the meaning of politics
politics = ?
no, politics doesn’t equal government
politics refers to such things as:
how a technology can be political?
how does particular technology change “power” relationships in society?
what kind of “authority” is associated with a particular technology?
do particular technologies exclude certain groups of people (“membership”)?
are there technologies that maintain “order”?
are there technologies that limit or enhance our “freedom”?
can technological artifacts have politics?
political characteristics can be built into
ways of being political
invention, design, or arrangement of a specific
technical device or system becomes a way of settling
an issue in the affairs of a particular community
“inherently political technologies” -- man made
systems that appear to require or to be strongly
compatible with particular kinds of political
robert moses and
the low bridges of long islands
redesigned to face contemporary urban realities this bench comes standard with
a center arm to discourage overnight stays in its comfortable embrace
from three cases
what have we learned?
technology reflects a particular political situation or
the change in power relationships or access/
membership was/is intended
how about the unintended one?
a univ california’s mechanical
are there technologies that
centralization or decentralization?
egalitarian or inegalitarian?
repressive or liberating?
authoritarian or democratic?
technologies and politics
some technologies are always political (inherently)
some technologies are usually associated with
particular political arrangement