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Kadapatha 1 st issue

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  • 1. we;=`M msgq Y%s ,xld ckudOH úoHd,hfha yosis kS;sh bj;a lsrsu yd ;%ia;jdos mk; 2011 isxy, uqøs; wxYfha b;srs jSu 03 i;sm;d m%ldYkhls orejkag;a oeka wOsreOsr mSvkh 04 fj`Mu 01 l,dmh 01 wmg wysus nsusu, 07 2011 iema;eusnra 14 jeksod nodod whsisis iusudk Wf<f,a ÈiA;s%lal ;=kla ix.laldrg iusudk folla ^liqka wus,& kdh hdfï wjodkul iusudk fol ysuslr .ekSug Y%S ,xld l%slgs lkavdhfuSck;dj oekqïj;a lsrSfï jevigyka /ila ysgmq kdhl l=udra ix.laldr iu;a jsh ^kqjka;d È,aydks& kqjrt<sh lE.,a, yd r;akmqr t,a cas wdh;kh Èia;%slalh kdh hEï wjodkula iys; Èia;s%lal jsiska ixjsOdkh f,i kïlr we; kqjrt<sh Èia;%slalfha lrkq ,enq jifar yegka" fkda¾Üka n%sÊ hk m%foaY yd r;akmqr jevsu Pk;d m%idoh Èia;%slalha fõje,aj;a; hk m%foAY jeäu ysus l%Svlhd f;arSfuS wjodkula we;s m%foaY njg yÿkdf.k ;r`.h i`oyd ol=Kq miq.sh w`.yrejdod we;ñ,s óg¾160lg jeä j¾Idm;khla wm%sldfjS yiSus ^13& ,kavka k.rfha weoye,Su fuhg fya;=j nj f.dvke.s,s wus,d tx.,ka;fha mej;s Pd;Hka;r m¾fhaIK yd fomd¾;=fïka;=j mjihs fPdk;ka fg%dgs ls%lgs wdh;k^ICC ngysr bkaoSh fldfojs &iusudk W<f,aoS wod, m%foaYhkays ck;dj iqmßCIdldÍj l%Svl l%sia f.a,a iy jifra jevsu miqúh hq;=nj tu wud;HxYh jeäÿrg;a bkaoSh lS%vl ufyakao% Pk;d m%idohue;sjrK f,alus ldrahd,h u.ska t<fUk ioyka lrhs ysus l%Svlhdg isx fodaksf.a kusm<d;amd,k ue;sjrKfhaos mrsir ys;ldus ksarfoaY jsh wl=Kq wk;=re je<elaúu ioyd ck;dj ysus iusudkh ydwkaoug ue;sjrK m%pdrK lghq;= lsrsug jifra fyd`ou tla ±kqïj;a lsÍfï jevms<sfj,la rgmqrdwfmalaIlhskag oekqusos ;snqKo mrsirhg osk l%Svlhdg ysus 02 msgqjg»ydks jk wkaouska fld<U k.rfha ls%hd;aul lSÍug kshñ; nj ld,.=Kafmdiagra w,jd we;s whqre wud;HxYh levm; l< úuiSul§ m%ldY ^fiahd rej ixL wxck je,súsg& lf<Ah ?g fyâ ,hsÜ r;a;rka Wiia fm< m%;st, ,nk fkdjeusnr uioS âï fkdlf,d;a kvq fjkqjg ^cfkaId chr;ak& ^ixL wxck je,súsg& bussfgssIka fujr meje;ajq wfmdi rd;s% ld,fhaos lghq;= lrk nj;ajdyk j, m%Odk Èjhsk mqrd fuu ^iqfraIa l=udr& W$fm< jsNd.fha m%;st, ,nk,dñmq ^fyâ ,hsÜ& jevms<sfj, jH- fkdjeusnra uios ksl=ka l< yels jsfoaYsh fjf<ot<sh wvq fk- dma; lsrsug fmd,sia nj jsNd. fomdra;fuska;=j m%ldY fmd< ;=< r;a;rka us,dlr Odjkh lrk ks<Odßkag Wmfoia lrhs W$fm< jsNd.h fujr by< hdu ksid foaYshßheÿrkag tfrysj § we;s nj;a ta uy;d wf.daia;= ui 8od wdrusN l< w;r fjf<o fmd< ;=< le=rgskvq mejeßug mshjr jeäÿrg;a mejeiS h’ th iema;eusnra 10od wjika jsh jsis y;r w.fhkaf.k we;s nj fmd,sia fujr W$fm< jsNd.h i`oyd kj fuu jrog yiqjk hq;a mjqulr:jdyk uq,ia:dkfha ksrafoaYh hgf;a whÿuslrejkawOHlaIl ßhÿrkag m<uqj wjj- rka nsialgstll us, 1"47"100 fmks isgs w;r merKs W;a;r m;% we.hsus lghq;= remsh,a mkia y;rw¾il=,r;akï me- do § ksoyia lsßug;a ksrafoaYh hgf;a whÿuslrejka wf.daia;= ui 30 isg iema;eusnra odyia ydrishhlajeiSh’ kej; tu jrogu 1"47"761 100 fmks isgshy ui 10 olajd uOHia:dk 23 los yiqjqjfyd;a mßlaIK olajd by< f.dia meje;ajqkq nj jsNd. flduidrsiaud¾. kS;s W,a,x>kh fj; bÈßm;a lsßug;a we;ehs W;a;r m;% we.hsus ckrd,a wkqr tosrsisxy uy;d mjihslsßu hgf;a tjeks r: jdyk fmd,sia lghq;= woshr ;=kla hgf;A isÿ 02 msgqjg»ßhÿrkag tfrysj ks<Odßka mshjr f.k flfra ta wkqj m%:u woshfrar: jdyk fmd,sia ;sfí’ks<Odßka fï jk úg ly br u.yerSfuka wk;=re jevsfjhssYsIH;aj m%;sM, fuss isl=rdod ^ ,lausKs fifkjsr;ak& ^jskaOHd rKisxy& wOsljSug m%Odku fya;+j njg miq .sh wf.daia;= hg isiqka 321401 la m;aj we;21 osk mej;s my fofkla fmkS isgshy moslhka ly br u;skafY%aKsh YsIH;aj jsNd. fuys jsfYaI;ajh mdr udrejSu isoqfkdlsrSu udra. kS;s ms<snoj moslhka ;+<fha m%;sM, fus i;sh jkafka tla jsIhlg fya;+fjka osklg isoqjk rsh we;s fkdie<ls<su;a nj ksidwka;fha oS ksl=;a ,l=Kq 35 ne.ska jsI- wk;+re iLHdj 100 la muK ys;+u;fha ;ukag wjYH ;ekskalrk nj wud;H hka folgu ,l=Kq 70 pk nj fld<U r:jdyk mdr udrejSu fndfyda fokdnkaoq, .=KjraOk la ,nd .kakd ish,qu fmd,sia uQ,ia:dkfha ia:dkdOsm;s isoqlrhs fuys we;s nrm;,uy;d m%ldY lf<ah ta isiqkag jsNd.h iu;a wrair;akua uy;d mjihs ldrKh wOsfjs.S udra. yrydwkqj osk jsiaila jeks njg iy;slhla ,nd ksishdldrj udra. kS;s mdr udre jSug W;aiy lsrSu njflgs ld,hla ;=, oSug lghq;= fhdod ms<sfkdmeoSu yd moslfjSosld Tyq jeXs oqrg;a mjihsm%;sm, ksl=;a lsrSug ;snSuhs NdjS;d fkdlsrSu udra. wk;+rekshus;h fujr jsNd. isoqjSug yd udra. ;onoh
  • 2. 02 2011 iema;eñn¾ 14 fjksod nodod levm; udi yhla mqrd l=KQ wosk fld<T fmd;a m%o¾Ykh 17 01 msgqfjka» ^,lausKs fifkjsr;ak& hka;%h wl%shhs idys;H udihg ,nkafkaa oy;=kajrg;a r;a;rka fjkqjg ^iqfraIa l=udr& iu.dój jd¾Islj nj ixúOdhl uKav,h mdrsfNda.slhdg rka nj;a tu ix.uh meje;afjk cd;Hka;r ioyka lrhs úfoia uS.uqj fjr< fmd;a m%o¾Ykh fujr;a fmd;a m%ldYlhkaf.a wdNrK us<os.;msrsisoq lsrsug fhdod fpdaokd k.hs cd;sl iajraKdNrK fkdyels ksid fld<T nKavdrkdhl m%ldYk l=Ü lsysmhla;sfnk le<s li< wkqiaurK iïuka;%rK fuys§ újD; lsÍug wOsldrsh mjihs lergs jsisfol fus ms<sn| uS.uqj Yd,dfõ È meje;afõ kshñ;j we;s w;rbj;a lsrsfus hka;%sh fus ksid foaYsh fjkqjg lergs oywg uyk.r iNdfjs iema;eïn¾ 17 jk Èk m%úk f,aLlhkaf.afusjkjsg udi yhla fjf<o fmd, w.fhka rka NdKAv m%Odk fi!LH ff- isg 24 jk Èk f;la lD;s lsysmhlao fuys§mqrd wls%hj we;ehs m%o¾Ykh meje;afjs t,soelaùug kshñ;j jevl=,s iys;j ksIamdokh lrknj joH ks,Odrs vscsuS.uqj fydag,a fujr m%o¾Ykh we; ksmofjk lergs iajraKdNrK fidauisrs uy;dix.uh mjihs fus ixúOdkh lrkq jsisfol rka fjf<kafoda mji;s mejiqfjs fus jkjsgfya;=fjka fjr< wdNrK j, mdrsfNda.slhka rka w,q;ajevshdlr wji-wjg oevs wmsrsisoq mjqul us< remsh,a wdNrK fjkqjg ka js we;s nejska yels;;ajhla mj;sk 52000^mkiafooyi& jsl,amhla jYfhka blaukska hka;%hnj;a foia jsfoia olajd jdra;d.; f,i jsis;=re wdNrK fhdojd le<s li<ixpdrlhka fnd- by< f.dia ;sfns Ndjs;hg fhduq neyer lsrsfus lghq;=fyda fofkla uy;a js we;ehs o Tjqka iqmqreoq mrsos isoq lrkwmyiq;djhg m;ajk tjeks us<lg fmkajd foa njhs whsisis iusudk Wf<f,a.......t,j`M ñ< wdfh;a by,g jifar fyd`ou w;r jifar fyd`ou hdmk jsYaj jsoHd,hg wkqnoaOs; udOH iusm;a tla osk l%Svlhd jQ ^kqjka;d È,aydks& mqyqKq uOHia:dk isiqka yd kdrdfykamsg ix.laldr ta i`oyd fgiags l%Svlhd f,i YS%,xld ckudOH jsoHd,h isiqka tlaj ixj- i,ld ne,q jir ;=< tx.,ka; lkavdhfuS fj<`omf,a t<j`M us, miq.sh i;sh sodkh lrkq ,enQ iqyo lS%vd W;aijh Bfha ^13 ;r`.dj,s 25lg l%Svd we,siaghdar l=la;=, iS>%fhka by, f.dia we;’ fj<`omf,a &jk osk fld<U 05 fgdrskagka msgsfha oS meje;a iusudk oskd.kakd lr ,l=KQ 1049lafndaxÑ lsf,dajl ñ, remsh,a 60-70lao ud`M jsKs’ ^fiahd rej ,lausKs fifkjsr;ak& ,os fuysos jifar ICC ,ndf.k we;s w;rñßia lsf,dajla remsh,a 65-75lao f.dajd tys idudkH bksuloS jsksYaphlre f,ilsf,dajla remsh,a 30-40lao fõ’ mj;sk we;eï kj fmd,sia udOH ,l=Kq 5521 lskafuu iusudk Wf<f,a oS whs f;jk jrg;a w,Sus vdar f;arS m;a jQ w;rm%foaYj, mj;sk whym;a ld<.=Ksl ;;ajhyd tysos we;sjk m%jdyk ndOd fuhg fya;=j m%ldYljrfhla is is jifar fyd`ou jifar l%slgs l%Svsldj l%slgs l%Svlhd f,i f,i n.bkaoShnj fj<ÿka mjihs ^jaskaoHd m%idokss& tx.,ka;fha fPdk;ka fldfojs l%SXsld kj fmd,sia udOH m%ldYl f,i fcaIG iafg*dks fgs,ar f;arS fmd,sia wOsldrS uelais fm%dlagra uy;d m;alr we; fg%dgs iusudk oskd.;a m;a jsh jirlg ,CI úiaila fmd,sia udOH taallh mjid isgsfha mdvq,nk ÿïrsh fiajhla ysgmQ fm,sia udOH m%ldYjrhd yhsgsfha tlai;a osia;%lal ;=kl kdh hdfua.... cd;Skaf.a idu idOl yuQodjg wkqnoaOj jsfYaI ^ kqjka;d os,aydks& fmd,sia rdcldrSka ioyd msg;a jSug kshus; njhs mj;sk whym;a ld<.=Ksl fï ui wjidkfha§ 20l mdvq ,nk nj myjhk nj ld<.=K úoHdx{ fuß,a fukaäia oqïrsh fiajlhkaf.a flá mKsúv u.ska ov f.ùfï uy;d mjihs tA uy;d jeä ÿrg;a m%ldY lf,a fmdÿ ix.uh l%uhla ,`.§u mj;sk ksß; È. fudaiï ;;ajh myjhEfuka mjihs miq kej;;a Tlaf;daïn¾"fkdjeïn¾ ^ kqjka;d os,aydks& r:jdyk jerÈ ioyd ov uqo,a flá mKsúv hk udij,§ wka;¾ fudaiï ld<.=Ksl tu oqïrsh rd;S% 935;a 11;a w;r ud¾.fhka tu wjia:dfõ§u f.úh yels ;;ajhla wfmACIdl< yels njh Odjkhjk w;r l%uhla yÿkajd§ug lghq;= lrk njfld<U fldgqfõisg fmd,sia r:jdyk uQ,ia:dkh levm;guSrS.u w;r rd;s%fhaos wjika lsf,da uSgra jsiai Odjkh mejiSh bÈßfha§ yÿkajd §ug kshñ; cd;sl <ud kdgH Wf<,Odjkh lrk oqïrsh jkafka u.Skaf. fuu l%ufõoh fld<U k.rh ;=<§ uQ,sl jYfhka wdrïN lsÍug kshñ;h 2011fiajh ksid oqïrsh ka f;drjnj;a tufomdra;=fïka;=j ^,lausKs fifkjsr;ak& ix.uh jevs oqrg;a r;= reêrdKqjl wdhq ld,hjirlg remsh,a ,CI mjihs ixialD;sl lghq;= isiqkag wdrOkhla jir 10 la olajd È.= fõ fomdra;fïka;=j yd YS% fldg we;s njo bkaÿ ,xld ne§ñ ;j;a Yla;su;a ^i`Èks m%d¾:kd f;kakfldaka& ,xld l,d uKav,h ioyka fõta wkqj flf¾ r;= reêrdKqj- i;=j mj;S tlaj ixúodkh lrkq fyg Èkfha kdgH ^iqfraIa l=udr& la jir 10la olajd ,nk 2011 cd;sl <ud Wf<f,a 05 jk oqra,n reêr .K Y%S ,xlfú m<d;a kuh ;=< bkaoq-YS% .nvd lr ;eìh yels kdgH Wf<f, fï Èkg kshñ; kdgHh,xld uOHia:dk kjhla msysgqjsug rchBfh l%ufõohla flfrys iys; mqoa.,hka f.a Èk j, fld<T 07" fõÈld .;ùug;Srkh lf<ah ta nKavdrkdhl iusuka;%K ;u wjOdkh fh- csjs; iqrlaIs; lsÍu"Ys,dfj usys,l ueoqfra meje;s bx.%sis yd fuu wdrlaIK jev fcdakao is,ajd iure kshñ;h fujr duq ù we;ehs" cd;slNdId jevuq,Q fjsosh fuh ixjsOdkh lf<a ms<sfjf,a wruqK nj" rÕyf,a§ meje;afõ kdgH Wf<f, ioyd reêr uOHia:dkfhackm;s ldrahh idOl n,ldfha bx.%sis yd wdkkao .=Kfialr fuu <ud kdgH W;=re kef.kysrf;dr;=re ;dlaIK wxYh u.sks wOHlaIl wdkkao uy;d m%ldY lf<ah Wf<, fjkqfjka mdi,a YsIHhskaf.a .=Kfialr uy;d bkaosh rch mjihs fï i`oyd wê rÕ±lafjk kdgH úfYaI iynd.S;ajhlao ±kg l%shd;auliu. ifydaor;ajh jraOkh lsrsu a fuu ;dlaIK ysudkh kï fkdñf,a kerTSug olakg ,efíuOHia:dk msysgqjsfus wruqKhs iuq,qfjsos l%uh hgf;a" reêrd- l%uh Ndú;d lsÍug Kqjla l,a ;nd.; wjia;djla ,ndoSbx.s%is NdId .=rejreka 40 fofkl=g YsI;ajomsrskeuskKs ta ioyd bkaosh YS% ,xld uyd wjYHh myiqlï fï yelafla osk 42 l we;s w;r ta ioydflduidrsia wfYdala fla ldka;ka uy;d o jk jsg Y%S ,xldj ld,hla i`oyd muKs úfYaIfhka mdi,a
  • 3. 03 2011 iema;eñn¾ 14 fjksod nodod levm; 25jkod f;la md,kh jshtA hgf;a w;awvx.=jg .ekSug fyda r|jd ;nd .ekSug fyda idudkH kS;s Ndjs;d fkdjqKsw;awvx.=jg isxy, uqøs; wxYh UskEu wjia:djl .; yels jQ w;r YS% ,xld ckudOH úoHd,hh fkd96" lsre< mdr r|jd .eksSu osk 90la olajd os.= fld<U 05 lsrsug wdrlaIl f,alusg yelshdj ÿrl;k(0115333006$0115353635 issh,q idr iuSm;ska .yk ;snsKsBg wu;rj USkEu idudkH *elaia(0115335600 N+ushla jQ wm rg wo jk jsg twitter@sinhalaprint kS;shla hgm;a lr yosis wjia:d fvx.= jeks udrdka;sl frda. email:slcjsinhalaprint@gmail.com fr.=,dis mekjSug PkdOsm;s;=udg blog:http://sinhalaprint.blogspot.com hkaf.ka o Bg;a jvd Nhdkl jq yelshdj ;snsKsyosis kS;s bj;a l< cd;sjdoS taldOsm;sjdoS udkisl kuq;a ;%ia:jdoh uarOkh lsrsug wfma orejkaf.a fyg oji frda.hkaf.ka o iqog Tfmag yd ;%ia:jdoS l%shd je,elajSfuSrch u.ska fm!oa.,sl úYaj úoHd, w|sk m<|sk wukqIHhkaf.ka kS;s mj;ajdf.k hEugwe;s lsÍug;a fm!oa.,sl ffjoHúoHd, ;=kla w¨;a bÈ lsÍug rch yÈis kS;sh bj;a ùu yd rPh ;SrKh lr we; wOsl f,i n,hwjir ,nd § ;sfí fï nj WiiawOHdmk weu;s tia î Èidkdhl ;%ia;jd§ mk; b;sß ùu legs jQ jsOdhl PkdOsm;s OQrhla i|yd fuf,i yosisuy;d ckudOHhg ±kqï ÿkay o iajhkafmdaIs; jQ rgla njg kS;s mekjsfus wiSus; jQ n,hlakQ;k Y%S ,xldfõ wOHdmk l%uh m;aj ;sfnSwo wm wdra:sl iudP ,nd oS ;snSu hgf;a rfgS Pk;djgw;sYh;rÕldr;ajhlskao hqla;h ixialD;sl w;ska f.dv .; ysusj ;snQ whs;sjdisluS ish,a,uw fmd i Wiia fm< úNd.hg fkdyels m%md;hlg huska ;sfnk mdfya w;aysg jS ;snQ w;r yosis kAS;s2010 j¾Ifha È iu;a isiqkaf. rglsn,q .e;slu wNsudkh f,io fr.=,dis fya;=fjka jsfoaYka105] fofkl= úYaj úoHd, fndre ujdmEu udOH iodpdrhm%fõYhg ysñ iqÿiqlï ,enQy f,i o ffjrh jemsrSukuq;a 855] m%udKhla Wiia wOHd- foaYmd,kh f,ioie,flkmk fhka bj;a fõ Tjqkag fï fjk;a rgla we;ao?jk úg ndysr Wmdê mdGud,d owju iqÿiqlñka ^tia-3& tydg .sh iEu rgl idudkHZ lvbu ,l=Kg uqyqK mEug kS;s f,i yÿkajk kS;sisÿ ù ;sfí ta wkqj Wiia wOHd- iuqodhla mj;Shus mqoa.,fhl=mkh iSudùu hkq rgl bÈß w;awvx.=jg .ekSfus oS fya;=jwkd.;h w÷re lrùfï m%Yakhls oekï osh hq;=hw;awvx.=jg f.k meh 24la ;=< wdikaku wdfhdaPlhka meusKsfha ke;.wo isiqka úYd, uqo,la úhoï lrñka ufyaia;%d;a wOslrKhg fhduq yosiskS;sh hgf;a ;ukaf.aWiia wOHdmkh i|yd úfoia .; fõ l< hq;=hMf,iu NdIKfha n,h jarOkh lr .ekSu yd m%ldYKfha ksoyi w;=,qj uQ,sl jsreoao u;h uarOkh l< hq.hkuq;a wm rg ;=<u ksis m%ñ;shlg whs;sjdislus o wdoS jQ whs;sjdislus yd Bg ne|s yosis kS;s bj;a jSuisÿjk fm!oa.,sl úYaj úoHd, N=la;s js|sh yelfuh idudkH i;=gg lreKla jQjo Bg tydwOHdmk l%uhla thg wod, ;;ajhhs yosis kS;sh hkq l=ula .sh jsOdhl PkdOsm;s ;k;=rkS;s Í;s f.k tñka fm!oa.,sl o ir,j js.%y l<fyd;a idudkH ;ju mej;Su m%Pd;ka;%jdohgúYaj úoHd,j,g Wmdê ,nd ;;ajhg jvd fjkia ;;ajhloS yd uyPkhdg wiSudka;sl f,i§fï n,h mjrd §u hym;a we;s lrk kS;sh yosis kS;sh n,mdk lgq Ugqkakla jkq ksh;hl%shdjla f,i wms olskafkuq hkqfjka wra: oelajsh yelsh. liqka mqiaifj,ieu jirlu úêu;aj rcfha rfgS yd uyPkhdf.a wdrlaIdjmQ¾K úu¾IKhlska .=Kd;aulj ;yjqre lrkq msKsi idudkHfuu Wmdê jevigyka l%shd;aul kS;sh w;aysgqjd yosis kS;sh hgf;alrhs kï ienúkau iudcfha lghq;= lrkak jshfus hgf;aw;rux jk ;reK ;reKshkag hg;a l< fkdyelafla wdKavq l%u;u yelshdj yd wd¾sl uÜgu jHjia:dfjS kS;s muKswm rg ;=<wkqj bÈßhg hEfï yelshdj ;%ia;jdoh we;s jSu;a iu.u fuu,eîu b;d Nd.Hj;a lreKls y Èsis kS;s ;;ajh jrska jr fjkia jqjo yosis kS;s u.ska wm rg;a rfgs uyPk;dj;aa miq.sh wf.daia;= ui
  • 4. 04 2011 iema;eñn¾ 14 fjksod nodod levm; mqrjeishdf.a fld,u Tfns orejdg ujq lsrs fmjqjdo@nj th iD- o ±k.;a; hkakhs hym;a f,i l%shd lsÍug fhduq lsÍu cqj n,mdk fukau orejkaf.anïnqjæ fyg wksoaodg fkfï ;j udi ;=k y;rlska mmqjg ;=re¿lr.;a wmg ±lsh yelsh nj ljqre;a y÷kd wOHdmk lghq;= fid- orejdg wiSñ; WKqy- wo ld¾hnyq, iud- mqrjeishdg ±ka ÿla fjkakg ;rï fohla fkd.kS kuq;a hd n,d kqjKe;s ñks- qñka fj<d.kakd uj cfha jdKsclrKhke; Y%s ,xldj ±ka wdishdfõ ftYap¾hh lrd nqÿoyfï b.ekafjk fil= ;ekSug;a m%Odk ;u reêrh l,ïnd jQ f,dalh ;=< wïudhk .ufkahmqrjeishdg miq.shod fldkafoa isÕdf,dajdo iQ;%fha jYfhkau uÕfmka- lsß njg m;afldg yd ;d;a;d orejkaf.reodjla yeÿfkah mqrjeishd wKvqfõ i|yka ud msh ¥ore jkakd yd ixúOdhl- isÕs;a;df.a uqj.g ka fjka jkafka iïnkaO;d j,ska lsh- hd f,i ujlf.abiamsß;d,hg hkakg l,amkd lf<ah fmda,su ,x lrkafka isÕs;a;d ;Dma;su;a fkdjk fjk lreKq úuiSfï§ ld¾h Nd¾hfha w;sYhbiamsß;df,a f.aÜgqj f;la h mqrjeishd <.u whÈk wuD;hg f,dalhl orejkag meyeÈ,sj fmfkk jeo.;ahksjerÈjysgmq ;j;a flfkla iu`. l;djla mgka jvd rij;a uõ lsß wjYH fndfyda foa foa kï wms l:d l< Ôú;h yslaujd.;a.;af;ah l:dj È.gu È. weÈ weÈ .sfhah îughuõ lsß jvd ,nd fok woyisks uj ksjfika fjkaj hym;a orejdf.a rij;a jkqfha ukao@ we÷ï me<÷ï" wOHd-ta;a fmda,su ;ju;a tl;ekuh yeu;ekÈu hEufl<skau fuhg Ôú;h id¾:lj ta wdorfhka To jegqkq mkh" wdydrmdk f,vfmdÿ m%Yak fjkqfjka bÈßm;ajk mqrjeishd fï fya;= jk njh ;jÿrg;a mj;ajdf.k fï f,dj lsis lf<lm%Yakfha§;a bÈßm;a úh mqrjeishd liql=iq isÕdf,dajdo hdug orejka Wia ñ,§ .; 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lsrsug hhs uykqjr rcl< dr ukaosrh ;=< ysos NslaIqka ioyd jsKhkE iag%hslaldrfhda mqrjeishdg ys;=kd zzfï hlal= kqjr t<sh m%foaYh fikr;a rcqf.a ikak- ms<suhlao ta fomiska lrau lsrsug bosjqug ÿkafka ke;E jerÈ fí;a j.hlaZZ zzblauKg fhdod .kakd njhs ilao jsydrfhaos wmg ysgs ms<su follsme;s,s noaO iSud iys; fmdahfyd`ofjkak lsh,d fjkak we;sZZ zznïnqj fïl kuq;a fi!kaorh fu- oel .; yel ukaodrus ps;% l,djg Wreulus f.hla yd nysrj rEmcd;Hka;r l=uka;%KhlaZZ zzb;ska b;skaææZZ zzux kau b;sydih ;=< mqjf;a o ioyka jk iys; uqr.,a y;rla mqrdjsoHd;aul jYf- fus wrk uykqjrska o fnrlrefjl=f.ajydu cd;sl T!IO m%;sm;a;shla f.akak ;SrKh hka a jeo.;a fjfyr m,d.sh uq;a;=idñf.a yevh iys; uqr.,laol<dZZ ;=ud fyd`o yqiaula wrka lSjd zzjydu lSfõ jsydr reila fuu mg i¿jlo úaaydrf- kgTqka f,i mj;sfyg wksoaodg@ZZ zznïnqjæ fyg wksoaodg fkfï osia;%slalhg wh;ah ha oel .; yelsh .,ska l< kd.;j udi ;=k y;rlskaZZ ;=ud ldrfKa y.=rka fl; fmd;a.=,a ls% j 1747-1728 ms,a,lao jsydrfha ms-myokak mgka .;a;d zzfïlfka mqrjeisfhda" rcuyd jsydrh, ld<h mqrd rcl< gqmig jkakg oelshfï ldrKh .ek wefußldfõ fvdld,f.ka wr;a;k rc uyd yels h tys uqyqk;wykak ´fka" reishdfõ k¾ia,d tlal idlÉPd jsydrh, Ys% ix>rdc ulr uqklg iudk jaulrkak ´fka"bkaÈhdfõ fnfy;a fldusmeks f,k, ueo.u rcuyd iqjsfYaIsh th nafida-fudlo lshkafka lsh,d fydh,d n,kak ´fka" rcuyd jsydrh wdos jre osh iakdkh l< fndfyda fn!oaO ia:dkhla njg mqrd-´jdg ta rgj,g ixpdrh lrkak ´fkaZz bmerKs od.en ia:dk reila fusysos jaoHd foamdra;=fuska;=jzzt;fldg ,xldjZz zz,xldjæ ,xldfõ lsisu oel.; yelsh fn!oaO geusmsg jsydrh ;yqre lrhsflfklag fï jf.a woyila my< fj,d ;sfho@ ia:dk w;=rska kqjr lsra;s Y%s rdcisxy lshk uykqjr ps;%fï jf.a foaj,aj,g wdo¾Y ta rgj,aj,skau t<sh osia;s%lalfha rcqf.a md,k hq.fhaos l,dfjs wdNdIfhka ls% j 1808 oS fuscra.kak´fkaZZ zzt;fldg ;=fuda fiakl ììf,a y.=rkafl; m%dfoaYsh ,xfoaiska Wvrg rd- wosk,o w,xldrj;a fvjsf.a hqO fintkauy;a;hd lSfõ fï m%;sm;a;sh .ek fkfïo@ZZ f,alus fldgsGdihg cOdksh wdl%sukh ps;% reila jsydr uka- y.=rkafl; m%foaYhzznïnqj fï tal fkfï fjk tllaZZ wh;aa wr;a;k rcuyd l< fudfydf;aos osrh ±l=us l¿ lrhs .sksn;a l< wjia:dfjaosl`M lKakdäfhka uQK yx.d.;a;= jsydrh iqjsfYaIs h o<odjykafia rel jsydr f.hs isjs,sfus er;a; rcuyd jsy-;=ud iem jdyfkka b.s¨Kd uykqjr y.=rka fl; .eksu ioyd fuu wosk ,o yxi mqgsgq is- drhgo ydks isoqjsh udra.fha isg wr;a;k jsydria;dkhg f.k jsfldK kdrs,; rE igyk yd cdhdrEm kqjka;d os,aydks ykaoshg meusk ths- wd nj;a mqo mqcd y;r yd fomiska wosk iqfraIa l=udr fmfrard
  • 5. 05 2011 iema;eñn¾ 14 fjksod nodod levm;.=jka wk;=ßka whsia fydlS lS%vlhka ureg .vd*s mjqf,a ysxikhg ,la jQ fiaúldj udOHh yuqjg ,snshdkq kdhl fudfydu¾ .vd*s f.a mq;% yksn,af.a ìß`o úiska ysig WKq j;=r j;a lsrSu ksid nrm;, ;=jd, ,nd, g%sfmd,s kqjr frday,l m%;sldr ,nñka isák, Isfjhs.d uq,a,d kï b;sfhdamshdkq fiaúldj, weh uqyqK ÿka isÿùfuka miqj m%:u jrg udOHh yuqfõ miq.shod fmkS isáhd h we,hska .vd*s,wehg fuu o`vju § we;af;a, wehf.a Ndrfha isá .vd*s mjqf,a l=vd orefjl= j k<jd.ekSug wiu;a ùu fya;=fjks —fuh,ukq I H;a j hg tfrys l%Er ^wk;=rg m;a hdkfha iqkanqka mÍlaId lrk iyk fiajd Nghka& wmrdOhla˜ isÿùu ms<sn`oj woyiareishdkq u`.S .=jka hdkhla olajd .uka lrñka ;snQ hdla 24 olajñka ,sìhd-wk;=rg ,la jSfuka,reishdkq .=jka hdkhls .=jka .; lsÍfï fõ kj fi!LHwhsia fydlS lKavdhfï 36 § isÿ jQ w;miqùulska wk;=r weu;s kdÔ nrl;afofkl= we;=M mqoa.,hka 43 isÿjkakg we;ehs iel my< m%ldY lr isáfhafofkl= ushf.dia we; flf¾ h weh uqyqK ÿkaush.sh msrsi w;r cd;sl whsia hdkfha .uka l< u.Ska 45 widOdrKhg jkaÈfydlS lKavdhfï l%Svlhka fokdf.ka Èú .,jd.;a fo- f.ùug fuf<dj fokd fï jk õg m%;sldr lsisÿ mqoa.,fhl=g (ysxikhg ,la jQ Isfjhs.d uq,a,d&lsysm fofkl= o isák njjd¾;d fõ ,nk w;r, bka tla wfhla yelshdjla keye kuq;a ld¾huKAv, fiajlfhls iïmQ¾Kfhka iqjm;a ù, ;u mjqf,a idudðlhka yd tl;= ùug wehfufia wk;=rg ,la j we;af;a ;=< we;s me;=u, yels Wmßu wkaoñka bgq lsÍu wmf.a wfmalaIdjhs˜reishdfõ hd¾Ti,awdj,a isg ush.sh msßi w;rska 11 fokl=fn,reishdfõ ñkaiala w.kqjr úfoaYslfhda fj;s .vd*s mjq, ;=< § isÿjQ fiajl wmfhdackhka udOHhg jd¾;d jQ m%:u wjia:dj fuh fkdjk w;r, 2002 j¾Ifha § fujeks u isÿùulg uqyqK ÿka fiajlfhl= .vd*s mjqf,ka .e, ù taug iu;a úhos,a,s fndaïn iellre fidhd .vd*s mjq, w;ska jeämqr u ysxikhg ,la j we;af;a úfoaYSh fia- jlhka jk w;r óg fmr ysxikhg ,la jQ fiajlhd iQvdkfufyhqï we/fò cd;slfhls udOHh fj; woyia olajñka okakd .vd*s .ek lshd isáfhah fïjk úg wod, B-fï,a mKsjqvh hejQ, cïuq fkdokakd foa ldYAór m%foaYfha, lsYajd¾ ys msysá wka;¾cd, fiajd iemhqï *.vd*sf.a fm!oa.,sl wdrlaIl ia:dkfha ysñlre w;a wvx.=jg n, weKsh iukaú; jkafka iqrEmS f.k m%Yak lsÍï isÿ lrk fin<shka f.ka nj ljqre;a nj jeä ÿrg;a f;dr;=re fy<s okakd lreKls’.tfy;a Tjqkaj lrñka Tyq lshd isáfha h n`ojd .ekSu i`oyd meje;afjk mÍlaIK w;rg rE /ðK f;aÍfï ;r`.hla o we;=,;a nj okafka iaj,am fofkls. *.vd*sf.a m%sh;u u;ameka j¾.h jkafka reishdkq fjdâld hs.^ fndaïnfhka ;=jd, ,enQfjl= frday,g f.k hñka& *.vd*s fjda,aÜ äiaks ldgqka fl;rï m%sh lrkafka o h;abkaÈhdfõ kj È,a,s kqjr isÿ ksl=;a lr we; Tyqf.a fm!oa.,sl tl;=fõ äiaksjQ fndaïn m%ydrfha m%ydrlhd kj È,a,s uy wêlrK ldgqka ixhqla; ;eá 2000 muK nx.a,dfoaY ;%ia; lKAvdhulafiùfï fufyhqï kj È,a,s ixlS¾Kh b,lal lr.ksñka ;snQ nj i`oyka fõ. jk yld;a-W,a-ðydâ-w,a-fmd,sish úiska wdrïN lr miq.sh nodod fmrjrefõ bia,dñ ixúOdk idudðlfhl=,;sfí weiska ÿgq idlaIs u; t,a, jQ fndaïn m%ydrfhka 12 ;u i.fhl=g hejQ B-fï,amokï j, m%ydrlhd f.a ilia fofkl= ñh.sh w;r, 30lg mKsjqvhla Tiafia ish mÍlaIKlrk ,o rEmhla, fmd,sia wOsl msßila ;=jd, ,enQy. lghq;= fufyhjk nj, kjfomd¾;fïka;=j úiska udOHhg i`Èks f;kakfldaka È,a,s fmd,sisfha m%ldYlfhl=
  • 6. 06 2011 iema;eñn¾ 14 fjksod nodod levm; mqoa.,hdf. jhi wjqreÿ folla wiqj;a w;r day, i;=j mj;sk wê Ys;lrK ka {d;Skaf. ñh.sh mqoa.,hkaf.a weia ,nd. iys; m%jdyk myiqlï wvq nj leue;a; kakd w;r Bg miqA+,A, B f,i ls%hdj,shg m%Odk ndOj ú we; we;sj a,nd weia j¾. lrhs Y,Hl¾uh .kakd weia isÿlrk úfYaI{ f,i ff- ±kg mj;sk m%jdyk my- mg,h ^we- joHjrhd úiska mg, no- iqlï hgf;a fld<U cd;sl fia isúh& aOhg kshñ; fd¾.shdg iqÿiq frday," l¿fndaú, YslaIK Èk 14 la j¾. f;dard.kq ,nhs ñh.sh fd¾y, yd rd.u YslaIK fr- we;=,;È wkaOndjfhka fmf,k mqoa.,hl=f.ka ,enqkq wei Èk day, hk frday,a ;=fkaysÈ mqoa.,fhl= úiska ;j;a kuq;a weia mg, noaOhlska 14 la we;=,; Y,Hl¾uh ioyd ñhhk mqoa.,hkaf.a {d;skaf.amqoa.,hl=g ;u Ôú; meje;au fmkSu ,ndÈh yels frda.sfhl=g fkd.;af;a kï th m¾fhaIK leue;a; we;sj weia ,nd.kakdWfoid mß;Hd. l< yels fnd- noaO lrhs fuu Y,Hl¾uh óg ioyd fhdod.ks tu.ska mß;Hd. w;r ÿrl:k wxl 0112662626fyda foa w;r — fofk;a ˜ o we;s wjqreÿ 10 lg muK fmr ;snq hk ÿrl:k wxlh Tiafianj Tn ±k isákjd ksielh Y,Hl¾u l%ufõofhka ney- fk;ska fk;g Ôjh fokak weia frday, yd iïNkaO ú ñh.sh whf.a weia mß;Hd. ;u ðú; ld,h ksudjg erj kùk ffjoH l%u wkqj isÿ lsÍug úfYaI{ Y,HffjoH wjia:dj Tng;a l< yelsh bÈßfha§ fld<ôkat<fUk fudfydf;a È ;j lKavdhula ksr;=rej lemù msg yïnkaf;dg"fudKrd.,"ÿrg;a Ôj;a ùug jrï,o tfy;a isá;s r;akmqr" hk m%foaYhka j,skawkaONdjh úiska mgq rduqjka b;d blaukska weia nexl=jg weia;=< ðú;h isr lr ;eîug weia mß;Hd. lsÍfïÈ ,nd .; yels jevms<sfj,laisÿjq flfkl=g mshú weiska fvx.=" rla;md; HIV taâia" ls%hd;aul lsÍug wod< ks,Odßkaf,dalh olskak wjia:dj ,nd§u fymghsáia B" fymghsáia C lghq;= lrñka isáhsienúkau W;=ï ls%hdjls hk frda. ;;ajhkag f.dÿre jq wfhlakï iy ñhhdug fya;=j úfYaIia;=;sh weia ta ioals%hdjg ioaNdjf- reêrhg úI tl;=ùu kï tu nexl=fõ wOHlaI;=ud we;=¿hka Wmldr lsÍug fld<Uweia weia ;j;a frda.sfhl=g noaO ld¾h uKav,hgfrdayf,ys ia:dms; lr we;s fkdlrhs Bg wu;rj mß;Hd.weia nexl=j iqodkñka isá weia l< weila wmf;a hdu isÿ fkd- õkaOHd rKisxy lrkakd wefia iqo bj;a lsÍfï fjhsnexl=j wdrïNfldg udi wgla Y,H l¾uhlg ,laú we;akïmuK fláld,hla jqjo fï jk ffjoH ks¾foaYhkag wkqj fï ls%hdj,sh isÿ lsÍuúg;a Tjqka fndfyda fofkl=f.a Y,Hl¾uh isÿlsÍfï§ Ndú;r ioyd b;d blaukska yd wvqfk;aj,g Ôjh ,nd§ wjikah lr we;s ueyqï yd wfkl=;a wxY ld,hlska ls%hd;aul úh hq;=hms<s.;a w;skùk myiqlïj,ska mßlaId fldg ;j;a mqoa.,fhl=g ke;skï ñh.sh mqoa.,hdf.iukaú; úoHd.drhka weia tu wei noaO lsÍu isÿlrhs ka ,nd.kakd wfia mg,fh Ôjnexl=j i;=j mj;s ñh.sh .=Kh ke;sú hhs ±kg fr-orejkag;a ±ka wê reêr mSvkh iudchg ohdo lrkq ,enq ffjoHjreka ;ekSug msú;=re mßirhl wjYH;dj wdhq¾fõofhka úiÿula wmuKhfus wkqj jsYaj jsoHd,h ;=, fukau ta ioyd ffjohjrekaf.a reOsrh .uka lsrSfusoS reOsr kd, ns;a;sj,g hï ;rul Tjqka wjqreoq myla ,o wjYH;dj ukdj mSvkhla we;sfjkjd kuQ;a wOHdmkfha idrdxY milalr foa mSvkh widudkH f,i jevsjsu fldg fmkajd rd.u ffjµHh wOsreOsr mSvkh f,i yÿkajkjd fokafka wjika YsIHhskaf.a wruqKj jifraoS ixjsodkh mj;skafka mßir fus frda.S ;;ajh we;sjSug lrkq ,nk ys;ldó m%:u n,mdk fya;= idOl fudkjdo@ ffjoHm%oraYkh úYajúµ,h Tjqka wOHdmkfha iSud ;=<skahfuf,i ;=,ska ìysjkq jsfYaIfhkau jevsysgsfhl=kïa ksus j,,q mq¿,a bl=;a iema;eusnr a05 ±lSughfï ioyd udkisl mSvkh oshjevshdj jeks lruska bosrshg fndfydajsg frda.S;;ajhka ksid we;sfjkk huska fyg f,dj —Tn TSkEu fohlg lrk jshou mq,qjka kuq;a oeka orejka ch.ksuska cSjs; jevsysgshka w;r w;r;a oshjevshd frda.sSkaj cSj;a lr,Su Wfoidu iSud lrkaktfy;a wOHdmkhg oelshyels frda. yuqfjkjd tfukau yDofrda. w O h d m k f h a lrk jshou iSud fkdlrkak˜ jra;udkfha orejka sjl=.vQ frda. we;akua wOsreOr fhfok fudjqka mSvkh ;sfhkak mq,qjka fjk ljqrekq;a osko Tjqkaf.a 04jk kùk l%u wkqj w;r o oelsh yelshs’ fkdj ffjoH isiqka m%oraYkh wdrusnjQ yß;d.dr Ndú;h o wOsreOrmSvkh wOsreOsr mSvkh l,a;shd yo=kd .ekSu msrsils,dxlSh jsYaj w;r"m%o¾Ykh 10 jk fudjqka lr.k hkq orejka w;r ;=<ska frda.shdg w;ajk jdis ioyka lf<da;a jsoHd, moaO;sh Èk f;la meje;aùug tla úHdmD;shls;jo ;=, nsysjkakdjQ oelshyels frda.S jsfYaIfhkau l=vd orejkag W.;=ka nqoaOsu;=ka kshñ;h fujr fuu m%%o¾Ykhg f;audj ’msú;=re i d f m a l a Y j ;;ajhls’ fu‘ i;sfha fus frda.hg uq,a wjia:dfju wmuKhjsjsO wxY mßirhla iqjnr Ys% fkdñf,a ufkdaúµ wdhqrafjso m%;sldrj,g fhdq+jSu thg wdhQrafjsofhka u.Ska ksgagdjg iqjl< yelshs Tiafia jdraYslj ,xldjla hkakh foaYk ud,djla ,enshyels iQjh jsjsO jD;slhka mj;ajdf.k hdula o ta jf.au wdhqrafjsofhaoS iudchg msjsfik fus wkqj hñka olakg ,efns .ek jsuid n,uq Ndjs;dlrk m%;sldr u.ska w;r" le<Ksh jsYaj ffjµ m%o¾Ykhl w;+rewdndO we;sfjkafk keye jsoHd,fha ffjoH mj;sk idusm%odhsl ffjµ wOsreOsr mSvkh mSGfha WmdOsh núka bj;g f.dia úµd¾:hska f,i ms<snoj flgs wdhqrafjso m%;sldrj,g fhduqjSfuka wjika lr,Sug mßir;;aj iu.ska úúO me;slv y e o s k a j S u l a miq frda.shd jsiska wkq.ukh l< kshus; YsIHhska o iïnkaoj ls%hd Tiafia fuf,i l f , d ; a hq;= wdydr rgdjla ;sfhkjo@ fkdfndaod Tjqkaf.a fldg we;s nj iudchg l:dlsÍug i s r e f a r Ujs f;,a wOsl msgs wOsl wdydr olaI;d t,s olajkq olakg ,efì usksia f m f , f n k iEu reOsr- fkd.;hq;=hs iEu jsgu w,q;a t<jM ,enSh Ôú;h ioyd n,mdkq úµd¾:hska ;=,ska k d , h l s k a u m<;=re jf.au m,djra. lEug 1991 jraYfha le<Ksh ,nk frda.;;aj wjfndao jk tla tlalr .eksu w;HjYh lreKla fukau wmrdO lrek kus lsisÈkl jsYaj jsoHd,fha fnd/,a, wdhq¾fjso frdayf,a t<jM msi.ekSfusoS uo .skafka úu¾Ykh="wmrdohla w O h d m k h g msi .ekSfuka .=kd;aulNdjh ffjoH mSGh wdrñn ùug fmr j,lajd. lrkúhou iSud <udfrda. jsfYaI{ ffjoH lr 2011 jraYh jevsmqr wdrlaIdlr.kak mq,qjka kafk flfiao fkdlr we;s njh kkaod ov,a,f.a jk jsg Tjqka jir hkak fukau" ússkaOHd rKisxy jsiaila imqruska iqjnr YS%,xldjla ,lausKs fikjsr;ak
  • 7. 07 2011 iema;eñn¾ 14 fjksod nodod levm; oYlfhaos tla úh fï yuqj fjkia kQ;k u tfia ùfïÈ lúfha wdldrfha w;a±lSula fjkialï /ila Tjqkaf.a Ôú;j,g lúfha oel.; yels úh tlalrkakg we; úfYaIfhkau lúfha nQkaÈh mkaÿfjka ihsn¾ wkqN+;sh úYd, yd iskaÿfjka jYfhka fjkilg ke,fjñka isák wensneysh nÿka úh mYapd;a ck;dj fj; flfia fj;;a Oïñl .x.dkd;a hqO ld,sk w;a±lSï " foaYmd,ksl w¾nqo h:d¾;jdos lúfha ±lau fmkajk w;ru úfoHdaofha idys;H uydpd¾hjrhd l< m%ldYh ieneúkau ksjrÈh tkï mqj;am;a wms mqrd;k ldjHidys;Hh foi n,uska Woï lúfha ud;Dld tys me;sr hdugo w`vyerh l,dfõÈkag iïudk m%odkh w;rg tla úh wkqn, fohs ish fkdl<;a Tjqkag wdKavqjlawkkafkuq ;,a m;l" fi,a tjka fjkialus ixj;air W;aijfha Y%s chjraOkmqr jsYaj jsoHd,h idys;h iu`. lrg lrg igka lsßfïì;l ,shQ lú .ek wm is;ays /.;a nQkaÈ fjns jeä bvla ,nd ÿkafka ksraudK i`oyd wdOqkslhkag fukau m%jsKhkag yelshdj mj;S hï fyhlskab;sßj we;af;a wNsudkhls wvjsh lúhg fmï kq;k u hq.fha losu f;da;ekakla js h iusudk bijs y;rla m;%l,dfõÈkag lfYareldj ì`oúúO yerjqï ,CIhka nÈk iduqysl;ajhl lsúÈhla jq ud,;S Tiafia m%odkh lrhss kjl;d" flgs’l;d" f.ah jeÜáula yd iudk jk njmiqfldg úúO iudc tl;= j ls idys ; Hfha l,amkd weïfn%daiaf.a ldjH yd moH ldjH hk bijs y;r wdjrKh uydpd¾hjrhd ksrka;ju m%ldYfmr<Ska ksid fjkilg úoaj;=kagwu;l zfï ksyv fjr<g jk mrsos fuysos iusudk m%odkh lr we; kuq;a lrk ,oaols.;jq jifra m<jq,laj ldjHlrKh fndfyda jQ kQ;k u ljsfha tkakZ lú tl;=j ta wkqj 2009 jifra isg mqj;am;a ,sms ix.%y mqj;am;a ,sms ix.%y i`oyd fujr ÿrlg wo meñK we; yeisr’u mh Tijk t<s±laug yd tys i`oyd o iusudk m%odkh flrsKs jslagra whsjka" ,ika; reyqKf.a" fuu iusudk jcsr me,amsg" us;%Ys,s lreKdkdhl ta w;frys m%odfkda;aijh udkj Ydia;% msGh hk m%jsK fukau jspdrYs,s mqj;am;afmdÿ ckhd ish u`.ska ixjsOdkh lrkakls fuu l,dfjsoskaf.a ,sms rpkd fus i`oydfm!oa.,sl w;a±l=u" wjia:djg tla jq uydpd¾h Oïñl ksrafoaY js ;snsKs s fuysos jsu,kd;amka;s wdYdj jeks .x.dk;a Èidkdhl uy;d fufia jsrr;akf.a —jsuf,f.a fld,u˜wkqN+;ska yryd ljsh mejiSh ;=< fndfyda jsgfmdaIKh lrkakg —wm rfÜ m;a;r ydia f Hda ; a m doltl;=jQy mqj;amf;a yegs" yefok jefvk úpdrh ioydh Bg j,g ,shq ;sre ,sms f,i rpkd lrlú msgqj" .=jka yeá úu¾Ykd;aul wu;rj ysksÿu iqks,a fmd;a jYfhka we; fus ksidúÿ,sfha ysájk lú weilska n,ñka fifkúf.a zz zkQ;k m%ldYhg m;a mdGlhdg fuuuvqj fmdÿ ckhdf.a th l;sldjlg uZ isxy, lúh ms<sn`o l<;a tajdg fld,u u;=msgska lú fõÈldj úh ,lalrkakg nQkaosh ksÍlaIK lsysmhla iïudk m%odkh lshjk jsg tod fuod ;=r lúh lghq;= lf<ah ZZ hk m¾fhaIK lsßfï iïm%odhla m<uqj uqj`.gfufia wd .uk lúfha foaYmd,k msgm; t<s±laùuo o l a k g iskyjla kexjsu.ek úúOdldrfhka more;a jgydf.k fuysÈ isÿ úh wl=re" mqj;am;a ,sms i`oyd rdjh ,efnkafk kE iajNdjslhl;sldjlg ,lajqj;a fnod yod .ekSfï wl=re f,ig fkdj mqj;amf;a jsu,kd;a jsrr;ak hs u ydpd¾hjrhd th t;rusuidlÉPdfjka fi!kao¾hh úÈkd jpk f,ig tlaldiq y d cd;sl mqj;am;a lsysmhlg l< m%ldYh ydiHcklhu.yereKq tla nQkaosh miq.sh od fjhs ta jpkj,ska ,sms iemhq bkao%Ks r;akfialr w.h l< kuq;a ydiHikaêia:dkhla ish f;j¾I mQ¾Kh wdfõIfhka kef.k iuiusudk ,nd .ksuska hq ; a ; ls fndfyda muKla fkdjwe; wjdikdjlg ieurEy lú hym;a fyg rdcH iïudk j, olakg usg jvd hula is;sh hq;=h hki d y s ; H h f h a miq.sh ;=kafjksod ojila fjkqfjka ,efnkafka fg,skdgH" ix.s; ldrKdj rplhd ksrka;rjuúoaj;=kag u.yeÍ mqia;ld, yd m%f,aLk tla l< hq;=h tlS jeks fl%aI;%hka i`oyd iïudkhka isysm;a lr we; tfukau bkao%Kswe;af;a lúfha kQ;k uKav, Y%jKd.drhg ld¾hh fldkafoa m%odkh lasßuhs kuq;a iudcfha r;akfialrf.a — usY% idys;H u wjÈhhs /iajQ úYd, fik`. is úrys;j mjrd.;a jeämqr wjOdkh fhduq fkdjk iamd[a[ ms<snsUqj ˜ hk ,smsh tkï íf,d.a nQkaosh ish ldarhh nQkaÈh ksy`v fjr<i mqj;am;a ,sms i`oyd iïudk u`.ska bkao%Ks iamd[a[% idys;Hwvú yd fjí wvú ukdj bgq l<nj ;jÿrg;a /<s k.kq m%odkh lsßu wdOqksl fukau fuu ms<sn`oj wmqrejg js.%y lr we;yryd lúh ihsn¾ ;yjqre lf<ah we; fl%aI;%fha isák m%úKhka ;j ;j;a iamd[a[ idys;H yryd jsjsOwjldYhg miq.sh nQkaos iyDohkaf.a kqjka;d os,aydks Èßu;a lrkakls m;%l,dfõÈka iudc .eg`M jsfjspkh lsrsug hkq fndfyda úg ksy`v msßila f,i bkao%Ks ;u ,sms u`.ska W;aiy iudch ms<sf.k we;s lreKls ord we;s njla olakg ,efns tu ksy`vNdjh ;=<ska Tjqka iudc jsfYaIfhkau iudcfha idudkH fufyjrla isÿ lrhs usksid fkdolsk jsjsO me;slvhka mqj;am;a l,dfúsÈkaf.a ksrEmKh lsrsug weh ord we;s wNsjDoaêh fjkqfjka Y%s ,xld W;aiyh w;sYhskau jeo.;ah mqj;am;a l,dfõoskaf.a ix.uh"Y%s by; i`oyka l< ksraudK ,xld mqj;am;a wdh;kh jeks we.hSu mqj;am;a l,dj fjkqfjka iSñ; wdh;k ixLHdjla wm wdfhdackh lrk ;j;a tla rg ;=< mj;S tjka miqìula mshjrla f,i ye`Èkaúh yelsh ;=< mqj;am;a l,dfõÈka we.hsSug ,la lsßu úr, isÿùuls cfkaId chr;ak f.a ukao udkisl lr.;a;d’ lEkaia Ñ;%mgh ;=,ska uu muKla Ñ;%mgh ;sfhk ;dla fnx.d,s niska ifydaorhd fidhd iskud b;sydifha Y%S lshkakg W;aidy m % o ¾ Y k h g õuqla;s Ñ;%mg“p;aardlaZZ hkq hdu Ñ;%mgfha ,xldj iïudkhg lf<a l=ula o wjir ,nd yohs’ ,xldjgìïu, hs’ y;= ixo¾Nh hs’ md;%jqKq tl u hkak f;areï.kak ÿkakd’ m%ikakf.a Ñ;%mg tmd jqK;amsfmkakd fia —p;aardla wjia:dj th W;aidy fkdlr zzmqry`o l`MjrZZ g õuqla;sg Ñ;%mgfjkia ùï isÿjk ˜”lEkaia iskud w;a j q f Ka ; a yoktltmdfj,df,dalhl” ;ukaf.a wla uq,a fidhk Wf<, ksfhdackh lf<a bkaÈhdkq wmsg wysus nsus u, tu brKu u hs’ keyeZZ 65 jk lEkaia;reKfhl= jgd Ñ;%mghla f,ihs’ ,xldfõ iskud Wf<,”“p;aardlaZZ l;dj thg fya;= lsysmhla 2012 uehs 16 isg 27Èj hkjd’ jir ;sfnkjd’ óg m%:u jqK;a” foaYSh Ñ;%mgh yryd ;s f nka f ka Ñ ;% m g olajd meje;aùug.Kkdjlg miq j ud wOHlaIKh jYfhka Bg ksis foaYmd,kuh jdis yokak lshjkak kshñ;h’;uka Wmka ìug l< “iq<`. tkq we.hSula ,enqfKa ,nd .kak Ñ;%mgh Èß fok mßirhlameñfKk ;reK msKsi ˜ Ñ;%mgh” keye’ - iq<`. tkq jdrKhg ,la l<d’ fkdfõ’ ,xldjg i`osks m%dra:kdbxðfkarefjla” 2005 jif¾ mej;s msKsiZZ i`oyd fpdaokdj,ska õuqla;s j tmdfjkia ùïj,g 58 jeks lEkaia ,xldfõ isáfha . e , f j k a k jqK;a õuqla;s jNdckh jS we;s iskud Wf<f,a úfõplhka¦ i;s foll jqjukd rgj,abkaÈhdj ;=< ;uka § iïudkh ysus úpdrlhka fkdfõ’ ld,hla i`oyd ´kE;rï’ ta rgj,a
  • 8. 08 2011 iema;eñn¾ 14 fjksod nodod levm; isxy - leka.re m%:u fgiaÜ ;r.h ufya, - ue;sõia jd¾;d.; in`o;djl ufya, 105 " ue;sõia 95 ";s,dka iurjsr" m%ikak chjraOk Y%s ,xldj yd Tsiafg%s,shdj ,l=Kq fkd,ndu w;r .d,a, cd;Hka;r msgsfhka bj;a jqyuq`M ls%lgs ls%vdx.kfha meje;a jq ,l=Kq ixnHdj 68lg ;rÕ 3lska iukajs; fgiags lvq,q 5la ns`o jegs ;rÕdj,sfha m<uq ;rÕfhka ;snshos msgshg msjsis ,l=Kq 125 l chla ,nd. wekacf,da ue;sjsia eksug Tsiafgs%,shdj iu;a ufya, chjraOk iu`. jsh tla js 6 jeks lvq,a, fjkqfjka 142 l ldisfha jdish jdra;d.; iusnkaOhla ,nd.;a Tsiafgs%,shdkq f.dvke.=ymqrd mehpñkao úfÊfldakaf.ka kj Ys% ,xld jd¾;djla kdhl uhsl,a la,dla 5lg;a wdikak ld,hla cfkaId chr;ak m%:ufhka mkaÿjg lvq,af,a re`osisgsuska myrosug fhduqjshol=Kq fldrshdfjs mej;s f,dal Y+r;d u,< ;u 29 jk Y;lh m%:u bksfusos ish,ql%Svd Y+r;dj,sfhaos usgra 1500 msrsus Odjk bi- jdra;d l< ufya," fokd oejs ,l=Kq 273 fk;ka ,hka ufya, chjraOkjsfjs kj Y%s ,xld jdra;djla msysgq jsug puskao rhka yersiaf.a mkaÿjla reialr .eksug leka.jsfcafldaka miq.shod iu;a jsh fus ioyd Tyqg fuu ;rÕdj,sfha oelajsug fkdyels fl<skau lvq,af,a rejka iu;a jsh ^uhsla.; jq ld,h usks;a;= 3hs ;;amr 3961ls isÿ jq iqjsfYaIs;u jqfha fmr<sldr f,i jeosfuka ,l=Kq 105lg yis ^95&" rsls fmdkagska isÿjsula jkafka Ys% mkaÿ hejq rx.k fyar;a oejs .sfhah bka ^44& " iqrx. ,laud,a fuu ;r`.dj,sfha uq,sl jg- ,xld m%:u bksu Tsiafg%,shdkq bksfus wk;=rej ,l=Kq 95 yd rx.k fyar;a w;rfha ;r`. j,ska Tyqg 7 jeks ia:dkh ysus jsh lvdns| oeuq fk;ka lvq,q 5la nso oeuq ,ndf.k isgs ue;sjsia lvq,q 3 ne.ska fnosusg fmr wjia:djlos puskao jsfcafldaka usgra ,hka ,l=Kq 34 lg ksidhish,q fokd oejs oejs.sfhah ufya,- .sfhah1500 msrsus Odjk bijs jdra;djlg ysuslus lvq,q 5 la ns| oeusuhs ,l=Kq 210la /ia lsrsug ue;sjsia iusnkaO;djhlshkq ,enqfjls fuu bijsfjs rkamolalu m<uq oskfhaoSu ;u ux., fgiags Tsiafg%,shdkqfjda iu;a ns`ojegsu;a iu`. Ys%flkahdjg;a rsos molalu kjiS,ka;hg;a Tsiafgs%,shdkq lKavdhu ;rÕfhaosu iqjsfYaIs jqyuhsl,a la,dla ,xld fojk bksu ksudms<sfj,ska ysus jsh ojd .kuska jevs jdis oialus oela jq fka;ka ^60&"rhska ydrsia ^23& jqfha Tsiafgs%,shdjg w;alr.;a Ys% ,xld ;u m<uq mkaÿfjkau ,l=Kq 125l chla .d,a, ;K;s,a, wl%uj;a uágul ch.d%ys ,l=Kq w;alrusksYs% ,xld ms, fojeks oskfhaos l=udr ix.laldr ojd ,lañKs fifkúr;ak msgshg msjsisu;a iuÕ .eksug yelsjsh 373l b,lalhla Y%s fojeks bksu lvd ms;slrKfha isÿjq ,xld fojeks bksfuss ns`ooeuq rhka yersiaYS% ,xldj yd Tsiafg%s,shdj w;r miq .sh 31 ,l=Kq 62lg lvq,q 5la ÿraj,;d ksid f;a ;u fojeks bksu igyka jshfmrjkod .d,a, ls%lá lS%vdmsáfha mej;s" m%:u ns`o fy,sh mdkhg fmr ,l=Kq i|yd msgshg msjsis mrsosu wmrslaIdldrsfgiaÜ ;r.h ioyd fhda.H ;K;Srejla 105 ish,q ls%vlhska oejs Tsiafgs%,skqjkag fmr ms;slrKh ksidfkd;snQ nj jd¾;dfõ;K ;Srej ¥ú,s iys;j mrsosu jevs oialus ;rx. mrKjs;dk ixL wxck je,súg .sfhahnúka hqq;= jQ w;r whsiSis m%ñ;sfhka f;dr jQnj m%Odk ;r. ;Srl ls%ia fn%davs cd;Hka;rls%lá ljqkai,hg okajd ;sfì wurKsh uqr,s bßhõj "mkaÿj o Õ l e ú f ï ffY,sh ksid fñ wkqj Èk 14 lawe;=,; m%Odk ;r. ;Srl rkacka uvq.,a, Ys% ,xld fgiaÜ Èk Ys% ,xldj yd TsiafÜ,shdj w;r olaIms;slrefjda mjd l,amkdldßiy whsiSis ls%lá m%Odk l<ukdlre fâúâ ls%lÜ ls%vdfõ 54ßpäika úiska fï iïnkao wÈ, jd¾;djla jeks fgiaÜ j¾K wd¾ fm%auodi ls%vdx. jqy,nd §fuka miq idlÉpd lr ;SrKhla ,dNshd ls%lÜ ls%vdj kfha meje;a jq fgiaÜ Wvq hál+re lsßug ;rÕfha fgiaÜ j¾K fgiaÜ Ys% ,xld rdcH fiajd rdcH fiajd neâñkagka iu;a fõ hehs tod ,nñka wka;¾cd;sl ls%lÜ ls%vd lrk ;r`.dj,fha whÿusm;a le`ojhs lõre;a fkis;+y wä ls%lÜ ls%vdjg meñKs iEu rglgu 5 hs wÕ,a 7 la Wie;s uqr,s tu ;rÕfhaÈ ;u tfrysj lvq¨ ixL wxck je,súg fgiaÜ ls%lÜ msáfhka fï ydohd wjqreÿ 19 ux., lvq,a, f,i 50 isudj blaujdYs% ,xld rdcH fiajd ls%vd ix.uh 12 jk jrg fl%.a uelavuÜ ojd we;s uqr,s fgiaÜ iuq.eksug uqr,s mqrd oÕmkaÿfjka Ys% ;srKh lf<ah uqr,sixúOdkh lrk rdcH fiajd neâñkagka ;r`. .eksug yels jsh ;rÕhlÈ lvq¨ 10dj,sh iema;eïn¾ui 21 isg 23 olajd Ys% ,xld ,xld lKavdhug i;= ffO¾h yd ,nd.;a wjia:d 22laoneâñkagka ix.ï uq,ia:dkfhaÈ meje;a fõ fiajh lf<ah ku lsjq olaI;djh fya;=fjka 1998 wf.dia;= " tla ;rÕhlÈ lvq¨ muKska f,dj lõre;a bkaÈhdkq msf,a udifhaÈ uqr,s ;u 5 ne.ska wjia:d 67lao fuu ;r`.dj,sh i`oyd yÿkk uq;a;hshd lvq¨ 8lau ;ud i;= fgiaÜ ls%lÜ osjsfha ;uka i;= lr.eksugwud;HxY "fomd¾;fuka;= iy rdcH wh;k j, uqr,sorka wka;¾cd;sl lr.ksñka 800 jeks fyd|u mkaÿheõu yelsúhfiajl fiaúldjkag whÿï l< yel flaj, ls%lÜ ls%vdjg meñKs fgiags lvq,a, f,i- hq., fowxYfhakau ;r`. meje;afjk w;r tx.,ka;hg tfrysj ux., Èkh miq.sh jd¾;d l< w;r uqr,sf.a tlaÈk —m%.cdka ´cd˜ ojdjhia iSudjka wkqj ls%vhska j¾. flf¾ wf.daia;= 28 jk Èkg m<uq bksfïÈ lvq¿ jd¾;d w;rg ;rÕ .;af;ah f;jk fgiags ;r``.hg fhosKs 7lao" fojk bksfïÈ 350lÈ lvq¨ 534 fmdkagska kej;;a meusfKa ,n we; fyd|u ls%lgs ls%vdjg 1972 wf.daia;= 19 lvq¿ 9lao jYfhka Tyqf.ka isoq jq mkaÿheúu bkaÈhdjg jk Èk uykqjr Wm; uq;a;hshd uqr,sorka m,af,alef,a tfrysj ,l=Kq 30lg fiajh fuf;la lsisoq ,enq uqr,s uofõ.ls%vdx.kfha meje;s fg ;r. 133 lvq¨ 7la ì|fy,suhs ls%vlfhl=f.ka isoq mkaÿhjkafkla f,ifojeks fgiags ;r`. uqr,s tlaÈk ls%vdfõÈ js fkdue; uqr,sf.a lgq.iaf;dg Ydka;hg iydNd.s fk- fg lvq¨ 800 ms;af;aka oialï ±lajq kduh ls%lgs ls%vdfjs wkaf;daks úoHd,fhkadjs ;u mqoa.,sl wjia:djla f,i 2009È iod wurKshhs ls%lÜ ls%vdjg wj;s¾K fyd mkaÿhejsu 9$51fya;=jla u; kej; nx.,dfoaYhg tfrysj úh tjlg fudyqf.aUsiafgs%,shdj n,d t ;r. 350 vld l%svdx.kfhaÈ mqyqKqlre jYfhka.sh Usiafg%s,shdkq mkaÿ 16lÈ ,l=Kq 33 lghq;= l< iqks,a t lvq¨ 354l%svl rsls fmdkag- reialsrsuhs Ydka; uyd;d fudyqjska ,nk 16 jk fyd mkaÿhejsu 7$30 ol=K;a msgoÕ mkaÿmeje;ajsu kshus; 2010 cq,s udifhaÈ hjkafkal yeáhgf;jk fgiags ;r`. meje;aúug kshñ;j mqyqKq lf<ahhg iydNd.s jsu lvq¿ 16 ì| fy,sh ;snq bkaÿ-,xld fgiaÜi``oyd wo ^13& Ys% ;rÕdj,sfha m<uq 1992 wf.daia;= ui 28 uqr,sf.a mkaÿheúfu ixL wxck je,súg,xldj n,d meusKsfhah ;rÕfhka wk;=rej