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Orienteering Tõnis Tulp
Contents <ul><li>History </li></ul><ul><li>The largest competitions </li></ul><ul><li>Maps and basics </li></ul><ul><li>Th...
History <ul><li>Orienteering originated in Scandinavia  </li></ul><ul><li>The first competition on 31 October 1897 </li></...
... <ul><li>After WW2 orienteering spread throughout the world </li></ul><ul><li>IOF was established in 1961 </li></ul><ul...
The largest competitions <ul><li>O-Ringen in Sweden </li></ul><ul><li>Held annually since 1965  </li></ul><ul><li>15000 </...
 
 
Maps and basics <ul><li>Specially made Maps by orienteers and professional mapmakers </li></ul><ul><li>Typically at scales...
... <ul><li>Circles for control points.  </li></ul><ul><li>Staggered start, intervals 1-3 minutes </li></ul><ul><li>Succes...
The CP-s <ul><li>Special number for each point </li></ul><ul><li>SI station </li></ul><ul><li>Composter </li></ul><ul><li>...
SI cards and compasses
... <ul><li>SI-card – punchin system </li></ul><ul><li>160+ CPs </li></ul><ul><li>In 1933 Silva Sweden AB introduced a new...
Race types <ul><li>Relay </li></ul><ul><li>Score  </li></ul><ul><li>Sprint  </li></ul><ul><li>Night  </li></ul>
MTBO and Ski-O
... <ul><li>Orienteering on cross-country skis </li></ul><ul><li>Special green overprinting of trails  </li></ul><ul><li>M...
Rogaining <ul><li>Usually 6, 8, 12 or 24 hours </li></ul><ul><li>Team sport  </li></ul><ul><li>Each team has to plan the o...
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Orienteering

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Transcript of "Orienteering"

  1. 1. Orienteering Tõnis Tulp
  2. 2. Contents <ul><li>History </li></ul><ul><li>The largest competitions </li></ul><ul><li>Maps and basics </li></ul><ul><li>The CP-s </li></ul><ul><li>SI cards and compasses </li></ul><ul><li>Race types </li></ul><ul><li>MTBO and Ski-O </li></ul><ul><li>Rogaining </li></ul>
  3. 3. History <ul><li>Orienteering originated in Scandinavia </li></ul><ul><li>The first competition on 31 October 1897 </li></ul><ul><li>The first international competition Norway in 1932 </li></ul><ul><li>the first national orienteering society, was founded in 1936 </li></ul>
  4. 4. ... <ul><li>After WW2 orienteering spread throughout the world </li></ul><ul><li>IOF was established in 1961 </li></ul><ul><li>Today there are 67 nationalities in IOF </li></ul><ul><li>The first world championships were held in 1966 </li></ul>
  5. 5. The largest competitions <ul><li>O-Ringen in Sweden </li></ul><ul><li>Held annually since 1965 </li></ul><ul><li>15000 </li></ul><ul><li>Jukola relay has been held since the 1940s </li></ul><ul><li>In 2005 the Jukola Relay attracted over 1300 teams and clubs from 25 countries took part. </li></ul>
  6. 8. Maps and basics <ul><li>Specially made Maps by orienteers and professional mapmakers </li></ul><ul><li>Typically at scales of 1:15,000 or 1:10,000 </li></ul><ul><li>Predrawn grids to magnetic north. </li></ul><ul><li>course is marked in purple or red on a map </li></ul><ul><li>Triangle indicateing the start and a double circle indicateing the finish </li></ul>
  7. 9. ... <ul><li>Circles for control points. </li></ul><ul><li>Staggered start, intervals 1-3 minutes </li></ul><ul><li>Success is heavily dependent on choosing the fastest route between controls and fitness </li></ul><ul><li>Courses are classified by age and difficuly </li></ul>
  8. 10. The CP-s <ul><li>Special number for each point </li></ul><ul><li>SI station </li></ul><ul><li>Composter </li></ul><ul><li>The international symbol </li></ul>
  9. 11. SI cards and compasses
  10. 12. ... <ul><li>SI-card – punchin system </li></ul><ul><li>160+ CPs </li></ul><ul><li>In 1933 Silva Sweden AB introduced a new compass design the protractor compass </li></ul><ul><li>Thumb compasses </li></ul>
  11. 13. Race types <ul><li>Relay </li></ul><ul><li>Score </li></ul><ul><li>Sprint </li></ul><ul><li>Night </li></ul>
  12. 14. MTBO and Ski-O
  13. 15. ... <ul><li>Orienteering on cross-country skis </li></ul><ul><li>Special green overprinting of trails </li></ul><ul><li>Map holder attached to the chest </li></ul><ul><li>MTPO-bike orienteering </li></ul><ul><li>Map holder attached to the handlebar of the bike </li></ul><ul><li>Smaller scale and less detailed maps </li></ul>
  14. 16. Rogaining <ul><li>Usually 6, 8, 12 or 24 hours </li></ul><ul><li>Team sport </li></ul><ul><li>Each team has to plan the order in which to visit checkpoints </li></ul><ul><li>Requires a much larger map area </li></ul>
  15. 17. Questions?
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