Chapter 2 (perception of others)
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Chapter 2 (perception of others)






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Chapter 2 (perception of others) Chapter 2 (perception of others) Presentation Transcript

  • Uncertainty reduction Definition: The process of monitoring the social environment to learn more about self and others. Interaction  gain information and form impressions of others. The more they learn about each other and find commonalities, the less uncertain they are about each other
  • Factors influence perceptions of others1. Observing others2. Using stereotypes3. Emotional state4. Perceiving others’ message5. Improving the accuracy of social perceptions View slide
  • Observing others Initial social perceptions or first impressions of others are usually made from observations These impressions influence how we act toward them View slide
  •  We make similar judgments about people we meet online: based on their profile, pictures, nicknames, comments …
  • Implicit personality theories Sometimes we make judgments of other people based on implicit personality theories Definition: assumptions about which physical characteristics and personality traits or behaviors are associated with one another.
  • Halo effect• When you judge others based on implicit personality theories  your perception is based on the halo effect• Definition: to generalize and perceive that a person has a whole set of characteristics when you have actually observed only one characteristic, trait, or behavior.
  •  Two types of halo effects:  Positive halo: admit positive characteristics to others  Negative halo: impute negative characteristics to others
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  • Perceiving Others’ Messages Our observations of others and our emotional state certainly affect how we perceive others. They also tend to influence how we perceive the messages others send to us. Two additional factors that influence how we perceive others’ messages are context shared language
  • Context The better we know someone, the more likely we are to share an understanding of the context in which our messages are sent and received. When we don’t know someone well or when we are speaking with several people or a large audience, there are expanded opportunities for messages to be perceived differently.
  • Shared language Even when both participants speak the same language, they might not enjoy a “shared language” in terms of how each one perceives specific words, visual images, and nonverbal cues. To clarify, the sender might use a word with which the receiver is unfamiliar, ambiguously use a word that has multiple meanings, misuse a symbol, or use a personal definition of a word.
  • Understanding how observations andemotional states, as well as context andshared language affect our perceptions ofothers and the messages they send is a firststep in improving your perceptual accuracy.
  • Improving the Accuracy of Social Perceptions
  • Question the accuracy of yourperceptions
  • Seek more information toverify perceptions try to collect additional information so that your perceptions are better grounded talk with the person and ask for the information you need to become more comfortable
  • Realize that your perceptions ofa person will change over time People often base their behavior on perceptions that are old or based on incomplete information.
  • Use the skill of perceptionchecking verbalize the perception and see whether others agree with what you see, hear and interpret. 3 steps : (1) watch the behavior of the other person (2) ask yourself “What does that behavior mean to me? (3) describe the behavior and put your interpretation into words
  •  Observing Others: first impressions, use the profile and other pictures that people post to judge somebody we meet online… Using Stereotypes: - it is human nature to name, label, and organize in order to make sense of the stimuli. - stereotyping can lead to prejudice and discrimination
  •  Emotional State: the factor that affects how accurately we perceive others is our emotional state at the time of the interaction Perceiving Others’ Messages: - we interpret the content of the speaker based on the context - even when both participants speak the same language, they might not understand each other.
  •  Improving the Accuracy of Social Perceptions: Question the accuracy, seek more information, perceptions will change over time, perception checking.
  • THANKS FOR YOU ATTENTION! Group members: 1. Dinh Quoc Minh Dang 2. Vo Huu Loc 3. Nguyen Dinh Minh Sang 4. Tran Thi Ngan Giang 5. Nguyen Ngoc Cam 6. Nguyen Hong To Ngan