REFERENCE1. WWW.CONCEIVEONLINE.COM2. WWW.BABYCENTER.CO.UK3. HEALTHYMANGO.COM4. Uterine AbnormalitiesWhat They AreSome women are born with malformed uteruses that make it difficult to carry apregnancy to term. For example, the uterus may be divided down the middle by tissue, developed only on oneside, or separated into two horn-shaped structures. In some cases, there may be a double uterus with twocervixes. In extremely rare cases, a woman may have no uterus at all.Who Gets ThemUterineabnormalities are rare, affecting only about three to four percent of women. All occur as mistakes during fetaldevelopment, but they do not appear to be hereditary.SymptomsSometimes there are symptoms that canindicate a uterine problem. If a woman doesn’t menstruate, or has chronic pelvic or back pain, for instance, itmay be due to an obstruction in the uterus that causes menstrual blood to build up in the pelvis. Women with auterine abnormality also are more likely to develop endometriosis. But often the first indication of anabnormality is the inability to carry a baby to term.How Its Diagnosed/DetectedUltrasound is mostcommonly used to diagnose a uterine problem, because it can evaluate both the cavity of the uterus and itsouter contour. Another option is a sonohysterogram, a type of ultrasound that uses saline, sent through acatheter, to examine the uterine cavity. As a last resort, the doctor may order an MRI, which provides a moredetailed look inside.How They Affects Fertility (And Pregnancy)Generally women with auterine abnormality won’t have problems conceiving, but will often have difficulty carrying a pregnancy toterm. When the uterus is misshapen or divided by a wall of tissue, there isn’t room for a baby to grow to fullterm, and miscarriage results. Approximately one-third of women with a uterine defect suffer miscarriages,compared to 15 percent of all pregnancies. About a quarter of women with a uterine abnormality have pretermdeliveries, in which the baby is born before 37 weeks’ gestation, compared to 10 to 12 percent of otherwomen.TreatmentIn some cases, surgery can remove tissue that divides or fuses parts of the uterus. Whenthe uterus is one-sided or otherwise malformed, doctors may perform a surgical procedure to sew the cervixshut and hold off a too-early delivery. There is no treatment for the rare woman born without a uterus, but itmay be possible for a surrogate to carry an embryo created with eggs harvested from the woman’sovaries.Pregnancy PrognosisMost uterine abnormalities don’t affect a woman’s chances of conceiving.And thanks to treatments that are available, more than half of women with an abnormality are able to bringhome healthy babies.