Passive voice

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Passive voice

  1. 1. Passive voice A passive voice is a form of BE + PAST PARTICIPLE In a passive sentence we sometimes mention the ANGENT (person or thing doing the action) We use BY with the angent We do not mention the angent if: - it does not add any new information - it is not important - it is difficult to say who the angent is Tenses Active Passive Simple present He washes his car His car is washed Present continuous He is washing his car His car is being washed Simple past He washed his car His car was washed Present perfect He has washed his car His car has been washed Past perfect He had washed his car His car had been washed Past continuous He was washing his car His car was being washed Future He will wash his car His car will be washed He is going to wash his car His car is going to be washed Modal verbs He should wash his car His car should be washed Special passive structures We can use IT + VERB TO BE + PAST PARTICIPLE of the following verbs: Think – say – believe – agree – announce – consider – decide – expect – explain – hope – know – report – suggest – suppose – understand – romour. E.g: It has been decided that breaks will last 30 minutes. We use: (check tense) (P. Part.) When we ask tell or HAVE SOMETHING DONE pay someone else to (=get but do something for us. More informal) Active and passive Active Passive Bell invented the telephone The telephone was invented by Bell

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