Charity. Development co-operationPresentation Transcript
Charity. Development Co-operation Birgit Rae 2010
“ Charity” - through the Old French "charité", derived from the Latin
The act of giving money, goods
The poor, widows, orphans, sick and disabled
Forms of charity (directly, indirectly)
Institutions – charities, orphanages, food banks, religious orders, hospitals, organizations that visit the homebound ( koju jääma sunnitud ) and imprisoned etc
One of the five pillars of the Islam
charitable giving increased as income decreased
The poorest fifth gave away 4.3% of their income, while the wealthiest fifth gave away 2.1% . This was an average of $453 on an average income of $10,531 , compared to $3,326 on an income of $158,388 .
Deception ( pettus ).
People represent themselves as charities and ask prospective ( loodetav ) donors for contributions.
Not only fictitious ( vale- ) charities but also false business acts.
a liston the BBB’s website. Participants have met the Standards for Charity Accountability
Encourage fair solicitation ( annetuse palumine ) practices, to promote ethical conduct (käitumine) by charitable organizations and to advance support of philanthropy .
At the moment..
Warren Buffett – 83% ( $31 billion )
Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation
The largest single charitable donation ( $ 10 million )
Top celebrity givers
Oprah Winfrey ( $50.2 million )
Herb Alpert ( $13 million )
Barbra Streisand ( $11 million )
Oil spill in the gulf of Mexico ;Chile ; Haiti
Good Deed Foundation
Development Co-operation and Humanitarian Aid
elimination of world poverty and the Millennium Development Goals
save human lives focusing on the most vulnerable population groups
To contribute to reducing global poverty and human development in developing countries
to support peace and stability, the granting of human rights, the development of democracy as well as the promoting of good governance practices in developing countries
to support economic development and the liberalisation of international trade system and
to support environmentally sustainable development.
0,1% of Gross National Income (GNI) annually
Objectives and priorities are outlined in the "Principles of Estonian Development Co-operation" approved by the Riigikogu
The Ministry of Foreign Affairs co-ordinates programmes
“ The Strategy of Estonian Development Co-operation and Humanitarian Aid 2006-2010“ - approved in 2006
Georgia, Moldova, Ukraine and Afghanistan
Providing relief to war refugees and emergency assistance after natural disasters
The Ministry of Foreign Affairs is responsible
At the national level - the Ministry of Internal Affairs and the Estonian Red Cross.
Lebanon, Sudan, Iraq, Kosovo, Chechnya and Afghanistan - in helping to meet basic needs
Support to earthquake victims in Iran, Turkey, India and Pakistan
Soften the consequences of the floods in Poland and Czech Republic and famine in Georgia
Humanitarian aid to the victims of the Haiti earthquake (January 2010) 2 500 000 (EEK)
Estonian Disaster Relief Team IHP Support Mission in Haiti (January 2010) 297 309 (EEK)
Estonian Disaster Relief Team IHP Base Camp Mission in Haiti (January - February 2010) 1 072 936 (EEK)
Estonian public opinion regarding development co-operation
Period: March 2008
Target group of those surveyed and sample size:
Population : 1,001 Estonian inhabitants aged 15-74
Opinion leaders : 150 politicians, senior civil servants, journalists and representatives of the third sector
The population’s interest in global issues has grown
*The term fair trade is unknown for most of the population
Awareness of Estonia’s development cooperation has not increased
Both the population and the majority of opinion leaders think that Estonia should render assistance to less developed countries
The amount allocated from the state budget should stay at the same level or be increased
From the Estonian state budget, 180 million kroons or 130 kroons per inhabitant is allocated each year for development and humanitarian assistance. Should Estonia