October 29thOctober 29th
Many people go to local stadiums on October 29 to watchMany people go to local stadiums on October 29 to watch
performances dedicated to Republic Day in Turkey.performances dedicated to Republic Day in Turkey.
Such performances usually consist of theater sketches, poetrySuch performances usually consist of theater sketches, poetry
readings and traditional Turkish dances.readings and traditional Turkish dances.
Many school children participate in school performances forMany school children participate in school performances for
parents and teachers.parents and teachers.
Parades may take place in some cities and politicians may giveParades may take place in some cities and politicians may give
public speeches on this day.public speeches on this day.
Many people also lay wreaths to Atatürk’s monuments or visitMany people also lay wreaths to Atatürk’s monuments or visit
Atatürk’s mausoleum in the country’s capital, Ankara.Atatürk’s mausoleum in the country’s capital, Ankara.
In the evening of October 29 many cities have traditionalIn the evening of October 29 many cities have traditional
processions with flags and musical bands to commemorateprocessions with flags and musical bands to commemorate
Republic Day in Turkey. The processions usually end withRepublic Day in Turkey. The processions usually end with
fireworks, which begin after dark.fireworks, which begin after dark.
Public lifePublic life
Republic Day is an official national holiday inRepublic Day is an official national holiday in
Turkey. Public administration buildings,Turkey. Public administration buildings,
schools, post offices and many smallschools, post offices and many small
businesses are usually closed on this day.businesses are usually closed on this day.
Republic Day marks the creation of the Turkish Republic
in 1923. After Turkey’s victory in the War of
Independence (1919-1923), the Turkish parliament
proclaimed the new Turkish state as a republic. A new
constitution, which the parliament adopted on October
29, 1923, replaced the constitution of the Ottoman
Empire. The leader in the Turkish War of Independence,
Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, became the country’s first
president on the same day.
The common symbols of RepublicThe common symbols of Republic
Day in Turkey are:Day in Turkey are:
The Turkish flag.The Turkish flag.
Pictures of Mustafa Kemal AtatürkPictures of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk
International April 23International April 23
Children's Day FestivalChildren's Day Festival
is a festival which isis a festival which is
celebrated on April 23celebrated on April 23
each year in Turkey.each year in Turkey.
This festival is gathering the children from allThis festival is gathering the children from all
over the world under the motto of "Love,over the world under the motto of "Love,
Friendship and Peace". The festival is organizedFriendship and Peace". The festival is organized
by Turkish Radio and Television Corporationby Turkish Radio and Television Corporation
The 23rd April Children’s Festival aThe 23rd April Children’s Festival a
children’s festival which was gifted tochildren’s festival which was gifted to
Turkish children by Mustafa KemalTurkish children by Mustafa Kemal
Atatürk, founder of the Republic ofAtatürk, founder of the Republic of
Turkey, to mark the opening of theTurkey, to mark the opening of the
Assembly. The Festival intends toAssembly. The Festival intends to
contribute creation of a world wherecontribute creation of a world where
children can live peacefully bychildren can live peacefully by
developing sentiments of fraternity,developing sentiments of fraternity,
love and friendship.love and friendship.
Military parades and ceremonies at
monuments to Mustafa Kemal Atatürk,
who founded the Turkish Republic, are
some common ways to celebrate
Victory Day in Turkey.
What do people do?What do people do?
Many people in Turkey celebrate VictoryMany people in Turkey celebrate Victory
Day by attending military parades, whichDay by attending military parades, which
take place in many big cities throughouttake place in many big cities throughout
the country. Air forces celebrate the daythe country. Air forces celebrate the day
with demonstrationwith demonstration flights.flights.
Residents and shop owners decorate their windows withResidents and shop owners decorate their windows with
Turkish flags and images of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk.Turkish flags and images of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk.
State officials attend a ceremony at Atatürk's MausoleumState officials attend a ceremony at Atatürk's Mausoleum
in Ankara. All promotions in the Turkish Armed Forcesin Ankara. All promotions in the Turkish Armed Forces
take place on this day, and military schools hold annualtake place on this day, and military schools hold annual
graduation ceremonies on August 30.graduation ceremonies on August 30.
• Victory Day in Turkey commemorates the
key Turkish victory against Greek forces in
the Battle of Dumlupınar (August 26-30,
1922). The outcome of the battle
determined the overall outcome of the
Turkish War of Independence (1919-
• Turkish people accept August 30 as the
date of the Turkish troops’ overall victory.
The Turkish flag and images of Mustafa Kemal
Atatürk are the symbols of Victory Day in
19th May19th May COMMEMORATCOMMEMORATIION OF ATATÜRK,ON OF ATATÜRK,
YOUTH AND SPORTS DAYYOUTH AND SPORTS DAY
What do people do?What do people do?
During the May 19 celebrations, young Turkish athletes carry theDuring the May 19 celebrations, young Turkish athletes carry the
national flag from Samsun, a Black Sea port from where Mustafanational flag from Samsun, a Black Sea port from where Mustafa
Kemal Atatürk started Turkey’s War of Independence in 1919,theKemal Atatürk started Turkey’s War of Independence in 1919,the
country’s capital. The marathon usually takes about 10 days. Thecountry’s capital. The marathon usually takes about 10 days. The
Turkish president accepts the flag at a ceremony on May 19.Turkish president accepts the flag at a ceremony on May 19.
Many people lay wreaths to Atatürk’s monuments and hangMany people lay wreaths to Atatürk’s monuments and hang
Turkish flags outside their windows.Turkish flags outside their windows.
Public lifePublic life
The Commemoration of Atatürk, YouthThe Commemoration of Atatürk, Youth
and Sports Day is an official holiday inand Sports Day is an official holiday in
Turkey. All administration buildings, postTurkey. All administration buildings, post
offices, schools, and most businessesoffices, schools, and most businesses
are closed on this day.are closed on this day.
The founder of the Turkish Republic, MustafaThe founder of the Turkish Republic, Mustafa
Kemal Atatürk, arrived in Samsun on May 19,Kemal Atatürk, arrived in Samsun on May 19,
1919, to start a popular uprising against the1919, to start a popular uprising against the
decision of the World War I.Turkey presentlydecision of the World War I.Turkey presently
accepts the date of Atatürk’s arrival in Samsun asaccepts the date of Atatürk’s arrival in Samsun as
the starting date of the Turkish War ofthe starting date of the Turkish War of
Independence. Following Atatürk’s wish, theIndependence. Following Atatürk’s wish, the
Turkish government declared May 19 to be YouthTurkish government declared May 19 to be Youth
and Sports Day and made it an official holiday inand Sports Day and made it an official holiday in
It is celebrated byIt is celebrated by
attending sports events andattending sports events and
remembering Turkey’s Warremembering Turkey’s War
of Independence, whichof Independence, which
started on this day in 1919.started on this day in 1919.
The Turkish flag, images of Atatürk andThe Turkish flag, images of Atatürk and
the boat on which he arrived in Samsun,the boat on which he arrived in Samsun,
as well as images related to sports areas well as images related to sports are
the symbols of the Commemoration ofthe symbols of the Commemoration of
Atatürk, Youth and Sports Day in Turkey.Atatürk, Youth and Sports Day in Turkey.
What do people do?What do people do?
Many people wake up early on the first day ofMany people wake up early on the first day of
the Ramadan Feast. They put on their bestthe Ramadan Feast. They put on their best
clothesclothes and have a large breakfast. Thisand have a large breakfast. This
symbolizes the end of the fasting period.symbolizes the end of the fasting period.
The Ramadan Feast has an alternative name inThe Ramadan Feast has an alternative name in
Turkey, the Sugar Feast (Şeker Bayramı),Turkey, the Sugar Feast (Şeker Bayramı),
because people treat their guests to sweets andbecause people treat their guests to sweets and
traditional desserts during the festival. In a moretraditional desserts during the festival. In a more
recent tradition, some people use the officialrecent tradition, some people use the official
holiday to travel abroad or go to Turkish resorts.holiday to travel abroad or go to Turkish resorts.
•It is customary to visit one's relatives, especially
older ones, and kiss their hand as a sign of respect.
Children may go door-to-door, kissing hands of the
grown-ups and receiving sweets and small amounts
of money in return.
Public lifePublic life
The Ramadan Feast is an official holiday thatThe Ramadan Feast is an official holiday that
continues for three days in Turkey.continues for three days in Turkey.
Administration buildings, schools and mostAdministration buildings, schools and most
businesses are closed during this period.businesses are closed during this period.
The Ramadan Feast is the first day of
Shawwal, which is the 10th month of the
Islamic calendar. Each month in the
Islamic calendar begins with the first
sighting of the new moon. As a result, the
exact dates of the Ramadan Feast change
every year. The Ramadan Feast is
celebrated after a month of fasting.
SACRIFICE FEASTSACRIFICE FEAST
The common symbols of the
Sacrifice Feast in Turkey are a ram
(or a sheep) and mosque.
WHAT DO PEOPLE DOWHAT DO PEOPLE DO ??
The Sacrifice Feast is one of the oldest Islamic holidays in Turkey. ItThe Sacrifice Feast is one of the oldest Islamic holidays in Turkey. It
commemorates the story about Prophet Ibrahim (Abraham) who showedcommemorates the story about Prophet Ibrahim (Abraham) who showed
obedience to God by agreeing to sacrifice his son. God then sent him a ramobedience to God by agreeing to sacrifice his son. God then sent him a ram
to be sacrificed instead.to be sacrificed instead.
The Sacrifice Feast comes about 70 days after the Ramadan Feast.The Sacrifice Feast comes about 70 days after the Ramadan Feast.
OOn the first day of the Sacrifice Feast in Turkey, men go to a mosque for an the first day of the Sacrifice Feast in Turkey, men go to a mosque for a
special morning prayer. Then the sacrifice ritual begins.special morning prayer. Then the sacrifice ritual begins.
The butcher reads a prayer before slaughtering the animal.The butcher reads a prayer before slaughtering the animal.
Families share about two-thirds of the animal’s meat with relatives andFamilies share about two-thirds of the animal’s meat with relatives and
neighbors, and they give about one-third to the poor.neighbors, and they give about one-third to the poor.
In recent years, some Turkish people started making donations to charityIn recent years, some Turkish people started making donations to charity
organizations instead of sacrificing animals.organizations instead of sacrificing animals.
Many people in Turkey take special care to help the poor during theMany people in Turkey take special care to help the poor during the
Sacrifice Feast.Sacrifice Feast.
People usually wear their best clothes during the Sacrifice Feast.People usually wear their best clothes during the Sacrifice Feast.
They welcome guests to their homes or visit relatives or friends during theThey welcome guests to their homes or visit relatives or friends during the
Some people in Turkey may use the four-day holiday to go on a vacation.Some people in Turkey may use the four-day holiday to go on a vacation.
The Sacrifice Feast is an official four-day holiday inThe Sacrifice Feast is an official four-day holiday in
Turkey. Administration buildings, schools, banksTurkey. Administration buildings, schools, banks
and post offices are usually closed during thisand post offices are usually closed during this
THE INTERNATIONAL ROSE, CARPETTHE INTERNATIONAL ROSE, CARPET
AND TOURISM FESTIVALAND TOURISM FESTIVAL
ISPARTA is famous for its roses (rose oil, rose
jam, rose perfume etc) and its carpets.
• This is the most important local festival in
Isparta. The International Rose, Carpet
and Tourism Festival of Isparta is held
every year in the first week of June. This
attractive festival takes place at the end of
the rose harvesting period and brings so
much vital action to Isparta. Extraordinary
parades, international folk-dance shows,
beauty contests (rose), and famous
singers are all worth seeing.
Newrose (nevruz) is celebrated on 21st March. It
means "rebirth of nature",
TURKISH COFFEE AYRAN
SOME RECIPES FROM TURKISHSOME RECIPES FROM TURKISH
White beans with rice is the traditionalWhite beans with rice is the traditional
Turkish dish. It is to us what pasta is toTurkish dish. It is to us what pasta is to
Italians. You can cook white beans withItalians. You can cook white beans with
stew beef or lamb, with ground meat,stew beef or lamb, with ground meat,
pastrami (pastrami (pastirmapastirma) or soujuk (Turkish) or soujuk (Turkish
Used MaterialsUsed Materials
2 cups of cooked cannellini: white kidney:2 cups of cooked cannellini: white kidney:
fazolia beansfazolia beans
3 tbsp olive oil or butter3 tbsp olive oil or butter
1 tbsp tomato paste1 tbsp tomato paste
2 onions, chopped2 onions, chopped
red peppers,red peppers,
Chopped 2 tomatoesChopped 2 tomatoes
1-2 cup of water1-2 cup of water
1 tsp pepper flakes1 tsp pepper flakes
1 tsp ground black pepper1 tsp ground black pepper
2 tsp salt2 tsp salt
dried chili peppers (only if you like spicy food)dried chili peppers (only if you like spicy food)
-Soak beans in water over night and then the next-Soak beans in water over night and then the next
day, boil them until soft OR pressure cook driedday, boil them until soft OR pressure cook dried
beans for 35-40 minutes OR use canned beans.beans for 35-40 minutes OR use canned beans.
-Heat oil in a pot and sauté onion and pepper until-Heat oil in a pot and sauté onion and pepper until
soft: 7-8 minutes. Add tomato paste and stir forsoft: 7-8 minutes. Add tomato paste and stir for
another 2 minutes.another 2 minutes.
-Pour in first beans, then tomatoes, and then water-Pour in first beans, then tomatoes, and then water
until the water level is 1/2 inch above the beans. Adduntil the water level is 1/2 inch above the beans. Add
salt, black pepper, and pepper flakes. Stir once orsalt, black pepper, and pepper flakes. Stir once or
twice very gently (do not forget the beans are tendertwice very gently (do not forget the beans are tender
now and we don't want to smash them). If you will usenow and we don't want to smash them). If you will use
dried chili peppers, place them on top. Cover anddried chili peppers, place them on top. Cover and
simmer on low for 25-30 minutes.simmer on low for 25-30 minutes.
-Serve with rice, especially on top of rice. Turkish-Serve with rice, especially on top of rice. Turkish
style white beans are awesome with pickledstyle white beans are awesome with pickled
vegetables like white cabbage, cornichons, carrots,vegetables like white cabbage, cornichons, carrots,
etc. We call them Turshu .etc. We call them Turshu .
2 tbsp Olive/ sun flower/ corn oil, or butter (rice is best2 tbsp Olive/ sun flower/ corn oil, or butter (rice is best
with butter)with butter)
Use a 2 to 1 ratio of water to rice. Although this works forUse a 2 to 1 ratio of water to rice. Although this works for
almost any kind of rice (white, basmati, jasmine, brown), usealmost any kind of rice (white, basmati, jasmine, brown), use
only white rice with vermicelli.only white rice with vermicelli.
1/2 cup vermicelli1/2 cup vermicelli
hot waterhot water
-Heat oil in pot and add vermicelli noodles. Stir until noodles-Heat oil in pot and add vermicelli noodles. Stir until noodles
are light brown. Try not to burn the noodles.are light brown. Try not to burn the noodles.
-Add rice, and keep stirring for a couple of minutes.-Add rice, and keep stirring for a couple of minutes.
-Add hot water and salt. Bring to boil.-Add hot water and salt. Bring to boil.
-Put the lid on and cook until rice soaks the water on very-Put the lid on and cook until rice soaks the water on very
low heat.low heat.
-Do not stir the rice while it's cooking; that will break the-Do not stir the rice while it's cooking; that will break the
-Wait at least 5 minutes to serve.
SUMMER ANDSUMMER AND
ACTIVITIESACTIVITIESThe students and young people take part in differentThe students and young people take part in different
sport activities after school or on weekendssport activities after school or on weekends
Nasreddin Hoca was born in 1208 in
the west part of Central Anatolia.
Nasreddin Hoca was a philosopher,
wise, witty man with a good sense of
humor. His stories have been told
almost everywhere in the world,
spread among the tribes of Turkic
World and into Persian, Arabian,
African and along the Silk Road to
China and India cultures, later also to
Europe. Of course, all these stories
currently attributed to the Hodja for
about 700 years haven't originated
from him. Most of them are the
product of collective Humor of not
only Turks but also other folks in the
"Come, come again,
whoever you are, come!
Come even if you broke
your penitence a
Ours is the portal of
hope, come as you are."
Mevlana who is also known as Rumi, was aMevlana who is also known as Rumi, was a
philosopher and mystic of Islam, but not a Muslim ofphilosopher and mystic of Islam, but not a Muslim of
the orthodox type. His doctrine advocates unlimitedthe orthodox type. His doctrine advocates unlimited
tolerance, positive reasoning, goodness, charity andtolerance, positive reasoning, goodness, charity and
awareness through love. To him and to his disciplesawareness through love. To him and to his disciples
all religions are more or less truth. Looking with theall religions are more or less truth. Looking with the
same eye on Muslim, Jew and Christian alike, hissame eye on Muslim, Jew and Christian alike, his
peaceful and tolerant teaching has appealed to men ofpeaceful and tolerant teaching has appealed to men of
all sects and creeds.all sects and creeds.
Mevlana was not only a great poet and philosopherMevlana was not only a great poet and philosopher
but first and foremost he was a mystic, a spirituallybut first and foremost he was a mystic, a spiritually
touched man. His mind and heart had reached fortouched man. His mind and heart had reached for
heights and depths of the spiritual world.heights and depths of the spiritual world.
Mehmet II, called the
Conqueror, was a sultan
of the Ottoman Empire
between 1444-1446 and
1451-1481 Mehmet The
Conqueror was the
seventh sultan in the
He conquered Byzantine
Constantinople in 1453
and rebuilt it into the
capital of Istanbul.
He is a famous Turkish
SHE WAS THE WINNERSHE WAS THE WINNER
EUROVISION SONG CONTEST INEUROVISION SONG CONTEST IN
Turkey is a peninsula.Total country population is about 70 million .
Turkish is the sole official language throughout Turkey.
The capital city of Turkey is Ankara.
There are 7 regions and 81 cities in Turkey
The biggestThe biggest
city and thecity and the
Istanbul isIstanbul is
the financial,the financial,
and culturaland cultural
heart of theheart of the
Ankara is the capital city . Turkey is bordered by eightAnkara is the capital city . Turkey is bordered by eight
countries: Bulgaria to the northwest; Greece to the west;countries: Bulgaria to the northwest; Greece to the west;
Georgia to the northeast; Armenia, Azerbaijan and Iran to theGeorgia to the northeast; Armenia, Azerbaijan and Iran to the
east; and Iraq and Syria to the southeast. The Mediterraneaneast; and Iraq and Syria to the southeast. The Mediterranean
Sea and Cyprus are to the south; the Aegean Sea is to the west;Sea and Cyprus are to the south; the Aegean Sea is to the west;
and the Black Sea is to the north. The Sea of Marmara, theand the Black Sea is to the north. The Sea of Marmara, the
Bosphorus and the DardanellesBosphorus and the Dardanelles
POPULAR SKI CENTERSPOPULAR SKI CENTERS
Turkey is a huge country , so the climate isTurkey is a huge country , so the climate is
changable region to regionchangable region to region ..
TThe northhe north : hot summers and chilly winters: hot summers and chilly winters
The Cetral and Eastern AnatoliaThe Cetral and Eastern Anatolia : extremely hot in: extremely hot in
summer and freezing cold in wintersummer and freezing cold in winter
Aegean and Mediterranean coasts :Aegean and Mediterranean coasts : winters are mildwinters are mild
and often wet,and often wet, autumn and spring are shortautumn and spring are short
seasons and summer is long, hot and dry.seasons and summer is long, hot and dry.
Nemrut Mountain was oneNemrut Mountain was one
the most majestic place ofthe most majestic place of
worship in ancient Anatoliaworship in ancient Anatolia
The Nemrut mountainsideThe Nemrut mountainside
with the tumuluswith the tumulus
containing the tomb ofcontaining the tomb of
King Antiochus of theKing Antiochus of the
Commagene KingdomCommagene Kingdom
and several giant statuesand several giant statues
was inscribed towas inscribed to
UNESCO's WorldUNESCO's World
Heritage List in 1987.Heritage List in 1987.
Nemrut Mountain is alsoNemrut Mountain is also
known as the highestknown as the highest
open-air museum in theopen-air museum in the
• THE SUN RISES AND SETS WITH A
UNIQUE MAJESTY AT NEMRUT
AlaçatıAlaçatı (is a unique(is a unique
Agean town on theAgean town on the
western coast of İzmirwestern coast of İzmir
Province in Turkey,Province in Turkey,
which has been famouswhich has been famous
for its architecture,for its architecture,
vineyards and windmillsvineyards and windmills
for over 150 years. It hasfor over 150 years. It has
now made its name innow made its name in
the world of windsurfingthe world of windsurfing
and kitesurfing, with itsand kitesurfing, with its
crystal clear water,crystal clear water,
consistent and steadyconsistent and steady
wind and well acclaimedwind and well acclaimed
Cappadocia which isCappadocia which is
unique in the world andunique in the world and
is a miraculous natureis a miraculous nature
welcomed the leadingwelcomed the leading
actors (Nicolas Cage,actors (Nicolas Cage,
Violente Placido, FergusViolente Placido, Fergus
Riordan …) of the newRiordan …) of the new
movie Ghost Ridermovie Ghost Rider
2.The final scene was2.The final scene was
shot in Cappadociashot in Cappadocia
A beautiful region inA beautiful region in
central Turkey withcentral Turkey with
several interestingseveral interesting
rock formationsrock formations
known as the “Fairyknown as the “Fairy
Chimneys” isChimneys” is
Cappadocia a UnescoCappadocia a Unesco
World Heritage Site inWorld Heritage Site in
Asia Minor famous forAsia Minor famous for
its rock formations.its rock formations.
The rock formationsThe rock formations
were the result ofwere the result of
volcanic activity, windvolcanic activity, wind
and water.and water.
Hot-air ballooning is very
Cappadocia and is
available in Goreme.
Trekking is enjoyed in
Urgup, and Goreme.
meaning "cottonmeaning "cotton
castle" in Turkishcastle" in Turkish
, is a natural site, is a natural site
in southwesternin southwestern
Turkey. The cityTurkey. The city
contains hotcontains hot
springs andsprings and
terraces ofterraces of
minerals left byminerals left by
the flowingthe flowing
Pamukkale is a touristPamukkale is a tourist attraction. It isattraction. It is
recognized as a World Heritage Siterecognized as a World Heritage Site
together with Hierapolistogether with Hierapolis ((ancient cityancient city ).).
The ancientThe ancient
city ofcity of
famous for itsfamous for its
Aspendos Turkey, the former ancient city ofAspendos Turkey, the former ancient city of
Pamphylia, is noted for its magnificent RomanPamphylia, is noted for its magnificent Roman
ruins and the famous Aspendos Theater. Theruins and the famous Aspendos Theater. The
site is located in what is now southwesternsite is located in what is now southwestern
TurkeyTurkey and is frequented by thousands ofand is frequented by thousands of
visitors each year because it is home to the bestvisitors each year because it is home to the best
Roman ruins in Turkey.Roman ruins in Turkey.
The most famous structure at the archaeologicalThe most famous structure at the archaeological
site is the Aspendos Theater. The theater wassite is the Aspendos Theater. The theater was
built in honor of the famous emperor Marcusbuilt in honor of the famous emperor Marcus
Aurelius, who ruled from 161 to 180 AD.Aurelius, who ruled from 161 to 180 AD.
ÖlüdenizÖlüdeniz ((Dead SeaDead Sea) is) is
a small resort village ina small resort village in
the Fethiye district whichthe Fethiye district which
is on the Aegean Seais on the Aegean Sea
Ölüdeniz has the mostÖlüdeniz has the most
photographed beachesphotographed beaches
and sandy bay, on aand sandy bay, on a
blue lagoon.The beachblue lagoon.The beach
is a pebble beach.is a pebble beach.
Ölüdeniz is famous forÖlüdeniz is famous for
its shades of turquoiseits shades of turquoise
and aquamarine, and isand aquamarine, and is
rated among the top 5rated among the top 5
beaches in the world bybeaches in the world by
travellers and tourismtravellers and tourism
journals alike.journals alike.
The resort is alsoThe resort is also
for itsfor its
During the day, people swim, walk, lie in the sun to the sound
of the crumping waves but at night a barrier comes down and
the beach is claimed back by nature, in particular by hundreds
of loggerhead turtles, one of the oldest surviving species in the
world, which lay their eggs there from May to September.
TheThe Sultan AhmedSultan Ahmed
MosqueMosque in Turkish is ain Turkish is a
historical mosque inhistorical mosque in
Istanbul, the largest city inIstanbul, the largest city in
Turkey and the capital ofTurkey and the capital of
the Ottoman Empire (fromthe Ottoman Empire (from
1453 to 1923). The1453 to 1923). The
mosque is popularly knownmosque is popularly known
as theas the Blue MosqueBlue Mosque forfor
the blue tiles adorning thethe blue tiles adorning the
walls of its interior.walls of its interior.
TheThe Topkapı PalaceTopkapı Palace is a large palace in Istanbulis a large palace in Istanbul
that was the primary residence of the Ottomanthat was the primary residence of the Ottoman
Sultans for approximately 400 years (1465-1856)Sultans for approximately 400 years (1465-1856)
of their 624-year reignof their 624-year reign..
The Topkapı Palace is amongThe Topkapı Palace is among
the monuments containedthe monuments contained
within the "Historic Areas ofwithin the "Historic Areas of
Istanbul", which became aIstanbul", which became a
UNESCOUNESCO World Heritage Site inWorld Heritage Site in
The palace includes many fineThe palace includes many fine
examples of Ottomanexamples of Ottoman
It contains large collections ofIt contains large collections of
porcelaiporcelainn, robes, weapons,, robes, weapons,
shields, armor, Ottomshields, armor, Ottomanan
calligraphic manuscripts andcalligraphic manuscripts and
murals, as well as a display ofmurals, as well as a display of
Ottoman treasures and jewelry.Ottoman treasures and jewelry.
Isparta is a city in western Turkey. The city's
population is about 225 000 . Another name of the city
is "City of Roses".
Isparta isIsparta is famous for industrial rose andfamous for industrial rose and
hand-made carpets.hand-made carpets.
Some historical buildings
and houses remain from
the nineteenth century
During the Lydian period, Egirdir
became very rich due to the King
Road which starts from Ephesus to
Babylon. King Road is passes through
Candir which is located close to Egirdir
in Isparta . This area is perfect for
climbing, trekking, jumping, and
swimming, enjoying the virgin nature
and history all together.
Christianity began to radiate all over the worldChristianity began to radiate all over the world
from Yalvac (from Yalvac (Antiocheia)Antiocheia)
During Roman times, the city became a substantial RomanDuring Roman times, the city became a substantial Roman
colony known as "Colonia Caesarea Antiocheia". This was onecolony known as "Colonia Caesarea Antiocheia". This was one
of the first Roman colonies to be established in Pisidia andof the first Roman colonies to be established in Pisidia and
also the biggest. The 5th and 7th Roman Legions werealso the biggest. The 5th and 7th Roman Legions were
established at this colony. As a result, Antiocheia was toestablished at this colony. As a result, Antiocheia was to
become one of the most Romanized The city was even dividedbecome one of the most Romanized The city was even divided
up into seven districts, which were named after those in Rome.up into seven districts, which were named after those in Rome.
Henceforth, Rome and Antiocheia were considered as sisterHenceforth, Rome and Antiocheia were considered as sister
cities. Moreover, one copy of the of all Anatolian cities; socities. Moreover, one copy of the of all Anatolian cities; so
much that Emperor Augustus chose the city to be the secondmuch that Emperor Augustus chose the city to be the second
capital in Asia Minor (as the Romans referred to Anatolia) andcapital in Asia Minor (as the Romans referred to Anatolia) and
had 3,000 of his veterans relocated here from Rome.had 3,000 of his veterans relocated here from Rome.
Turkey is a parliamentaryTurkey is a parliamentary
representative democracyrepresentative democracy and aand a
THE POLITICAL SYSTEMTHE POLITICAL SYSTEM
IN TURKEYIN TURKEY
Turkey is a parliamentary representativeTurkey is a parliamentary representative
democracy and a secular state.democracy and a secular state.
The President of theThe President of the
RepublicRepublic is the headis the head of stateof state
and has a largelyand has a largely
ceremonial role. Theceremonial role. The
president is elected for apresident is elected for a
sevenseven-year term by-year term by publicpublic
The president does not have
to be a member of parliament,
but he/she must be over 40
years old and hold a
RECEP TAYYİP ERDOĞAN
. The Prime Minister of
Turkey is the head of
government and of a multi-
The prime minister isThe prime minister is
appointed by the Presidentappointed by the President
and approved through aand approved through a
vote of confidence in thevote of confidence in the
There are 550 members of
parliament (deputies) who
are elected for a four-year
There's a saying that after the Battle ofThere's a saying that after the Battle of
Kosovo-1389, Sultan Murad visited theKosovo-1389, Sultan Murad visited the
battle field, and all he saw was a field all inbattle field, and all he saw was a field all in
red because of the blood and the star nextred because of the blood and the star next
to it. Some say the Sultan Murad was into it. Some say the Sultan Murad was in
tears with the scene right before his eyes,tears with the scene right before his eyes,
and the reflection of the moon and the starand the reflection of the moon and the star
in the bloody field inspired the idea for thein the bloody field inspired the idea for the
flag of the victorious Ottoman Empire.flag of the victorious Ottoman Empire.
The crescent moon and starThe crescent moon and star were holywere holy
symbols for ancient Tengriist Turkic people.symbols for ancient Tengriist Turkic people.
In Turkish tradition, red also representsIn Turkish tradition, red also represents
hegemony, while white represents power,hegemony, while white represents power,
justice, exaltation and purity.justice, exaltation and purity.
TheThe İstiklâl Marşıİstiklâl Marşı (Independence(Independence
March) is the National AnthemMarch) is the National Anthem ofof
TurkeyTurkey officially adopted on 12 Marchofficially adopted on 12 March
Penned byPenned by Mehmet Âkif ErsoyMehmet Âkif Ersoy
CComposed by Osman Zeki Üngöromposed by Osman Zeki Üngör
OOrchestrated by Edgar Manasrchestrated by Edgar Manas
Fear not! For the crimson flag that proudly ripples inFear not! For the crimson flag that proudly ripples in
this glorious twilight, shall never fade,this glorious twilight, shall never fade,
Before the last fiery hearth that is ablaze within myBefore the last fiery hearth that is ablaze within my
nation is extinguished.nation is extinguished.
For that is the star of my nation, and it will foreverFor that is the star of my nation, and it will forever
It is mine; and solely belongs to my valiant nation.It is mine; and solely belongs to my valiant nation.
Frown not, I beseech you, oh thou coy crescent,Frown not, I beseech you, oh thou coy crescent,
Smile upon my heroic race!1 Why the anger, why theSmile upon my heroic race!1 Why the anger, why the
Our blood which we shed for you might not be worthyOur blood which we shed for you might not be worthy
For freedom is the absolute right of my God-For freedom is the absolute right of my God-
worshipping nationworshipping nation
First of all , we believe that the European Union needs us.
Turkey is a very important bond between the Western World
and the Middle East, and with Turkey the EU will be able to
build a bridge between the two parts of the world.
We aim to catch up with the standarts of European Countries
in various dimensions of
economic, social, educational , politics and cultural affairs .
We expect ,as teachers, participating inWe expect ,as teachers, participating in
this project will be good and positivethis project will be good and positive
educational practices based on creatingeducational practices based on creating
high expectations for students, andhigh expectations for students, and
creates a learning environment . Itcreates a learning environment . It
provides a positive learning experience inprovides a positive learning experience in
the classroom and desirable behavioursthe classroom and desirable behaviours..
·· There are some useful effects on educationalThere are some useful effects on educational
meaning :meaning :
. Effects on intercultural relations. Effects on intercultural relations
· Effects on students’ language culture and practice· Effects on students’ language culture and practice
· Effects on students’ communication and mobility· Effects on students’ communication and mobility
· Effects on ICT implementation and usages in· Effects on ICT implementation and usages in
· Art activities· Art activities
· Teaching-learning activities· Teaching-learning activities
· Project management· Project management
WE SHARE THE COMENIUSWE SHARE THE COMENIUS
AIMS TOOAIMS TOO
Improve and increase the mobility of pupils andImprove and increase the mobility of pupils and
educational staff across the EU;educational staff across the EU;
Enhance and increase friendship between schools inEnhance and increase friendship between schools in
different EU countriesdifferent EU countries
Encourage language learning, innovative ICT-basedEncourage language learning, innovative ICT-based
Motivation for learning and learning-to-learn skills;Motivation for learning and learning-to-learn skills;
improving language learning and reinforcing creativityimproving language learning and reinforcing creativity
and innovation;and innovation;
Digital educational content and services.Digital educational content and services.
Busenur Ergün : We can learn so many things about the
different cultures and people live in Europe .
Berika Yüceer:We can see our similarities and differences
Hüseyin Akif : If we know each other, we can understand
each other very well.
Sinem Demirtaş : We can share our knowledge and also
educational projects contribute to the development of
Ali Eroğlu: We learn how to be restpectful to our differences
and how we can love each other for world peace .
Eda Altuntaş :Eda Altuntaş : Talking on Skype to European friends wasTalking on Skype to European friends was
so exciting .so exciting .
According to theAccording to the
the Republic ofthe Republic of
Turkey, everyTurkey, every
citizen has thecitizen has the
right to educationright to education
which is free ofwhich is free of
charge for ancharge for an
The Ministry of National Education (MEB) runsThe Ministry of National Education (MEB) runs
educational administration of the country and iseducational administration of the country and is
responsible for drawing up curricula,responsible for drawing up curricula,
coordinating the work of official, private andcoordinating the work of official, private and
voluntary organizations, designing and buildingvoluntary organizations, designing and building
schools, developing educational materials andschools, developing educational materials and
so on. The Supreme Council of Nationalso on. The Supreme Council of National
Education discusses and decides on curriculaEducation discusses and decides on curricula
and regulations prepared by the Ministry. In theand regulations prepared by the Ministry. In the
provinces, educational affairs are organized byprovinces, educational affairs are organized by
the Directorates of National Education appointedthe Directorates of National Education appointed
by the Minister, but working under the directionby the Minister, but working under the direction
of the provincial governor.of the provincial governor.
The academic calendar generally beginsThe academic calendar generally begins in latein late
SeptemberSeptember and extends through toand extends through to early Juneearly June,,
The school day usually have a morning and anThe school day usually have a morning and an
afternoon session ( as in our school ), but inafternoon session ( as in our school ), but in
overcrowded schools there is a split session.overcrowded schools there is a split session.
Schools are in session for five days a weekSchools are in session for five days a week
(Monday to Friday) in a total of 30-40 hours.(Monday to Friday) in a total of 30-40 hours.
There is a two-week winter break in February.There is a two-week winter break in February.
Universities usually organize the academic yearUniversities usually organize the academic year
into two semesters, usually between October -into two semesters, usually between October -
January and between February/March -January and between February/March -
The Turkish National Educational System isThe Turkish National Educational System is
composed of two main sections: Formalcomposed of two main sections: Formal
Education and Non-formal Education.Education and Non-formal Education.
Formal educationFormal education
is the regularis the regular
education ofeducation of
individuals in aindividuals in a
certain age groupcertain age group
and given inand given in
schools. Thisschools. This
includes Pre-includes Pre-
education andeducation and
Higher educationHigher education
1.1. Formal EducationFormal Education
Formal education includes Pre-Formal education includes Pre-
Primary education, primaryPrimary education, primary
education, secondary educationeducation, secondary education
and higher education institutions.and higher education institutions.
a)a)Pre-Primary educationPre-Primary education
Pre-Primary education includesPre-Primary education includes
the optional education of childrenthe optional education of children
between 36-72 month who arebetween 36-72 month who are
under the age of compulsoryunder the age of compulsory
primary education. Pre-Primaryprimary education. Pre-Primary
education institutions,education institutions,
independent nurseries areindependent nurseries are
opened as nursery classes andopened as nursery classes and
practical classes within formalpractical classes within formal
and non-formal educationand non-formal education
institutions with suitable physicalinstitutions with suitable physical
b)b) Primary EducationPrimary Education
Primary education isPrimary education is
compulsory for allcompulsory for all
citizens, boys or girls,citizens, boys or girls,
and is given free ofand is given free of
charge in publiccharge in public
Primary educationPrimary education
institutions areinstitutions are
schools that provideschools that provide
eight years ofeight years of
education, at the endeducation, at the end
of which graduatesof which graduates
receive a primaryreceive a primary
education diploma.education diploma.
c)c) Secondary EducationSecondary Education
It is a four-year education and there areIt is a four-year education and there are
different kinds of it.( vocational , technical , finedifferent kinds of it.( vocational , technical , fine
arts , sport , etc.. )arts , sport , etc.. )
2.2. Non-Formal EducationNon-Formal Education
Non-formal education in Turkey is offered by aNon-formal education in Turkey is offered by a
network of training centers who are supervised bynetwork of training centers who are supervised by
the Ministry of National Education . Non-formalthe Ministry of National Education . Non-formal
education services aim to teach reading-writing,education services aim to teach reading-writing,
help to continue education of students for finishhelp to continue education of students for finish
their incomplete education, teach balancedtheir incomplete education, teach balanced
nutrition and a healthy life style, teach peoplenutrition and a healthy life style, teach people
from various professions the knowledge and skillsfrom various professions the knowledge and skills
they need to improve themselves, and so on.they need to improve themselves, and so on.
There is also Distance Higher Education which isThere is also Distance Higher Education which is
offered at the Open Education Faculty of Anadoluoffered at the Open Education Faculty of Anadolu
University. This program lasts for 2 or 4 years.University. This program lasts for 2 or 4 years.
NON-FORMAL EDUCATIONNON-FORMAL EDUCATION
Services given by non-formal educationServices given by non-formal education
are :are :
to teach reading-writing, to provide continuing educationto teach reading-writing, to provide continuing education
opportunities for students to finish their incomplete educationopportunities for students to finish their incomplete education
to provide education opportunities that shall facilitate theto provide education opportunities that shall facilitate the
students' adaptation to scientific, technologic, economic, socialstudents' adaptation to scientific, technologic, economic, social
and cultural developmentsand cultural developments
to give education that protects, improves, introduces andto give education that protects, improves, introduces and
comprises our national cultural valuescomprises our national cultural values
to help students acquire the concepts and habits of collectiveto help students acquire the concepts and habits of collective
living, supporting, helping, working and organizing collectivelyliving, supporting, helping, working and organizing collectively
to provide opportunities that shall ensure acquisition ofto provide opportunities that shall ensure acquisition of
professions in line with the economic development andprofessions in line with the economic development and
employment policyemployment policy
to teach balanced nutrition and a healthy life styleto teach balanced nutrition and a healthy life style
to teach people from various professions the knowledge andto teach people from various professions the knowledge and
skills they need to improve themselvesskills they need to improve themselves
to provide the habit of using one's free time in a useful way.to provide the habit of using one's free time in a useful way.