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SHORT STORIES D EFINING  & C HARACTERIZING A DVANCED  E NGLISH  1 M TRO . F RANK  S TONEHOUSE T ECNOLÓGICO   DE  M ONTERRE...
D EFINING   THE  S HORT  S TORY <ul><li>Master story writer Edgar Allan Poe said that a short story has a beginning, middl...
D EFINING   THE  T HEME <ul><ul><li>Purpose of the story </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Message that the author hopes to conve...
E LEMENTS   OF   A  S HORT  S TORY <ul><ul><li>Theme </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Characters </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Plot...
T ASK : M OSQUITO  -  BY  D AVID  C IEPLEY <ul><li>In Groups of 4  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Read story individually </li></ul...
A NALYZING   THE  M ODEL   S HORT  S TORY
S HORT  S TORY  - G ENERAL  C HARACTERISTICS <ul><ul><li>Readers can identify with the characters in the story </li></ul><...
S HORT  S TORY  - G ENERAL  C HARACTERISTICS <ul><ul><li>The plot includes several kinds of conflict, both external and in...
S HORT  S TORY  - G ENERAL  C HARACTERISTICS <ul><ul><li>The setting is consistent with the characters' personalites. </li...
S HORT  S TORY  - G ENERAL  C HARACTERISTICS <ul><ul><li>The message for readers is clear. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Learning...
S HORT  S TORY  - G ENERAL  C HARACTERISTICS <ul><ul><li>The writer tells the story from the omniscient point of view . </...
S HORT  S TORY  - G ENERAL  C HARACTERISTICS <ul><ul><li>The early dialogue helps readers identify the characters and thei...
S HORT  S TORY  - G ENERAL  C HARACTERISTICS <ul><ul><li>Concise, specific description  shows , rather than tells. </li></...
S HORT  S TORY  - G ENERAL  C HARACTERISTICS <ul><ul><li>The story include vivid imagery through many sensory details. </l...
S HORT  S TORY  - G ENERAL  C HARACTERISTICS <ul><ul><li>The story's tone and mood are consistent with plot and character....
S HORT  S TORY  - G ENERAL  C HARACTERISTICS <ul><ul><li>A relatively short version of a short story. </li></ul></ul><ul><...
S HORT  S TORY  - G ENERAL  C HARACTERISTICS <ul><ul><li>Every character, every action, every word leads to the single eff...
S HORT  S TORY  - S UMMARY <ul><ul><li>Develop believable characters </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Develop a plot that includ...
S HORT  S TORY  - H OMEWORK <ul><li>Write a fictional 200-word short story (double spaced) in your own words, remembering ...
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Short Stories

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Presentation for Adv English students at Tecnológico de Monterrey's Preparatoria (High School).

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Transcript of "Short Stories"

  1. 1. SHORT STORIES D EFINING & C HARACTERIZING A DVANCED E NGLISH 1 M TRO . F RANK S TONEHOUSE T ECNOLÓGICO DE M ONTERREY , M ORELIA A DAPTED FROM : H OW TO W RITE S HORT S TORIES BY S HARON S ORENSON
  2. 2. D EFINING THE S HORT S TORY <ul><li>Master story writer Edgar Allan Poe said that a short story has a beginning, middle, and end. </li></ul><ul><li>In the beginning the characters meet, in the middle they face growing conflict, and in the end they resolve the conflict. </li></ul><ul><li>By taking readers from the beginning through the </li></ul><ul><li>middle to the end, the author conveys a message, </li></ul><ul><li>or theme. </li></ul>
  3. 3. D EFINING THE T HEME <ul><ul><li>Purpose of the story </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Message that the author hopes to convey </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Moral of the story </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Not always neatly stated </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Most often implied </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Usually the message is an insight into life or human </li></ul><ul><li>nature </li></ul>
  4. 4. E LEMENTS OF A S HORT S TORY <ul><ul><li>Theme </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Characters </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Plot </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Setting </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Point of View </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dialogue & Description </li></ul></ul><ul><li>     (should show not tell) </li></ul>
  5. 5. T ASK : M OSQUITO - BY D AVID C IEPLEY <ul><li>In Groups of 4  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Read story individually </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>together define theme </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>student 1: character review </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>student 2: plot review </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>student 3: identify point of view </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>student 4:give examples of &quot;showing&quot; not &quot;telling&quot; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>10 minutes to read story </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>10 minutes to discuss tand share thoughts on each student's element </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>3 minutes to present oral report to class </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. A NALYZING THE M ODEL   S HORT S TORY
  7. 7. S HORT S TORY - G ENERAL C HARACTERISTICS <ul><ul><li>Readers can identify with the characters in the story </li></ul></ul><ul><li>They are believable kids, throwing insults and dares, calling the younger boy a &quot;mamma's boy&quot; etc. </li></ul><ul><li>The story says that kids will be kids. </li></ul>
  8. 8. S HORT S TORY - G ENERAL C HARACTERISTICS <ul><ul><li>The plot includes several kinds of conflict, both external and internal </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Struggle between brothers and within self .. and with the environment. </li></ul><ul><li>Rising action, climax, and resolution are readily evident in the plot </li></ul>
  9. 9. S HORT S TORY - G ENERAL C HARACTERISTICS <ul><ul><li>The setting is consistent with the characters' personalites. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>A camp out in the family's backyard </li></ul>
  10. 10. S HORT S TORY - G ENERAL C HARACTERISTICS <ul><ul><li>The message for readers is clear. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Learning to deal with older children's taunting is part of growing up </li></ul>
  11. 11. S HORT S TORY - G ENERAL C HARACTERISTICS <ul><ul><li>The writer tells the story from the omniscient point of view . </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Readers know about how Andrew feels about being sent out into the woods. Only the all-knowing, all-seeing point of view permits the author that privilege. </li></ul>
  12. 12. S HORT S TORY - G ENERAL C HARACTERISTICS <ul><ul><li>The early dialogue helps readers identify the characters and their relationship to each other. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Dialogue also helps to establish much of the early plot.  </li></ul><ul><li>The dialogue gives the readers their best clues about the characters. </li></ul>
  13. 13. S HORT S TORY - G ENERAL C HARACTERISTICS <ul><ul><li>Concise, specific description shows , rather than tells. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Readers are not told where the story takes place; rather they &quot;see&quot; the inside of the tent, and later learn that it is near the house, near a field, near the woods. </li></ul><ul><li>Readers are not told that the older boys are out to </li></ul><ul><li>taunt Andrew .. they are shown by examples. </li></ul>
  14. 14. S HORT S TORY - G ENERAL C HARACTERISTICS <ul><ul><li>The story include vivid imagery through many sensory details. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Blood bursting from the mosquito </li></ul><ul><li>The circle of light in the tent </li></ul><ul><li>The smell of fear </li></ul><ul><li>Etc. </li></ul>
  15. 15. S HORT S TORY - G ENERAL C HARACTERISTICS <ul><ul><li>The story's tone and mood are consistent with plot and character. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The tone and mood help readers to identify with Andrew, his fears, his struggle to be part of the group. </li></ul>
  16. 16. S HORT S TORY - G ENERAL C HARACTERISTICS <ul><ul><li>A relatively short version of a short story. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The model story, Mosquito, fits the general length requirement. </li></ul>
  17. 17. S HORT S TORY - G ENERAL C HARACTERISTICS <ul><ul><li>Every character, every action, every word leads to the single effect. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>All elements are connected and leading to the purpose or conveying the theme. </li></ul>
  18. 18. S HORT S TORY - S UMMARY <ul><ul><li>Develop believable characters </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Develop a plot that includes conflict, rising action, climax and resolution </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Setting consistent with characters' personalities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Conveys a theme, or message </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Follows a consistent point of view </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dialogue appropriate for characters </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Show, don't tell </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Include imagery, imaginative language </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Consistent tone and mood </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Appropriate length (200 to 10,000 words, but most likely from 1,500 to 3,500 words </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Results to a single effect (character, action, word, etc.) </li></ul></ul>
  19. 19. S HORT S TORY - H OMEWORK <ul><li>Write a fictional 200-word short story (double spaced) in your own words, remembering to use the characteristics of a short story (previous summary slide). </li></ul><ul><li>Submit your printed typed paper (double-spaced) with your name, your enrollment ID no. and teacher's name. </li></ul><ul><li>The short story characteristics will be published to </li></ul><ul><li>Blackboard later today. </li></ul><ul><li>Submit your papers on Monday morning. </li></ul><ul><li>-- Mtro. Frank Stonehouse, Adv English 1 </li></ul>
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