Drug Identification And EnforcementPresentation Transcript
Drug Identification and Enforcement FTO Damon Dees 184 BJH Dept. of Public Safety
Identify Drug Schedules
Identify Drug Categories and Examples
Identify Signs and Symptoms
Identify Missouri Criminal Code
Each of the controlled substances is identified under one of five schedules. Controlled Substances and appropriate schedules listed under RSMo §195.017 Schedule I Schedule II Schedule III Schedule IV Schedule V Drug Schedules
Schedule I Drugs
High potential use for abuse and no accepted medical use or lacks accepted safety for use in treatment under medical supervision.
A less potential for abuse but has a currently accepted medical use and abuse may lead to moderate or low physical dependence, or high psychological dependence (amphetamines are an example)
Ketamine, Anabolic Steroids
Drug Schedules Schedule IV Drugs
Low potential for abuse – may lead to limited physical or psychological dependence (diazepam or certain concentrations of codeine are examples)
Benzo- diazepines aka Xanax or Valium
Drug Schedules Schedule V Drugs
Similar to Schedule IV, but specifically includes preparations containing limited quantities of certain narcotic drugs.
Examples from RSMo §195.017
(a) Not more than two and five-tenths milligrams of diphenoxylate and not less than twenty-five micrograms of atropine sulfate per dosage unit; (b) Not more than one hundred milligrams of opium per one hundred milliliters or per one hundred grams; (c) Not more than five-tenths milligram of difenoxin and not less than twenty-five micrograms of atropine sulfate per dosage unit;
Alcohol Barbiturates (Mebural and Nembutal) Benzodiazepines (Xanax and Valium) Gamma-hydroxybutyrate (GHB) CNS Depressants
Signs and Symptoms CNS Depressants
Horizontal Gaze Nystagmus – Present Vertical Gaze Nystagmus – Present in high dose Lack of Convergence – Present Pupil Size – Normal (1) Reaction to Light – Slow Pulse – Down (2) Blood Pressure – Down Body Temperature – Normal Muscle Tone – Flaccid 1 – Soma & Quaaludes usually dilate 2 – Quaaludes & Alcohol may elevate CNS Depressant Signs
3 Certain psychedelic amphetamines cause slowing Hallucinogen Signs
Dazed Appearance Body Tremors Synesthesia (4) Hallucinations Paranoia Uncoordinated Nausea Difficulty in Speech Perspiring Poor Perception of Time and Distance Memory Loss 4 – Brain’s misinterpretation of senses Hallucinogen Symptoms
Horizontal Gaze Nystagmus – Present Vertical Gaze Nystagmus – Present Lack of Convergence – Present Pupil Size – Normal Reaction to Light – Normal Pulse – Up Blood Pressure – Up Body Temperature – Up Muscle Tone - Rigid Dissociative Anesthetic Signs
Horizontal Gaze Nystagmus – None Vertical Gaze Nystagmus – None Lack of Convergence – None Pupil Size – Constricted Reaction to Light – Little or None Visible Pulse – Down Blood Pressure – Down Body Temperature – Down Muscle Tone - Flaccid Narcotic Analgesic Signs
Horizontal Gaze Nystagmus – Present Vertical Nystagmus – Present in high dose Lack of Convergence – Present Pupil Size – Normal (5) Reaction to light – Slow Pulse – Up Blood Pressure – up/down (6) Body Temperature – up/down/normal Muscle Tone – flaccid 5 Normal but may be dilated 6 Down with anesthetic gases – up with volatile solvents & aerosols Inhalants Signs
Residue of substance around mouth and nose Odor of substance Possible nausea Slurred Speech Disorientation Confusion Bloodshot, watery eyes Lack of muscle control Flushed face Non-communicative Intense headaches Inhalants Symptoms
Marijuana Hashish Cannabis
Cannabis Signs and Symptoms
Horizontal Gaze Nystagmus – none Vertical Nystagmus – none Lack of convergence – present Pupil size – dilated (7) Reaction to light – normal Pulse – up Blood Pressure – up Body Temperature – normal Muscle Tone – normal 7 Possibly normal Cannabis Signs
Marked reddening of conjunctiva Odor of Marijuana Body tremors Eyelid tremors Relaxed inhibitions Increased appetite Impaired perception of time & distance Disorientations Possible paranoia Cannabis Symptoms
Cannabis Nepalese Columbian Thai
Chapter 195 RSMo defines and regulates the use of controlled substances. http://www.moga.mo.gov/statutes/c195.htm Missouri Criminal Code
A person commits the crime of possession of a controlled substance if he/she: Knew of the presence of the substance; AND Knew of the illegal nature of the substance; AND Had actual or constructive possession of the substance; AND The substance was a controlled substance. Penalty varies §195.202 Possession or control of a controlled substance, penalty.
A person to whom or for whose use any controlled substance in Schedule II has been prescribed, sold, or dispensed by a physician, dentist, podiatrist, or pharmacist, or other person authorized under the provisions of section 195.050 and the owner of any animal for which any such drug has been prescribed, sold, or dispensed, by a veterinarian, may lawfully possess it only in the container in which it was delivered to him by the person selling or dispensing the same. §195.110 User of controlled substance to keep it in container in which obtained.
Knowingly Distributes; OR Delivers; OR Manufactures; OR Produces A controlled substance; OR Attempts to Distribute; OR Deliver; OR Manufacture; OR Produce A controlled substance; OR Knowingly possesses with the intent to Distribute; OR Deliver; OR Manufacture; OR Produce A controlled substance §195.211 Distribution, delivery, manufacture or production of a controlled substance, violations and attempted violations, penalty.
A person commits the crime of possession or use of drug paraphernalia if he/she: Uses, or possesses with the intent to use Paraphernalia; To plant propagate, cultivate, grow, harvest manufacture, compound, convert, produce, process, prepare, test, analyze, pack, repack, store, contain, conceal, inject, ingest, inhale, or otherwise introduce into the human body A controlled substance or imitation controlled substance. §195.233Use or Possession of Drug Paraphernalia
A person commits the crime of possession of ephedrine if he/she: Possesses any methamphetamine precursor drug; AND Possesses such substance with the intent to manufacture methamphetamine or its analogs. Class D Felony See §195.400 for list of regulated chemicals §195.246Possession of Ephedrine
It is unlawful for any person to possess chemicals listed in subsection 2 of section 195.400, or reagents, or solvents, or any other chemicals proven to be precursor ingredients of methamphetamine or amphetamine, as established by expert testimony pursuant to subsection 3 of this section, with the intent to manufacture, compound, convert, produce, process, prepare, test, or otherwise alter that chemical to create a controlled substance or a controlled substance analogue in violation of sections 195.005 to 195.425. A person who violates this section is guilty of a class C felony. The state may present expert testimony to provide a prima facie case that any chemical, whether or not listed in subsection 2 of section 195.400, is an immediate precursor ingredient for producing methamphetamine or amphetamine. §195.420Creation of Controlled substance
When dealing with unknown pills call Poison Control and they can Identify them by the numbers on the pill. 1-800-392-9111 Additional Information
Corporal Scott Connor – Sullivan Police Dept. Instructor at The Law Enforcement Training Institute at the University of Missouri – Columbia www.erowids.org Special Thanks to: