 1 ratio of water to rice. Although this works forUse a 2 to 1 ratio of water to rice. Although this works for almost any kind of rice (white, basmati, jasmine, brown), usealmost any kind of rice (white, basmati, jasmine, brown), use only white rice with vermicelli.only white rice with vermicelli. 1/2 cup vermicelli1/2 cup vermicelli hot waterhot water saltsalt  -Heat oil in pot and add vermicelli noodles. Stir until noodles-Heat oil in pot and add vermicelli noodles. Stir until noodles are light brown. Try not to burn the noodles.are light brown. Try not to burn the noodles. -Add rice, and keep stirring for a couple of minutes.-Add rice, and keep stirring for a couple of minutes. -Add hot water and salt. Bring to boil.-Add hot water and salt. Bring to boil. -Put the lid on and cook until rice soaks the water on very-Put the lid on and cook until rice soaks the water on very low heat.low heat. -Do not stir the rice while it's cooking; that will break the-Do not stir the rice while it's cooking; that will break the rice.rice. -Wait at least 5 minutes to serve.
  • 39. Pickl e Noodle Rice
  • 40. SUMMER ANDSUMMER AND WINTERWINTER ACTIVITIESACTIVITIESGAMESGAMES
  • 41. SPORTSPORT ACTIVITIESACTIVITIESThe students and young people take part in differentThe students and young people take part in different sport activities after school or on weekendssport activities after school or on weekends
  • 42. Nasreddin Hoca was born in 1208 in the west part of Central Anatolia. Nasreddin Hoca was a philosopher, wise, witty man with a good sense of humor. His stories have been told almost everywhere in the world, spread among the tribes of Turkic World and into Persian, Arabian, African and along the Silk Road to China and India cultures, later also to Europe. Of course, all these stories currently attributed to the Hodja for about 700 years haven't originated from him. Most of them are the product of collective Humor of not only Turks but also other folks in the World.
  • 43. "Come, come again, whoever you are, come! Heathen, fire worshipper or idolatrous, come! Come even if you broke your penitence a hundred times, Ours is the portal of hope, come as you are."
  • 44.  Mevlana who is also known as Rumi, was aMevlana who is also known as Rumi, was a philosopher and mystic of Islam, but not a Muslim ofphilosopher and mystic of Islam, but not a Muslim of the orthodox type. His doctrine advocates unlimitedthe orthodox type. His doctrine advocates unlimited tolerance, positive reasoning, goodness, charity andtolerance, positive reasoning, goodness, charity and awareness through love. To him and to his disciplesawareness through love. To him and to his disciples all religions are more or less truth. Looking with theall religions are more or less truth. Looking with the same eye on Muslim, Jew and Christian alike, hissame eye on Muslim, Jew and Christian alike, his peaceful and tolerant teaching has appealed to men ofpeaceful and tolerant teaching has appealed to men of all sects and creeds.all sects and creeds. Mevlana was not only a great poet and philosopherMevlana was not only a great poet and philosopher but first and foremost he was a mystic, a spirituallybut first and foremost he was a mystic, a spiritually touched man. His mind and heart had reached fortouched man. His mind and heart had reached for heights and depths of the spiritual world.heights and depths of the spiritual world.
  • 45. Mehmet II, called the Conqueror, was a sultan of the Ottoman Empire between 1444-1446 and 1451-1481 Mehmet The Conqueror was the seventh sultan in the Ottoman Dynasty. He conquered Byzantine Constantinople in 1453 and rebuilt it into the prosperous Ottoman capital of Istanbul.
  • 46. He is a famous Turkish singer
  • 47. SHE WAS THE WINNERSHE WAS THE WINNER EUROVISION SONG CONTEST INEUROVISION SONG CONTEST IN 20052005
  • 48. Turkey is a peninsula.Total country population is about 70 million . Turkish is the sole official language throughout Turkey.
  • 49. The capital city of Turkey is Ankara. There are 7 regions and 81 cities in Turkey
  • 50. The biggestThe biggest city and thecity and the pre-pre- RepublicanRepublican capitalcapital Istanbul isIstanbul is the financial,the financial, economiceconomic and culturaland cultural heart of theheart of the countrycountry
  • 51. Ankara is the capital city . Turkey is bordered by eightAnkara is the capital city . Turkey is bordered by eight countries: Bulgaria to the northwest; Greece to the west;countries: Bulgaria to the northwest; Greece to the west; Georgia to the northeast; Armenia, Azerbaijan and Iran to theGeorgia to the northeast; Armenia, Azerbaijan and Iran to the east; and Iraq and Syria to the southeast. The Mediterraneaneast; and Iraq and Syria to the southeast. The Mediterranean Sea and Cyprus are to the south; the Aegean Sea is to the west;Sea and Cyprus are to the south; the Aegean Sea is to the west; and the Black Sea is to the north. The Sea of Marmara, theand the Black Sea is to the north. The Sea of Marmara, the Bosphorus and the DardanellesBosphorus and the Dardanelles
  • 52. LAKE VAN LAKE EĞİRDİR LAKE BAFA LAKE BEYŞEHİR
  • 53. POPULAR SKI CENTERSPOPULAR SKI CENTERS UludağUludağ PalandökenPalandöken ErciyesErciyes DavrazDavraz
  • 54.  Turkey is a huge country , so the climate isTurkey is a huge country , so the climate is changable region to regionchangable region to region ..  TThe northhe north : hot summers and chilly winters: hot summers and chilly winters  The Cetral and Eastern AnatoliaThe Cetral and Eastern Anatolia : extremely hot in: extremely hot in summer and freezing cold in wintersummer and freezing cold in winter  Aegean and Mediterranean coasts :Aegean and Mediterranean coasts : winters are mildwinters are mild and often wet,and often wet, autumn and spring are shortautumn and spring are short seasons and summer is long, hot and dry.seasons and summer is long, hot and dry.
  • 55.  Nemrut Mountain was oneNemrut Mountain was one the most majestic place ofthe most majestic place of worship in ancient Anatoliaworship in ancient Anatolia  The Nemrut mountainsideThe Nemrut mountainside with the tumuluswith the tumulus containing the tomb ofcontaining the tomb of King Antiochus of theKing Antiochus of the Commagene KingdomCommagene Kingdom and several giant statuesand several giant statues was inscribed towas inscribed to UNESCO's WorldUNESCO's World Heritage List in 1987.Heritage List in 1987. Nemrut Mountain is alsoNemrut Mountain is also known as the highestknown as the highest open-air museum in theopen-air museum in the world.world.
  • 56. • THE SUN RISES AND SETS WITH A UNIQUE MAJESTY AT NEMRUT MOUNTAIN!
  • 57.  AlaçatıAlaçatı (is a unique(is a unique Agean town on theAgean town on the western coast of İzmirwestern coast of İzmir Province in Turkey,Province in Turkey, which has been famouswhich has been famous for its architecture,for its architecture, vineyards and windmillsvineyards and windmills for over 150 years. It hasfor over 150 years. It has now made its name innow made its name in the world of windsurfingthe world of windsurfing and kitesurfing, with itsand kitesurfing, with its crystal clear water,crystal clear water, consistent and steadyconsistent and steady wind and well acclaimedwind and well acclaimed hospitality.hospitality.
  • 58.  Cappadocia which isCappadocia which is unique in the world andunique in the world and is a miraculous natureis a miraculous nature wonder.Cappadociawonder.Cappadocia welcomed the leadingwelcomed the leading actors (Nicolas Cage,actors (Nicolas Cage, Violente Placido, FergusViolente Placido, Fergus Riordan …) of the newRiordan …) of the new movie Ghost Ridermovie Ghost Rider 2.The final scene was2.The final scene was shot in Cappadociashot in Cappadocia
  • 59.  A beautiful region inA beautiful region in central Turkey withcentral Turkey with several interestingseveral interesting rock formationsrock formations known as the “Fairyknown as the “Fairy Chimneys” isChimneys” is CappadociaCappadocia  Cappadocia a UnescoCappadocia a Unesco World Heritage Site inWorld Heritage Site in Asia Minor famous forAsia Minor famous for its rock formations.its rock formations. The rock formationsThe rock formations were the result ofwere the result of volcanic activity, windvolcanic activity, wind and water.and water.
  • 60. Hot-air ballooning is very popular in Cappadocia and is available in Goreme. Trekking is enjoyed in Ihlara Valley, Monestry Valley, Urgup, and Goreme.
  • 61.  PamukkalePamukkale,, meaning "cottonmeaning "cotton castle" in Turkishcastle" in Turkish , is a natural site, is a natural site in southwesternin southwestern Turkey. The cityTurkey. The city contains hotcontains hot springs andsprings and travertines,travertines, terraces ofterraces of carbonatecarbonate minerals left byminerals left by the flowingthe flowing water.water.
  • 62.  Pamukkale is a touristPamukkale is a tourist attraction. It isattraction. It is recognized as a World Heritage Siterecognized as a World Heritage Site together with Hierapolistogether with Hierapolis ((ancient cityancient city ).).
  • 63.  The ancientThe ancient city ofcity of Aspendos,Aspendos, famous for itsfamous for its amphitheatre.amphitheatre.
  • 64.  Aspendos Turkey, the former ancient city ofAspendos Turkey, the former ancient city of Pamphylia, is noted for its magnificent RomanPamphylia, is noted for its magnificent Roman ruins and the famous Aspendos Theater. Theruins and the famous Aspendos Theater. The site is located in what is now southwesternsite is located in what is now southwestern TurkeyTurkey and is frequented by thousands ofand is frequented by thousands of visitors each year because it is home to the bestvisitors each year because it is home to the best Roman ruins in Turkey.Roman ruins in Turkey.  The most famous structure at the archaeologicalThe most famous structure at the archaeological site is the Aspendos Theater. The theater wassite is the Aspendos Theater. The theater was built in honor of the famous emperor Marcusbuilt in honor of the famous emperor Marcus Aurelius, who ruled from 161 to 180 AD.Aurelius, who ruled from 161 to 180 AD.
  • 65.  ÖlüdenizÖlüdeniz ((Dead SeaDead Sea) is) is a small resort village ina small resort village in the Fethiye district whichthe Fethiye district which is on the Aegean Seais on the Aegean Sea  Ölüdeniz has the mostÖlüdeniz has the most photographed beachesphotographed beaches and sandy bay, on aand sandy bay, on a blue lagoon.The beachblue lagoon.The beach is a pebble beach.is a pebble beach.  Ölüdeniz is famous forÖlüdeniz is famous for its shades of turquoiseits shades of turquoise and aquamarine, and isand aquamarine, and is rated among the top 5rated among the top 5 beaches in the world bybeaches in the world by travellers and tourismtravellers and tourism journals alike.journals alike.
  • 66. The resort is alsoThe resort is also famousfamous for itsfor its paraglidingparagliding opportunitiesopportunities..
  • 67. During the day, people swim, walk, lie in the sun to the sound of the crumping waves but at night a barrier comes down and the beach is claimed back by nature, in particular by hundreds of loggerhead turtles, one of the oldest surviving species in the world, which lay their eggs there from May to September. IZTUZUIZTUZU BEACHBEACH DALYANDALYAN
  • 68.  TheThe Sultan AhmedSultan Ahmed MosqueMosque in Turkish is ain Turkish is a historical mosque inhistorical mosque in Istanbul, the largest city inIstanbul, the largest city in Turkey and the capital ofTurkey and the capital of the Ottoman Empire (fromthe Ottoman Empire (from 1453 to 1923). The1453 to 1923). The mosque is popularly knownmosque is popularly known as theas the Blue MosqueBlue Mosque forfor the blue tiles adorning thethe blue tiles adorning the walls of its interior.walls of its interior.
  • 69.  TheThe Topkapı PalaceTopkapı Palace is a large palace in Istanbulis a large palace in Istanbul that was the primary residence of the Ottomanthat was the primary residence of the Ottoman Sultans for approximately 400 years (1465-1856)Sultans for approximately 400 years (1465-1856) of their 624-year reignof their 624-year reign..
  • 70.  The Topkapı Palace is amongThe Topkapı Palace is among the monuments containedthe monuments contained within the "Historic Areas ofwithin the "Historic Areas of Istanbul", which became aIstanbul", which became a UNESCOUNESCO World Heritage Site inWorld Heritage Site in 1985.1985.  The palace includes many fineThe palace includes many fine examples of Ottomanexamples of Ottoman architecture.architecture.  It contains large collections ofIt contains large collections of porcelaiporcelainn, robes, weapons,, robes, weapons, shields, armor, Ottomshields, armor, Ottomanan miniaturesminiatures,, IslamicIslamic calligraphic manuscripts andcalligraphic manuscripts and murals, as well as a display ofmurals, as well as a display of Ottoman treasures and jewelry.Ottoman treasures and jewelry.
  • 71. Isparta is a city in western Turkey. The city's population is about 225 000 . Another name of the city is "City of Roses".
  • 72. Isparta isIsparta is famous for industrial rose andfamous for industrial rose and hand-made carpets.hand-made carpets.
  • 73. Some historical buildings and houses remain from the nineteenth century
  • 74. During the Lydian period, Egirdir became very rich due to the King Road which starts from Ephesus to Babylon. King Road is passes through Candir which is located close to Egirdir in Isparta . This area is perfect for climbing, trekking, jumping, and swimming, enjoying the virgin nature and history all together.
  • 75. Christianity began to radiate all over the worldChristianity began to radiate all over the world from Yalvac (from Yalvac (Antiocheia)Antiocheia)
  • 76.  During Roman times, the city became a substantial RomanDuring Roman times, the city became a substantial Roman colony known as "Colonia Caesarea Antiocheia". This was onecolony known as "Colonia Caesarea Antiocheia". This was one of the first Roman colonies to be established in Pisidia andof the first Roman colonies to be established in Pisidia and also the biggest. The 5th and 7th Roman Legions werealso the biggest. The 5th and 7th Roman Legions were established at this colony. As a result, Antiocheia was toestablished at this colony. As a result, Antiocheia was to become one of the most Romanized The city was even dividedbecome one of the most Romanized The city was even divided up into seven districts, which were named after those in Rome.up into seven districts, which were named after those in Rome. Henceforth, Rome and Antiocheia were considered as sisterHenceforth, Rome and Antiocheia were considered as sister cities. Moreover, one copy of the of all Anatolian cities; socities. Moreover, one copy of the of all Anatolian cities; so much that Emperor Augustus chose the city to be the secondmuch that Emperor Augustus chose the city to be the second capital in Asia Minor (as the Romans referred to Anatolia) andcapital in Asia Minor (as the Romans referred to Anatolia) and had 3,000 of his veterans relocated here from Rome.had 3,000 of his veterans relocated here from Rome.
  • 77. Turkey is a parliamentaryTurkey is a parliamentary representative democracyrepresentative democracy and aand a secularsecular statestate.. THE POLITICAL SYSTEMTHE POLITICAL SYSTEM IN TURKEYIN TURKEY Turkey is a parliamentary representativeTurkey is a parliamentary representative democracy and a secular state.democracy and a secular state.
  • 78. ABDULLAH GÜL The President of theThe President of the RepublicRepublic is the headis the head of stateof state and has a largelyand has a largely ceremonial role. Theceremonial role. The president is elected for apresident is elected for a sevenseven-year term by-year term by publicpublic votesvotes.. The president does not have to be a member of parliament, but he/she must be over 40 years old and hold a bachelor's degree.
  • 79. RECEP TAYYİP ERDOĞAN . The Prime Minister of Turkey is the head of government and of a multi- party system. The prime minister isThe prime minister is appointed by the Presidentappointed by the President and approved through aand approved through a vote of confidence in thevote of confidence in the ParliamentParliament..
  • 80. There are 550 members of parliament (deputies) who are elected for a four-year term .
  • 81.  There's a saying that after the Battle ofThere's a saying that after the Battle of Kosovo-1389, Sultan Murad visited theKosovo-1389, Sultan Murad visited the battle field, and all he saw was a field all inbattle field, and all he saw was a field all in red because of the blood and the star nextred because of the blood and the star next to it. Some say the Sultan Murad was into it. Some say the Sultan Murad was in tears with the scene right before his eyes,tears with the scene right before his eyes, and the reflection of the moon and the starand the reflection of the moon and the star in the bloody field inspired the idea for thein the bloody field inspired the idea for the flag of the victorious Ottoman Empire.flag of the victorious Ottoman Empire.  The crescent moon and starThe crescent moon and star were holywere holy symbols for ancient Tengriist Turkic people.symbols for ancient Tengriist Turkic people. In Turkish tradition, red also representsIn Turkish tradition, red also represents hegemony, while white represents power,hegemony, while white represents power, justice, exaltation and purity.justice, exaltation and purity.
  • 82.  TheThe İstiklâl Marşıİstiklâl Marşı (Independence(Independence March) is the National AnthemMarch) is the National Anthem ofof TurkeyTurkey officially adopted on 12 Marchofficially adopted on 12 March 19211921..  Penned byPenned by Mehmet Âkif ErsoyMehmet Âkif Ersoy  CComposed by Osman Zeki Üngöromposed by Osman Zeki Üngör  OOrchestrated by Edgar Manasrchestrated by Edgar Manas
  • 83. soil of the homeland the human spirit Hope and devotion sacrifice for liberty freedom and faith, theme
  • 84.  Fear not! For the crimson flag that proudly ripples inFear not! For the crimson flag that proudly ripples in this glorious twilight, shall never fade,this glorious twilight, shall never fade,  Before the last fiery hearth that is ablaze within myBefore the last fiery hearth that is ablaze within my nation is extinguished.nation is extinguished.  For that is the star of my nation, and it will foreverFor that is the star of my nation, and it will forever shine;shine;  It is mine; and solely belongs to my valiant nation.It is mine; and solely belongs to my valiant nation.  Frown not, I beseech you, oh thou coy crescent,Frown not, I beseech you, oh thou coy crescent,  Smile upon my heroic race!1 Why the anger, why theSmile upon my heroic race!1 Why the anger, why the rage?rage?  Our blood which we shed for you might not be worthyOur blood which we shed for you might not be worthy otherwise;otherwise;  For freedom is the absolute right of my God-For freedom is the absolute right of my God- worshipping nationworshipping nation
  • 85. First of all , we believe that the European Union needs us. Turkey is a very important bond between the Western World and the Middle East, and with Turkey the EU will be able to build a bridge between the two parts of the world. We aim to catch up with the standarts of European Countries in various dimensions of economic, social, educational , politics and cultural affairs .
  • 86.  We expect ,as teachers, participating inWe expect ,as teachers, participating in this project will be good and positivethis project will be good and positive educational practices based on creatingeducational practices based on creating high expectations for students, andhigh expectations for students, and creates a learning environment . Itcreates a learning environment . It provides a positive learning experience inprovides a positive learning experience in the classroom and desirable behavioursthe classroom and desirable behaviours..
  • 87. ·· There are some useful effects on educationalThere are some useful effects on educational meaning :meaning : . Effects on intercultural relations. Effects on intercultural relations · Effects on students’ language culture and practice· Effects on students’ language culture and practice · Effects on students’ communication and mobility· Effects on students’ communication and mobility · Effects on ICT implementation and usages in· Effects on ICT implementation and usages in educationeducation · Art activities· Art activities · Teaching-learning activities· Teaching-learning activities · Project management· Project management
  • 88. WE SHARE THE COMENIUSWE SHARE THE COMENIUS AIMS TOOAIMS TOO  Improve and increase the mobility of pupils andImprove and increase the mobility of pupils and educational staff across the EU;educational staff across the EU;  Enhance and increase friendship between schools inEnhance and increase friendship between schools in different EU countriesdifferent EU countries  Encourage language learning, innovative ICT-basedEncourage language learning, innovative ICT-based content,content,  Motivation for learning and learning-to-learn skills;Motivation for learning and learning-to-learn skills;  improving language learning and reinforcing creativityimproving language learning and reinforcing creativity and innovation;and innovation;  Digital educational content and services.Digital educational content and services.
  • 89. STUDENTS’STUDENTS’ COMMENTSCOMMENTS Busenur Ergün : We can learn so many things about the different cultures and people live in Europe . Berika Yüceer:We can see our similarities and differences between us. Hüseyin Akif : If we know each other, we can understand each other very well. Sinem Demirtaş : We can share our knowledge and also educational projects contribute to the development of quality education. Ali Eroğlu: We learn how to be restpectful to our differences and how we can love each other for world peace .  Eda Altuntaş :Eda Altuntaş : Talking on Skype to European friends wasTalking on Skype to European friends was so exciting .so exciting .
  • 90. According to theAccording to the ConstitutionofConstitutionof the Republic ofthe Republic of Turkey, everyTurkey, every citizen has thecitizen has the right to educationright to education which is free ofwhich is free of charge for ancharge for an eight–yeareight–year compulsorycompulsory primaryprimary educationeducation
  • 91.  The Ministry of National Education (MEB) runsThe Ministry of National Education (MEB) runs educational administration of the country and iseducational administration of the country and is responsible for drawing up curricula,responsible for drawing up curricula, coordinating the work of official, private andcoordinating the work of official, private and voluntary organizations, designing and buildingvoluntary organizations, designing and building schools, developing educational materials andschools, developing educational materials and so on. The Supreme Council of Nationalso on. The Supreme Council of National Education discusses and decides on curriculaEducation discusses and decides on curricula and regulations prepared by the Ministry. In theand regulations prepared by the Ministry. In the provinces, educational affairs are organized byprovinces, educational affairs are organized by the Directorates of National Education appointedthe Directorates of National Education appointed by the Minister, but working under the directionby the Minister, but working under the direction of the provincial governor.of the provincial governor.
  • 92.  The academic calendar generally beginsThe academic calendar generally begins in latein late SeptemberSeptember and extends through toand extends through to early Juneearly June,, The school day usually have a morning and anThe school day usually have a morning and an afternoon session ( as in our school ), but inafternoon session ( as in our school ), but in overcrowded schools there is a split session.overcrowded schools there is a split session. Schools are in session for five days a weekSchools are in session for five days a week (Monday to Friday) in a total of 30-40 hours.(Monday to Friday) in a total of 30-40 hours. There is a two-week winter break in February.There is a two-week winter break in February. Universities usually organize the academic yearUniversities usually organize the academic year into two semesters, usually between October -into two semesters, usually between October - January and between February/March -January and between February/March - June/July.June/July.  The Turkish National Educational System isThe Turkish National Educational System is composed of two main sections: Formalcomposed of two main sections: Formal Education and Non-formal Education.Education and Non-formal Education.
  • 93.  Formal educationFormal education is the regularis the regular education ofeducation of individuals in aindividuals in a certain age groupcertain age group and given inand given in schools. Thisschools. This includes Pre-includes Pre- PrimaryPrimary education,education, PrimaryPrimary education,education, SecondarySecondary education andeducation and Higher educationHigher education institutions.institutions.
  • 94. 1.1. Formal EducationFormal Education  Formal education includes Pre-Formal education includes Pre- Primary education, primaryPrimary education, primary education, secondary educationeducation, secondary education and higher education institutions.and higher education institutions. a)a)Pre-Primary educationPre-Primary education Pre-Primary education includesPre-Primary education includes the optional education of childrenthe optional education of children between 36-72 month who arebetween 36-72 month who are under the age of compulsoryunder the age of compulsory primary education. Pre-Primaryprimary education. Pre-Primary education institutions,education institutions, independent nurseries areindependent nurseries are opened as nursery classes andopened as nursery classes and practical classes within formalpractical classes within formal and non-formal educationand non-formal education institutions with suitable physicalinstitutions with suitable physical capacity.capacity.
  • 95. b)b) Primary EducationPrimary Education  Primary education isPrimary education is compulsory for allcompulsory for all citizens, boys or girls,citizens, boys or girls, and is given free ofand is given free of charge in publiccharge in public schools.schools.  Primary educationPrimary education institutions areinstitutions are schools that provideschools that provide eight years ofeight years of uninterrupteduninterrupted education, at the endeducation, at the end of which graduatesof which graduates receive a primaryreceive a primary education diploma.education diploma.
  • 96. c)c) Secondary EducationSecondary Education  It is a four-year education and there areIt is a four-year education and there are different kinds of it.( vocational , technical , finedifferent kinds of it.( vocational , technical , fine arts , sport , etc.. )arts , sport , etc.. )
  • 97. d)d) Higher EducationHigher Education  Among higher education institutions areAmong higher education institutions are universities, faculties, institutes, higheruniversities, faculties, institutes, higher education schools, conservatories,education schools, conservatories, vocational higher education schools andvocational higher education schools and application-research centers..application-research centers..
  • 98. 2.2. Non-Formal EducationNon-Formal Education  Non-formal education in Turkey is offered by aNon-formal education in Turkey is offered by a network of training centers who are supervised bynetwork of training centers who are supervised by the Ministry of National Education . Non-formalthe Ministry of National Education . Non-formal education services aim to teach reading-writing,education services aim to teach reading-writing, help to continue education of students for finishhelp to continue education of students for finish their incomplete education, teach balancedtheir incomplete education, teach balanced nutrition and a healthy life style, teach peoplenutrition and a healthy life style, teach people from various professions the knowledge and skillsfrom various professions the knowledge and skills they need to improve themselves, and so on.they need to improve themselves, and so on.  There is also Distance Higher Education which isThere is also Distance Higher Education which is offered at the Open Education Faculty of Anadoluoffered at the Open Education Faculty of Anadolu University. This program lasts for 2 or 4 years.University. This program lasts for 2 or 4 years.
  • 99. NON-FORMAL EDUCATIONNON-FORMAL EDUCATION  Services given by non-formal educationServices given by non-formal education are :are :
  • 100.  to teach reading-writing, to provide continuing educationto teach reading-writing, to provide continuing education opportunities for students to finish their incomplete educationopportunities for students to finish their incomplete education  to provide education opportunities that shall facilitate theto provide education opportunities that shall facilitate the students' adaptation to scientific, technologic, economic, socialstudents' adaptation to scientific, technologic, economic, social and cultural developmentsand cultural developments  to give education that protects, improves, introduces andto give education that protects, improves, introduces and comprises our national cultural valuescomprises our national cultural values  to help students acquire the concepts and habits of collectiveto help students acquire the concepts and habits of collective living, supporting, helping, working and organizing collectivelyliving, supporting, helping, working and organizing collectively  to provide opportunities that shall ensure acquisition ofto provide opportunities that shall ensure acquisition of professions in line with the economic development andprofessions in line with the economic development and employment policyemployment policy  to teach balanced nutrition and a healthy life styleto teach balanced nutrition and a healthy life style  to teach people from various professions the knowledge andto teach people from various professions the knowledge and skills they need to improve themselvesskills they need to improve themselves  to provide the habit of using one's free time in a useful way.to provide the habit of using one's free time in a useful way.
  • 101. Turkish Speaking Peoples TurkmenTurkmen Crimean TatarsUyghursUyghursUzbeksUzbeksAzeris
  • 102. Caucasian-Caucasian- speakingspeaking peoplespeoples CircassiansCircassians ChechensChechensLazLazGeorgiansGeorgians
  • 103. Semitic-Semitic- speakingspeaking peoplespeoples ArabsArabs JewsJewsSyriacsSyriacs
  • 104. Indo-Indo- European-European- speakingspeaking peoplespeoples KurdsKurds ArmeniansArmeniansAlbaniansAlbaniansGreeksGreeksBosniaksBosniaks
  • 105. But in our school , there are noBut in our school , there are no students from different religion orstudents from different religion or religious groups .religious groups .
  • 106.  PREPARED BY :PREPARED BY :  NAZMİ TOKER İLKÖĞRETİM OKULUNAZMİ TOKER İLKÖĞRETİM OKULU  COMENIUS PROJECT TEAMCOMENIUS PROJECT TEAM