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It's a battle to plan: a WW1 Case Study - Jonathan Crone
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It's a battle to plan: a WW1 Case Study - Jonathan Crone

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  • You may have heard the phrase ‘Lions Led BY Donkeys’ – perhaps unfair. Many officers led from the front and were the first to die <br /> But it is true mistakes happened <br /> <br /> Army of Conscrips – Lads Brigades <br /> <br /> Retired officers using old tactics <br /> <br /> Class structure – <br /> Lack of trust <br /> poor communication <br /> lack of learning/arrogance <br /> <br /> So why am I talking about the Somme? <br /> <br /> Not an historean <br /> <br /> Some ten years ago………………. <br /> <br /> The Somme is largely considered a failure or at best a means to an end. But rest assured the brave officers and troops who participated did not go there to fail – remember the cheering in the video <br />
  • We often find pressure to start projects quickly – eg The Somme <br /> <br /> Or we simply find it hard to invest the time early on to set-up our controls, not just the planning, a much broader definition <br /> <br /> Leads to the Effective Planning Model that I have used extensively and when hearing the tale of this particular battle I recognised a lot of similarites
  • First introduced to me when working on T5 <br /> <br /> I was drawn by its completeness and in particular how it combined strategic, tactical and human factors <br /> <br /> Build model
  • Does anyone recognise this date? <br /> <br /> The Day Canada came of age <br /> <br /> In comparison with Somme, Ypres, Dervil Wood and other scirmishes, it was a the first real success of WW1 <br /> <br /> Whilst not invented in 1917, the ‘Project Manager’ of this particular battle applied all of its techniques, using his own instincts <br /> <br /> Will now run through the battle, using examples and at times comparing with the Somme and will demonstrate how the model could be used
  • Memorial <br /> <br /> Lie of Land <br /> <br /> German Positions <br /> <br /> Previous attempts had failed <br /> French lost 150,000 in 3 separate attacks <br /> British tried too <br /> Germans had built the strongest fortress over 2 years <br /> Canada would attack with 50,000 troops less than the French had lost <br /> <br /> First time the British had trusted a colonial army to lead a battle <br />
  • Career Soldier <br /> Withdrawal plan from Gallipoli <br /> Different approach to British officers <br /> Treated troops as adults <br /> Byng Boys <br /> Learnt from the Somme <br /> Set direction or vision for the battle <br /> <br /> Can already see a cultural element in his direction <br /> <br /> Guess a true Vision would be something like maximum destruction of German resistance with minimum casualties <br /> <br /> Would have taken over the army if war had gone on much longer!
  • Not a typical soldier <br /> <br /> fat, bedraggled, ‘Guts and Gaiters’ <br /> <br /> Civilian in Canadian Militia (he had to pay <br /> <br /> Teacher – Insurance Broker – Estate Agent <br /> <br /> Acknowledged as one of best tacticians <br /> <br /> Affinity with troops <br /> <br /> Attention to detail <br /> <br /> Not a professional soldier – no ‘fetishes’ <br /> <br /> Learning – mistakes, open to ideas <br /> Planning – in detail <br /> Comms – everyone knew what was expected <br /> Trust – young officer <br />
  • Creeping Barrage: <br /> No break in artillary no chance for Germans to get ready <br /> Needed to be accurate <br /> <br /> Machine Guns: <br /> Changed their use – light artillary <br /> <br /> Counter Artillary <br /> Two young offiicers playing with sound detection <br /> Not Cricket <br /> <br /> Platoon <br /> Currie workedo ut that men fought for their mates <br /> Created multi tasking teams - Luitenant, <br /> 3 seargents, <br /> 15 riflement <br /> `` 11 bombers <br /> 11 rifle grenaders <br /> six Lewis gunners <br /> 2 scouts <br /> 1 stretcher bearer <br /> All with interchangeable skills
  • Training – <br /> Vimy Glide – 100yds/3 mins <br /> Mock battlefield <br /> Bayonet drills <br /> <br /> Trench Raids: <br /> Familiarisation. <br /> Feedback <br /> Never wasted <br /> <br /> Trust: <br /> 40,000 trench maps <br /> Details d the plan <br /> A private could become a corporal
  • Re-grouping: <br /> Knowledge <br /> Interchangeable skills <br /> <br /> Comms <br /> Flags <br /> Divisional identifiers <br /> Planes flying overhead <br /> <br />
  • Plus everything in view had to be hidden
  • Haig <br /> <br /> Some people in Canada regard themselves rather as Allies than fellow Citizens of the Empire <br /> <br /> <br /> <br /> <br /> On top of this: <br /> <br /> Currie treated all men as equal <br /> Trusted people to do their job <br /> Encouraged his officers to do same <br /> <br /> Created an environment for success
  • By the time of the battle Currie had the best trained, prepared and equiped troops in the Army <br /> <br /> <br /> WEEK BEFORE – <br /> Im shells – Week of Suffering <br /> 300,000 rounds pper night per machine gun <br /> <br /> BATTLEFIELD – 4 segments, 4 divisions, had to work together <br /> <br /> During night – troops brought up into position <br /> <br /> 5.30 Shelling stopped for a moment – guns recallibrated <br /> Creeping barrage started <br /> Mines exploded <br /> Troops left trenches – some got excited and walked too fast <br /> <br /> 250,000 shells fired in 1hr 30 mins <br /> 7m machine gun bullets <br /> <br /> Battle was viscous, many casualties, many acts of individual and group bravery, several VC’s, some postumous <br /> <br /> 6.05 – black line (6.26 biplane with claxon) <br /> 7.13 – Red line <br /> 11.15 – Blue line <br /> 1.30 – Brown line <br /> <br /> Fourth Division had worst job but by end of day even they succeeded <br /> That evening – Captain HS Cooper wondered how the Germans had let them do it, they had a complete field of fire <br />

It's a battle to plan: a WW1 Case Study - Jonathan Crone It's a battle to plan: a WW1 Case Study - Jonathan Crone Presentation Transcript

  • EVA 19 Jonathan Crone 19th May 2014
  • • A global top-tier engineering, procurement, construction contractor and power equipment supplier • A reputation for safe, on-time, on-budget delivery of high-quality, technically advanced energy and industrial infrastructure and facilities, which start up as planned and perform reliably • 2013 operating revenues: over $3.3bn • NASDAQ-listed company with operating HQ in Reading, UK • In business for more than 115 years • Permanent offices in 30 countries, with 13,000 employees world-wide • Two business groups: – Global Engineering & Construction (E & C) Group – Global Power Group Foster Wheeler - in a nutshell
  • The Battle of the Somme 1st July to 18th November 1916 750,000 men 420,000 casualties 12 km ground taken 60% officers killed 27 divisions 1,500 guns 24km front 1.6million shells
  • ‘It’s a Battle to Plan’ ‘Poor Projects don’t plan to fail, they simply fail to plan’ 3
  • Purpose Vision Strategy Objectives Processes Structure/ Infra. People/ Resources Culture Measures Effective Planning Model
  • 9th APRIL 1917 5
  • The Canadian Memorial, Vimy Ridge 6
  • Purpose/Vision 7 ‘What I want is the discipline of a well trained pack of hounds. You find your own holes through the hedges. I’m not going to tell you where they are. But never lose sight of your objective. Reach it in your own way.’ Lieutenant-General Sir Julian Byng
  • Strategy 8 • Learning • Planning • Communication • Trust Sir Arthur Currie
  • Objectives 9 Attack Attack Attack Attack Re-group Re-group Re-group 2 ½ miles
  • Processes 10 • Creeping Barrage • Machine Guns • Counter Artillery • Platoon System
  • 11 People • Training • Trench Raids • Trust
  • 12 Structure & Infrastructure • Platoons • Re-grouping • Clear accountabilities • Communication Structure:
  • 13 Structure & Infrastructure • 30 miles of road • 20 miles of tramway • 6 miles of tunnel • 45 miles of pipeline • 600,000 gallons water per day • 87 miles cable Preparation:
  • 14 Culture and Values • No ‘History’ • Self sufficient • Meritocracy • Independent • No class system
  • 15 ‘The Battle’
  • 16 Results Somme (Day 1)Vimy Killed 3,600 19,000 Wounded 10,600 39,000 Men in action 100,000 150,000 Dead:Wounded 1:31:4 Objectives All met None % Casualties 14% 39%
  • 17 Effective Planning Model Purpose Vision Strategy Objectives Structure/ Infra. ProcessesCulture People/ Resources
  • 18 Effective Planning Model (2) Purpose Vision Strategy Objectives Structure/ Infra. ProcessesCulture People/ Resources • Creeping Barrage • Use of machine guns • Platoon system • Platoons • Logistics • Training • Trench Raids • Trust • Clear Scope • PEP/Baseline • Objectives • CSF’s • Learning • Team structure • Clear accountabilities • Systems • Logistics • Training • Skills • Empowerment
  • 19 So What? ‘The Vimy Ridge has been considered as a position of very great strength; the Germans have considered it to be impregnable. To have carried this position with so little loss testifies to the soundness of plan, thoroughness of preparation, dash and determination in execution, and devotion to duty on the part of all concerned.’ General Horne, First Army Commander
  • ‘Lest We Forget……..’ 20 Acknowledgements: All pictures and video clips The Imperial War Museum Our freedom! The Allied Armed Forces
  • www.fwc.com