Introduction to Neurolinguistics

2,199 views

Published on

Published in: Education, Technology
0 Comments
2 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
2,199
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
10
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
71
Comments
0
Likes
2
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Introduction to Neurolinguistics

  1. 1. NEUROLINGUISTICS Andrea Fuentes Molina Andrea Penalva Martínez Alexandra Ruiz Martínez Mercedes Zapirain Prieto
  2. 2. INDEX
  3. 3. 1. LINGUISTICS • What is Linguistics? • Internal vs External Linguistics
  4. 4. EXTERNAL LINGUISTICS • Psycholinguistics • Etnolinguistics • Sociology of language • Applied linguistics
  5. 5. 2. NEUROLINGUISTICS
  6. 6. http://kidshealth.org/kid/interactive/brain_it.html
  7. 7. BRAIN BONES
  8. 8. LOBES
  9. 9. 4. LANGUAGE PATHOLOGIES • Emission: 1. Agraphy: Writing difficulties. 2. Stutter: upset related to verbal fluency. 3. Aphonia: voice upset. 4. Dislalia: deficient verbal expression with a none nuerologic origin.
  10. 10. 4. LANGUAGE PATHOLOGIES • Reception: 1. Pure verbal deafness: hearing without a linguistic codification. 2. Alexia: loss of reading ability. 3. Hipoacusia: low perception of sounds.
  11. 11. 4. LANGUAGE PATHOLOGIES • Both: 1. Aphasia: Difficulties in expression and reception of verbal signs. 2. Apraxia: inability to create responses to a verbal order. 3. Agnosia: incapacity to understand symbolic meanings.
  12. 12. 4. LANGUAGE PATHOLOGIES
  13. 13. 4. LANGUAGE PATHOLOGIES
  14. 14. 4. LANGUAGE PATHOLOGIES
  15. 15.  APHASIAS • Wernicke’s aphasia: altered comprehension and fluid language without sense. • Broca’s aphasia: emission. comprehension. altered Normal • Conduction aphasia: incapacity to repeat, even though the emission is pretty fluid. • Anomic aphasia: problems with the name of the objects. http://www.youtube.com/wat ch?v=IHKUwBP0xNk
  16. 16. 5. APPLICATIONS 1. Neurolinguistic Approach to the acquisition of a second language (by Germain and Netten) • • Explicit knowledge (external grammar): the conscious awareness of how the language works, its grammar rules, its vocabulary... Implicit competence (internal grammar): the ability to use a second language in a spontaneous way.
  17. 17. 5. APPLICATIONS The five fundamental principles: 1. Acquisition of an internal grammar (implicit competence) 2. Use of a literacy perspective for teaching the second language 3. Use of a project-based pedagogy 4. Use of authentic communicative situations 5. Use of interactive strategies
  18. 18. 5. APPLICATIONS 2. Neuro-Linguistic Programming (by Bandler and Grinder) A controversial method • • For: “NLP is an incredibly powerful discipline that enables people to unblock the structures of human communication and human excellence (...) people can think, communicate and manage themselves, and others, more effectively...” Against: “NLP is aimed at enhancing the healing process by changing the conscious and subconscious beliefs of patients about themselves, their illnesses, and the world. These limiting beliefs are "reprogrammed" using a
  19. 19. 6. AUTHORS Franz Joseph Gall (1758 1828): • Phrenology. • Mental functions reside in specific cerebral areas. • Cranium surface. Richard Bandler (1950 -) and John Grinder (1940 -): • Neuro - linguistic Programming(PNL) • Conflicts.
  20. 20. 6. AUTHORS Alexander Luria (1902 1977): Lev Vygotsky (1896 1934): • Study of the cerebral mechanisms implied in verbal activity and the changes in the linguistic processes provoked by local injuries. • Relation between language and thought.
  21. 21. 7. BIBLIOGRAPHY http://kidshealth.org/kid/htbw/brain.html http://www7.uc.cl/sw_educ/neurociencias/ http://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Franz_Joseph_Gall http://www.phrenology.com/franzjosephgall.html http://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Richard_Bandler http://www.richardbandler.com/ http://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Programaci%C3%B3n_neuroling%C3%BC%C3%ADstica#Postulados_b.C 3.A1sicos
  22. 22. 7. BIBLIOGRAPHY http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Neurolinguistic_approach_to_second-_(or_foreign-)_language_acquisition https://jps.library.utoronto.ca/index.php/twpl/article/view/6439/3427 http://www.inspiritive.com.au/nlp.htm http://medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/Neurolinguistic+Programming http://www.som.surrey.ac.uk/NLP/Resources/IntroducingNLP.pdf http://ccat.sas.upenn.edu/plc/clpp/proposal/node2.html http://waucondastore.com/opposition-external-internal-linguistics/
  23. 23. 7. BIBLIOGRAPHY http://www.johngrinder.com/ http://www.slideshare.net/ingridsita/neurolinguistica-21806367 http://www.slideshare.net/eloyocciso/neurolingstica-final http://www.slideshare.net/OrlandoAndrs/cap-iii-vigotsky

×