Developing successful strategies for working effectively in teams using qda software

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Presented at the Asia-Pacific Conference on Computer-Aided Qualitative Research

24-25 February 2011, Macau SAR

Organised by:
Merlien Institute

For upcoming conferences, please visit:
http://www.merlien.org

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Developing successful strategies for working effectively in teams using qda software

  1. 1. Developing successful strategies forworking effectively in teams using QDAsoftware Brainstorming Workshop 25 February 1:45pm to 3:15pm Dr. David Kirkham CAQRA 2011 Macau
  2. 2. Team working with CAQDASBrainstorming Workshop Key objective is to brainstorm in groups to derive good practices for working effectively in teams, given a large qualitative research project Secondary objective is to brainstorm the potential effects of team dynamics upon the project “researchers ought to take a more direct approach to the study of issues in group dynamics” (Wasser & Bresler, 1996) Four areas for discussion Project planning Data collection Data analysis Writing up and reporting results Five groups to address the given tasks and questions Share the results in a 3 minute presentation CAQRA 2011 Macau
  3. 3. Timings 10 20 Brief 20 Brainstorm Present Conclude 40 CAQRA 2011 Macau
  4. 4. Group Tasks Project planning (Group 1/2) Define criteria for deciding on a software package to support the analysis How to communicate effectively while working in teams Data collection How to organize and conduct data collection in team projects. How to set up the team project using CAQDAS . Data collection and analysis (Group 3/5) Special considerations for teams when working with multimedia data CAQRA 2011 Macau
  5. 5. Group Tasks Data analysis (Group 4) How to develop a common coding system when working in teams Assessing the issue of inter-rater reliability: For which purpose and aim should it be used? How to organize the team work so that IRR can be assessed and in what way Writing up and reporting (Group 3/5) How to organise the process of writing up the results of the analysis and putting together a report CAQRA 2011 Macau
  6. 6. Some Thoughts on TeamsDynamics, threats and opportunities CAQRA 2011 Macau
  7. 7. Characteristics What defines a group as a team is the requirement for interaction “The crux of teamwork is for the team members to use a collection of processes, strategies, and actions that allow them to effectively and efficiently perform” (Stout et al., 1997: 169) A team is a group which has a common goal, the pursuit of which needs collaboration and coordination, but there needs to be regular and frequent interaction, a team identity, and the right combinations of skills, knowledge, perspectives and interests (Kakabadse et al., 1988) “This is the power of the team mind: to create new and unexpected solutions, options and interpretations, drawing on the experience of all the team members to generate products that are beyond the capabilities of any of the individuals” (Klein, 1998: 245) CAQRA 2011 Macau
  8. 8. Dialectic of collaborative research “uniquely innovative ideas are synthesized and fresh insights into the world emerge” “conflict and frustration result from clash of wills, competing ideologies and imperfect theoretical frameworks” “the challenge is for the teams to stay together long enough for the team to grow” (Tripp-Reimer, et al., 1997) CAQRA 2011 Macau
  9. 9. Team development CAQRA 2011 Macau
  10. 10. Team membership Homogeneity? “Living in a shared culture will provide us a basis of common referents” (Klein, 1998: 218) Recruiting in one’s own image Using traits which indicated introvert/extrovert and stable/anxious, Belbin found that a team composed chiefly of stable extroverts performed better overall Heterogeneity? An heterogeneous group is more likely to question members’ judgements and is likely to be more creative (King, 2002) CAQRA 2011 Macau
  11. 11. Belbin’s Work Many years of behaviour analysis and personality tests People observed working in groups Categories of behaviour used was recorded People don’t use all categories equally Behaviour falls into limited number of roles Preferred roles linked to: Reasoning ability Personality characteristics Personal values CAQRA 2011 Macau
  12. 12. Role +ve features -ve featuresPlant Creative, imaginative, unorthodox, Poor managing people solves difficult problems and in communicationResource Extravert, enthusiastic, Loses interest onceinvestigator communicative, explores initial enthusiasm has opportunities, develops contacts passedCoordinator Mature, confident, trusting, good Not the most clever or chair, clarifies goals, promotes creative member decision-makingShaper Dynamic, outgoing, highly strung, Prone to provocation challenges, pressurises, finds ways and short-lived burst of round obstacles temperMonitor- Sober, strategic, discerning, sees all Lacks drive and abilityevaluator options, judges accurately to inspire othersTeam worker Social, mild, perceptive, listens, Indecisive in crunch accommodates, builds, stops friction situationsImplementer Disciplined, reliable, conservative, Inflexible, slow efficient, ideas > practical actions response to new ideasCompleter Painstaking, conscientious, anxious, Worries unduly, search out E&O, delivers on time reluctant to delegateSpecialist Single-minded, self-starting, Contributes on a narrow dedicated, provide K or special skills front CAQRA 2011 Macau
  13. 13. Belbin Team Roles Shaper 10 10 Team Worker 8 Plant 9.7 6 4 3.7 8.7 Completer 2 Resource Investigator 5 0 5.3 8.3 Implementer Specialist 5.7 6.3 Monitor-Evaluator Coordinator
  14. 14. Successful Teams Not the best people to produce the best team All striving, ambitious, high-fliers rarely get beyond ‘storming’ stage Trying to establish dominance Getting own ideas accepted A team of prima donnas – the think-tank approach – regularly failed in Belbin’s experiments Effective team made up of range of people with a variety of roles Teams have to come from who is available Encourage people to take on a variety of roles and be more flexible Identify which roles the team lacks and take one of them on CAQRA 2011 Macau
  15. 15. Virtual Team Working Individual research activities CAQRA 2011 Macau
  16. 16. The Information Hub CAQRA 2011 Macau
  17. 17. Actions Form five groups Assign each group a topic Each group nominates one person who will present the outcome of the discussion in 3 minutes Group specification: 4 or more researchers (peers rather than RAs) Same department: same institution: same country: different institutions in different countries Presentation of results and discussion with the other groups at 3:05pm CAQRA 2011 Macau
  18. 18. Results - Q1 + Q2 CAQRA 2011 Macau
  19. 19. Results CAQRA 2011 Macau
  20. 20. Results CAQRA 2011 Macau
  21. 21. Presented at the Asia-Pacific conference on Computer-Aided Qualitative Research 24 & 25 Feb 2011, Macau SARFor more information about our upcoming conferences Please visit: http://www.merlien.org CAQRA 2011 Macau

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