Short Stories
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Presentation for Adv English students at Tecnológico de Monterrey's Preparatoria (High School).

Presentation for Adv English students at Tecnológico de Monterrey's Preparatoria (High School).

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Short Stories Short Stories Presentation Transcript

  • SHORT STORIES D EFINING & C HARACTERIZING A DVANCED E NGLISH 1 M TRO . F RANK S TONEHOUSE T ECNOLÓGICO DE M ONTERREY , M ORELIA A DAPTED FROM : H OW TO W RITE S HORT S TORIES BY S HARON S ORENSON
  • D EFINING THE S HORT S TORY
    • Master story writer Edgar Allan Poe said that a short story has a beginning, middle, and end.
    • In the beginning the characters meet, in the middle they face growing conflict, and in the end they resolve the conflict.
    • By taking readers from the beginning through the
    • middle to the end, the author conveys a message,
    • or theme.
  • D EFINING THE T HEME
      • Purpose of the story
      • Message that the author hopes to convey
      • Moral of the story
      • Not always neatly stated
      • Most often implied
    • Usually the message is an insight into life or human
    • nature
  • E LEMENTS OF A S HORT S TORY
      • Theme
      • Characters
      • Plot
      • Setting
      • Point of View
      • Dialogue & Description
    •      (should show not tell)
  • T ASK : M OSQUITO - BY D AVID C IEPLEY
    • In Groups of 4 
      • Read story individually
      • together define theme
      • student 1: character review
      • student 2: plot review
      • student 3: identify point of view
      • student 4:give examples of "showing" not "telling"
      • 10 minutes to read story
      • 10 minutes to discuss tand share thoughts on each student's element
      • 3 minutes to present oral report to class
  • A NALYZING THE M ODEL   S HORT S TORY
  • S HORT S TORY - G ENERAL C HARACTERISTICS
      • Readers can identify with the characters in the story
    • They are believable kids, throwing insults and dares, calling the younger boy a "mamma's boy" etc.
    • The story says that kids will be kids.
  • S HORT S TORY - G ENERAL C HARACTERISTICS
      • The plot includes several kinds of conflict, both external and internal
    • Struggle between brothers and within self .. and with the environment.
    • Rising action, climax, and resolution are readily evident in the plot
  • S HORT S TORY - G ENERAL C HARACTERISTICS
      • The setting is consistent with the characters' personalites.
    • A camp out in the family's backyard
  • S HORT S TORY - G ENERAL C HARACTERISTICS
      • The message for readers is clear.
    • Learning to deal with older children's taunting is part of growing up
  • S HORT S TORY - G ENERAL C HARACTERISTICS
      • The writer tells the story from the omniscient point of view .
    • Readers know about how Andrew feels about being sent out into the woods. Only the all-knowing, all-seeing point of view permits the author that privilege.
  • S HORT S TORY - G ENERAL C HARACTERISTICS
      • The early dialogue helps readers identify the characters and their relationship to each other.
    • Dialogue also helps to establish much of the early plot. 
    • The dialogue gives the readers their best clues about the characters.
  • S HORT S TORY - G ENERAL C HARACTERISTICS
      • Concise, specific description shows , rather than tells.
    • Readers are not told where the story takes place; rather they "see" the inside of the tent, and later learn that it is near the house, near a field, near the woods.
    • Readers are not told that the older boys are out to
    • taunt Andrew .. they are shown by examples.
  • S HORT S TORY - G ENERAL C HARACTERISTICS
      • The story include vivid imagery through many sensory details.
    • Blood bursting from the mosquito
    • The circle of light in the tent
    • The smell of fear
    • Etc.
  • S HORT S TORY - G ENERAL C HARACTERISTICS
      • The story's tone and mood are consistent with plot and character.
    • The tone and mood help readers to identify with Andrew, his fears, his struggle to be part of the group.
  • S HORT S TORY - G ENERAL C HARACTERISTICS
      • A relatively short version of a short story.
    • The model story, Mosquito, fits the general length requirement.
  • S HORT S TORY - G ENERAL C HARACTERISTICS
      • Every character, every action, every word leads to the single effect.
    • All elements are connected and leading to the purpose or conveying the theme.
  • S HORT S TORY - S UMMARY
      • Develop believable characters
      • Develop a plot that includes conflict, rising action, climax and resolution
      • Setting consistent with characters' personalities
      • Conveys a theme, or message
      • Follows a consistent point of view
      • Dialogue appropriate for characters
      • Show, don't tell
      • Include imagery, imaginative language
      • Consistent tone and mood
      • Appropriate length (200 to 10,000 words, but most likely from 1,500 to 3,500 words
      • Results to a single effect (character, action, word, etc.)
  • S HORT S TORY - H OMEWORK
    • Write a fictional 200-word short story (double spaced) in your own words, remembering to use the characteristics of a short story (previous summary slide).
    • Submit your printed typed paper (double-spaced) with your name, your enrollment ID no. and teacher's name.
    • The short story characteristics will be published to
    • Blackboard later today.
    • Submit your papers on Monday morning.
    • -- Mtro. Frank Stonehouse, Adv English 1