Resumen de Science
History of the Atom
600BC: Thales of Miletus discovered that a piece of amber, after
rubbing it with fur attracts bots of hair and feathers and other
460BC: A Greek philosopher Democritus, develop the idea of atoms.
1800: John Dalton performed experiments with various chemicals.
1897: The English physicist J.J. Thompson discovered the electron
and proposed a model for the structure of the atom.
1911: Ernest Rutherord experiment.(investigate the inside of the
1919: Rutherford model. Finally he identify the particles of the nucleus
as discrete positive charges of matter. When there was
something wrong in his model Niels Bohr came up with a
theory that said the electrons do not spiral into the nucleus and
came up with some rules for what does happen. The electron
can exist in only one of the orbits.
Characteristics of metals and non-metals
• They tend to be shiny
• They are malleable and ductile
• High melting points
• High densities
• Solids at room temperature (except Mercury)
• They conducts electricity
• They are opaques
• They are dulls
• They are brittle solids
• Poors conductors of electricity (except Carbon)
• Low melting points
Substance name Metal or non-metal?
An atom is the smallest unit of an element, consisting of a dense,
central, positively charged nucleus surrounded by a system of
electrons, equal in number to the number of uclear protons.
All matter is made of tiny particles called atoms.
Every atom consists of a nucleus, and a cloud of particles called
electrons whizz non-stop round the nucleus.
An element is a substance that is made of only one kind of atom.
element has a symbol.
A compound contains atoms of different elements joined together.
The symbol of a compound is called it’s formula.
Atoms Elements Compounds
Is the smallest particle Is a substance which On the other hand is
that can take part in a cannot be spilt into defined as a pure
chemical change. two or more simpler substance consisting
They are extremely substance by any sort of similar type of
small. of chemical means. molecules which can
They are made up of be made up of
particles which can different elements.
either be atoms,
molecules or ions.