Merrow Scientific Biomass To Liquids
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Merrow Scientific Biomass To Liquids

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Detailed information on the range of system we supply for research into Biomass to Liquids

Detailed information on the range of system we supply for research into Biomass to Liquids

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    Merrow Scientific Biomass To Liquids Merrow Scientific Biomass To Liquids Presentation Transcript

    • Biomass to Liquids Research
    • Merrow Scientific?
      • UK laboratory instrumentation supplier
            • www.merrowscientific.com
      • Exclusive UK representative for a number of overseas manufacturers. Including:
          • Autoclave Engineers (USA)
            • www.autoclaveengineers.com
          • Rubotherm (Germany)
            • www.rubotherm.com
          • BEL (Japan)
            • http://www.nippon-bel.co.jp/index_e.html
    • Laboratory Instrumentation
      • Lab stirred reactors
      • Fixed bed/tubular reactors
      • Multi- reactor systems
      • Gravimetric sorption analysis instruments
      • TGA and high pressure TGA
      • Surface area and porosity analysers
      • Chemisorption instruments
      • And more……
    • Applications
      • High pressure chemistry
      • Gas storage/sorption
      • Fischer Tropsch (syngas conversion)
      • Gasification (coal, biomass to gas)
      • Surface area measurement
      • Catalyst characterisation
      • Materials testing/corrosion testing
      • Etc……
    • Presentation Focus
      • Laboratory systems for Biomass (and Coal) to Liquids Research, including:
          • Rubotherm gravimetric system for gasification research (Biomass to Gas)
          • Autoclave Engineers systems for Fischer Tropsch conversion of syngas to hydrocarbons (Gas to Liquids)
    • Biomass to Gas Production of syngas via the gasification process Using Rubotherm High Pressure TGA System
    • Rubotherm?
      • Spin out from Ru hr University ( Bo chum, Germany) Therm odynamics Dept nearly 20 years ago to become laboratory instrument manufacturer
      • Had requirement for high pressure gravimetric sorption equipment not available at that time anywhere, so developed own
      • Conventional instruments limited to approximately 20bar, Rubotherm have been up to 2000bar
    • Gravimetric Sorption
      • Measuring mass change of sample when subjected to gases and/or vapours being dosed over it under a certain environment (temperature and pressure)
    • Magnetic Suspension Balance
      • Rubotherm’s unique and patented gravimetric system uses a coupling and control system between high precision balance and sample
    • Unique Benefits
      • Precision microgram balance separate from sample – so can measure mass change accurately while subjecting sample to high pressures (<2000bar), high temperatures (<1550degC), corrosive environments
      • Re-zero and calibrate balance during measurement – avoid balance drift – maximise accuracy and long term resolution
      • Measure gas density near sample
    • Wide range of designs Designed to meet researcher’s exact requirements
    • Applications
      • Gas storage (e.g. H2, Methane, CO2)
      • Degradation (e.g. polymers in sour gas)
      • Gasification
      • Corrosion Testing
      • Catalyst Characterisation
      • Filter Material Analysis
    • New Range - DynTherm
      • Gravimetric analysis under high temperature and raised pressures:
          • 900degC @ 100bar
          • 1100degC @ 50bar
          • 1200degC @ 40bar
    • Biomass/Coal Gasification
      • Sample suspended in sample container in controlled environment
      • React material at high temperatures with a controlled amount of oxygen and steam (and also CO2 – recent research in Columbia Uni, NY) or other gases
      • This leads to formation of Synthesis Gas (Syngas) a mixture of H2 and CO
    • Studying Gasification
      • Rubotherm DynTherm – high temperatures and effect of raised pressures on efficiency of process and also H2:CO ratio produced
      • Flow different rates of steam, oxygen and CO2
      • Different process conditions and ramping can be set to study reaction
      • Sample mass change measured during gasification – external GC/MS can also be connected
      • Control and monitor wide range of parameters
      • Gas flows
      • Temperature
      • Pressure…
      • Measure:
      • Mass change of sample
      • Gas evolved (using external GC/MS)
    •  
    • Gas to Liquid Hydrocarbons Production of synthetic fuels via the Fischer Tropsch reaction Using Autoclave Engineers Reactor Systems
    • Autoclave Engineers?
      • Over 60 years as world leader in high pressure equipment
      • Fully meet highest PED grades
      • Wide range of fixed bed and stirred reactors and pressure vessels
      • Represented in the UK by Merrow Scientific
    • Fischer Tropsch
      • Catalysed chemical reaction converting syngas to liquid hydrocarbons
      • Aim is to produce synthetic petroleum substitute
      • Developed in the 1920s in Germany for coal to liquids, further developed by Sasol (South Africa)
      • Current interest as an alternative to oil based fuels
    • Reactors for FT Research
      • A number of options available, including:
        • Oven based fixed bed reactors
        • Slurry stirred reactors
      • Vary and monitor all critical parameters and measure reaction and process
    • Oven Based Reactors
      • For FT catalyst evaluation and process understanding
      • Custom configured to suit exact research requirements
      • B ench T op R eaction S ystem
      • Oven based environment to maintain constant temperature (avoid cold spots and potential condensation problems)
      • Wide range of pressures and temperatures possible
    • Oven Based Reactors
      • 3 major sections:
        • Feed section
          • Guard beds (for filtering)
          • Feed gases and mixtures
          • Mixer/Vaporisers for combining feeds
        • Heated process system
          • Fixed bed (or even stirred) reactor
          • Easy diversion of feeds
          • Sample (GC, MS, GLS)
        • Control Module
    • Slurry Reactors
      • Catalyst suspended in process or specialist catalyst basket
      • Stirred reactor – independent or integrated into BTRS system
      • Wide range of designs available and pressures and temperatures
    • Multi-Reactor
      • The previous systems can be designed to contain multi reactor systems (fixed bed and stirred reactors) to allow detailed combinatorial catalyst research to be carried out.
    • Complete Biomass to Liquids Research
      • Wide range of systems for complete Biomass to Liquids research:
        • Rubotherm systems for gasification studies (Biomass to Gas)
        • Autoclave Engineers systems for FT research (Gas to Liquids)
      • For further detailed information or any questions please contact us:
        • www.merrowscientific.com
        • [email_address]
        • And also visit our blog for latest research news:
          • www.merrowscientific.com/blog