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  • 1. Is Innovation a Turks' Game
    to Create New Wealth?
    A. Mete Çakmakcı
    HE Ambassador of Spain’s Residence in Istanbul
    February 18th, 2010
  • 2. Innovation Mercenaries
    Source : Sak (2009) “KüreselleşmeninTürkKOBİ’lerineetkileri”, TEPAV
  • 3. Catching up or Lagging Behind?
    Turkey is labeled under “catching up with moderate growth”
    Source : European Innovation Scoreboard 2008
  • 4. Demographics
    • In 2009, 2,731,878 students were
    registered in undergrad university
    programs. 397,884 graduated from
    undergrad programs.
    • 28,681 master and 3,744 PhD degrees
    were awarded.
    Source : US Census Bureau, 2010
    • In 2009, 13,263 Turkish students were enrolled in the US universities, (10,2% increase from 2008 and 8th most populous group)
    • 5. Many return with business ideas.
  • A Definition of Innovation
    Often worshiped as a “myth” or “taboo” innovation still deserves a
    simple definition.
    Creating new
  • 6. Innovation and Enterpreneurship
    • The who has the will, means and ways to manage the conversion of knowledge into value is an enterpreneur.
    • 7. Market is where value is converted into other forms of value.
    • 8. Value is a perception and highly context dependent. Hence innovation is a dynamic process.
    • 9. Innovation involves acquisition/processing of knowledge.
    Knowledge (not necessarily technical or scientific) is the main barrier to/frontier of innovation.
  • 10. Innovation Cycle
    Public Intervention Comfort Zone
  • 11. Our Ecosystem of Innovation
    • KNOWLEDGE – RESEARCHERS : highly motivated to publish, low motivation for research projects, often on own devices to pursue business, lured to easy cash from consultancy (corporate researcher is a difficult carreer choice)
    • 12. OPPORTUNITY – BUSINESS DEVELOPMENT : Almost always focused on immediate opportunity, more of a follower’s attitude
    • 13. VALUE – DEVELOPMENT/PRODUCTION/SALES : Strongest component of the eco-system. Often top skills and top innovators around.
    • 14. EQUITY – OWNERS, INVESTORS, BANKER : Strongly conservative, often orthodox non-believers in innovation, often believe what they see on paper in numbers.
  • Innovation Dynamics
    Knowledge is GLOBAL, value is LOCAL
  • 15. Innovation Dynamics
    Intrapreneurial Company is the Future
    Organizational skills to adopt new ideas
    and diversity.
    Intrapreneurship is underrated,
    enterpreneurship is overrated.
    High Value Add ≠ New Company
  • 16. Value Pyramid
    Cost of Innovation
    Barriers for Competition
    Risk of Innovation
  • 17. Technical & Non-technical Innovation
    Source : OECD STI Scoreboard, 2008
  • 18. Systemic Linkages
    Firms collaborating on innovation with higher education institutions by size, 2004-06
    Firms collaborating on innovation activities by size, 2004-06
    Firms collaborating on innovation with government institutions by size, 2004-06
    Source : OECD STI Scoreboard, 2008
  • 19. Structural Performance
    Elements of design for R&D Structure :
    Profile of researchers, performers and
    Cross financing based on the
    Characteristics of priority areas.
    Source : OECD STI Scoreboard, 2008
  • 20. Converting High-Tech to Low-Tech
    Source : OECD STI Scoreboard, 2008
    Source : TUSİAD, (2008) “Türkiye Sanayiine Sektörel Bakış”
  • 21. Capturing Value
    Source : Linden, Kraemer, Dedrick (2007) “Who captures value in a global innovation system? The case of Apple’s iPod”
  • 22. Cost of Innovation
    • Cost of innovation (rather cost of
    failed innovation) is probably the single
    most important barrier to innovation.
    • Recent tax incentives had limited
    additionality for various reasons.
    • In spite of “unlimited” supply of youth,
    talent and skills are limited.
    • Investment in skills is extremely limited
    and conservative.
    Value Increases
  • 23. A Map of Technological Innovation
  • 24. A Regional Production Specialist
    Source : The World Bank
  • 25. Global Benchmarking
    Source : www.worldbank.org/kam
  • 26. European Benchmarking
    Source : European Innovation Scoreboard 2008
  • 27. About Technoparks
    • 37 Technology Development Zones are approved, 23 are operational
    • 28. 1,254 firms (of which 53 are foreign owned with a total investment of 450 M USD) are operating in the region with 8,708 R&D staff
    • 29. 3,403 projects are active, 297 patents received, 540 M USD in exports
    Source : OECD STI Scoreboard, 2008
  • 30. Cluster Development
  • 31. Cluster Development
  • 32. Outlook
    • New generation of young enterpreneurs (especially out of top universities) have the proper skills and high capacity to learn fast. They ask and learn.
    • 33. Second/third generation is taking over in the family owned SMEs.
    • 34. Investors and Banks are quickly adopting to finance innovation.
    • 35. Big companies are still a big ?
    • 36. Capacity on the demand side is developing faster than the suppy side of policy and programs. Civil initiatives are mobilizing.
    • 37. Innovation and related buzzwords are still crowding out the agenda.
    • 38. Buttom up processes is still a requirement.
  • Türkiye Teknoloji Geliştirme Vakfı
    Cyberpark, Cyberplaza B-Blok Kat : 6
    Bilkent 06800, Ankara