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    Vegetarianism Vegetarianism Presentation Transcript

    • Vegetarianism Beth Sutton Sophomore Dietetics Student at SUNY Oneonta
    • Vegetarianism Topics to be covered: Types of vegetarians History of vegetarianism The position of the ADA Advantages and disadvantages of a vegetarian diet How to complete proteins Adjusting recipes to be vegetarian friendly This presentation is meant to increase your knowledge of the vegetarian diet
    • Vegetarianism At the end of this presentation: You will have learned at least one new fact about vegetarianism You will have a greater understanding of the vegetarian diet
    • Types of Vegetarians Lacto-Ovo Vegetarians: Eat plant, egg, and dairy products Do not consume any animal flesh Most common type of vegetarian in the US Lacto Vegetarians: Eat plant and dairy products Do not consume any animal flesh or egg products
    • Types of Vegetarians Vegans: Do not consume any type of animal product or derived animal products (such as honey) Meat Restrictors Consume no red meat Eat fish and poultry Not a true vegetarian
    • History Egyptians 3200 BC Karmic beliefs Pythagoras Avoid animal cruelty Slaughtering animals brutalizes the human soul Renaissance Food shortages-meat expensive Discovery of new plants
    • History Enlightenment Beliefs in animal consciousness Religious beliefs that flesh consumption is against God’s laws WWI Victory Gardens Food Shortages Modern Day Avoiding diseases (Mad Cow, Salmonella, etc.) Healthy Living
    • Position of the American Dietetic Association “It is the position of the American Dietetic Association and Dietitians of Canada that appropriately planned vegetarian diets are healthful, nutritionally adequate, and provide health benefits in the prevention and treatment of certain diseases”
    • Advantages of a Vegetarian Diet Lower levels of saturated fat Low or no consumption of cholesterol High intake of: Carbohydrates Fiber Magnesium Potassium Folate Antioxidants Phytochemicals
    • Advantages (cont) Vegetarians have lower reported Body Mass Indices Vegetarians reportedly die less often from heart disease than non-vegetarians Vegetarians Show: Lower blood pressure Lower blood cholesterol Lower rates of hypertension, type 2 diabetes, prostate, and colon cancer
    • Disadvantages of Vegetarian Diets Limiting foods makes adequate consumption of nutrients difficult Risk Vitamin B12 deficiency Inadequate vitamin D consumption if no dairy is consumed Can cause rickets in children
    • Disadvantages (cont) Sometimes hard to consume adequate amount of calories High risk of iron deficiency anemia Risk protein deficiencies
    • Iron Vegetarians are encouraged to watch iron consumption more carefully Consume citrus juice while eating to enhance absorption Good iron sources include: Cereals Organic acids (citrus) Legumes
    • Completing Proteins Plant sources of protein lack certain amino acids and must be combined to form complete proteins A legume and a grain A grain and a nut or seed A legume and a nut or seed
    • Combine Grains and Combine Grains and Combine Legumes and Legumes Nuts/Seeds Nuts/Seeds Peanut butter on Whole-wheat bun with Humus (chickpeas and whole-wheat bread sesame seeds sesame paste) Breadsticks rolled with Trail mix (peanuts and Rice and beans sesame seeds sunflower seeds) Rice cakes with peanut Bean soup and a roll butter Salad with chickpeas and cornbread Tofu-vegetable stir-fry over rice or pasta Vegetarian chili with bread
    • Adjusting Recipes for Vegetarians Substitute tofu for meat in any recipe- tofu will absorb the flavors of whatever you cook it in Use vegetable stock instead of chicken or beef stock Add vegetables to whatever you are cooking to add bulk Use non-dairy products in place of typical dairy products
    • Conclusion Vegetarian diets can be a healthy alternative to typical meat consumption There are many variations on vegetarian diets Consuming adequate nutrients can be difficult for people who limit their consumption of certain foods
    • Conclusion Favorite recipes can be altered to suit a vegetarian guest or family member Vegetarianism has a rich and far reaching history through time
    • THANK YOU FOR YOUR TIME Visit the website of the American Dietetic Association at http://www.eatright.org Look into vegetarian information at the Vegetarian Resource Group website http://www.vrg.org Contact a faculty member of the College at Oneonta at http://www.oneonta.edu