Serbia
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Project group on Serbia

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  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
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  • WRONG !!!! NDH,Pavelic and Croatian(Catolic Serbs) killed 700 000 Orthodox Serbs and Jews in Jasenovac in WW2.You have to know.
    Over 70% Croacian are Catolic Serbs(Ivanisevic,Vrankovic,Petrovic, Maric,Stanic,Janjic,Mandic,Mesic,Matija Ban,Petar Preradovic,Djuradj II Balsic, ect.).The same people and languege,like Muslims(,Mehmed Pasa Sokolovic,Omer Pasa Latas,Mesa Selimovic,Avdo Karabegovic Hasanbegov,Omer Beg Sulejmanpasic-Despotovic,Mustafa Golubic,Sinan Pasa Sijercic,Ali Aga Dadic,Aliveric Tuzlak,ect)
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Serbia Serbia Presentation Transcript

  • Serbia By: Adelaida Aguirre, Bradley Hunkins, Jessica Kirby, and Mai Thao
  •  
  • Social Movements
    • Stability Pact- 1 st series attempt to replace previous crisis intervention policy with a long term conflict prevention strategy in 1998 (International Crisis Management focused on 3 key areas:
    • Creation for Secure Environment
    • Promotion for Democratic Systems
    • Sustain ability for economic and social well-being
  • Agenda for Peace-
    • Created by secretary General Boustros-Ghali first time and only time in Yugoslavia to have peace agreement
    • Also created by UN
    • Focused on post-conflict peace building
    • They set up support structures in a physically violent society, in hopes it would keep the peace. They were still structurally violent, re-emerging them into destruction
    • You have to solidify peace pre-conflict
  • Dayton Peace Accord
    • Peace agreement that was reached in Nov 1995
    • Wasn’t effective because of Serbian Genocide
    • Discussed in 1992 but not set in stone till 1995
    • Put end in 3 ½ year war in Bosnia
    • Agreement when US and UN knew what was going on
    • Mandated that international organizations monitor agreements and countries
  • (Cont)
    • Even though efforts of fixing country have come a long way it still seems that a great deal of conflict still exist
    • It is deep rooted in their culture to be segregated
    • Serbs were discriminated against in the early 20 th century, however today Serbs discriminate against Muslims
  • Conflicts
    • 14 th century- Serbian Kingdom invaded by Ottoman and Austrian Empires
    • WW1- Started in Serbia
    • WW2- Invasions form Nazi’s Germany and then they signed the Tripartite Pact
    • 1980’s- Rise in Albanians nationalism and have problems with Kosovo
    • 1999-Ends with NATO bombings and air-raids
  • Nature of Conflicts
    • Using land and resources
    • WW2 and on struggle with Ethnic dominance and cultural superiority
    • They wanted to break up Yugoslavia’s Ethnic lines such as Croatia and have a greater Serbian state.
  • Kosovo Declares Independence
    • Declaration made recently
    • Their independence will be dedicated to peace and stability
    • Voted in capital Pristina where 109 deputies came to vote for the Independence
    • There were other Ethnic minorities that where supposed to show up and vote but they didn’t show up: Serbs
    • After declared independence.
    • In 2003 Yugoslavia disappeared from the map
  • Role of State
    • Britain, France, and Italy were first of major European countries to recognize Kosovo’s Independence except for Russia( Diplomatic Ties to Serbia).
    • Serbs didn’t agree and took it to International Court of Justice
    • Serbs insist that it still had sovereignty of Kosovo under UN Security Council resolution of 1244 of International Law
    • Commitment of all member states to sovereignty and territorial integrity of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia
  • Srebrenica Massacre (genocide)
    • Legally established case of Genocide in Europe
    • 1995 slaughter of 8,000 Bosnian Muslims at Srebrenica
    • (mostly men and underage boys
    • Judged that is was a brutal communal conflict when the Yugoslavia was breaking up
    • Court said Serbians should have taken action to prevent massacre
    • Happened 1992-95
  • (cont)
    • Survivors testified that some people had hallucinations and killed family and friends or themselves
    • Human Rights Watch believed that Serbians used B-Z, non lethal agent that incapacitates people
  • Goran Davidovic
    • Leader of a Serbian neo-Nazi organization
    • Recently arrested in Trieste Italy (early this year 2009) for causing ethnic, racial and religious hatred and intolerance at a antifascist forum in Novi Sad with his followers
    • Merola, Italian Ambassador, gave Davidovic a legal visa because his name was not on a Schengen visa black list
    • Want to give him a one year sentence
  • Serbia
    • Local neo-Nazi group threatening the Independent Journalist Association
    • 2005 organized attack where Neo-Nazis armed with crowbars attacked participants marking the anniversary of Kristallnacht- a program against Jews thought out Germany and parts of Austria in 1938,
    • Are afraid of threats because lack of authority
  • Demographics
    • Population: 7,379,339
    • Language: 88% Serbian 4% Hungarian
    • Ethnicities: 82% Serbs, 3% Hungarian, 15% other
    • Religion: 85% Orthodox, 5% Catholic, 3% Muslim
    • Government: Republic
    • Location: Southeastern Europe
    • Climate: Cold winters and humid summers
  • Conclusion
    • The reason that Serbia is primarily Orthodox Serbs is because they have kept out or killed other ethnicities and religions.
    • They killed 94% of Jews in WW2 and the Muslims in the Srebrenica Massacre