Charity. Development co-operation

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Charity. Development co-operation

  1. 1. Charity. Development Co-operation Birgit Rae 2010
  2. 2. Etymology <ul><li>“ Charity” - through the Old French &quot;charité&quot;, derived from the Latin
  3. 3. The act of giving money, goods
  4. 4. „ Almsgiving“
  5. 5. The poor, widows, orphans, sick and disabled
  6. 6. Forms of charity (directly, indirectly)
  7. 7. Institutions – charities, orphanages, food banks, religious orders, hospitals, organizations that visit the homebound ( koju jääma sunnitud ) and imprisoned etc
  8. 8. One of the five pillars of the Islam </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>charitable giving increased as income decreased </li><ul><li>The poorest fifth gave away 4.3% of their income, while the wealthiest fifth gave away 2.1% . This was an average of $453 on an average income of $10,531 , compared to $3,326 on an income of $158,388 . </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Charity fraud <ul><li>Deception ( pettus ). </li><ul><li>People represent themselves as charities and ask prospective ( loodetav ) donors for contributions.
  11. 11. Not only fictitious ( vale- ) charities but also false business acts. </li></ul><li>Examples
  12. 12. Prevention </li><ul><li>a liston the BBB’s website. Participants have met the Standards for Charity Accountability </li><ul><li>Encourage fair solicitation ( annetuse palumine ) practices, to promote ethical conduct (käitumine) by charitable organizations and to advance support of philanthropy . </li></ul></ul></ul>
  13. 13. At the moment.. <ul><li>Warren Buffett – 83% ( $31 billion )
  14. 14. Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation
  15. 15. The largest single charitable donation ( $ 10 million )
  16. 16. Top celebrity givers </li><ul><li>Oprah Winfrey ( $50.2 million )
  17. 17. Herb Alpert ( $13 million )
  18. 18. Barbra Streisand ( $11 million ) </li></ul><li>Oil spill in the gulf of Mexico ;Chile ; Haiti </li></ul>
  19. 19. In Estonia <ul><li>Good Deed Foundation
  20. 20. Development Co-operation and Humanitarian Aid </li><ul><li>elimination of world poverty and the Millennium Development Goals
  21. 21. save human lives focusing on the most vulnerable population groups </li></ul></ul>
  22. 22. Development Co-operation <ul><li>To contribute to reducing global poverty and human development in developing countries
  23. 23. to support peace and stability, the granting of human rights, the development of democracy as well as the promoting of good governance practices in developing countries
  24. 24. to support economic development and the liberalisation of international trade system and
  25. 25. to support environmentally sustainable development. </li></ul>
  26. 26. <ul><li>Moral aspect
  27. 27. Political aspect
  28. 28. Economic aspect
  29. 29. Cultural aspect
  30. 30. Since 1998
  31. 31. 0,1% of Gross National Income (GNI) annually
  32. 32. Objectives and priorities are outlined in the &quot;Principles of Estonian Development Co-operation&quot; approved by the Riigikogu
  33. 33. The Ministry of Foreign Affairs co-ordinates programmes
  34. 34. “ The Strategy of Estonian Development Co-operation and Humanitarian Aid 2006-2010“ - approved in 2006
  35. 35. Georgia, Moldova, Ukraine and Afghanistan </li></ul>
  36. 36. Humanitarian Aid <ul><li>Providing relief to war refugees and emergency assistance after natural disasters
  37. 37. The Ministry of Foreign Affairs is responsible </li><ul><li>At the national level - the Ministry of Internal Affairs and the Estonian Red Cross. </li></ul><li>Lebanon, Sudan, Iraq, Kosovo, Chechnya and Afghanistan - in helping to meet basic needs
  38. 38. Support to earthquake victims in Iran, Turkey, India and Pakistan
  39. 39. Soften the consequences of the floods in Poland and Czech Republic and famine in Georgia </li></ul>
  40. 40. <ul><li>Humanitarian aid to the victims of the Haiti earthquake (January 2010) 2 500 000 (EEK)
  41. 41. Estonian Disaster Relief Team IHP Support Mission in Haiti (January 2010) 297 309 (EEK)
  42. 42. Estonian Disaster Relief Team IHP Base Camp Mission in Haiti (January - February 2010) 1 072 936 (EEK) </li></ul>
  43. 43. Estonian public opinion regarding development co-operation <ul><li>Period: March 2008
  44. 44. Target group of those surveyed and sample size: </li><ul><li>Population : 1,001 Estonian inhabitants aged 15-74
  45. 45. Opinion leaders : 150 politicians, senior civil servants, journalists and representatives of the third sector </li></ul></ul>
  46. 46. <ul><li>The population’s interest in global issues has grown </li></ul>
  47. 47. <ul><li>*The term fair trade is unknown for most of the population </li></ul>
  48. 48. <ul><li>Awareness of Estonia’s development cooperation has not increased </li></ul>
  49. 49. <ul><li>Both the population and the majority of opinion leaders think that Estonia should render assistance to less developed countries </li></ul>
  50. 50. <ul><li>The amount allocated from the state budget should stay at the same level or be increased </li><ul><li>From the Estonian state budget, 180 million kroons or 130 kroons per inhabitant is allocated each year for development and humanitarian assistance. Should Estonia </li></ul></ul>
  51. 51. Sources <ul><li>http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charity_fraud
  52. 52. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charity_%28practice%29
  53. 53. http://www.charitynavigator.org/
  54. 54. http://blogs.msdn.com/heaths/archive/2006/06/26/647521.aspx
  55. 55. http://www.bbb.org/us/Charity-Standards/
  56. 56. http://www.looktothestars.org/news/1268-giving-back-fund-announces-top-30-celebrity-givers
  57. 57. http://www.vm.ee/?q=en/node/4084 </li></ul>
  58. 58. “ We make a living by what we get, but we make a life by what we give.” Winston Churchill Thank you!

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