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Choosing the right software for your research study : an overview of leading CAQDAS packages by Christina Silver. This presentation is part of the proceedings of the International workshop on ...

Choosing the right software for your research study : an overview of leading CAQDAS packages by Christina Silver. This presentation is part of the proceedings of the International workshop on Computer-Aided Qualitative Research organised by Merlien Institute. This workshop was held on the 4-5 June in Utrecht, The Netherlands

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  • CAQDAS overview (c)2008 Ann Lewins & Christina Silver
  • CAQDAS overview (c)2008 Ann Lewins & Christina Silver
  • CAQDAS overview (c)2008 Ann Lewins & Christina Silver
  • CAQDAS overview (c)2008 Ann Lewins & Christina Silver
  • CAQDAS overview (c)2008 Ann Lewins & Christina Silver
  • CAQDAS overview (c)2008 Ann Lewins & Christina Silver
  • CAQDAS overview (c)2008 Ann Lewins & Christina Silver
  • CAQDAS overview (c)2008 Ann Lewins & Christina Silver
  • CAQDAS overview (c)2008 Ann Lewins & Christina Silver
  • CAQDAS overview (c)2008 Ann Lewins & Christina Silver
  • CAQDAS overview (c)2008 Ann Lewins & Christina Silver
  • CAQDAS overview (c)2008 Ann Lewins & Christina Silver
  • CAQDAS overview (c)2008 Ann Lewins & Christina Silver
  • CAQDAS overview (c)2008 Ann Lewins & Christina Silver
  • CAQDAS overview (c)2008 Ann Lewins & Christina Silver
  • CAQDAS overview (c)2008 Ann Lewins & Christina Silver
  • CAQDAS overview (c)2008 Ann Lewins & Christina Silver
  • CAQDAS overview (c)2008 Ann Lewins & Christina Silver
  • CAQDAS overview (c)2008 Ann Lewins & Christina Silver
  • CAQDAS overview (c)2008 Ann Lewins & Christina Silver
  • CAQDAS overview (c)2008 Ann Lewins & Christina Silver
  • CAQDAS overview (c)2008 Ann Lewins & Christina Silver
  • CAQDAS overview (c)2008 Ann Lewins & Christina Silver
  • CAQDAS overview (c)2008 Ann Lewins & Christina Silver
  • CAQDAS overview (c)2008 Ann Lewins & Christina Silver
  • CAQDAS overview (c)2008 Ann Lewins & Christina Silver
  • CAQDAS overview (c)2008 Ann Lewins & Christina Silver
  • CAQDAS overview (c)2008 Ann Lewins & Christina Silver
  • CAQDAS overview (c)2008 Ann Lewins & Christina Silver
  • CAQDAS overview (c)2008 Ann Lewins & Christina Silver
  • CAQDAS overview (c)2008 Ann Lewins & Christina Silver
  • CAQDAS overview (c)2008 Ann Lewins & Christina Silver
  • CAQDAS overview (c)2008 Ann Lewins & Christina Silver
  • CAQDAS overview (c)2008 Ann Lewins & Christina Silver
  • CAQDAS overview (c)2008 Ann Lewins & Christina Silver
  • CAQDAS overview (c)2008 Ann Lewins & Christina Silver
  • CAQDAS overview (c)2008 Ann Lewins & Christina Silver
  • CAQDAS overview (c)2008 Ann Lewins & Christina Silver
  • CAQDAS overview (c)2008 Ann Lewins & Christina Silver
  • CAQDAS overview (c)2008 Ann Lewins & Christina Silver
  • CAQDAS overview (c)2008 Ann Lewins & Christina Silver
  • CAQDAS overview (c)2008 Ann Lewins & Christina Silver
  • CAQDAS overview (c)2008 Ann Lewins & Christina Silver
  • CAQDAS overview (c)2008 Ann Lewins & Christina Silver
  • CAQDAS overview (c)2008 Ann Lewins & Christina Silver
  • CAQDAS overview (c)2008 Ann Lewins & Christina Silver
  • CAQDAS overview (c)2008 Ann Lewins & Christina Silver
  • CAQDAS overview (c)2008 Ann Lewins & Christina Silver
  • CAQDAS overview (c)2008 Ann Lewins & Christina Silver
  • CAQDAS overview (c)2008 Ann Lewins & Christina Silver
  • CAQDAS overview (c)2008 Ann Lewins & Christina Silver
  • CAQDAS overview (c)2008 Ann Lewins & Christina Silver
  • CAQDAS overview (c)2008 Ann Lewins & Christina Silver
  • CAQDAS overview (c)2008 Ann Lewins & Christina Silver
  • CAQDAS overview (c)2008 Ann Lewins & Christina Silver
  • CAQDAS overview (c)2008 Ann Lewins & Christina Silver
  • CAQDAS overview (c)2008 Ann Lewins & Christina Silver
  • CAQDAS overview (c)2008 Ann Lewins & Christina Silver
  • CAQDAS overview (c)2008 Ann Lewins & Christina Silver
  • CAQDAS overview (c)2008 Ann Lewins & Christina Silver
  • CAQDAS overview (c)2008 Ann Lewins & Christina Silver
  • CAQDAS overview (c)2008 Ann Lewins & Christina Silver
  • CAQDAS overview (c)2008 Ann Lewins & Christina Silver
  • CAQDAS overview (c)2008 Ann Lewins & Christina Silver
  • CAQDAS overview (c)2008 Ann Lewins & Christina Silver
  • CAQDAS overview (c)2008 Ann Lewins & Christina Silver

Choosing the right software for your research study : an overview of leading CAQDAS packages Choosing the right software for your research study : an overview of leading CAQDAS packages Presentation Transcript

  • Choosing the right software for your research study : an overview of leading CAQDAS packages by Christina Silver
  • Choosing the right software for your research study : an overview of leading CAQDAS packages
    • CAQR2009, Utrecht, The Netherlands
    • Christina Silver
    • Qualitative Innovations in CAQDAS (QUIC)
    • CAQDAS Networking Project
    • University of Surrey, Guildford, UK
    http://caqdas.soc.surrey.ac.uk
  • Background context
    • Long established Training and Capacity Building programme
    • Qualitative Innovations in CAQDAS (QUIC) research programme
      • Methodological Innovations in Computational Support (MICS) for qualitative research
        • Integrating quantitative and qualitative data
        • Analysis of (multi-stream) visual data
        • Convergence of GIS technology with qualitative software
    http://caqdas.soc.surrey.ac.uk
  • Our Mission…
    • To encourage
    • Independent use of CAQDAS
    • Critical evaluation of s/w tools
    • Critical selection of s/w tools
    • Critical selection of functions within s/w tools
    • Constructive use of software to suit personal/ project/methodological requirements
    http://caqdas.soc.surrey.ac.uk
  • Today….
    • Basic overview of CAQDAS packages
    • Review of latest software developments
    • Comparisons : methodological utility and practical usability
    • Textual and multi-media analysis
    • See also CAQDAS Networking Project Resources
      • http:// caqdas.soc.surrey.ac.uk/softwareoptions.html
    http://caqdas.soc.surrey.ac.uk
  • CAQDAS Definition
    • Computer Assisted Qualitative Data AnalysiS
    • Tools designed to facilitative qualitative approach to qualitative data including some of the following…
      • Content searching tools
      • Linking tools
      • Coding tools (not pre-requisite)
      • Query tools
      • Writing and annotation tools
      • Mapping or networking tools
    • Need not include all the above, may include others and may incorporate quantitative data and approaches
    http://caqdas.soc.surrey.ac.uk
  • The Basic Idea of CAQDAS Packages http://caqdas.soc.surrey.ac.uk
  • General similarities in software functionality
    • Code and retrieve
    • Text/Word searches
    • Data organisation (e.g. socio-demographics)
    • Searches of position of codes in data (e.g. Co-occurrence, proximity etc.)
    • Writing tools (memos, comments etc.)
    • Output of coded segments, results of searches etc..
    http://caqdas.soc.surrey.ac.uk
  • Key Differences
    • Software Architecture
    • Textual data formatting
    • Multi-media data
    • Coding schema structures
    • Margin display
    • “ Closeness” to data
    • Beyond “code & retrieve”
    • Querying, searching & auto-coding possibilities
    • Output options
    http://caqdas.soc.surrey.ac.uk
  • Some additionally have…..
    • Team-working facilities
    • Excellent though different types support and methods of merging work
    • Quantitative data integration
    • Allowing import of quantitative data generated in other applications which can be used to categorise the qualitative files with descriptive attributes & values
    • Multi-media data handling
    • Enabling working with images and audio/video data alongside or in isolation from textual data. Synchronicity with transcripts usually available.
    • Linking tools – for non code-based approaches
    • Tools for navigating around data without abstracting to the conceptual level. These vary significantly in flexibility and usability.
    http://caqdas.soc.surrey.ac.uk
  • Potential role of software in the research process
    • GENERALLY
    • Overall - Improved access to data and thinking…
    • Project management tool
      • Data storage, coding, searching, memo-ing
    • Enhanced flexibility,
      • readiness to ask questions/query, redo, rethink
    • SPECIFICALLY
    • Emphasis on particular tools/usefulness may depend on…
      • Research questions/aims
      • Constraints
      • Methodological & analytic approach
      • Degree of familiarity with software
    http://caqdas.soc.surrey.ac.uk
  • Contexts
    • Methodology
      • Ethnography
      • Action research
      • Phenomenology
      • Hermeneutics
      • Biography
      • Discourse
      • Grounded Theory
      • Etc., etc.
    • Methods
      • Participant observation
      • In depth interviewing
        • Unstructured
        • Semi structured
        • Structured
    • Open ended questions
    • Documentary analysis
      • Media
      • Official
    • Narrative analysis
    http://caqdas.soc.surrey.ac.uk ANALYTIC STRATEGY
  • Choosing a CAQDAS package: Some questions to ask yourself…
    • Is there a package (and peer support) already available at your place of work?
    • If not…what sort of a budget have you got?
    • What platform? MAC or PC?
    • How much time do you have to learn the software? ( Realistically, how many sophisticated tools do you expect to use?)
    • What kinds and amounts of data do you have?
    • What is your preferred style of working?
    • Do you have a well defined methodology at the outset?
    • Do you principally need to think thematically about the data?
    • Coding less important?
    • Principally need write notes in / at / about the data ?
    • Are you more concerned with the language, terminology used in the data? (e.g. the comparison and occurrence of words and phrases across cases or between different variables)
    • Are you working individually or as part of a team?
    http://caqdas.soc.surrey.ac.uk
  • Budget : trial software
    • ATLAS.ti – allows unlimited use but saving restricted to 10 files, 50 codes
    • MAXqda – fully functional for 30 days use
    • N V ivo – fully functional for 30 days use
    • QDA Miner – fully functional for 30 days use
    • Transana - limited functionality but full version only $50
    • Student rates vary
    • Always check if your institution has a site license
    http://caqdas.soc.surrey.ac.uk
  • Budget: freeware or low-cost http://caqdas.soc.surrey.ac.uk/links1.htm
    • Freeware Software
    • AnSWR created by Centers for Disease Control: Information Systems Support Services (CISSS) (PC) Division of HIV/AIDS Prevention, Epidemology Branch (PC)
    • Audacity is an audio editor which will record sounds, play sounds, import, edit and export WAV, AIFF, Ogg Vorbis, and MP3 files
    • "CDC EZ-Text" created by Centers for Disease Control and Protection (PC)
    • Express Scribe professional audio playback control software
    • f4 PC transcription software for wma, wav, mp3 and ogg formats, created by dresing&pehl GbR
    • IHMC Concept Map Software , Institute of Human and Machine Cognition, University of West Florida, (MAC & PC, Linux & Solaris)
    • InfoRapid Cardfile System for managing documents & multi-media data (PC) (cost = 39euros)
    • TAMS Analyzer open source qualitative package for the analysis of textual themes : from Matthew Weinstein (MAC OSX & GNUstep/Linux)
    • Transcriber a tool for segmenting, labeling and transcribing speech (tested on Linux, Sun Solaris, Silicon Graphics and Windows NT)
    • Transana cross platform tool for transcription and analysis of audio visual data: supported by the Wisconsin Center for Education Research Transana is part of the Digital Insight project. (PC & MAC)
    • VirtualDub , Video editing/cleaning up software - developed and made available free by Avery Lee but donations to him to defray expenses welcome (If your capture device is Video for Windows compatible)
    • Weft QDA Open source tool for analysing textual data, developed by Alex Fenton to support his own MSc research (PC/Linux)
    http://caqdas.soc.surrey.ac.uk 
  • Reviewing software developments
    • Usability and accessibility
    • Data handling and management
      • ‘ T he world as data’
    • Data Analysis
      • Homogenisation of tools
      • Flexible working
    • New analytic possibilities
      • Relationship between methodology and technology
    • Data representation
      • Transparency
      • Validity
    http://caqdas.soc.surrey.ac.uk
  • i) Usability and Accessibility
    • Technical
      • Platform
      • S tability
    • Practical
      • Terminology
      • Team working
    • Personal
      • User-interface
      • Intuitiveness
    http://caqdas.soc.surrey.ac.uk 
  • i) Usability & Accessibility : Platform most are Windows PC …… MAC users? http://caqdas.soc.surrey.ac.uk
  • ii) Data handling and management
    • Field notes,
    • Summaries,
    • Abstracts & Literature files
    • Interview transcripts
    • Survey - open ended question data
    • Discourse: news-political
    • Bibliographic - lists
    • Video, Film
    • Tapes: oral history
    • Handwritten letters
    • Handwritten diaries
    • Paintings
    • Photography
    • ………… and the rest
    http://caqdas.soc.surrey.ac.uk
    • Project management
      • - Incorporating and referencing
    • ‘ The world as data’
  • iii) Data Analysis : Homogenisation of tools
    • Code-based approaches
    • Quantitative content analysis tools
    • Multi-media data handling
    • Commercial context
    • Some exceptions
    • bespoke tools for particular approaches or data types
      • MAXqda - DRS
      • Transana - Story Space
      • Framework - MiMeG
    http://caqdas.soc.surrey.ac.uk 
  • iii) Data Analysis : Flexible working
    • Critical evaluation and creative manipulation
      • don’t use a CAQDAS package to ‘create’ a methodology
      • use it to ‘assist’ you in the best way possible to suit you, and your approach
    http://caqdas.soc.surrey.ac.uk
  • Flexible working: access
    • Quick navigation through entire data set
    • Instant availability of all files
    • Coding
      • Codes can simply be navigating or collection devices
      • Enriches viewing of data
    • Assigning attributes based on socio demographics etc.
    http://caqdas.soc.surrey.ac.uk
  • Flexible working : coding
    • Coding
      • Bottom up OR top down
      • Detailed or broad brush
      • Codes can simply be navigating or collection devices
      • Collect codes into groups
      • ‘ Retrieval’ singly or in groups
    • Improves contact with data
    • Allows a mix of traditional and new tools
    • Similar devices in most packages
    • Visual presentation beside text varies
    http://caqdas.soc.surrey.ac.uk MAXqda V2, QDA Miner, ATLAS.ti (re Margin display)
  • Flexible working : memo-ing
    • MEMO-ING
    • work at text level
      • Unpacking a statement…
      • Notes anchored to data
      • Remind of insights
      • Classify or collect memos into groups
      • Allows a mix of traditional and new tools
      • Memo tools vary in ‘appeal ’
    http://caqdas.soc.surrey.ac.uk MAXqda, ATLAS.ti, QDAMiner (re memo flags in margin)
  • Flexible working : mapping http://caqdas.soc.surrey.ac.uk
    • May just be a way to group things in a visual scribble (e.g. memo’s as here)
    • Create meaningful connections between codes
    • An aid to ‘writing’
    • See or express commonality or difference in data
    • Express grand or small theories
    • Mapping tools vary structurally
  • Flexible working
    • Less linearity when using software
    • Dip in and out of different functions
    • Change your mind, go back and do something again, differently
    • Build on something you’ve already done
    • CAUTIONS
    • Being flexible doesn’t mean inconsistent, patchy!
    • Being flexible may take more time, not less!
    • Using software doesn’t guarantee more rigour
    http://caqdas.soc.surrey.ac.uk
  • iv) New Analytic Possibilities : technology  methodology
    • Convergence between GIS and CAQDAS
    • Synchronicity
      • Written transcript and associated audio/video
      • Multiple transcripts for audio/video files
      • Time-based synchronicity between multiple file types
    • Handling multi-stream video data
    • Real-time collaborative working
    http://caqdas.soc.surrey.ac.uk
  • Geo-Linking in MAXqda http://caqdas.soc.surrey.ac.uk
  • Geo-coding in ATLAS.ti http://caqdas.soc.surrey.ac.uk
  • Computer-Aided Qualitative GIS (CAQ-GIS), Jin-Kyu Jung Holistic integration of GIS with qualitative research. CAQ-GIS (Computer-Aided Qualitative GIS) 1. Encoding Qualitative Data into GIS Data Structure 2. Building Qualitative Analysis Capabilities by Linking GIS and CAQDAS
  • Computer-Aided Qualitative GIS (CAQ-GIS), Jin-Kyu Jung
  • v) Data Representation
    • … visualizing data to facilitate data analysis
      • Mapping / networking tools
      • Charts
      • Matrices
      • Output options
      • Data exchange
    http://caqdas.soc.surrey.ac.uk
  • Data Representation : mapping Example in ATLAS.ti http://caqdas.soc.surrey.ac.uk
  • Data Representation : mapping Example in NVivo http://caqdas.soc.surrey.ac.uk
  • Key differences: mapping tools
    • Each of these mapping tools individual qualities
    • (All provide integration to data behind)
    • Scribbled links
    • NVivo and MAxqda = proactive links made between codes – do not ‘endure’ – each map is a scribble - has no enduring effect
    • Enduring links
    • ATLAS.ti = proactive links to express relationship ‘endure’ – links made will recur in new networks
    • Co-occurrence
    • ATLAS.ti & MAXqda “co-occurring codes”, “top-down interrogation”
    http://caqdas.soc.surrey.ac.uk
  • Data Representation: matrices Example in MAXqda http://caqdas.soc.surrey.ac.uk
  • Data Representation : charts Example in NVivo http://caqdas.soc.surrey.ac.uk
  • Data Representation : charts Example in QDA Miner http://caqdas.soc.surrey.ac.uk
  • Key Differences : q uerying / searching
    • Qualitative interactive cross-tabulations
        • N V ivo, MAXqda, ATLAS.ti (different types of cross tabs)
        • QDA Miner – not interactive
    • Differences in the range and flexibility of available searches between software packages
      • T rade-offs between sophistication and usability
    • The more complex the data organisation, the wider the possibilities for interrogation
      • e.g. OE questions (often has to do with more complex data preparation)
    http://caqdas.soc.surrey.ac.uk
  • Data Representation : html output Example in NVivo
    • L ink to html file to illustrate graphic & audio-visual segmentation
    http://caqdas.soc.surrey.ac.uk
  • Key Differences : representation and visualisation
    • ‘ Different’ visualisation tools
    • MAXqda (presence of coding in documents)
        • Text Portrait
        • Text Comparison
        • Code Line
        • Matrix tools
    • QDA Miner (concerned with stats/content analysis)
        • Cluster maps,
        • Multidimensional scaling
        • Heat-maps,
        • Correspondence analysis
        • Sequence analysis
    http://caqdas.soc.surrey.ac.uk  
  • Methodological Utility
    • Software as a project management tool
      • Cyclical nature of qualitative data analysis
      • Data Management & Research design
      • Literature Review
      • Meeting notes
      • Data Representation and Presentation
    • Code-based approaches
      • Grounded Theory
      • Thematic Analysis
      • Framework Analysis/Template Analysis
    • Non code-based approaches
      • Discourse/Narrative/Conversation analysis
      • Visual Anthropology/Ethnography/Photo elicitation
      • Interaction Analysis
    • Mixed Methods
      • Integration of quantitative data and analyses
    http://caqdas.soc.surrey.ac.uk
  • Code-based approaches
    • Powerful code and retrieve functionality
    • Many sophisticated tools reliant on early coding
    • Within and between case analysis
    • Inter-coder reliability
    • Manipulate codes for alternative purposes
      • Gathering tools (e.g. literature reviews, reflexivity)
      • Pointers (e.g. colour coding)
      • Generating output
    http://caqdas.soc.surrey.ac.uk
  • Non Code-based approaches
    • Analytic needs
      • Maintaining holistic view of data
      • Navigate without abstracting to conceptual level
      • Track processes, interactions, contradictions etc…
    • Software tools
      • Linking
      • Annotating
      • Networking
      • Outputting
    http://caqdas.soc.surrey.ac.uk
  • http://caqdas.soc.surrey.ac.uk Navigating data without abstracting to the conceptual level : Example in ATLAS.ti
  • http://caqdas.soc.surrey.ac.uk Working with hyperlinks : Example in ATLAS.ti 
  • Hypertext – Storyspace example http://caqdas.soc.surrey.ac.uk 
  • Mixed Methods
    • Integrating data
      • Working with different media in parallel
      • Incorporate materials directly
      • Reference to externally held materials
      • Developing synchronised written and audio/video transcriptions
    • Integrating methods
      • Importing quant measures about qual records
      • Combining data types within an analysis
      • Converting qual data into quant measures
    http://caqdas.soc.surrey.ac.uk
  • Example : analysing open-ended survey questions
    • Context
      • Surveys vary in number of respondents which may influence the strategy adopted for analysing open-ended questions
    • Factors influencing which software to use
      • Which package(s) familiar / comfortable with?
        • QUIC comparing ATLAS.ti, MAXqda, NVivo & QDA Miner
      • What format(s) is the data currently in?
      • What sort of analysis is required?
    http://caqdas.soc.surrey.ac.uk
  • What package(s) are you familiar with?
    • Workarounds …within existing comfort-zone?
    • Dataset size, several surveys
    • Atlas.ti and N v ivo probably require some special procedures to handle open-ended survey data
    • MAXqda and QDA Miner have in-built routines to work with such data
    http://caqdas.soc.surrey.ac.uk
  • In what format(s) is the data available?
    • SPSS or Excel spreadsheet format including text
      • C heck cells not truncated
    • MAXqda & QDA Miner
      • I mport directly
    • ATLAS.ti & N v ivo
      • Convert to MS Word or rtf docs
    http://caqdas.soc.surrey.ac.uk
  • What sort of analysis is required?
    • At least three types of qualitative analysis may be considered – with different software implications for each.
    • Quantitative analysis of themes in the texts
    • Exploratory analysis
    • Automated coding by keywords
    http://caqdas.soc.surrey.ac.uk
  • Quantitative analysis of themes in the texts : example in NVivo http://caqdas.soc.surrey.ac.uk
  • Exploratory analysis of open-ended questions using Network function in ATLAS.ti http://caqdas.soc.surrey.ac.uk
    • Automated coding by key-words
    • Example in MAXqda
    http://caqdas.soc.surrey.ac.uk 
  • Analysis of visual data
    • Use of CAQDAS less well established
    • Status of visual data within a project
    • Data representation key consideration
    • Software bias towards code-based data analysis
    • Some bespoke tools for video analysis
    http://caqdas.soc.surrey.ac.uk
  • The status of visual data
    • Bypassing the written transcript…?
    • Synchronicity of (multiple) transcripts
    • Levels of data handling
      • Abstraction and embeddedness
    • Handling multi-stream video data
    • Real-time analytic collaboration
    http://caqdas.soc.surrey.ac.uk
  • To transcribe or not…?
    • Technically
      • Not always required (software depending)
    • Methodologically
      • Depends on analytic focus
    • Practically
      • Difficult to handle
    • Types of transcript
    http://caqdas.soc.surrey.ac.uk
  • Synchronicity of multiple transcripts: Transana http://caqdas.soc.surrey.ac.uk
  • Synchronicity of multiple transcripts: Digital Replay System (DRS) http://caqdas.soc.surrey.ac.uk
  • Real-time analytic collaboration: MiMeG http://caqdas.soc.surrey.ac.uk
  • Representation of visual data
    • Photo stories
    • Video editing
    • Sharing data
    • Presenting data in non-traditional formats
    • Ethical issues
    http://caqdas.soc.surrey.ac.uk
  • Analysing Audio-visual data technology  methodology
    • Diachronic relationship
    • Relatively low awareness levels
    • A spectrum of scepticism
    • The commercialisation of methodology
    http://caqdas.soc.surrey.ac.uk  
  • Keep in mind…..
    • Managing Data
      • Data Preparation - specific to software
      • Type(s) of data - some are specific to software
      • Respondent (& other known) characteristics
      • Team logistics and division of work if relevant
    • Managing Ideas about Data
      • Approach to coding (inductive, deductive, combination?)
      • Code Generation, definition & application
      • Developing & Using the Coding Schema
    • Managing Interpretations & Processes
      • Making notes, comments, annotations
      • Structured Memo System : Retrieving & using writing
      • Using Mapping Tools
    http://caqdas.soc.surrey.ac.uk
  • A couple of references and key web sites http://caqdas.soc.surrey.ac.uk Software sites Bibilography Scheduled training events Online articles http://caqdas.soc.surrey.ac.uk Step by step help and QDA primer. http://onlineqda.hud.ac.uk Lewins A & Silver C (2007) Using Software in Qualitative Research: A Step by Step Guide, Sage Publications, UK di Gregorio, S & Davidson J (2008) Qualitative Research for Software Users, McGraw Hill, Open University Press, UK
  • Online QDA resource http://caqdas.soc.surrey.ac.uk
  • http://caqdas.soc.surrey.ac.uk
  • Thank you
    • Questions…?
    http://caqdas.soc.surrey.ac.uk
  • This presentation is part of the proceedings of the International workshop on Computer-Aided Qualitative Research organised by Merlien Institute on the 4-5 June 2009 in Utrecht, The Netherlands Please feel free to share this presentation with your friends or colleagues who may find it beneficial for their work Do visit our website for upcoming events that may be of interest to you http://www.merlien.org