THE NATURE
AND STATE OF
LOCAL
GOVERNMENTS
WHAT IS LOCAL
GOVERNMENT?
Political subdivisions of a nation or state
(United Nations definition)
Operate in restricted ...
LOCAL GOVERNMENT
AS LEGAL AUTHORITIES PROVIDING SERVICES
• United Nations qualifies that local
governments are constituted...
LOCAL GOVERNMENT
AS LEGAL AUTHORITIES PROVIDING SERVICES
• The actual extent of self-
determination or local autonomy
depe...
LAYERS OF
LOCAL AUTHORITY
• provinces, counties etc.
• cities, municipalities, towns,
districts
• barangays (sub-municipal...
FIELD ORGANIZATION AND
LOCAL GOVERNMENT
Field Offices
= Perform specific governmental functions
in designated areas, and t...
FIELD ORGANIZATION AND
LOCAL GOVERNMENT
Local Governments
=Perform number of services, and the
authority they exercise is ...
LOCAL
GOVERNMENT
(PHILIPPINES)
PRE-SPANISH PERIOD
Datu
PRE-SPANISH PERIOD
Panday
PRE-SPANISH PERIOD
Babaylan
SPANISH COLONIZATION
=Awarded parcels of lands to
favored persons who assisted
them in the pacification of
islands.
=Creat...
PHILIPPINE REPUBLIC
AMERICAN COLONIZATION
=Continued the convenient system
of centralization introduced to
the country by the Spaniards.
=Kept...
CONSTITUTION OF 1935
=Mentioned local
government in only one
section.
MARTIAL LAW 1972
=Strengthened the President's
powers over local government
despite an article in the
Constitution of 1973...
PEOPLE POWER 1986
=The 1987 Constitution provided
for special reforms of local
government in response to
ethnic peculariti...
STRUCTURES
AND FUNCTIONS
OF PHILIPPINE LOCAL
GOVERNMENT
CRITERIA TO BE USED IN
CREATING LOCAL UNITS
Province
=2,000 square kilometers land area
=not less than 250,000 population
...
CRITERIA TO BE USED IN
CREATING LOCAL UNITS
City
=100 square kilometers land area
=not less than 150,000 population
=at le...
CRITERIA TO BE USED IN
CREATING LOCAL UNITS
Municipality
=50 square kilometers land area
=not less than 25,000 population
...
CRITERIA TO BE USED IN
CREATING LOCAL UNITS
Barangay
=only criterion is population of at
least 2,000
=in Metropolitan Mani...
CRITERIA TO BE USED IN
CREATING LOCAL UNITS
=Local Government Code mandates
that the creation of the local unit
shall not ...
TIERS OF LOCAL GOVERNMENT
Province
Cities and Municipalities
Barangay
OFFICIALS
Provincial Level
=Governor, Vice-Governor and
Members of Sangguniang
Panlalawigan
OFFICIALS
Cities and Municipalities
=Mayor and members of the Council
All are elected for a term of three
years.
OFFICIALS
Ex-officio members:
=local presidents of the league of barangays, the
presidents of the local federation of the
...
SERVICES
Five Basic Services:
1. agriculture
2. health
3. social welfare
4. maintenance of public works and highways
5. en...
FUNDS
INTERNAL
REVENUE
ALLOTMENT
SPECIAL LGU'S
-ARMM
-MMDA
-Bangsamoro Framework Agreement
Thank You
"Life is beautiful"
Merle Dawn S.
Comidoydawncomidoy@yahoo.com
LOCAL GOVERNMENT UNIT PHILIPPINES- Merle Dawn Comidoy
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LOCAL GOVERNMENT UNIT PHILIPPINES- Merle Dawn Comidoy

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LOCAL GOVERNMENT UNIT PHILIPPINES- Merle Dawn Comidoy

  1. 1. THE NATURE AND STATE OF LOCAL GOVERNMENTS
  2. 2. WHAT IS LOCAL GOVERNMENT? Political subdivisions of a nation or state (United Nations definition) Operate in restricted geographic areas, dealing with those matters which concern the people living in a particular locality. Two important Elements: presence of a higher auhority territorial boundary
  3. 3. LOCAL GOVERNMENT AS LEGAL AUTHORITIES PROVIDING SERVICES • United Nations qualifies that local governments are constituted by law. They possess the rights and the necessary organization to regulate their own affairs.
  4. 4. LOCAL GOVERNMENT AS LEGAL AUTHORITIES PROVIDING SERVICES • The actual extent of self- determination or local autonomy depends on delegated authorities and on local capability.
  5. 5. LAYERS OF LOCAL AUTHORITY • provinces, counties etc. • cities, municipalities, towns, districts • barangays (sub-municipal level)
  6. 6. FIELD ORGANIZATION AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT Field Offices = Perform specific governmental functions in designated areas, and the nature of their delegated functions is administrative. =Heads of field offices are appointed generally by the head of the national agency of ministry
  7. 7. FIELD ORGANIZATION AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT Local Governments =Perform number of services, and the authority they exercise is political in nature. Political powers include legislation through locally elected or selected councils which also exercise the power of taxation.
  8. 8. LOCAL GOVERNMENT (PHILIPPINES)
  9. 9. PRE-SPANISH PERIOD Datu
  10. 10. PRE-SPANISH PERIOD Panday
  11. 11. PRE-SPANISH PERIOD Babaylan
  12. 12. SPANISH COLONIZATION =Awarded parcels of lands to favored persons who assisted them in the pacification of islands. =Created cabildos,pueblos, provincias, barrios
  13. 13. PHILIPPINE REPUBLIC
  14. 14. AMERICAN COLONIZATION =Continued the convenient system of centralization introduced to the country by the Spaniards. =Kept the hierarchical chain of command from Manila undisturbed.
  15. 15. CONSTITUTION OF 1935 =Mentioned local government in only one section.
  16. 16. MARTIAL LAW 1972 =Strengthened the President's powers over local government despite an article in the Constitution of 1973 and the creation of Department of Local Government and Community Development by President Marcos.
  17. 17. PEOPLE POWER 1986 =The 1987 Constitution provided for special reforms of local government in response to ethnic pecularities in Muslim, Mindanao and the Cordilleras. =LOCAL GOVERNMENT CODE OF 1991
  18. 18. STRUCTURES AND FUNCTIONS OF PHILIPPINE LOCAL GOVERNMENT
  19. 19. CRITERIA TO BE USED IN CREATING LOCAL UNITS Province =2,000 square kilometers land area =not less than 250,000 population =at least P20 million pesos income
  20. 20. CRITERIA TO BE USED IN CREATING LOCAL UNITS City =100 square kilometers land area =not less than 150,000 population =at least P20 million pesos income
  21. 21. CRITERIA TO BE USED IN CREATING LOCAL UNITS Municipality =50 square kilometers land area =not less than 25,000 population =at least P2.5 million pesos income
  22. 22. CRITERIA TO BE USED IN CREATING LOCAL UNITS Barangay =only criterion is population of at least 2,000 =in Metropolitan Manila, should be a minimum of 5,000 population
  23. 23. CRITERIA TO BE USED IN CREATING LOCAL UNITS =Local Government Code mandates that the creation of the local unit shall not reduce the land area, population, income of the original unit or units at the time of the creation to less than the prescribed minimum requirements.
  24. 24. TIERS OF LOCAL GOVERNMENT Province Cities and Municipalities Barangay
  25. 25. OFFICIALS Provincial Level =Governor, Vice-Governor and Members of Sangguniang Panlalawigan
  26. 26. OFFICIALS Cities and Municipalities =Mayor and members of the Council All are elected for a term of three years.
  27. 27. OFFICIALS Ex-officio members: =local presidents of the league of barangays, the presidents of the local federation of the Sangguniang Kabataan, presidents of the Sangguniang Members. 3 sectoral representatves =one from women, workers, and special sectors
  28. 28. SERVICES Five Basic Services: 1. agriculture 2. health 3. social welfare 4. maintenance of public works and highways 5. environmental protection
  29. 29. FUNDS INTERNAL REVENUE ALLOTMENT
  30. 30. SPECIAL LGU'S -ARMM -MMDA -Bangsamoro Framework Agreement
  31. 31. Thank You "Life is beautiful" Merle Dawn S. Comidoydawncomidoy@yahoo.com
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