Comparing atlasti and nvivo methodological utility and practical usability

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Presented at the Asia-Pacific Conference on Computer-Aided Qualitative Research …

Presented at the Asia-Pacific Conference on Computer-Aided Qualitative Research

24-25 February 2011, Macau SAR

Organised by:
Merlien Institute

For upcoming conferences, please visit:
http://www.merlien.org

More in: Education
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  • 1. Comparing ATLAS.ti and NVivo: Methodological utility and practical usability. © 2011 by Elson Szeto. All rights reserved. 2nd Computer-aided QualitativeResearch 2011 Pre-conference Workshop Dr. Elson Szeto The Hong Kong Institute of Education 24 February 2011Comparing ATLAS.ti and NVivo: Methodological utility and practical usability. © 2011 by Elson Szeto. All rights reserved. No part of this slide presentation may be used or reproduced in any manner whatsoever without written permission except in the case of brief quotations embodied in critical articles and reviews.
  • 2. Comparing ATLAS.ti and NVivo: Methodological utility and practical usability. © 2011 by Elson Szeto. All rights reserved.Understandings of the CAQDAS workflowEnhancement of handling collectedqualitative data with the use ofthe CAQDASBetter consideration of choosingthe CAQDASMaking informed choice of CAQDAin processes of qualitative analysis 2
  • 3. Comparing ATLAS.ti and NVivo: Methodological utility and practical usability. © 2011 by Elson Szeto. All rights reserved.Comparison of the CAQDAS: ATLAS.ti 6and NVivo 8 workflow Differences and similaritiesA case study Lesson learnedBetter consideration Methodological utility Practical usabilityMaking the informed choice Researchers’ recommendations 3 simple rules 3
  • 4. Comparing ATLAS.ti and NVivo: Methodological utility and practical usability. © 2011 by Elson Szeto. All rights reserved. ATLAS.ti 6 NVivo 8 -> 9Environment Hermeneutic Unit (HU) ProjectData formatManagementExploration To be demonstrated in the workshopReflectionAnalysisReport 4
  • 5. Comparing ATLAS.ti and NVivo: Methodological utility and practical usability. © 2011 by Elson Szeto. All rights reserved. 5
  • 6. Comparing ATLAS.ti and NVivo: Methodological utility and practical usability. © 2011 by Elson Szeto. All rights reserved. 6 Text: MS Word, RTF, TXT, PDF... Video: AVI, WMV, MPEG I… Web page: External links… Image: JPG, PNG... Audio: WAV, MP3…
  • 7. Comparing ATLAS.ti and NVivo: Methodological utility and practical usability. © 2011 by Elson Szeto. All rights reserved. 7 Various types of data formats imported into ATLAS.ti opened one-after-one in a single window.
  • 8. Comparing ATLAS.ti and NVivo: Methodological utility and practical usability. © 2011 by Elson Szeto. All rights reserved. 8 Various types of data formats imported into NVivo.
  • 9. Comparing ATLAS.ti and NVivo: Methodological utility and practical usability. © 2011 by Elson Szeto. All rights reserved.ATLAS.ti NVivo PDs Internals/ Free Codes Externals Families Free Nodes Super Families Tree Nodes Relationships Cases/Casebook Survey Relationships Networks… Matrices Model 9
  • 10. Comparing ATLAS.ti and NVivo: Methodological utility and practical usability. © 2011 by Elson Szeto. All rights reserved. 10
  • 11. Comparing ATLAS.ti and NVivo: Methodological utility and practical usability. © 2011 by Elson Szeto. All rights reserved. 11
  • 12. Comparing ATLAS.ti and NVivo: Methodological utility and practical usability. © 2011 by Elson Szeto. All rights reserved. 12 document links… See also links Annotations Hyperlinks Memos
  • 13. Comparing ATLAS.ti and NVivo: Methodological utility and practical usability. © 2011 by Elson Szeto. All rights reserved. 13
  • 14. Comparing ATLAS.ti and NVivo: Methodological utility and practical usability. © 2011 by Elson Szeto. All rights reserved. 14
  • 15. Comparing ATLAS.ti and NVivo: Methodological utility and practical usability. © 2011 by Elson Szeto. All rights reserved.ATLAS.ti Report outputs of PDs, Code Families, Coding, Quotations or Memos etc. RTF or TXT formats Network views in BMP or EWM formatsNVivo Reports of Project, Source, Node, Relation, Attribute and Coding summaries Word, RTF, Excel, PDF, HTML formats Individual document sources can be output in Word, RTF, Excel, PDF, HTML Media data must be in HTML format 15
  • 16. Comparing ATLAS.ti and NVivo: Methodological utility and practical usability. © 2011 by Elson Szeto. All rights reserved. 16
  • 17. Comparing ATLAS.ti and NVivo: Methodological utility and practical usability. © 2011 by Elson Szeto. All rights reserved. 17
  • 18. Comparing ATLAS.ti and NVivo: Methodological utility and practical usability. © 2011 by Elson Szeto. All rights reserved. ATLAS.ti 6 NVivo 8 -> 9Environment Hermeneutic Unit (HU) ProjectData formatManagementExploration So…?Reflection (to be continued in the workshop)AnalysisReport 18
  • 19. Comparing ATLAS.ti and NVivo: Methodological utility and practical usability. © 2011 by Elson Szeto. All rights reserved.Adapting CAQDAS in a qualitative research studyMethodology – evolving alongside the studyP.1 - Position: insiderP2 - Lens: social constructionismP3 - Design: a mixture of ethnography, participatory observation and grounded theoryP4 – Evidence: interview transcripts, field notes; visual artefacts; documentsP4+ - CAQDAS adaptation: Led by grounded theory in the process of analysis in ATLAS.ti 5P5 – Report: A curriculum framework of a discipline 19
  • 20. Comparing ATLAS.ti and NVivo: Methodological utility and practical usability. © 2011 by Elson Szeto. All rights reserved.Source: Hutchison, Andrew John , Johnston, Lynne Halley and Breckon, Jeff David(2010) Using QSR-NVivo to facilitate the development of a grounded theory project: an account of a worked example, International Journal of Social Research Methodology, 13: 4, 283 — 302. 20
  • 21. Comparing ATLAS.ti and NVivo: Methodological utility and practical usability. © 2011 by Elson Szeto. All rights reserved. ‘...Actually, from a programmers stance, Glaser was very positivistic about grounded theory work...’ ‘…Strauss was more post-positivistic…’ …and what else…? (to be continued in the workshop)* Source: A working paper of Szeto 21
  • 22. Comparing ATLAS.ti and NVivo: Methodological utility and practical usability. © 2011 by Elson Szeto. All rights reserved. ‘…Explore, examine and interpret understandings and meanings embedded in collected data…’ ‘…A flexible research methodology, method or device utilitised by researchers for a variety of research studies…’ ‘…Interpretations grounded in data…’ ‘…Generate theories or conceptual model/framework to understand the field being investigated…’* Szeto, E. (2010), ‘Framing an integrated framework of design curriculum in higher education: understandings, meanings and interpretations’, Art, Design & Communication in Higher Education 9: 1, pp. 75–93, doi: 10.1386/adch.9.1.75_1 22
  • 23. Comparing ATLAS.ti and NVivo: Methodological utility and practical usability. © 2011 by Elson Szeto. All rights reserved. ‘...Positivistic logic and computer coding logic are very similar..’ ‘…the GUI (Graphical User Interface) and how flexible it is…are extremely important distinctions…’ …and what else…? (to be continued in the workshop)* Source: A working paper of Szeto 23
  • 24. Comparing ATLAS.ti and NVivo: Methodological utility and practical usability. © 2011 by Elson Szeto. All rights reserved. 24 make their informed choice of CAQDAS How do qualitative researchers for their research studies?
  • 25. Comparing ATLAS.ti and NVivo: Methodological utility and practical usability. © 2011 by Elson Szeto. All rights reserved.Qualitative research as process (Denzin & Lincoln, 2000; 2005) Phase 1: The researcher as multicultural subjects [Researchers’ position] Phase 2: Theoretical paradigms and perspectives [Researchers’ lens] Phase 3: Research strategies (her/his design) Phase 4: Methods of collection and analysis [Researchers’ evidences] [Phase 4+: CAQDAS in processes of analysis i.e. CAQDAS adaptation] Phase 5: The art, practices, and politics of interpretation and presentation [Researchers’ reporting] 25
  • 26. Comparing ATLAS.ti and NVivo: Methodological utility and practical usability. © 2011 by Elson Szeto. All rights reserved. 26 Diagram 2: CAQDAS in processes of analysis (an example of NVivo 8)
  • 27. Comparing ATLAS.ti and NVivo: Methodological utility and practical usability. © 2011 by Elson Szeto. All rights reserved. ATLAS.ti NVivoMethodological logicCAQDAS programminglogic To be discussed in the workshop…CAQDAS graphicaluser interface (GUI)Personal reflectionson the use of the twoCAQDAS 27
  • 28. Comparing ATLAS.ti and NVivo: Methodological utility and practical usability. © 2011 by Elson Szeto. All rights reserved.Weitzman (2000) suggested 6 keyconsiderations: What kind of computer user am I? Am I choosing for one project or for the next few years? What kind of project(s) and database(s) will I be working on? What kinds of analyses am I planning to do? How important is it to you to maintain a sense of “closeness” to your data? What are your financial constraints when buying software and the hardware it needs to run on? 28
  • 29. Comparing ATLAS.ti and NVivo: Methodological utility and practical usability. © 2011 by Elson Szeto. All rights reserved.Ezzy’s (2002) notion of making choiceof CAQDAS: ‘[q]ualitative data analysis cannot be done by a computer. CAQDA software only facilitates the analysis’ (p.111). Research methods adopted for research studies Types of data collected from field works 29
  • 30. Presented at the Asia-Pacific conference on Comparing ATLAS.ti and NVivo: Methodological utility and practical usability. © 2011 by Elson Szeto. All rights reserved. Computer-Aided Qualitative Research 24 & 25 Feb 2011, Macau SARFor more information about our upcoming conferences Please visit: http://www.merlien.org 30