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Module 3.12

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  • 1. Guidelines for the design of Technology-Enhanced Science Education Learning Activities Contract Number: 410025 COSMOS: An Advanced Scientific Repository for Science Teaching and Learning Guidelines for the design of Technology- Enhanced Science Education Learning Activities eContentplus This project is funded under the eContentplus programme1, a multiannual Community programme to make digital content in Europe more accessible, usable and exploitable. 1 OJ L 79, 24.3.2005, p. 1.
  • 2. Guidelines for the design of Technology-Enhanced Science Education Learning Activities Editors ELLINOGERMANIKI AGOGI Dr. Sofoklis Sotiriou C.E.R.T.H. Demetrios G. Sampson Associate Professor, Dept Digital Systems, University of Piraeus, Greece Director, ASK@ITI.CERTH Panayiotis Zervas, MSc The COSMOS ASK Learning Objects Metadata Authoring Toolkit (COSMOS ASK LOM-AT) is owned by the Advanced e-Services for the Knowledge Society Research Unit of the Informatics and Telematics Institute at the Centre of Research and Technology Hellas and it was customized to support the process of characterizing the science education resources and science education learning activities of the COSMOS Portal. COSMOS ASK-LOM-AT was not developed within the framework of the COSMOS Project (Contract Number: ECP-2006- EDU-410025), but it was selected as the most appropriate available toolkit for meeting the project’s needs. ASK@ITI.CERTH reserves all right on COSMOS ASK Learning Objects Metadata Authoring Toolkit and its use beyond the COSMOS activites. The COSMOS ASK Learning Design Toolkit (COSMOS ASK LDT) is owned by the Advanced e-Services for the Knowledge Society Research Unit of the Informatics and Telematics Institute at the Centre of Research and Technology Hellas and it was customized to support the process of designing the science education learning activities of the COSMOS Portal. COSMOS ASK-LDT was not developed within the framework of the COSMOS Project (Contract Number: ECP-2006-EDU-410025), but it was selected as the most appropriate available toolkit for meeting the project’s needs. ASK@ITI.CERTH reserves all right on COSMOS ASK Learning Design Toolkit and its use beyond the COSMOS activites.
  • 3. Guidelines for the design of Technology-Enhanced Science Education Learning Activities Contents 1 Guidelines for Designing Science Educational Scenarios ......................... 7 1.1 COSMOS Learning Activities Authoring Tool (COSMOS ASK-LDT) ....................7 1.1.1 General Description .................................................................................................. 7 1.1.2 Main Functionalities .................................................................................................. 9 1.2 COSMOS ASK-LDT Authoring Process .............................................................10 1.2.1 Create New Educational Scenario based on a Pre-defined Template .....................11 1.2.2 Assign Resources to the Educational Scenario Learning Activities ........................ 14 1.2.3 Open an Educational Scenario ............................................................................... 18 1.2.4 Import an Educational Scenario .............................................................................. 19 1.2.5 Package Resources of the Educational Scenario ................................................... 23 1.2.6 Executing an Educational Scenario with external tools .......................................... 24 2 Indicative Examples for Designing Science Educational Scenarios ........ 26 2.1 Designing Educational Scenarios based on “Guided Research Model” Template.............................................................................................................26 2.2 Designing Educational Scenarios based on “Inquiry-based Teaching” Template............................................................................................................ 31 2.3 Designing Educational Scenarios based on “Project-based Learning” Template.............................................................................................................36 2.4 Designing Educational Scenarios based on “The 5E Instructional Model” Template.............................................................................................................41 2.5 Designing Educational Scenarios based on “The Learning Cycle (Supporting Conceptual Change)” Template ......................................................46
  • 4. Guidelines for the design of Technology-Enhanced Science Education Learning Activities List of Figures Figure 1-1: Starting Up the Installation Process .............................................................................7 Figure 1-2: Installing the Application (COSMOS ASK-LDT) ...........................................................8 Figure 1-3: Select to run the program through the menu “Start” “All Programs” “COSMOS Tools” “COSMOS ASK-LDT” ................................................................8 Figure 1-4: COSMOS ASK-LDT “About” Page ...............................................................................9 Figure 1-7: Give the “Title” of the Educational Scenario ............................................................... 11 Figure 1-6: Select “New Educational Scenario”............................................................................ 11 Figure 1-8: Select the Educational Scenario Template that the Educational Scenario is based on ................................................................................................................. 12 Figure 1-9: Provide a “Time Limit” for the activity and press “Package Resources” button.......... 13 Figure 1-10: Populating the Scenario Learning Activities with Educational Content ...................... 14 Figure 1-11: Create a folder associated with a learning activity .....................................................15 Figure 1 12: Populate the folder with content .................................................................................16 Figure 1-13: Populating the Scenario Environments with Educational Content ............................. 17 Figure 1-14: Select “Open Educational Scenario” ..........................................................................18 Figure 1-15: Select the Educational Scenario you want to open ....................................................19 Figure 1-16: Select the educational scenario to be transfered .......................................................20 Figure 1-19: Educational scenario imported successfully ..............................................................22 Figure 1-21: Successful creation of the IMS Learning Design package ......................................... 24 Figure 1-22: Previewing an Educational Scenario using the “Reload Learning Design Player” ..... 25 Figure 2-1: Select “New Educational Scenario .............................................................................26 Figure 2-2: Give the “Title” of the Educational Scenario ...............................................................27 Figure 2-3: Select the “Guided Research Model” Educational Scenario Template ...................... 28 Figure 2-4: Populating the “Circular Motion” Scenario Learning Activities and Environments with Educational Content ........................................................................................... 29 Figure 2-5: The educational scenario entitled “Circular Motion” based on the “Guided Research Model” template ........................................................................................ 30 Figure 2-6: Select “New Educational Scenario”............................................................................31 Figure 2-7: Give the “Title” of the Educational Scenario ...............................................................32
  • 5. Guidelines for the design of Technology-Enhanced Science Education Learning Activities Figure 2-8: Select the “Guided Research Model” Educational Scenario Template ...................... 33 Figure 2-10: The educational scenario entitled “Cosmic Collisions” based on the “Inquiry- based Teaching” template .......................................................................................... 35 Figure 2-12: Give the “Title” of the Educational Scenario ...............................................................37 Figure 2-13: Select the “Project-based Learning” Educational Scenario Template ........................ 38 Figure 2-14: Populating the “Extrasolar Planets” Scenario Learning Activities and Environments with Educational Content ........................................................................................... 39 Figure 2-15: The educational scenario entitled “Extrasolar Planets” based on the “Project- based Learning” template .......................................................................................... 40 Figure 2-20: The educational scenario entitled “Our Solar System” based on the “The 5E Instructional Model” template ..................................................................................... 45 Figure 2-24: Populating the “The Parallax Method” Scenario Learning Activities and Environments with Educational Content ....................................................................49
  • 6. Guidelines for the design of Technology-Enhanced Science Education Learning Activities
  • 7. Guidelines for the design of Technology-Enhanced Science Education Learning Activities 1 Guidelines for Designing Science Educational Scenarios In this Chapter, we present the functionalities of the COSMOS Authoring Engine for Learning Activities (COSMOS ASK-LDT) and provide a detailed description on how to use the COSMOS ASK-LDT in order to produce educational scenarios in the form of packages conformant to the IMS Learning Design specification. 1.1 COSMOS Learning Activities Authoring Tool (COSMOS ASK-LDT) 1.1.1 General Description The COSMOS Learning Activities Authoring Tool (COSMOS ASK-LDT) is a tool, based on Learning Technology specifications and more precisely on IMS Learning Design (Level A) and IMS Content Packaging2. The COSMOS ASK-LDT is used in order to design Educational Scenarios based on Pre-defined Educational Scenarios Templates and generate packages conformant to the IMS Learning Design specification. In order to start the COSMOS ASK-LDT you have to run the file named COSMOS ASK-LDT.msi. A window will appear asking you to proceed with the installation process. You have to follow all the steps of the process by pressing the “Yes” button. After the finalization of the installation the following message will appear: “The Installation completed successfully”. (See Figure 1-1, Figure 1-2 and Figure 1-3). Figure 1-1: Starting Up the Installation Process 2 http://www.imsglobal.org/content/packaging/index.html 7
  • 8. Guidelines for the design of Technology-Enhanced Science Education Learning Activities Figure 1-2: Installing the Application (COSMOS ASK-LDT) Figure 1-3: Select to run the program through the menu “Start” “All Programs” “COSMOS Tools” “COSMOS ASK-LDT” 8
  • 9. Guidelines for the design of Technology-Enhanced Science Education Learning Activities Provided that the installation process completed successfully the first screen of the COSMOS ASK- LDT will appear (see Figure 1-4). Figure 1-4: COSMOS ASK-LDT “About” Page 1.1.2 Main Functionalities The main functionalities of COSMOS ASK-LDT include:  Creation of a new educational scenario: The user can create a new educational scenario based on a pre-defined Educational Scenario Template namely, the “Guided Research Model”, “Inquiry-based Teaching”, “Project-based Learning”, “The 5E Instructional Model”, “The Learning Cycle (Supporting Conceptual Change)” and “ICT supported Culture Awareness Learning (ICCAL)”.  Definition of resources for the learning activities: The user can add resources (html pages, images, videos etc.) for the learning activities of the educational scenario or change the existing ones.  Generation of IMS LD Content Packages: The user can save an Educational Scenario as a Content Package (zip format) conformant with the IMS LD specification. 9
  • 10. Guidelines for the design of Technology-Enhanced Science Education Learning Activities 1.2 COSMOS ASK-LDT Authoring Process In this section the use of the COSMOS ASK-LDT in creating an educational scenario based on a pre-defined educational scenario template is presented using a step-by-step procedure. 1. create New 4. Package Resources Educational scenario of the Educational scenario 2. Assign Resources 3. Open Educational to Learning Activities Scenario of the Educational Scenario Figure 1-5: COSMOS ASK-LDT Authoring Process Figure 1-5 depicts the Educational Scenario authoring process with the use of COSMOS ASK-LDT. This process consists of four (4) basic steps:  Step 1 – Create New Educational Scenario: during this step the user selects a pre-defined educational scenario template in order to create a new educational scenario based on this template.  Step 2 – Assign Resources to Learning Activities of the Educational Scenario: after the finalization of Step 1 the user can assign resources to the learning activities of the new educational scenario.  Step 3 – Open Educational Scenario (Optional): the user can open the educational scenario that is stored in the local repository of the COSMOS ASK-LDT.  Step 4 – Package Resources of the Educational Scenario: in this step the user is creating a package conformant with the IMS LD specification. 10
  • 11. Guidelines for the design of Technology-Enhanced Science Education Learning Activities 1.2.1 Create New Educational Scenario based on a Pre-defined Template 1. From the File Menu Bar choose “New Educational Scenario” (see Figure 1-6). 1 Figure 1-6: Select “New Educational Scenario” 2. Give a “Title” to the educational scenario (see Figure 1-7). a. Give the “Title” of the educational scenario b. Press “Create” button Figure 1-7: Give the “Title” of the Educational Scenario 2a 2b 11
  • 12. Guidelines for the design of Technology-Enhanced Science Education Learning Activities 3. Select a “Generic Educational Scenario Template” for your Educational Scenario (see Figure 1 8). a. Select the Generic Educational Scenario Template that your educational scenario will be based on, from the list of the available templates b. Press “Create Educational Scenario” button 3a Figure 1-8: Select the Educational Scenario Template that the Educational Scenario is based on 3b For each activity of the educational scenario created repeat the following steps (optional) (see Figure 1-9): 12
  • 13. Guidelines for the design of Technology-Enhanced Science Education Learning Activities 4 Figure 1-9: Provide a “Time Limit” for the activity and press “Package Resources” button 5 6 7 4. Select the Educational Scenario tab sheet 5. Select the Complete tab sheet and define when the activity ends (time limit) 6. Press “Save Scenario” button 7. Press the “Package Resources” button 13
  • 14. Guidelines for the design of Technology-Enhanced Science Education Learning Activities 1.2.2 Assign Resources to the Educational Scenario Learning Activities 1.2.2.1 Populating the Scenario Activities with Educational Content For all the activities of the educational scenario, repeat the following steps (see Figure 1-10): 2 1 Figure 1-10: Populating the Scenario Learning Activities with Educational Content 3 1. Select an “Activity” from the list of available learning activities. 2. Open a file manager and use the Drag n’ Drop function to associate the desired educational resources with the selected activity. 3. From the list of associated resources, select the “Primary Resource” of the selected activity. 14
  • 15. Guidelines for the design of Technology-Enhanced Science Education Learning Activities In case a user wants to associate a folder containing certain files with a learning activity, i.e. a folder containing the images of an html page, you have to follow the steps below: 1. Select “Create new Folder” 2. Provide a name for this folder 3. Press “Create” button 4.Open a file manager and use the Drag n’ Drop function to associate the desired educational resources with this folder. Figure 1-11: Create a folder 1 associated with a learning activity 2 3 15
  • 16. Guidelines for the design of Technology-Enhanced Science Education Learning Activities Figure 1 12: Populate the folder with content 4 16
  • 17. Guidelines for the design of Technology-Enhanced Science Education Learning Activities 1.2.2.2 Populating the Scenario Environments with Educational Content For all the available environments of the educational scenario, repeat the following steps (see Figure 1-13): 1. Select a “Tool/Service” from the list of available environment tools/services. 2. Open a file manager and use the Drag n’ Drop function to associate the desired educational resources with the selected Tool/Service. 3. From the list of associated resources, select the “Primary Resource” of the selected Tool/ Service. Figure 1-13: Populating the Scenario Environments with Educational Content 1 2 3 17
  • 18. Guidelines for the design of Technology-Enhanced Science Education Learning Activities 1.2.3 Open an Educational Scenario The Educational Scenarios that a user has created with the use of COSMOS ASK-LDT are stored in a local repository. A user can open an existing Educational Scenario following the steps below: 1. From the File Menu Bar choose “Open Educational Scenario” (see Figure 1-14). 2. Select the Educational Scenario you want to open from the list of the available educational scenarios (see Figure 1-15). 3. Press “Open Educational Scenario” button Figure 1-14: Select “Open 1 Educational Scenario” 18
  • 19. Guidelines for the design of Technology-Enhanced Science Education Learning Activities Figure 1-15: Select the Educational Scenario you want to open 2 3 1.2.4 Import an Educational Scenario The ‘Import Educational Scenario’ feature allows the importing of an educational scenario in the local repository of the COSMOS ASK-LDT. This feature, is not part of the Educational Scenario authoring process, however, it is useful when a user wants to transfer an educational scenario from the COSMOS ASK-LDT installed in one PC to the COSMOS ASK-LDT installed in another PC. 19
  • 20. Guidelines for the design of Technology-Enhanced Science Education Learning Activities 1. The user can select from the location “C:Program FilesCOSMOS ToolsCOSMOS ASK-LDT Projects” the desired educational scenario that is represented as a *.uol file (see Figure 1-16). Figure 1-16: Select the educational scenario to be transfered 1 2. From the File Menu Bar choose “Import Educational Scenario” (see Figure 1-17). 3. Select the Educational Scenario you want to import (see Figure 1-18). 4. Press the “Open” Button (see Figure 1-18). 20
  • 21. Guidelines for the design of Technology-Enhanced Science Education Learning Activities 2 Figure 1-17: Select “Import Educational Scenario” Figure 1-18: Select the Educational Scenario to be imported 4 3 21
  • 22. Guidelines for the design of Technology-Enhanced Science Education Learning Activities Figure 1-19: Educational scenario imported successfully 5 5. Provided that the Educational Scenario import process completed successfully, the following message will appear: “The Scenario imported successfully!!” (see Figure 1-19). 22
  • 23. Guidelines for the design of Technology-Enhanced Science Education Learning Activities 1.2.5 Package Resources of the Educational Scenario After populating the entire set of scenario learning activities and environments with educational resources (see 1.2.2.1 and 1.2.2.2), then an IMS Learning Design package can be produced following the steps below: 1. Press the “Create Content Package” button. 2. Enter the zip file name where the package will be saved. 3. Save the IMS Learning Design package in the desired folder. Figure 1-20: Generating IMS Learning Design Packages 2 3 1 23
  • 24. Guidelines for the design of Technology-Enhanced Science Education Learning Activities Figure 1-21: Successful creation of the IMS Learning Design package 4 4. Provided that the Content Package creation process completed successfully, the following message will appear: “Content Package created successfully !” (see Figure 1-21). 1.2.6 Executing an Educational Scenario with external tools The developed scenario (see section 1.2.5) can be executed using external runtime tools conformant with the IMS Learning Design specification. The Reload Learning Design Player3 is an example of such a run-time tool. 3 http://www.reload.ac.uk 24
  • 25. Guidelines for the design of Technology-Enhanced Science Education Learning Activities In order to execute a scenario that has been implemented with COSMOS ASK-LDT through the Reload Learning Design Player, the following steps need to be followed: 1. Install and Open the Reload Learning Design Player 2. From the “File” menu select the “Import” functionality to import the content package that was generated by the COSMOS ASK-LDT 3. From the “Course Manager View” select the appropriate role, press the right mouse button and select “Play” 4. Navigate within the educational activities of the scenario and preview the Educational Content Figure 1-22: Previewing an Educational Scenario using the “Reload Learning Design Player” 25
  • 26. Guidelines for the design of Technology-Enhanced Science Education Learning Activities 2 Indicative Examples for Designing Science Educational Scenarios In this Chapter, some indicative examples for designing Science Educational Scenarios are presented. These Science Educational Scenarios were produced during the COSMOS Summer School4, that was held in Heraklion, Crete, Greece in July 7-13, 2008. The scope of the summer school was to facilitate European Science Education Teachers in using existing tools and services for creating, sharing and searching reusable Science educational resources and activities so as to support their day-to-day teaching activities. To this end, each participant of the Summer School created one or more Technology-Enhanced Science Educational Scenarios using the COSMOS ASK-LDT. 2.1 Designing Educational Scenarios based on “Guided Research Model” Template In this Section the educational scenario called “Circular Motion” will be created based on the “Guided Research Model” Educational Scenario Template. 1. From the File Menu Bar choose “New Educational Scenario” (see Figure 2-1). 1 Figure 2-1: Select “New Educational Scenario 4 http://www.ea.gr/ep/cosmos%2Dsummer%2Dschool/ 26
  • 27. Guidelines for the design of Technology-Enhanced Science Education Learning Activities 2. Give a “Title” to the educational scenario (see Figure 2-2). a. Give the “Title” of the educational scenario i.e. Circular Motion b. Press “Create” button Figure 2-2: Give the “Title” of the Educational Scenario 2a 2b 3. Select the “Guided Research Model” as the Educational Scenario Template that your educational scenario will be based on (see Figure 2-3). a. Select the “Guided Research Model” Educational Scenario Template, from the list of the available templates b. Press “Create Educational Scenario” button 27
  • 28. Guidelines for the design of Technology-Enhanced Science Education Learning Activities Figure 2-3: Select the “Guided Research Model” Educational Scenario Template 3a 3b For all the activities of the educational scenario, repeat the following steps (see Figure 2-4): 4. Select an “Activity” from the list of available learning activities. 5. Open a file manager and use the Drag n’ Drop function to associate the desired educational resources with the selected activity. 6. From the list of associated resources, select the “Primary Resource” of the selected activity. For all the available environments of the educational scenario, repeat the following steps (see Figure 2-4): 28
  • 29. Guidelines for the design of Technology-Enhanced Science Education Learning Activities 7. Select a “Tool/Service” from the list of available environment tools/services. 8. Open a file manager and use the Drag n’ Drop function to associate the desired educational resources with the selected Tool/Service. 9. From the list of associated resources, select the “Primary Resource” of the selected Tool/ Service. 10. Press the “Create Content Package” button (see Figure 2-4). Figure 2-4: Populating the “Circular Motion” Scenario Learning Activities and Environments with Educational Content 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 29
  • 30. Guidelines for the design of Technology-Enhanced Science Education Learning Activities In Figure 2-5 the Educational Scenario “Circular Motion” is presented through the use of “Reload Learning Design Player”. Figure 2-5: The educational scenario entitled “Circular Motion” based on the “Guided Research Model” template 30
  • 31. Guidelines for the design of Technology-Enhanced Science Education Learning Activities 2.2 Designing Educational Scenarios based on “Inquiry-based Teaching” Template In this Section the educational scenario called “Cosmic Collisions” will be created based on the “Inquiry-based Teaching” Educational Scenario Template. 1. From the File Menu Bar choose “New Educational Scenario” (see Figure 2-15). Figure 2-6: Select “New Educational Scenario” 1 31
  • 32. Guidelines for the design of Technology-Enhanced Science Education Learning Activities 2. Give a “Title” to the educational scenario (see Figure 2-2). a. Give the “Title” of the educational scenario i.e. Cosmic Collisions b. Press “Create” button Figure 2-7: Give the “Title” of the Educational Scenario 2a 2b 32
  • 33. Guidelines for the design of Technology-Enhanced Science Education Learning Activities 3. Select the “Inquiry-based Teaching” as the Educational Scenario Template that your educational scenario will be based on (see Figure 2-25). a. Select the “Inquiry-based Teaching” Educational Scenario Template, from the list of the available templates b. Press “Create Educational Scenario” button Figure 2-8: Select the “Guided Research Model” Educational Scenario Template 3a 3b For all the activities of the educational scenario, repeat the following steps (see Figure 2-9): 4. Select an “Activity” from the list of available learning activities. 5. Open a file manager and use the Drag n’ Drop function to associate the desired educational resources with the selected activity. 6. From the list of associated resources, select the “Primary Resource” of the selected activity. 33
  • 34. Guidelines for the design of Technology-Enhanced Science Education Learning Activities For all the available environments of the educational scenario, repeat the following steps (see Figure 2-9): 7. Select a “Tool/Service” from the list of available environment tools/services. 8. Open a file manager and use the Drag n’ Drop function to associate the desired educational resources with the selected Tool/Service. 9. From the list of associated resources, select the “Primary Resource” of the selected Tool/ Service. 10. Press the “Create Content Package” button (see Figure 2-9). Figure 2-9: Populating the “Cosmic Collisions” Scenario Learning Activities and Environments with Educational Content 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 34
  • 35. Guidelines for the design of Technology-Enhanced Science Education Learning Activities In Figure 2-10 the Educational Scenario “Cosmic Collisions” is presented through the use of “Reload Learning Design Player”. Figure 2-10: The educational scenario entitled “Cosmic Collisions” based on the “Inquiry- based Teaching” template 35
  • 36. Guidelines for the design of Technology-Enhanced Science Education Learning Activities 2.3 Designing Educational Scenarios based on “Project-based Learning” Template In this Section the educational scenario called “Extrasolar Planets” will be created based on the “Project-based Learning” Educational Scenario Template. 1. From the File Menu Bar choose “New Educational Scenario” (see Figure 2-11). Figure 2-11: Select “New Educational Scenario” 1 36
  • 37. Guidelines for the design of Technology-Enhanced Science Education Learning Activities 2. Give a “Title” to the educational scenario (see Figure 2-20). a. Give the “Title” of the educational scenario i.e. Extrasolar Planets b. Press “Create” button Figure 2-12: Give the “Title” of the Educational Scenario 2α 2b 37
  • 38. Guidelines for the design of Technology-Enhanced Science Education Learning Activities 3. Select the “Project-based Learning” as the Educational Scenario Template that your educational scenario will be based on (see Figure 2-13). a. Select the “Project-based Learning” Educational Scenario Template, from the list of the available templates b. Press “Create Educational Scenario” button Figure 2-13: Select the “Project-based Learning” Educational Scenario Template 3a 3b For all the activities of the educational scenario, repeat the following steps (see Figure 2-14): 4. Select an “Activity” from the list of available learning activities. 5. Open a file manager and use the Drag n’ Drop function to associate the desired educational resources with the selected activity. 6. From the list of associated resources, select the “Primary Resource” of the selected activity. 38
  • 39. Guidelines for the design of Technology-Enhanced Science Education Learning Activities For all the available environments of the educational scenario, repeat the following steps (see Figure 2-14): 7. Select a “Tool/Service” from the list of available environment tools/services. 8. Open a file manager and use the Drag n’ Drop function to associate the desired educational resources with the selected Tool/Service. 9. From the list of associated resources, select the “Primary Resource” of the selected Tool/ Service. 10. Press the “Create Content Package” button (see Figure 2-14). Figure 2-14: Populating the “Extrasolar Planets” Scenario Learning Activities and Environments with Educational Content 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 39
  • 40. Guidelines for the design of Technology-Enhanced Science Education Learning Activities In Figure 2-15 the Educational Scenario “Extrasolar Planets” is presented through the use of “Reload Learning Design Player”. Figure 2-15: The educational scenario entitled “Extrasolar Planets” based on the “Project-based Learning” template 40
  • 41. Guidelines for the design of Technology-Enhanced Science Education Learning Activities 2.4 Designing Educational Scenarios based on “The 5E Instructional Model” Template In this Section the educational scenario called “Our Solar System” will be created based on the “The 5E Instructional Model” Educational Scenario Template. 1. From the File Menu Bar choose “New Educational Scenario” (see Figure 2-16). Figure 2-16: Select “New Educational Scenario” 1 41
  • 42. Guidelines for the design of Technology-Enhanced Science Education Learning Activities 2. Give a “Title” to the educational scenario (see Figure 2-17). a. Give the “Title” of the educational scenario i.e. Our Solar System b. Press “Create” button Figure 2-17: Give the “Title” of the Educational Scenario 2a 2b 42
  • 43. Guidelines for the design of Technology-Enhanced Science Education Learning Activities 3. Select the “The 5E Instructional Model” as the Educational Scenario Template that your educational scenario will be based on (see Figure 2-18). a. Select the “The 5E Instructional Model” Educational Scenario Template, from the list of the available templates b. Press “Create Educational Scenario” button Figure 2-18: Select the “The 5E Instructional Model” Educational Scenario Template 3a 3b For all the activities of the educational scenario, repeat the following steps (see Figure 2-19): 43
  • 44. Guidelines for the design of Technology-Enhanced Science Education Learning Activities 4. Select an “Activity” from the list of available learning activities. 5. Open a file manager and use the Drag n’ Drop function to associate the desired educational resources with the selected activity. 6. From the list of associated resources, select the “Primary Resource” of the selected activity. Figure 2-19: Populating the “Our Solar System” Scenario Learning Activities and Environments with Educational Content 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 For all the available environments of the educational scenario, repeat the following steps (see Figure 2-19): 44
  • 45. Guidelines for the design of Technology-Enhanced Science Education Learning Activities 7. Select a “Tool/Service” from the list of available environment tools/services. 8. Open a file manager and use the Drag n’ Drop function to associate the desired educational resources with the selected Tool/Service. 9. From the list of associated resources, select the “Primary Resource” of the selected Tool/ Service. 10. Press the “Create Content Package” button (see Figure 2-19). In Figure 2-20 the Educational Scenario “Our Solar System” is presented through the use of “Reload Learning Design Player”. Figure 2-20: The educational scenario entitled “Our Solar System” based on the “The 5E Instructional Model” template 45
  • 46. Guidelines for the design of Technology-Enhanced Science Education Learning Activities 2.5 Designing Educational Scenarios based on “The Learning Cycle (Supporting Conceptual Change)” Template In this Section the educational scenario called “The Parallax Method” will be created based on the “The Learning Cycle (Supporting Conceptual Change)” Educational Scenario Template. 1. From the File Menu Bar choose “New Educational Scenario” (see Figure 2-21). Figure 2-21: Select “New Educational Scenario” 1 46
  • 47. Guidelines for the design of Technology-Enhanced Science Education Learning Activities 2. Give a “Title” to the educational scenario (see Figure 2-22). a. Give the “Title” of the educational scenario i.e. The Parallax Method b. Press “Create” button Figure 2-22: Give the “Title” of the Educational Scenario 2a 2b 47
  • 48. Guidelines for the design of Technology-Enhanced Science Education Learning Activities 3. Select the “The Learning Cycle (Supporting Conceptual Change)” as the Educational Scenario Template that your educational scenario will be based on (see Figure 2-23). a. Select the “The Learning Cycle (Supporting Conceptual Change)” Educational Scenario Template, from the list of the available templates b. Press “Create Educational Scenario” button Figure 2-23: Select the “The Learning Cycle (Supporting Conceptual Change)” Educational Scenario Template 3a 3b For all the activities of the educational scenario, repeat the following steps (see Figure 2-24): 4. Select an “Activity” from the list of available learning activities. 5. Open a file manager and use the Drag n’ Drop function to associate the desired educational resources with the selected activity. 6. From the list of associated resources, select the “Primary Resource” of the selected activity. 48
  • 49. Guidelines for the design of Technology-Enhanced Science Education Learning Activities For all the available environments of the educational scenario, repeat the following steps (see Figure 2-24): 7. Select a “Tool/Service” from the list of available environment tools/services. 8. Open a file manager and use the Drag n’ Drop function to associate the desired educational resources with the selected Tool/Service. 9. From the list of associated resources, select the “Primary Resource” of the selected Tool/ Service. 10. Press the “Create Content Package” button (see Figure 2-24). Figure 2-24: Populating the “The Parallax Method” Scenario Learning Activities and Environments with Educational Content 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 49
  • 50. Guidelines for the design of Technology-Enhanced Science Education Learning Activities In Figure 2-25 the Educational Scenario “The Parallax Method” is presented through the use of “Reload Learning Design Player”. Figure 2-25: The educational scenario entitled “The Parallax Method” based on the “The Learning Cycle (Supporting Conceptual Change)” template 50
  • 51. Guidelines for the design of Technology-Enhanced Science Education Learning Activities 51
  • 52. Guidelines for the design of Technology-Enhanced Science Education Learning Activities 52

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