submission productions presents:‫ت‬‫ـ‬‫ـ‬‫وجي‬‫ـ‬‫ـ‬‫ـ‬‫املستقبل‬ ‫ه‬‫ـ‬‫ـ‬‫ـ‬‫ـ‬‫ـ‬‫ـ‬‫ـ‬‫ـ‬‫ـ‬‫ـ‬‫ـ‬‫ـ‬‫ـ‬‫ـ‬‫ـ‬‫ـ‬‫ـ‬‫ـ...
The Advisory of Those Who Face the QiblahPage 2ALL MAPS AND PROJECTIONS CONTAINED HEREIN ARE ONLYAPPROXIMATIONS(copyright ...
The Advisory of Those Who Face the QiblahPage 3‫بس‬‫ـــ‬‫الرحيم‬ ‫الرحمن‬ ‫اهلل‬ ‫م‬In the name of Allah this debate is pr...
The Advisory of Those Who Face the QiblahPage 4giant, intimidating others only by its size, while its heart is as weak and...
The Advisory of Those Who Face the QiblahPage 5talkers have dominated and the ignorance overcame the knowledge. Be careful...
The Advisory of Those Who Face the QiblahPage 6have mercy on you. Ignorance is not an excuse, so if you do not knowwhat re...
The Advisory of Those Who Face the QiblahPage 7‫ن‬ِ‫إ‬َ‫اّلل‬َ‫ل‬ُ‫ض‬ِ‫ب‬ْ‫ق‬َ‫ي‬َ‫ْم‬‫ل‬ِ‫الع‬‫ا‬ً‫اع‬َ‫ز‬ِ‫ت‬ْ‫ن‬‫ا‬ُ‫و‬...
The Advisory of Those Who Face the QiblahPage 8who say, “Don’t ask, just believe.” Nor are the numbers of people who are d...
The Advisory of Those Who Face the QiblahPage 9thereby preventing the fulfillment of millions of people’s Hajj or ^Umrah, ...
The Advisory of Those Who Face the QiblahPage10Table of ContentsTHE DIRECTIONS ..............................................
The Advisory of Those Who Face the QiblahPage11THE DIRECTIONSThere are four cardinal directions and six relative direction...
The Advisory of Those Who Face the QiblahPage12must seek. Know this to protect yourself from another northeast trick.A per...
The Advisory of Those Who Face the QiblahPage13In fact, as a person faces east, the north is to his left, the west is behi...
The Advisory of Those Who Face the QiblahPage14“If the night approaches from here (and he signaled tothe east), and the da...
The Advisory of Those Who Face the QiblahPage15A map is not the religious reference for facing the Qiblah, as will come. H...
The Advisory of Those Who Face the QiblahPage16‫وِبهلل‬‫امتوفيق‬
The Advisory of Those Who Face the QiblahPage17THE OBLIGATION OF FACING THE KA^BAHLinguistically, „qiblah‟ is the name of ...
The Advisory of Those Who Face the QiblahPage18‫ا‬َ‫و‬ ِ‫ال‬َ‫م‬ِّ‫ش‬‫ال‬ ِ‫ل‬ْ‫َى‬‫أ‬ ُ‫ة‬َ‫ل‬ْ‫ب‬ِ‫ق‬ ُ‫وب‬ُ‫ن‬َْ‫ْل‬‫ا‬...
The Advisory of Those Who Face the QiblahPage19‫لو‬ْ‫و‬َ‫ق‬‫ل‬ ‫ا‬َ‫يى‬َ‫غ‬ ‫دون‬ ‫ة‬‫حج‬ ‫مة‬ ْ‫اْل‬ ‫ه‬ِ‫ذ‬َ‫ى‬ ‫اع‬َْ‫ْ...
The Advisory of Those Who Face the QiblahPage20We are not ordered to calculate a travel route to face, nor to measure the ...
The Advisory of Those Who Face the QiblahPage213. If you do not have knowledge of the Ka^bah by seeing it, nor are you inf...
The Advisory of Those Who Face the QiblahPage22Adillatul-Qiblah (the Qiblah References)Over 1,000 years ago, the scholars ...
The Advisory of Those Who Face the QiblahPage23The one who learns properly will be able to find the directions any time of...
The Advisory of Those Who Face the QiblahPage24“Since Earth has a spherical shape, we can use the formula for great circle...
The Advisory of Those Who Face the QiblahPage25We do not cite this hadith to discredit knowledge, literacy or math, and th...
The Advisory of Those Who Face the QiblahPage26evidence. However, his opinion is meaningless in the Religion of Allah. We ...
The Advisory of Those Who Face the QiblahPage27calculus or trigonometry problem that contradicts it? When it was said to s...
The Advisory of Those Who Face the QiblahPage28
The Advisory of Those Who Face the QiblahPage29UNRAVELLING AN OPTICAL ILLUSIONBe certain that each cardinal direction is d...
The Advisory of Those Who Face the QiblahPage30Figure ‎0-1: Nuh Keller diagram 1This picture is a cropped scan from his bo...
The Advisory of Those Who Face the QiblahPage31diagram, thus promoting one illusion among several. As for the globe, it ha...
The Advisory of Those Who Face the QiblahPage32So, whoever confirms that directions are real and that each direction is di...
The Advisory of Those Who Face the QiblahPage335. Also, it is the imagination that concludes that Allah exists in a place,...
The Advisory of Those Who Face the QiblahPage34Figure 4: illusion of curved linesOne can find many, many optical illusions...
The Advisory of Those Who Face the QiblahPage35whether cubical, cylindrical or spherical. Now that you are more familiar w...
The Advisory of Those Who Face the QiblahPage36leaving out a factor. If one says that they did not need the North Pole bec...
The Advisory of Those Who Face the QiblahPage37or Qiyas. The best that they can do for this is bring names of contemporari...
The Advisory of Those Who Face the QiblahPage38In the real, physical world, a learned Muslim would look for the sunrise to...
The Advisory of Those Who Face the QiblahPage39Had Nuh Keller demonstrated in his picture that there is a curve; a change ...
The Advisory of Those Who Face the QiblahPage40PEOPLE WHO FACE NORTHEAST DO NOT READ THE MAP1. globe/glōb/ … A spherical r...
The Advisory of Those Who Face the QiblahPage41take place for the one who does not look at the globe like a map. Whoever r...
The Advisory of Those Who Face the QiblahPage42said that one can change cardinal directions without changing relative dire...
The Advisory of Those Who Face the QiblahPage43These answers of theirs are a result of not actually reading the map, and a...
The Advisory of Those Who Face the QiblahPage44A and B and not being concerned with the cardinal directions of north, sout...
The Advisory of Those Who Face the QiblahPage45A second set of lines passing through the poles is known as „meridians of l...
The Advisory of Those Who Face the QiblahPage46Figure ‎0-1: a flat map is still valid if the landmasses comply with the gr...
The Advisory of Those Who Face the QiblahPage47exists because different maps have different purposes. When did the Muslims...
The Advisory of Those Who Face the QiblahPage48And so, we ask the northeast supporter, “Is latitude and longitude relevant...
The Advisory of Those Who Face the QiblahPage49be by the sunrise. However, a mere ball or sphere is not looked at as havin...
The Advisory of Those Who Face the QiblahPage50MORE ILLUSIONSNow, if it is clear that all cardinal directions are differen...
The Advisory of Those Who Face the QiblahPage51Figure ‎0-1: Nuh Keller diagram 2 (labelled)A CACA
The Advisory of Those Who Face the QiblahPage52How many illusions can you detect?1. One illusion is that the circles seem ...
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the advisory of those who face the qiblah

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Clarification that one must face the direction in prayer, and not a travel route, that the shape of the Earth does not influence the prayer direction, that their line drawn over the globe is not an unchanging direction, and that the method that leads to praying northeast is altogether invalid.

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  • May Allaah the Exalted raise your rank and reward you greatly Aameen and Aameen
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  • ok, i'm gonna start posting my northeast debates on this site, in sha' allah... all of this is for the sake of Allah, in sha' Allah, not for the mere sake of arguing...
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  • the people who face northeast are scared of this book, and they are scared of the one who can use the information in this book. they run, they block you, they erase your comments, they erase the link, they refuse to talk... do the right thing brothers and sisters, fight this deviance!!
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  • it's been almost a month, and I've had a small number of debates, as you can see in my previous post. the one who reads the debates can see a common theme between those who are supporting northeast: lack of clarity and lots of convolution, and that is natural, because they are trying to prove a mistake to be correct... coming soon, in sha' Allah, the explanation of this book on youtube...as soon as i figure out how to do it the way i want...
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  • northeast debates for whoever is interested:

    http://www.facebook.com/note.php?note_id=10150785795141673
    http://www.facebook.com/note.php?note_id=10150785874881673
    http://www.facebook.com/note.php?note_id=10150784903676673
    http://www.facebook.com/note.php?note_id=10150774378171673
    http://www.facebook.com/note.php?note_id=10150477504826673
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the advisory of those who face the qiblah

  1. 1. submission productions presents:‫ت‬‫ـ‬‫ـ‬‫وجي‬‫ـ‬‫ـ‬‫ـ‬‫املستقبل‬ ‫ه‬‫ـ‬‫ـ‬‫ـ‬‫ـ‬‫ـ‬‫ـ‬‫ـ‬‫ـ‬‫ـ‬‫ـ‬‫ـ‬‫ـ‬‫ـ‬‫ـ‬‫ـ‬‫ـ‬‫ـ‬‫ـ‬‫ـ‬‫ـ‬‫ـ‬‫ـ‬‫ـ‬‫ـ‬‫ـ‬‫ـ‬‫ـ‬‫ين‬THE ADVISORY OF THOSE WHO FACE THE QIBLAH‫ل‬‫لحاض‬‫ــ‬‫رين‬‫الم‬‫توجه‬‫ـ‬‫ين‬‫المسافرين‬ ‫وجهة‬directed toward the residents who face themselves in prayer like travelersClarification that one must face the direction in prayer, and not a travel route, that the shape of the earth does notinfluence the prayer direction, that their line drawn over the globe is not an unchanging direction, and that the method thatleads to praying northeast is altogether invalid, like every other rejection of the Sunnah.b y s t u d e n t s o f o r t h o d o x f i q h
  2. 2. The Advisory of Those Who Face the QiblahPage 2ALL MAPS AND PROJECTIONS CONTAINED HEREIN ARE ONLYAPPROXIMATIONS(copyright is religiously invalid)**website may misalign the table of contents**UPDATED 06-03-2013
  3. 3. The Advisory of Those Who Face the QiblahPage 3‫بس‬‫ـــ‬‫الرحيم‬ ‫الرحمن‬ ‫اهلل‬ ‫م‬In the name of Allah this debate is produced after having the issue of the Qiblahpresented in a way that dictated study and concentration. It is a refutation ofsome of what is in a famous book prepared for the purpose of defending thenorth-eastern qiblah in North America. If what will be refuted by this booklet issufficiently discredited, then everything in that textbook that validates northeastas the Qiblah in North America is discredited.Fortunately, that book’s level is above the average person’s understanding andinterest, leaving much of it to be neglected by the reader. Unfortunately,however, it is dangerous from two points of view:1. He who thinks he understands this issue properly and confirms northeastwill become more confused by the book without realizing it. This isbecause it is jammed with so much information, which in the end was allinserted with the goal of (mis)leading a person towards what is actually amistake. That book is reminiscent of the books of Dr. York, in the respectsthat it is loaded with “fact” after “fact”, that by the time the person reachesthe end, he thinks he has understood something great, while actually helost his way.2. That book’s size and diagrams encourage the person who prays in thewrong direction, and intimidate the person who prays in the correctdirection. People see how thick the book is and assume that it mustcontain the truth. They trust its author and think of him as a forerunningscholar. Truly, the most powerful aspect of the book is only its thicknessand its pictures. A number of those misleading pictures are placed in thebeginning of the book so that the masses who will not read the book willbe satisfied with a (misleading) visual, and so we will address some of thosepictures, God willing. When looking past those two issues, and getting tothe heart of the proof, it becomes clear that the book is like a cowardly
  4. 4. The Advisory of Those Who Face the QiblahPage 4giant, intimidating others only by its size, while its heart is as weak andmeasly as that of a child.Its academic approach may have caused many of those who are on the right pathto lower their heads, for the masses of the people are not equipped to deal withthe fallacies and mathematics presented therein. As a service to those poorMuslims who are not vastly knowledgeable about the different aspects ofgeography, geometry, trigonometry and the like, and for those who are gratefulthat this northeast mistake has been brought to their attention, here are answersfrom basic Fiqh, geography, and simple matters of logic. If one learns this bookproperly, he will be able to protect himself and the laypeople from the manyfallacies of the northeast argument. In fact, it is probably the best refutation ofthis fallacy, and may have the answer to every fallacy they produce. If Allahwilled, an index will be included for quick reference.This book is not necessarily to convince those who pray northeast. They aregenerally hard to convince, but a little easier to silence. How do you anticipate thereaction of one who, if disproven, will have to face years of make-up Prayers(qada’)? They would rather fight to the end, believe that when they face northeast,they are facing the tropical region and not the arctic region, and hope for themercy of Allah in the Afterlife. Only the honest and sincere slave of Allahwillingly retracts a mistake and is happy to reconcile it. Hopefully they will beconvinced, but this booklet is more for assuring and empowering those who facethe proper direction, and swaying those who are doubtful.There is no math or special terminology that is not easily understood, but thereare a few diagrams that address the most basic and vital matters needed tounderstand the case and repel the fallacies. One may need to read some passagesmore than once to understand them; remember that the proper way to acquirethe knowledge is by teachers with isnad (chains of narration) and not reading onone’s own. Unfortunately, we have reached the age where the swindlers and slick
  5. 5. The Advisory of Those Who Face the QiblahPage 5talkers have dominated and the ignorance overcame the knowledge. Be carefulabout him from whom you seek your knowledge. If you are fortunate enough tofind this booklet truthful, then question your imam or shaykh, and insist that heanswers the questions in the booklet. Be enraged for the sake of Allah and not foryour own sake; because of these people who are misleading the Muslims, and donot be silent; be proactive to help bring an end to this grave, grave mistake.Lastly, it is important to know that this document, with its scolding and subtleharshness, is directed toward two types of people:1. As for the layman who merely followed his imam without verifying thevalidity of his worship, know that it is obligatory on you to verify, and yourimam’s known mistake (i.e. known by the clear Religious Rules) is yourmistake if you followed him1. Being a follower who is able to verify thecorrectness of your worship will not save you from the invalid acts of yourimam. This is why the Prophet ‫ﷺ‬ said in the hadith about the obligationof acquiring the knowledge:ٍ‫ى‬ِ‫ه‬ْ‫س‬ُ‫ي‬ ِّ‫م‬ُ‫ك‬ َٗ‫ه‬َ‫ع‬ ٌ‫ت‬َ‫ض‬‫ي‬ ِ‫ﺮ‬َ‫ف‬ ِ‫ى‬ْ‫ه‬ِ‫ع‬ْ‫ن‬‫ا‬ ُ‫ب‬َ‫ه‬َ‫ط‬“Seeking the (religious) knowledge (that isrelevant to the individual) is an obligation onevery Muslim2”He also said:ّ‫بانخفق‬ ّ‫ٔانفق‬“The Fiqh (detailed religious rules) is acquired bylearning.”It was on you to acquire the knowledge; to learn what is valid and what isinvalid, and then implement it, and it was not proper for you to merelyhave faith in your imam and live the life of one who is blind, may Allah1Among the conditions for the validity of the Congregational Prayer is not to know that theimam‟s prayer is invalid or to think that the imam‟s prayer is invalid.2Deemed a hasan hadith by Hafidh Al-Mizziyy
  6. 6. The Advisory of Those Who Face the QiblahPage 6have mercy on you. Ignorance is not an excuse, so if you do not knowwhat renders the prayer invalid, this does not mean that your prayer is stillvalid if you committed an invalidator ignorantly. Among what proves thata person might invalidate his prayer, despite his ignorance and despite hisgood intention, is when the Prophet ‫ﷺ‬ said three times to the man in thehadith called “the hadith of the man who prayed incorrectly3”:ِّ‫م‬َ‫ص‬ُ‫ح‬ ْ‫ى‬َ‫ن‬ َ‫ك‬ََِّ‫إ‬َ‫ف‬ ،ِّ‫م‬َ‫ص‬َ‫ف‬ ْ‫ع‬ ِ‫ج‬ْ‫اﺭ‬“Go back and pray, for you have not prayed4”If you know that Makkah is in the hot lands, the direction of which from usis south, and that north is the direction of the cold lands in comparison toour location, then if your imam faces northeast, you know that your imamis facing the wrong way. Make the proper decision and do what is correct,not incorrect, and do not pay heed to any jahil (ignoramus) who tells youthat you have to follow your imam even if he faces the wrong way (somepeople do say so). We are not obligated to follow someone’s knownmistake. Also, do not listen to any person who makes excuses for himselfand says that if the imams are wrong then they are the people who areaccountable, but the followers are not accountable. This is also untrue.Unless you are sleeping, a child, or insane, then as a Muslim you areaccountable for you deeds, whether you are an imam or a follower.2. As for the imams, shaykhs, and people of leadership positions andinfluence, shame on you, and shame on you again, for ignoring the properreligious rules, solidifying grave mistakes, and calling people to falsehood.Both groups are like what is mentioned in the authentic hadith about the timeof ignorant leaders who mislead their followers5:3Hadithul-musi‟i salatahu4Al-Bukhariyy5‫صحيح‬‫البخاري‬(1/23 ): Sahih al-Bukhariyy
  7. 7. The Advisory of Those Who Face the QiblahPage 7‫ن‬ِ‫إ‬َ‫اّلل‬َ‫ل‬ُ‫ض‬ِ‫ب‬ْ‫ق‬َ‫ي‬َ‫ْم‬‫ل‬ِ‫الع‬‫ا‬ً‫اع‬َ‫ز‬ِ‫ت‬ْ‫ن‬‫ا‬ُ‫و‬ُ‫ع‬ِ‫ز‬َ‫ت‬ْ‫ن‬َ‫ي‬َ‫ن‬ِ‫م‬،ِ‫اد‬َ‫ب‬ِ‫الع‬ْ‫ن‬ِ‫ك‬َ‫ل‬َ‫و‬ُ‫ض‬ِ‫ب‬ْ‫ق‬َ‫ي‬َ‫ْم‬‫ل‬ِ‫الع‬ِ‫ض‬ْ‫ب‬َ‫ق‬ِ‫ب‬،ِ‫اء‬َ‫م‬َ‫ل‬ُ‫الع‬‫ّت‬َ‫ح‬‫ا‬َ‫ذ‬ِ‫إ‬َْ‫ل‬ِ‫ق‬ْ‫ب‬ُ‫ي‬‫ا‬ً‫م‬ِ‫ال‬َ‫ع‬َ‫ذ‬َ‫اَّت‬ُ‫اس‬‫الن‬‫ا‬ً‫وس‬ُ‫ء‬ُ‫ر‬، ً‫ال‬‫ه‬ُ‫ج‬‫وا‬ُ‫ل‬ِ‫ئ‬ُ‫س‬َ‫ف‬‫ا‬ْ‫و‬َ‫ت‬ْ‫َف‬‫أ‬َ‫ف‬ِْ‫ي‬َ‫غ‬ِ‫ب‬،ٍ‫ْم‬‫ل‬ِ‫ع‬‫وا‬ُّ‫ل‬َ‫ض‬َ‫ف‬‫وا‬ُّ‫ل‬َ‫َض‬‫أ‬َ‫و‬“Surely, Allah does not take (away) the knowledge bymerely erasing it from (the hearts of) the slaves,rather, He takes it by taking (the lives of) thescholars. Then, when He does not leave a scholarremaining, the people will take ignorant heads forthemselves. They (the people) ask them (religiousquestions), and they (the ignorant heads) give themfatwa (religious answers) without knowledge. They goastray and they lead others astray6.”This hadith is not about us, for the people who face northeast say that we, thosewho face southeast, are a minority, but this hadith is not talking about a smallgroup of misguided people; throughout history there have been small groupsmisguided by people they considered knowledgeable. Rather, this hadithmentions a general tragedy that befalls the Muslims. Those who face northeastand use ‘the consensus of the scholars’ as evidence fit this hadith perfectly. Theyclaim that using the original rules for facing the Qiblah and therefore facingsoutheast makes us a minority and thus wrong, but we are only calling people towhat the nation of Muhammad has practiced for over 1,400 years, so how couldwe be the minority?Not a soul among you who is sane and sightful is in need of a scientist to verify foryou that Makkah is not northeast of the United States; you only need to finishgrade school. Nor is some people’s leadership positions over the Muslimsevidence for you to defy your own intelligence and face the north to facesomething in the south. Our Religion is not like Christianity; they are the people6It is not a condition for this to happen that there would be absolutely no scholars. The decline inthe number of scholars will cause this to happen, as in our days, so how about if they are all gone?
  8. 8. The Advisory of Those Who Face the QiblahPage 8who say, “Don’t ask, just believe.” Nor are the numbers of people who are defyingtheir own intelligence proof for anyone of you to face the direction of the coldregion (north) to face something in the hot region (south). Although, admittedly itis bewildering and dumbfounding that thousands of people have made such anabsurd mistake. Many people, upon hearing the proofs, found them so simple andstraightforward that they said, “If it were that easy, so many people would nothave made such a mistake.” Then, they find its simplicity farfetched and continueto face northeast.<(ِ‫ار‬ َ‫ص‬ْ‫ب‬َ ْ‫اْل‬ ِ‫وِل‬ُ‫أ‬ َ‫َي‬ ‫وا‬ُ ِ‫ِب‬َ‫ت‬ْ‫ع‬‫ا‬َ‫ف‬)>7<Reflect, O those who have intellects.>Use your brains! Think about it! If you are baffled about the great numbers ofpeople who are facing the wrong way, then if you believe in the Messenger ‫ﷺ‬ ,do not be mislead by their multitudes, for he said in the hadith about thestrangers:‫ن‬ِ‫إ‬َ‫ين‬ِّ‫د‬‫ال‬َ‫أ‬َ‫د‬َ‫ب‬‫ا‬ً‫يب‬ِ‫ر‬َ‫غ‬ُ‫ع‬ِ‫ج‬ْ‫ر‬َ‫ي‬َ‫و‬،‫ا‬ً‫يب‬ِ‫ر‬َ‫غ‬َ‫وب‬ُ‫ط‬َ‫ف‬ِ‫اء‬َ‫ب‬َ‫ر‬ُ‫غ‬ْ‫ل‬ِ‫ل‬َ‫ين‬ِ‫ذ‬‫ال‬َ‫ن‬‫و‬ُ‫ح‬ِ‫ل‬ْ‫ص‬ُ‫ي‬‫ا‬َ‫م‬َ‫د‬َ‫س‬ْ‫ف‬َ‫أ‬ُ‫اس‬‫الن‬ْ‫ن‬ِ‫م‬‫ي‬ِ‫د‬ْ‫ع‬َ‫ب‬ْ‫ن‬ِ‫م‬ِ‫ت‬‫ن‬ُ‫س‬“Certainly, the Religion started as something strange,and it will return to being strange (i.e. what iscorrect will be considered strange), and so good tidingsto the Strangers (al-Ghuraba’), those who correct whatthe people have perverted of my Sunnah after me.”This means that the people will have perverted matters of the Religion, like thesepeople who face northeast have perverted the rules related to prayer. Otherpeople calculate the beginning of the month and thus have perverted rulespertaining to fasting. In recent years, the place of Sa^y has been expanded,7Al-Hashr, 2
  9. 9. The Advisory of Those Who Face the QiblahPage 9thereby preventing the fulfillment of millions of people’s Hajj or ^Umrah, andmany people are also falsely being taught that they can give their Zakah to anygood cause. This is invalid also, for there are specific people allowed to receivethe Zakah. May Allah save the nation of Muhammad, for they are now in a gravesituation. The Ghuraba’ (strangers) are those who work to correct those wrongs.Work to correct those wrongs in this time in which the Religion has againbecome strange. The physical fact is that Makkah is east southeast of the UnitedStates, and even further south from Canada. Northeast is absolutely the wrongway. It is not the people who face southeast in North America who are wrongbecause they are a minority in North America, for like the rest of the Muslimworld, they face the Qiblah. It is the northeasters, the majority of people in NorthAmerica, who are in the minority, opposing the entire Muslim world, past andpresent, the Muslim world that faces the direction of the Ka^bah.It is not a condition that this work be comparable to that one in size, for surelyAllah gave victory to His Prophet Dawud (David) ‫ﷺ‬ in the face of the arrogantgiant Jalut (Goliath).Certainly, Allah supports those who support His Religion, and He helps thosewho help their fellow Muslim.
  10. 10. The Advisory of Those Who Face the QiblahPage10Table of ContentsTHE DIRECTIONS .............................................................................................11THE OBLIGATION OF FACING THE KA^BAH ................................................ 17The Consensus .............................................................................................. 17How to face the Qiblah ............................................................................... 20Adillatul-Qiblah (the Qiblah References) ....................................................... 22UNRAVELLING AN OPTICAL ILLUSION .......................................................... 29PEOPLE WHO FACE NORTHEAST DO NOT READ THE MAP ......................... 40How to read a map ..................................................................................... 44MORE ILLUSIONS ........................................................................................... 50MAKKAH IS SOUTHEAST OF THE U.S.A. AND CANADA ................................ 63FURTHER NORTHEAST FALLACIES.................................................................. 711. Rejecting logic and having exaggerated ignorance:.................................. 722. Refusal of the Sunnah:......................................................................... 723. Considering the surface (or shape) of the earth: ...................................... 744. The legend of “the sun over the Ka^bah”.............................................. 776. Claiming the position of the majority .................................................. 877. Claiming the permissibility of facing any direction, or praying in bothdirections, and claiming to have a valid ijtihad.............................................. 88
  11. 11. The Advisory of Those Who Face the QiblahPage11THE DIRECTIONSThere are four cardinal directions and six relative directions. The cardinal directions arenorth, south, east and west. They are fixed and do not vary depending on one‟s personalposition. These (cardinal) directions do not change, and the shape of the earth does notalter them. North is north underground, over ground, in the sky, at sea, or under the sea.This means that the ground, the surface of the earth, and the shape of the earth all havenothing to do with the directions. South in Alaska is the same as south in Australia, andeast on a mountain top is the same as east in an underground cavern. West in the easternpart of the world is the same as west in the western part of the world, and likewise in thenorthern and southern. From here, you can know that a person who faces northeast“because the earth is not flat” has no idea what he is talking about, even if he in an imam orhas a PHD, so do not be fooled or enticed. Some religious references for these directionswill be mentioned briefly.The relative directions are up, down, left, right, forward and behind. They are called„relative‟ because what is in front of one person, in relation to another, may be behind.Therefore, the east, which is a fixed direction, may be to one person‟s right, but to anotherperson‟s left, since the two sides “right” and “left” are relative directions. As Ahlus-SunnahWal-Jama^ah, we also confirm these relative directions, as At-Tahawiyy8did in hisdocumentation of the unanimous conviction of Ahlus-Sunnah:‫ال‬ّ‫حذٕي‬‫انجٓاث‬‫انسج‬‫كسائﺮ‬‫انًبخﺪعاث‬“The six directions do not contain Him, as is the case of the created things.”However, it is very important to know that these six relative directions are NOT thedirections we must seek for the Qiblah; the command of Allah in the Glorious Book toface the direction of the Ka^bah refers to the cardinal directions; to facing north, east,south or west depending on your location- not “forward”. Forward is not the direction we8‫الطذاّيح‬ ‫هري‬ At-Tahawiyyah
  12. 12. The Advisory of Those Who Face the QiblahPage12must seek. Know this to protect yourself from another northeast trick.A person who supports the north eastern direction should agree that cardinal directions arefixed and that relative directions vary, or else he would be denying reality, and furtherdiscussion would be futile9, and there are some who disagree10, may Allah save us from thedegradation of contradicting the Religion.The directions are physically confirmed and existing. This is true because Allah existedbefore directions. The Messenger of Allah ‫ﷺ‬ said11:ٌ‫ء‬ْ‫ي‬َ‫ش‬ ْ‫ن‬ُ‫ك‬َ‫ي‬ ‫ل‬َ‫و‬ ُ‫اّلل‬ َ‫ن‬‫ا‬َ‫ك‬ْ‫ي‬َ‫غ‬ُ‫ه‬“Allah was (existing), and there was nothing other thanHim.”This proves that the directions have an actual, created existence, because at once they didnot exist. They are not just mere concepts without actual reality. Some scholars defined thejihah (direction) as “Muntaha-l-Isharah” , “The extent of the signal (or pointing)”. All whohave sound senses (and intellects) are able to confirm that there are directions, and thatthose directions have an actual existence; they are not mere concepts or ideas. One cansimply point, or even look into a direction, thereby confirming it12.9So do not continue the conversation, he is too ignorant to understand.10Some who believe that the proper Qiblah is northeast believe that the cardinal directions arerelative. They are confused, and have confessed that they are not sure if Africa is east of the U.S.A.or not.11Al-Bukhariyy12Whoever may be doubtful if those directions actually exist should resort to his senses, for the scholars ofCreed, as well as the scholars of Usul-Fiqh and Hadith, have confirmed that sound senses are a channel forcreatures to achieve definite, certain knowledge12. An-Nasafiyy said:‫ﻗا‬َ‫ل‬ْ‫ﺃ‬ُ‫ل‬‫انذﻕ‬‫ﹼ‬‫ذقاﺌﻕ‬ :‫ﹸ‬‫ﺜابخت‬ ِ‫ﺀ‬‫اﻷﺸﻴا‬‫ﹲ‬،‫ُخ‬ً ‫بٓا‬ ُ‫و‬‫ٔانعه‬‫ﹶ‬‫ذقﻕ‬‫ﹲ‬‫ﺨﻼف‬‫ﹰ‬‫انعهو‬ ُ‫ﺏ‬‫ﺃسبا‬ ٔ .‫نهسٔفسطاﺌﻴت‬ ‫ا‬‫ﹺ‬‫ﺜﻼﺜت‬ ِ‫ﻕ‬‫نهﺨه‬‫ﹲ‬‫انسهﻴًت‬ ‫ﱡ‬‫ﺱ‬‫انذٔا‬ :‫ﹸ‬،‫انصاﺩﻕ‬ ُ‫ﺭ‬‫نﺨب‬ ‫ا‬ ٔ‫ﹸ‬،‫انعق‬ ُٔ‫ل‬“The people of the truth said:The realities of things are confirmed, and the knowledge about them is true, as opposed to the Sophists12.There are three channels through which the creations would have knowledge: the sound senses, the(absolutely) truthful information12, and the mind.”
  13. 13. The Advisory of Those Who Face the QiblahPage13In fact, as a person faces east, the north is to his left, the west is behind him and the southis to his right. If he faces south, the north is behind him, the east is to his left and the west isto his right. As clearly seen, one can easily face directions without concerning himself withtravelling or moving. This fact, that one can face a direction without imagining himselftravelling or comparing himself or his prayer to an airplane, is unquestionable and of theutmost importance. Besides, had one travelled or moved- which is totally irrelevant in theissue of the Qiblah-, his relative directions would be changing, but still unable to escapethese fixed cardinal directions. In other words, his movement also does not make thecardinal directions change, so movement and travelling are meaningless. For the Qiblah,we want a DIRECTION, not a shape, nor a route, motion, arc, or a distance. Rememberthis fact for the rest of your life. If you understand it, it will protect you from believing thenortheast fallacy. It will come back for understanding a lot of what is in this booklet.The Religious proof teaches us, and all humans know -Muslim or not- that the east is thedirection from which the sun rises:<( َ‫م‬ْ‫م‬‫ا‬ َ‫ن‬ِ‫م‬ ِ‫س‬ْ‫م‬َّ‫مش‬ ِ‫ِب‬ ِ‫ِت‬ِ‫أ‬َ‫ي‬ ََّ‫اَّلل‬ َّ‫ن‬ّ‫ا‬َ‫ف‬ ُ‫مي‬ِ‫ه‬‫ا‬َ‫ر‬ْ‫ب‬ّ‫ا‬ َ‫ل‬‫ا‬َ‫ق‬ِ‫ب‬ِ‫ر‬ْ‫غ‬َ‫م‬ْ‫م‬‫ا‬ َ‫ن‬ِ‫م‬ ‫ا‬َ ِ‫ِب‬ ِ‫ت‬ِ‫أ‬َ‫ف‬ ِ‫ق‬ِ ْ‫ْش‬ )>13< Abraham said, “Certainly, Allah brings the sun from the east. Bring it fromthe west”. >It is from that direction- the east- that we know the time of the Dawn Prayer is first in, evenif one were at the North Pole.The west is the direction in which the sun sets, and it is from that direction that we knowthat the Night Prayer is first in. The Messenger of Allah ‫ﷺ‬ said in the hadith about howthe fasting person breaks his fast14:‫ا‬َ‫ﺫ‬ِ‫إ‬َ‫م‬َ‫ب‬ْ‫ﻗ‬َ‫ﺃ‬ُ‫م‬ْ‫ﻴ‬َّ‫ه‬‫ان‬ٍِْ‫ي‬،‫ا‬َََُُْٓ‫ﺮ‬َ‫ب‬ْ‫ﺩ‬َ‫ﺃ‬َُٔ‫اﺭ‬ََُّٓ‫ان‬ٍِْ‫ي‬،‫ا‬ََُُِْٓ‫ج‬َ‫ب‬َ‫ﺮ‬َ‫غ‬َُٔ‫س‬ًَّْ‫ﺸ‬‫ان‬ْ‫ﺪ‬َ‫ق‬َ‫ف‬َ‫ﺮ‬َ‫ط‬ْ‫ف‬َ‫ﺃ‬ُ‫ى‬ِ‫ئ‬‫ا‬َّ‫ص‬‫ان‬13Al-Baqarah, 25814Sahih Al-Bukhariyy
  14. 14. The Advisory of Those Who Face the QiblahPage14“If the night approaches from here (and he signaled tothe east), and the daylight disappears from here (and hesignaled to the west), and the sun has set, the fastingperson breaks fast.”We watch the western horizon to break our fasts and to spot the new moon.The north is known by the North Star, and the south is its opposite. The North Star, alsoknown as the Polaris, is included in the saying of Allah:<(َ‫ون‬ُ‫د‬َ‫ت‬َْ‫َي‬ ُْ‫ُه‬ ِ‫م‬ْ‫ج‬َّ‫ن‬‫م‬ ِ‫ِب‬َ‫>)و‬15<They are guided by the star>.These proofs were mentioned in case a misguided person produces the idea that thedirections are not truly exiting, like some people who liken Allah to the creations do. Itwould not be surprising for a person who is stubborn about the incorrect northeasternqiblah to claim this if cornered, for as you will see, they have made many absurd claims.Hence, when determining the direction of prayer, and not the distance between ourlocation and Makkah, we are concerned with the four cardinal directions that we justreferenced with religious proof: north, south, east and west. That is why the mujtahid,Imam Abu Hanifah, mentioned these cardinal directions, not front and back, or right andleft when he mentioned the unanimous rule about facing the Qiblah16:‫ا‬َ‫و‬ ِ‫ال‬َ‫م‬ِّ‫ش‬‫ال‬ ِ‫ل‬ْ‫َى‬‫أ‬ ُ‫ة‬َ‫ل‬ْ‫ب‬ِ‫ق‬ ُ‫وب‬ُ‫ن‬َْ‫ْل‬‫ا‬َ‫و‬ ِ‫ق‬ِ‫ر‬ْ‫ش‬َ‫ْم‬‫ل‬‫ا‬ ِ‫ل‬ْ‫َى‬‫أ‬ ُ‫ة‬َ‫ل‬ْ‫ب‬ِ‫ق‬ ُ‫ب‬ِ‫ر‬ْ‫غ‬َ‫ْم‬‫ل‬‫ا‬َ‫و‬ ِ‫ب‬ِ‫ر‬ْ‫غ‬َ‫ْم‬‫ل‬‫ا‬ ِ‫ل‬ْ‫َى‬‫أ‬ ُ‫ة‬َ‫ل‬ْ‫ب‬ِ‫ق‬ ُ‫ق‬ِ‫ر‬ْ‫ش‬َ‫ْم‬‫ل‬‫ا‬ُ‫ال‬َ‫م‬ِّ‫ش‬‫ل‬ِ‫ل‬ْ‫َى‬‫أ‬ ُ‫ة‬َ‫ل‬ْ‫ب‬ِ‫ق‬ِ‫وب‬ُ‫ن‬َْ‫ْل‬‫ا‬“The east is the Qiblah of the people of the west, the west is the Qiblah of the people ofthe east, the south is the Qiblah of the people of the north, and the north is the Qiblah ofthe people of the south.”15An-Nahl, 1616‫ذثييي‬‫الذقائق‬‫ششح‬‫كٌز‬‫الذقائق‬‫ّداشيح‬‫الشلثي‬(1/101 ):
  15. 15. The Advisory of Those Who Face the QiblahPage15A map is not the religious reference for facing the Qiblah, as will come. However, if we usea map to talk about these directions, like a globe, then we must read it as a map, and notlook at it as a mere ball. Our concern is praying, not travelling, relocating or moving. It iswhen travelling that one is concerned with the shortest distance between his location andhis destination, with his bearing, and with the relative directions of forward and behind,above, below, right and left, not when praying17.Part of understanding the mistake of those who support northeast is knowing that many, ifnot all of them, do not know what directions are. One of them said, “The direction is thedirection a person moves.” Then when he was asked, “If I move in a circle, what directionis that?” he had no answer. Another part of understanding their mistake is knowing thatthey have mixed these two sets of directions, the relative and the cardinal. The result of thatmixture is that despite that Makkah is south of the U.S.A., and they know that, their fallacyis to say, “If one initiates a travel going northeast (which is a cardinal direction), and thenstayed on a straight course in the direction of „forward‟ (which is a relative direction),without going to the right or the left (relative directions), he would reach Makkah, which issoutheast from us in terms of bearing, not direction.”The conclusion is that they say that one must face north while knowing that Makkah issouth of the U.S.A. However, to make that southern position of Makkah ambiguous, theyevasively say, “Southeast is the bearing, not the direction.” Nonetheless, the Qiblah is notan issue of travel, nor an issue of distance, it is a religious issue of facing a direction. Sayingthat southeast is the bearing is actually a confession that Makkah is truly southeast of us,because it would not be the bearing had it not been southeast. Nor is the Qiblah an issue ofmath, especially not advanced math, but it is a religious issue that must follow religiousguidelines. They have abandoned the religious rules, the Sunnah, and invalidated theirprayers by leaving out a condition: facing the Qiblah.17If one wanted to plot the quickest, shortest course for an airplane, then it would be useful to look at theglobe as a ball, but when labelling directions after that, one must account for all changes in direction in thatplotted course.
  16. 16. The Advisory of Those Who Face the QiblahPage16‫وِبهلل‬‫امتوفيق‬
  17. 17. The Advisory of Those Who Face the QiblahPage17THE OBLIGATION OF FACING THE KA^BAHLinguistically, „qiblah‟ is the name of the thing for which you have „muqabalah‟; the nameof that which you face. Religiously, the Qiblah is the Ka^bah, that known building firsterected by the father of men, Prophet Adam ‫ﷺ‬, and later rebuilt by our Master, ProphetIbrahim (Abraham) ‫ﷺ‬ after it was destroyed in the flood of Prophet Nuh (Noah) ‫ﷺ‬ .Al-Husniyy said18:َ‫ي‬ِْ‫ت‬َ‫ب‬ْ‫ع‬َ‫ك‬ْ‫ن‬‫ا‬‫سًﻴج‬َٔ‫ت‬َ‫ه‬ْ‫ب‬‫ﻗ‬ٌَ ِ‫ﻷ‬ّ‫ه‬َ‫ص‬ًُْ‫ن‬‫ا‬‫ي‬‫يقابهٓا‬“It (The Qiblah) is the Ka^bah. It is named as such (as a „qiblah‟) because the prayingperson is opposite of (or faces) it.”In the Qur‟an, we are ordered with facing the Ka^bah, which is contained in Masjidul-Haram. This is a condition for the validity of the prayer that would be achieved by twosteps:1. Establishing the direction of Makkah from one‟s location by comparing the locationof Makkah to one‟s personal location, then,2. Without concerning oneself with the issues of travel, distance, motion, or the shapeof the earth, and without one imagining himself praying through the earth, over theearth, or any other irrelevant matter, one uses the religious references to his utmostability to simply face that said direction.The ConsensusWe already mentioned that Abu Hanifah clarified the unanimous rule about facing theQiblah19:18‫كفايح‬‫األخياس‬‫في‬‫دل‬‫غايح‬‫االخرصاس‬(1/44 ): Al-Kifayah19‫ذثييي‬‫الذقائق‬‫ششح‬‫كٌز‬‫الذقائق‬‫ّداشيح‬‫الشلثي‬(1/101 ): Tabyin Al-Haqa‟iq
  18. 18. The Advisory of Those Who Face the QiblahPage18‫ا‬َ‫و‬ ِ‫ال‬َ‫م‬ِّ‫ش‬‫ال‬ ِ‫ل‬ْ‫َى‬‫أ‬ ُ‫ة‬َ‫ل‬ْ‫ب‬ِ‫ق‬ ُ‫وب‬ُ‫ن‬َْ‫ْل‬‫ا‬َ‫و‬ ِ‫ق‬ِ‫ر‬ْ‫ش‬َ‫ْم‬‫ل‬‫ا‬ ِ‫ل‬ْ‫َى‬‫أ‬ ُ‫ة‬َ‫ل‬ْ‫ب‬ِ‫ق‬ ُ‫ب‬ِ‫ر‬ْ‫غ‬َ‫ْم‬‫ل‬‫ا‬َ‫و‬ ِ‫ب‬ِ‫ر‬ْ‫غ‬َ‫ْم‬‫ل‬‫ا‬ ِ‫ل‬ْ‫َى‬‫أ‬ ُ‫ة‬َ‫ل‬ْ‫ب‬ِ‫ق‬ ُ‫ق‬ِ‫ر‬ْ‫ش‬َ‫ْم‬‫ل‬‫ا‬ِ‫ل‬ْ‫َى‬‫أ‬ ُ‫ة‬َ‫ل‬ْ‫ب‬ِ‫ق‬ ُ‫ال‬َ‫م‬ِّ‫ش‬‫ل‬ِ‫وب‬ُ‫ن‬َْ‫ْل‬‫ا‬“The east is the Qiblah of the people of the west, the west is the Qiblah of the people ofthe east, the south is the Qiblah of the people of the north, and the north is the Qiblah ofthe people of the south.”Anyone who claims to be a Sunni must conform to the Consensus. At-Tahawiyy conveyed20what Ahlus-Sunnah, the Sunnis, believe about the Consensus:َ‫ال‬ٍََْٔ‫ي‬‫ي‬ِ‫ع‬َّ‫ﺪ‬َ‫ي‬‫ًا‬‫ﺌ‬ْ‫ﻴ‬َ‫ش‬ُ‫ف‬ِ‫ن‬‫ا‬َ‫ﺨ‬ُ‫ي‬َ‫اﺏ‬َ‫خ‬ِ‫ك‬ْ‫ن‬‫ا‬َ‫ت‬َُّ‫ﱡ‬‫س‬‫ان‬ََٔ‫ع‬‫ا‬ًَْ‫ج‬ِ‫إ‬َِٔ‫ت‬َّ‫ي‬ُ ْ‫اﻷ‬“And (we do not believe) anyone who opposes the Book, the Sunnah or the Consensus ofthe Nation.”As for the one who is not a Sunni, like the Kamal Abdali who invented the northeastmethod, he needs to fix his ^aqidah (creed) before he fixes his Qiblah.We verify this Consensus, that the Qiblah in the U.S.A. and Canada is southeast, bypointing out the fact that the Muslims adhered to this rule- that the south is the Qiblah ofthe people of the north- since the time of the Prophet .‫ﷺ‬ The people of North Americaare north of the Ka^bah, so they have to face south. It was the people of North Americawho broke that Consensus, only recently in the 70‟s. Some claim that there is no consensusabout the Qiblah in North America, using as evidence the obvious difference aboutnortheast versus southeast that is now existing. We say that this difference of opinion hasno consideration, because it came after a consensus. Imamul-Haramayn said21:20‫هري‬‫الطذاّيح‬ At-Tahawiyyah21‫الْسقاخ‬(1/24 ): Al-Waraqat
  19. 19. The Advisory of Those Who Face the QiblahPage19‫لو‬ْ‫و‬َ‫ق‬‫ل‬ ‫ا‬َ‫يى‬َ‫غ‬ ‫دون‬ ‫ة‬‫حج‬ ‫مة‬ ْ‫اْل‬ ‫ه‬ِ‫ذ‬َ‫ى‬ ‫اع‬َْ‫ْج‬ِ‫إ‬َ‫و‬‫ﷺ‬‫ل‬‫ه‬ِ‫ذ‬َ‫ى‬ ‫بعصمة‬ ‫ورد‬ ‫ع‬ْ‫ر‬‫الش‬َ‫و‬ ‫ة‬َ‫ل‬ َ‫َل‬َ‫ض‬ ‫على‬ ِ‫أمت‬ ‫جتتمع‬َ‫ن‬‫ا‬َ‫ك‬‫عصر‬ ‫َي‬‫أ‬ ِ‫ِف‬َ‫و‬ ِ‫اِن‬‫الث‬ ‫ر‬ْ‫ص‬َ‫ْع‬‫ل‬‫ا‬ ‫على‬ ‫ة‬‫حج‬ ‫اع‬َْ‫ْج‬ِْ‫اْل‬َ‫و‬ ‫مة‬ ْ‫اْل‬“The Consensus of this nation, and not that of another one, is evidence, because of his (theProphet‟s) saying, ‫ﷺ‬:‫عه‬ ‫ﺃيخي‬ ‫حجخًع‬ ‫ال‬‫ضﻼنت‬ ٗ<My nation will not gather on a misguidance>.The Religious Law came with the infallibility of the nation. The Consensus is evidence forthe following era, and for any era to come…”We must follow the same rule that existed for over a millennium. It applies to us also.Merely facing the direction, and not knowing the distance, nor having a bearing, is the easyobligation Allah ordained when He said in His Book:<(‫ه‬َ‫ر‬ْ‫ط‬ َ‫ش‬ ْ ُ‫َُك‬‫ه‬‫و‬ُ‫ج‬ُ‫و‬ ‫ا‬‫و‬ّ‫م‬َ‫و‬َ‫ف‬)>22{Turn yourselves towards its direction}This only requires vision and knowing how to locate the sun, shadows, stars, and othercreations of Allah.It is worth noting that some who face the northeast do not translate the word “shatr” in theverse, which means “direction”, as in Nuh Keller‟s book. This is a direct result of theirdeviance in this issue: abandoning the direction. Ash-Shafi^iyy said that the shatr is thejihah (direction)23.22Al-Baqarah, 15023( ‫ففش‬‫ض‬‫عليِن‬‫ديث‬‫ها‬‫كاًْا‬:‫أى‬‫يْلْا‬‫ّجُِْن‬ٍ‫ّشطش‬ ٍ‫شطش‬:َ‫جِر‬‫في‬‫كالم‬‫العشب‬.‫إرا‬‫قلد‬:‫أقصذ‬‫شطش‬،‫كزا‬‫هعشّف‬‫ذقْل‬ ‫أًك‬:‫أقصذ‬‫قصذ‬‫عيي‬،‫كزا‬‫يعٌي‬:‫قصذ‬‫ًفس‬‫كزا‬... )
  20. 20. The Advisory of Those Who Face the QiblahPage20We are not ordered to calculate a travel route to face, nor to measure the surface of theearth, nor to know the distance between towns and regions, which not every person iscapable of performing. We are simply ordered to face the direction.How to face the QiblahVery few people who face northeast know the true rules for facing the Qiblah, as well asmany who face southeast. Before proceeding, let us give brief, proper instruction on how toface the Qiblah. Memorize this quote of Imam An-Nawawiyy24:‫وأمكن‬ ‫فقد‬ ‫فإن‬ ‫علم‬ ‫عن‬ ‫خيرب‬ ‫ثقة‬ ‫بقول‬ ‫أخذ‬ ‫وإل‬ ‫والجتهاد‬ ‫التقليد‬ ‫عليو‬ ‫حرم‬ ‫القبلة‬ ‫علم‬ ‫أمكنو‬ ‫ومن‬‫التقليد‬ ‫حرم‬ ‫الجتهاد‬“Whoever is able to have knowledge of the Qiblah is forbidden from imitating another andmaking a determination (ijtihad). If unable, he takes the word of a trustworthy person whoinforms him based on knowledge. If that is missing, and one were able to make adetermination, it is forbidden for him to imitate another.”This quote spells out one‟s first steps in facing his prayer direction:1. If you have knowledge25of the Ka^bah‟s location, which is by seeing it, then youmay not use any other means to face it, not the word of another, nor adetermination by using the likes of the stars or shadows.2. If you cannot achieve knowledge of the Ka^bah because you cannot see it, thenbefore making a determination (making ijtihad by the sun, stars, etc.), you take theword of a trustworthy person who informs you by his knowledge; his seeing theKa^bah- not one who is informing you of his own determination (ijtihad).“He made it obligatory on them to turn themselves towards its „shatr‟ wherever they may be, and in thespeech of the Arabs, its „shatr‟ is its direction. If you said, „I seek the shatr‟ of such and such, it is known thatyou are saying, „I seek the very entity of such and such‟, meaning, „I seek the thing itself‟…”24Minhaj At-Talibin25A realization that complies with reality
  21. 21. The Advisory of Those Who Face the QiblahPage213. If you do not have knowledge of the Ka^bah by seeing it, nor are you informed bya trustworthy person who sees it, then you can make your best determination(ijtihad), and then face what is your overwhelming speculation (ghalabatudh-dhann)of its direction. From the U.S.A. and Canada, it is certainly southeast, but thedegree of south varies from place to place. A person following this step cannotimitate another; you cannot rely on another person‟s Qiblah determination.4. If you are unable to make a determination because of being blind or a child whodoes not yet possess the skill to make a proper determination, then you may imitateanother. This is why An-Nawawiyy also said:‫عارفا‬ ‫ثقة‬ ‫قلد‬ ‫كاْلعمى‬‫اْلدلة‬ ‫وتعلم‬ ‫الجتهاد‬ ‫عن‬ ‫عجز‬ ‫ومن‬“Whoever is unable to make a determination, and (unable) to learn the Qiblahreferences, like the blind, he imitates a trustworthy, knowledgeable person.”The synopsis is that if you can see the Ka^bah, you cannot use other means to face it. Ifyou cannot see it, but a trustworthy person who sees it informs you, then you cannot useany other means. If you do not have the word of a trustworthy person reporting hissighting, then you have to make your own determination. You do not follow anotherperson‟s determination, because like you, he does not see the Ka^bah, and he lacks theword of a trustworthy person reporting his sighting the Ka^bah to him. You both have thesame obligation. If you cannot make a determination, like a child or blind man, only thencan you imitate someone else‟s determination. The occurrence of this northeast tragedymakes the wisdom of this rule clear. It is not valid for the one who can determine theQiblah to just follow without checking the Qiblah references and making his owndetermination.
  22. 22. The Advisory of Those Who Face the QiblahPage22Adillatul-Qiblah (the Qiblah References)Over 1,000 years ago, the scholars mentioned the easy, religiously recognized signs fordetermining the Qiblah. An-Nawawiyy also said26:َ‫ال‬َٔ‫ﱡ‬‫خ‬ ِ‫ص‬َ‫ي‬ُ‫ﺩ‬‫ا‬َِٓ‫خ‬ْ‫ج‬ ِ‫اال‬َّ‫ال‬ِ‫إ‬ِ‫ت‬َّ‫ن‬ِ‫ﺩ‬َ‫أ‬ِ‫ب‬،ِ‫ت‬َ‫ه‬ْ‫ب‬ِ‫ق‬ْ‫ن‬‫ا‬َ‫ي‬ٌَِْٔ‫ة‬َ‫ﻴﺮ‬ِ‫ﺜ‬َ‫ك‬‫ا‬َٓ‫ﻴ‬ِ‫ف‬ٌ‫ب‬ُ‫خ‬ُ‫ك‬،ٌ‫ت‬َ‫ف‬ََُّ‫ص‬ُ‫ي‬‫ا‬َٓ‫ف‬َ‫ع‬ْ‫ض‬َ‫ﺃ‬َُٔ‫ح‬‫ا‬َ‫ي‬ ِّ‫انﺮ‬‫ا‬َِٓ‫ف‬ َ‫ﻼ‬ِ‫خ‬ْ‫خ‬ ِ‫ال‬‫ا‬َْ‫ا‬َْٕ‫ﻗ‬َ‫ﺃ‬َُٔ‫ب‬ْ‫ط‬ُ‫ق‬ْ‫ن‬‫ا‬“It is not valid to make the determination (ijtihad) except by using the (religiouslyrecognized) Qiblah references, and they are many. There are books authored about them.The weakest of them is the wind because of its fluctuation, and the strongest of them is thePolaris (North Star).”When one makes his determination for the direction, he uses the previously mentionedsigns. We will focus on the strongest sign. As will be repeated, the North Star plays tworoles:a. Not only does it give the direction of north if one were to face it, and the southby turning one‟s back to it, butb. It also proves how far north or south one is (in the northern part of the world):In Makkah, one sees the North Star very close to the horizon. In the United States, onesees the North Star even higher; further from the horizon. In Canada, one sees it evenhigher, until reaching very far north, where one would find the North Star directlyoverhead. This means that Makkah is south of the United States and Canada.26(1/217 ): Rawd At-Talibin
  23. 23. The Advisory of Those Who Face the QiblahPage23The one who learns properly will be able to find the directions any time of the day or night,and face the proper direction.Since Makkah is southeast of our position, one can find the east in the morning by findingthe light of dawn, or the horizon of sunrise, face that direction, and then turn to the rightslightly. At the zenith (noon), the sun is in the center of the sky. One can then know northand south by facing the sun: In the southern regions like Australia, the sun will be in thenorthern sky, and in the northern regions, like the U.S.A. and Canada, it will be in thesouthern sky. In the beginning of the night, if he relies on the horizon of sunset, then heputs his back to it so that he faces the east and then he turns to the right to face south ofeast. After the night settles, he may also find the North Star, turn his back to it for thesouth, and then turn to his left to face southeast. The southern regions of the earth thatcannot use the North Star have other stars that they can use.What is mentioned here is simple and applicable by all people, not just mathematiciansand geographers. Anyway, no geographer will claim that Makkah is north of NorthAmerica, and nor would a mathematician if he knows geography. It is the northeast personcalling your bluff when he says, “It seems you are lacking in basic geography.” They are thepeople who are contradicting geography. If you truly know geography, basic grade schoolgeography, you can refute a northeast person.In fact, as will be seen if Allah willed, the method used to (falsely) verify the north easternqiblah is impractical for an illiterate person or someone who does not know the shape ofthe earth. For example, instead of using the signs we just mentioned, people who supportnortheast have said:
  24. 24. The Advisory of Those Who Face the QiblahPage24“Since Earth has a spherical shape, we can use the formula for great circle to findqibla direction for any point on the Earth. Indeed, this direction can be easilycomputed using the following one-line formula:where (φ1, λ1) is the latitude-longitude of your location, and (φ2, λ2) = (21.42, 39.83)is the latitude-longitude of Ka‟ba. The returned value, α, specifies the angle of qiblaclockwise from true North.”There is nothing easy about that for the layman, and it is in contradiction with the authentichadith27:ِّ‫ُم‬‫أ‬ ٌ‫ة‬‫ُم‬‫أ‬ ‫ا‬‫ن‬ِ‫إ‬‫س‬َْ‫َن‬ َ‫ل‬َ‫و‬ ُ‫ب‬ُ‫ت‬ْ‫ك‬َ‫ن‬ َ‫ل‬ ،ٌ‫ة‬‫ي‬ُ‫ب‬“We are an illiterate nation. We do not write and we donot calculate.28”27Al-Bukhariyy, Muslim and others28Check the explanation of the hadith:‫فتح‬‫الباري‬‫البن‬‫رجب‬(3/76:‫وٌدل‬‫على‬‫ذلك‬‫من‬‫األدلة‬‫الشرعٌة‬:‫قول‬ً‫النب‬-‫ى‬َّ‫ل‬َ‫ص‬‫ه‬‫للا‬‫ْه‬ٌَ‫ل‬َ‫ع‬َ‫م‬َّ‫ل‬َ‫س‬ َ‫و‬-(( :‫إنا‬‫أمة‬،‫أمٌة‬‫ال‬‫نكتب‬‫وال‬،‫نحسب‬‫الشهر‬‫هكذا‬‫وهكذا‬‫وهكذا‬))،‫وخنس‬‫إبهامه‬ً‫ف‬،‫الثالثة‬‫ثم‬‫قال‬(( :‫صوموا‬،‫لرؤٌته‬‫وأفطروا‬،‫لرؤٌته‬‫فإن‬‫غم‬‫علٌكم‬‫فأكملوا‬‫ال‬‫عدة‬)) .‫فتبٌن‬‫أن‬‫دٌننا‬‫ال‬‫ٌحتاج‬‫إلى‬‫حساب‬‫وال‬‫كتاب‬Fathul-Bari by Ibn Rajab: “…The religious evidence that proves that is the saying of the Prophet,„We are an illiterate nation. We do not write and we do not calculate. The month is like this andlike this…‟ …(Ibn Rajab said) So it became clear that our Religion does not need calculations norwriting.”‫طرح‬‫التثرٌب‬ً‫ف‬‫شرح‬‫التقرٌب‬(4/114:‫به‬َ‫ب‬َّ‫س‬‫ال‬ َ‫و‬ً‫ع‬ ْ‫ر‬َّ‫ش‬‫ال‬‫وب‬‫ه‬‫ج‬‫ه‬‫و‬ْ‫ل‬‫ل‬‫ا‬َ‫م‬َّ‫ن‬‫إ‬َ‫هو‬‫ه‬‫ه‬‫ة‬ٌَْ‫ؤ‬‫الر‬َ‫ال‬َ‫م‬ْ‫ل‬‫ع‬َ‫ك‬‫ل‬َ‫ذ‬‫اب‬َ‫س‬‫ح‬ْ‫ال‬‫ب‬‫ه‬‫ل‬ ْ‫َو‬‫ق‬‫ل‬-‫ْه‬ٌَ‫ل‬َ‫ع‬َ‫ل‬َّ‫ص‬‫ال‬‫ه‬‫ة‬‫ه‬‫م‬ َ‫َّل‬‫س‬‫ال‬ َ‫و‬-ً‫ف‬‫ٌث‬‫د‬َ‫ح‬ْ‫ال‬‫ٌح‬‫ح‬َّ‫ص‬‫ال‬«‫ا‬َّ‫ن‬‫إ‬‫ة‬َّ‫م‬‫ه‬‫أ‬‫َّة‬ٌ‫م‬‫ه‬‫أ‬َ‫ال‬‫به‬‫س‬ْ‫َح‬‫ن‬َ‫ال‬ َ‫و‬‫به‬‫ه‬‫ت‬ْ‫ك‬َ‫ن‬»َ‫ٌث‬‫د‬َ‫ح‬ْ‫ال‬‫ى‬َ‫ه‬َ‫ت‬ْ‫ن‬‫ا‬.ْ‫د‬َ‫ق‬ َ‫و‬َ‫ر‬َ‫ه‬َ‫ظ‬‫ا‬َ‫م‬‫ب‬‫ه‬‫ه‬‫ا‬َ‫ط‬َ‫س‬َ‫ب‬‫ه‬‫ة‬َّ‫ح‬‫ص‬‫َب‬‫ه‬ْ‫ذ‬َ‫م‬‫ور‬‫ه‬‫ه‬ْ‫م‬‫ه‬‫ج‬ْ‫ال‬ً‫ف‬‫ٌق‬‫ل‬ْ‫ع‬َ‫ت‬‫م‬ْ‫ك‬‫ه‬‫ح‬ْ‫ال‬‫ة‬ٌَْ‫ؤ‬‫الر‬‫ب‬َ‫هون‬‫د‬‫َا‬‫ه‬‫ْر‬ٌَ‫غ‬‫ه‬‫ب‬ َ‫و‬َ‫ل‬‫ا‬َ‫ق‬‫ك‬‫ال‬َ‫م‬ً‫ع‬‫اف‬َّ‫ش‬‫ال‬ َ‫و‬‫هو‬‫ب‬َ‫أ‬ َ‫و‬َ‫ة‬َ‫ف‬ٌ‫ن‬َ‫ح‬‫ه‬‫ور‬‫ه‬‫ه‬ْ‫م‬‫ه‬‫ج‬ َ‫و‬‫اء‬َ‫م‬َ‫ل‬‫ه‬‫ع‬ْ‫ال‬ْ‫ن‬‫م‬‫ف‬َ‫ل‬َّ‫س‬‫ال‬‫ف‬َ‫ل‬َ‫خ‬ْ‫ال‬ َ‫و‬Al-^Iraqiyy says “The Religious issue that dictates the obligation is sighting, not the knowledge ofthat by calculation, because of his saying, „We are an illiterate nation. We do not write and we donot calculate.‟ The correctness of the school of the majority has become clear by what we haveexplained with detail, which is making the ruling dependant on sighting, not something else, andthis is what Malik, Ash-Shafi^iyy and Abu Hanifah said, and the majority of the scholars of theSalaf and the Khalaf.”
  25. 25. The Advisory of Those Who Face the QiblahPage25We do not cite this hadith to discredit knowledge, literacy or math, and the northeastpeople hate for this hadith to be cited. It is a sword against their innovated method. It willoften stop the conversation, depending on how deviant the person is in this issue. It is citedto prove that the religious obligations are easy matters achieved by both the literate and theilliterate.For the northeast person, debunking and nullifying this hadith is of the utmost importance.The cost is not the concern, only the end: facing northeast. One may think that he shoulduse calculations, because “they are available”, but the religious references are available too.In his mind, the calculations are math, and properly applied math is correct, however theQiblah is religion, and misapplied religious rules lead to mistakes. The Religion is not byour opinions. Had it been, then we would have wiped on the bottom of the khuff (footgearfulfilling certain conditions) because that is the side that gets dirty. However, Imam ^Aliyysaid, “I saw the Messenger of Allah ‫ﷺ‬ wiping the top.” If the Prophet of Allah ‫ﷺ‬ saidthat we do not calculate, then why calculate? Once the northeast person says, “Because…”,then know that he wants to disobey the Messenger of Allah ‫ﷺ‬; he does not want to obeythis hadith although he is able to, and he thinks that you are a fool for mentioning it as‫عمدة‬‫القاري‬‫شرح‬‫صحٌح‬‫البخاري‬(11/687:‫وعلق‬‫ع‬‫ار‬َّ‫ش‬‫ال‬‫م‬ ْ‫و‬َّ‫ص‬‫ال‬‫ٌَره‬‫غ‬ َ‫و‬‫ة‬ٌَْ‫ؤ‬‫الر‬‫ب‬‫لرفع‬‫رج‬َ‫ح‬ْ‫ال‬‫ن‬َ‫ع‬‫أمته‬Al-^Ayniyy the Hanafiyy says in the explanation of Sahih Al-Bukhariyy about this hadith „We arean illiterate nation‟: “The Law Bringer (the Prophet ‫)ﷺ‬ has made the fasting and other thingsdependent on sighting, to lift the burden (of calculations) from his nation.”‫عمدة‬‫القاري‬‫شرح‬‫صحٌح‬‫البخاري‬(13/196:‫ن‬‫َإ‬‫ف‬‫قلت‬{ :‫فاكتبوه‬( }‫ة‬َ‫َر‬‫ق‬َ‫ب‬ْ‫ال‬:686. )‫مر‬َ‫أ‬‫من‬‫للا‬،‫ى‬َ‫ل‬‫ا‬َ‫ع‬َ‫ت‬‫بت‬َ‫ث‬ َ‫و‬ً‫ف‬(‫ْن‬ٌَ‫ح‬ٌ‫ح‬َّ‫ص‬‫ال‬)‫ن‬َ‫ع‬‫ْن‬‫ب‬‫ا‬،‫عمر‬َ‫ل‬‫ا‬َ‫ق‬:َ‫ل‬‫ا‬َ‫ق‬‫ول‬‫ه‬‫س‬َ‫ر‬،‫للا‬‫صلى‬‫للا‬‫ْه‬ٌَ‫ل‬َ‫ع‬‫سلم‬ َ‫و‬:(‫ا‬َّ‫ن‬‫إ‬‫أمة‬‫َّة‬ٌ‫م‬‫ه‬‫أ‬َ‫ال‬‫نكتب‬َ‫ال‬ َ‫و‬‫نحسب‬)،‫ا‬َ‫م‬َ‫ف‬‫جمع‬ْ‫ال‬‫ا؟‬َ‫م‬‫ٌنه‬َ‫ب‬‫قلت‬:‫ن‬‫إ‬‫ٌن‬‫الد‬‫من‬‫ه‬‫ْث‬ٌَ‫ح‬َ‫هو‬‫ه‬‫غٌر‬‫مفتقر‬‫ى‬َ‫ل‬‫إ‬‫ة‬َ‫ب‬‫َا‬‫ت‬‫ك‬‫أصل‬‫ن‬َ‫أل‬‫كتاب‬‫للا‬‫قد‬‫سهل‬‫للا‬‫حفظه‬‫على‬‫اس‬َّ‫ن‬‫ال‬‫َن‬‫ن‬‫الس‬ َ‫و‬‫ْضا‬ٌَ‫أ‬‫ه‬‫ف‬ْ‫ح‬َ‫م‬‫ة‬َ‫ظ‬‫و‬‫ن‬َ‫ع‬‫ول‬‫ه‬‫س‬َ‫ر‬،‫للا‬‫صلى‬‫للا‬‫ْه‬ٌَ‫ل‬َ‫ع‬،‫سلم‬ َ‫و‬‫ي‬‫ذ‬َّ‫ل‬‫ا‬ َ‫و‬‫مر‬َ‫أ‬‫بكتابه‬‫ا‬َ‫م‬َّ‫ن‬‫إ‬َ‫هو‬‫ه‬‫اء‬ٌَْ‫ش‬َ‫أ‬‫جزئٌة‬‫تقع‬‫ٌن‬َ‫ب‬،‫اس‬َّ‫ن‬‫ال‬‫َأمروا‬‫ف‬‫مر‬َ‫أ‬‫إرشاد‬َ‫ال‬‫مر‬َ‫أ‬،‫اب‬َ‫ج‬ٌ‫إ‬‫ا‬َ‫م‬َ‫ك‬‫ذهب‬،‫ْه‬ٌَ‫ل‬‫إ‬َ‫هو‬‫ه‬ َ‫و‬‫َب‬‫ه‬ْ‫ذ‬َ‫م‬،‫ور‬‫ه‬‫ه‬ْ‫م‬‫ه‬‫ج‬ْ‫ال‬‫ن‬‫َإ‬‫ف‬‫كتب‬،‫َحسن‬‫ف‬‫ن‬‫إ‬ َ‫و‬‫ترك‬َ‫َل‬‫ف‬‫س‬ْ‫أ‬َ‫ب‬.And he says: “If you say {‫فاكتبوه‬} (which means) <Write it>- is an order from Allah to write, but it isconfirmed from the Messenger of Allah: „We are an illiterate nation, we do not write and we donot calculate‟, so how do you put those two together (so to avoid contradiction)? I say: TheReligion in itself is not in need of writing in the first place, because Allah made memorizing theBook of Allah easy on the people, and the Sunnahs are also memorized (or preserved) from theMessenger of Allah. What was ordered (in the Qur‟an) to be written is only some particularmatters that take place among the people. They were ordered with an order to guide them (to abenefit), not an order of obligation… and this is the school of the majority. If one wrote, it isgood, and he did not, there is no problem.”
  26. 26. The Advisory of Those Who Face the QiblahPage26evidence. However, his opinion is meaningless in the Religion of Allah. We commandthem to obey the Messenger of Allah ‫ﷺ‬, who said:َ‫ش‬ ُ‫ر‬ْ‫َج‬‫أ‬ ُ‫و‬َ‫ل‬ ِ‫ت‬‫ُم‬‫أ‬ ِ‫اد‬َ‫س‬َ‫ف‬ َ‫د‬ْ‫ن‬ِ‫ع‬ ِ‫ت‬‫ن‬ُ‫س‬ِ‫ب‬ ُ‫ك‬ِّ‫س‬َ‫م‬َ‫ت‬ُ‫ْم‬‫ل‬‫ا‬ٍ‫يد‬ِ‫ه‬“The one who holds fast to my Sunnah upon the corruptionof my nation has the reward of a Martyr.”Some narrations mention that he has the reward of 100 martyrs. They blatantly oppose thehadith. Those who have more knowledge find round-about ways to justify abandoning thehadith.The illiterate can still read the stars and watch the sun and shadows. These are the propermeans for determining the Qiblah, not advanced mathematics, nor the earth‟s shape. Hadthe earth‟s shape influenced the Qiblah, then what degree does the curve in the earth haveto be to nullify the Sunnah in their claim, and which imam documented that? Whichreliable books of Fiqh document the shape of the earth as reference for the Qiblah? Isthere not a curve between Makkah and Morocco, albeit less than the curve between theU.S.A. and Makkah? How can they validly be on the Sunnah, but we cannot be? Why arethey permitted to ignore the shape of the earth but we are obligated to know it? Knowingthe shape of the earth is not an obligation, nor a condition for the Qiblah, so do not befooled.If someone were to ask, “Does this mean that we cannot use any new inventions or devicesbesides those signs?” The answer is that if those other means comply with the original„Adillatul-Qiblah‟, then they are permissible, like a tested compass. One should notpurchase a compass and rely on it without testing it against the likes of the North Star. Onthe other hand, if devices or new inventions contradict those known signs, like putting astring on the globe or calculating distance on the earth‟s surface, which leads one to facenorth while Makkah is most certainly to our south, then they are rejected and the originalsigns are preserved. If a compass that opposes the North Star is rejected, how about a
  27. 27. The Advisory of Those Who Face the QiblahPage27calculus or trigonometry problem that contradicts it? When it was said to someone whofaces northeast that we only want the original ways of practicing the Religion, and any newway has to comply with the old, and the northeast people want a new way without concernabout it complying with the old way, he disrespectfully said, “We just want to face theKaaba in obedience to Allah. That‟s all. New, old, yada yada... facing Mecca is theobjective.” His objective should be facing Makkah as per the proper rules. If he wants toobey Allah, he needs to do the worship properly or else he will be a disobedient sinner.The North Star is easy, while calculations for the majority of people are not. Obey theMessenger ‫ﷺ‬ and choose the easy route. He said:‫و‬‫أيسره‬ ْ‫م‬ُ‫ك‬‫دين‬ ‫خي‬“The best of your Religion is the easiest of it.”Certainly, the best guidance is the guidance of Muhammad. They will not hold fast to thehadith that negates calculations, because no calculations means no northeast. If Allahblinds the heart, the person will follow his desire over the evidence, even if he claimsAhlus-Sunnah.Here, it is good to warn people from the so called “Qiblah Compasses” that have beenmanufactured by people who support the northeastern qiblah. Many of the laymen believethat these compasses point towards the Qiblah. People who know about compasses knowthat a compass gives one the (magnetic) north, not the Qiblah. The way these actually workis that they point north like any other compass, but it has a prepared line that marks thenortheast. Laypeople then just face the line and have no clue that they have been mislead.If that is clear, then let us proceed to unravel some fallacies in the book of Nuh Keller.‫امتوفيق‬ ‫وِبهلل‬
  28. 28. The Advisory of Those Who Face the QiblahPage28
  29. 29. The Advisory of Those Who Face the QiblahPage29UNRAVELLING AN OPTICAL ILLUSIONBe certain that each cardinal direction is different from the other; they are not one and thesame. Had they all been the same, there would be no way to distinguish between onedirection and the other, and a person would be unable to point east with one hand andwest in the other direction with the other hand, as reported about the Prophet ‫ﷺ‬:29َ‫ل‬‫ا‬َ‫ﻗ‬ِِِ‫ﺪ‬َ‫ﻴ‬ِ‫ب‬‫ا‬َ‫ﺫ‬ِ‫إ‬ِ‫ج‬َ‫ب‬‫ا‬َ‫غ‬ُ‫س‬ًَّْ‫ﺸ‬‫ان‬ٍِْ‫ي‬َْ،‫ا‬ََُُٓ‫ء‬‫ا‬َ‫ج‬َُٔ‫م‬ْ‫ﻴ‬َّ‫ه‬‫ان‬ٍِْ‫ي‬،‫ا‬ََُُْْٓ‫ﺪ‬َ‫ق‬َ‫ف‬َ‫ﺮ‬َ‫ط‬ْ‫ف‬َ‫ﺃ‬ُ‫ى‬ِ‫ئ‬‫ا‬َّ‫ص‬‫ان‬He said (by signaling) with his hand, “If the sundisappeared from here, and the night came from here, thefasting person breaks his fast.”Thus, north is not the same as south, east or west; south is not the same as north, east orwest; east is not the same as north, south or west, and west is not the same as north, southor east.Some of those directions are opposite of the others, like south and north, and some arenot, like south and east. The existence of a thing negates its opposite‟s existence inreference to the same time and place, like black and white, up and down, existence andnon existence, and south and north.South is definitely the opposite of north. This is a simple truth, and one may think thatrepeating it is an insult to the intelligence, and surely it is not expected that someone wouldcontradict this, but we will see that Nuh Keller, and many who defend northeast, didcontradict it, and they hinted at an impossibility that is nothing more than an overturning ofreality.If what has been presented thus far is clear, then understand the fallacy of Nuh Keller, whoused optical illusions to support the northeastern qiblah. Among those illusions is what heused to deny the reality of the directions, and to give the impression that they are onlyvirtual:29‫صذيخ‬‫هسلن‬(6/666 ) Sahih Muslim
  30. 30. The Advisory of Those Who Face the QiblahPage30Figure ‎0-1: Nuh Keller diagram 1This picture is a cropped scan from his book. It implies that north and south are notopposites, and in fact, that they have no actual reality, and are instead just ideas of men.This diagram is not correct for two reasons30:1. In reality (the actual physical world), one would never walk in one cardinaldirection, north for example, without turning or curving; without changingdirection, and then that direction becomes the other (south). In the physical world,the real world, not the imaginary one, all directions are different. Going from northto south requires a turn (a change in direction); a curve that is not expressed in this30This does not mean that there are not other reasons.
  31. 31. The Advisory of Those Who Face the QiblahPage31diagram, thus promoting one illusion among several. As for the globe, it has acurve, and the line drawn over it or the string placed over it will certainly changedirection.Because some of them do not know how to read a map, and others among them donot want to read the map, they claim that this curve is a straight line and onedirection. They claim that this „unchanging direction‟ is the direction of „forward‟,which is invalid, because the directions in the issue of the Qiblah are the cardinaldirections, not the relative.2. This picture implies that there is a place on earth in which east, west and north allbecome south; that a person could stand in a place in which what is in front of himis the same direction as what is behind him, which would also be what is to his right,which would be the same as what is to his left: south. In the imaginary world, thisplace exists as the result of imaginary lines meeting in one place, but in the realworld, this place does not exist.No one can say that this diagram is like the one who climbs to the peak of a mountain,because there is no mountain top at which all directions are the same.Also, denial of this illusion does not imply that we are saying that the earth is flat. Actually,this diagram itself is covertly saying something that they do not believe: that there is a fineedge from which one could fall off of the earth, since according to this picture, alldirections disappear but one: south.Furthermore, had there been such a place on the earth- a place in which there is nodirection but south, no human would be able to fit in that place, because his front cannotbe in the same direction as his back, nor can his right be in the same direction as his left. Infact, the photographs of the North Pole (which is said to be a place that is not on any stableland mass) show it to be a place like every other: with four cardinal directions, including thedirections of sunrise and sunset (east and west).
  32. 32. The Advisory of Those Who Face the QiblahPage32So, whoever confirms that directions are real and that each direction is different from theother, must confirm that this picture is an illusion, and if this picture does not contain anillusion, it is valid that all directions- north, east, south and west- would be the same, andthat the sun could rise from one horizon, which would be the south, and set in the other,opposing horizon, which would still be the south. If someone accepts this impossibility,then there is no need for further discussion. And so, shame on Muslims who haveaccepted such absurdities after the Muslims have been the true masters of logic, and shameon the one who attributes this to the Religion of Allah, tabaraka wa ta ^ala. Actually, eventhe non-Muslims know that the direction from North America and Canada is southeast,because they read the map. Among them are those who have written against the Muslimsand belittled them for facing northeast in North America, and among them are those whosay to the Muslim, “Your people are praying the wrong way.”BENEFIT: Some scholars said that there are few people who escape the mistake ofimagination. Muslims do not compare reality to imagination. The religious knowledgeteaches us to distinguish between what is confirmed by the intellect and what is conjured inthe imagination. One should not judge matters that have not been seen or experienced bywhat one has imagined. There are many examples, such as:1. The sun seemingly sinking into the ocean at sunset at the seashore.2. The two sides of a road seemingly merging in the distance.3. Many imagine things without actual proof, such as for one to find his friend‟sbedroom light on while his car is parked out front. A person with an unsoundmind, one who cannot resist and think past his imagination, takes that as definitiveproof for his friend being home.4. Some of our scholars even counted reflections as a type illusion, and for that reasona person may see himself wider or taller than he is in reality, or may even see thevastness of the sky in a small puddle or mirror.
  33. 33. The Advisory of Those Who Face the QiblahPage335. Also, it is the imagination that concludes that Allah exists in a place, because onecannot imagine something without shape, form or color, and without beginning orend. However, the sound mind dictates that Allah exists without a place, becauseHe existed before creating places and directions.These people have believed that the North Pole is a place from which every direction is thesame direction, south, because of imaginary lines used to designate coordinates on a map.Those lines do not truly exist, and the place at which these imaginary lines merge, the placethat they claim has no direction but south, is only an imaginary place. It will also becomeclear, by the help of Allah, that they arbitrarily reject these lines when they want andreference them when they want. They assumed that reality complies with this imagination.However, what proves that this imagination is falsehood in the real world is that theyconfirm a physical fact that the North Pole has a sunrise and sunset. Here are some otheroptical illusions to help you solve this riddle:Figure ‎0-2: This was called the impossible triangleThe shading in figure two gives the illusion that it is a three dimensional object. It alsoappears that the front of the triangle goes to the rear and the rear goes to the front.
  34. 34. The Advisory of Those Who Face the QiblahPage34Figure 4: illusion of curved linesOne can find many, many optical illusions drawn by people. Among the secrets to makingan illusion is shading or lines that give the false impression of a three dimensional object,Figure ‎0-3: illusion of black dots
  35. 35. The Advisory of Those Who Face the QiblahPage35whether cubical, cylindrical or spherical. Now that you are more familiar with illusions,revisit the diagram of Nuh Keller:Figure 5: Nuh Keller diagram 1Recognize the fundamental mistakes in this illusion:1. Part of his mistake is that he started from the North Pole. The known religiousreference is the Ka^bah, in Makkah, not the North Pole. At this point, the personwho faces northeast is challenged with producing religious reference that one‟s focal(or reference) point is the North Pole. If he cannot bring it, then he must be silentabout this issue31, and by religious reference, we mean Qur‟an, Hadith, Consensus31One person who wishes to undermine the correct direction in North America, and to abandonthe religious rules, was asked why one must consider the North Pole. Here is his answer inquotation marks and red letters, with the refutation of each point immediately following: He said,“Direction is determined by using the North Pole as the focal point.” The claimer did not providereligious evidence for this claim. If this is the focal point for the directions, then how did theCompanions successfully determine the directions without adding the North Pole as a factor? Ifthey were able to successfully determine directions without factoring the North Pole, then we aretoo. If they were unable, then they were all making a mistake by misapplication. If the North Polehas to be factored in to reach the correct conclusion, then they reached incorrect conclusions for
  36. 36. The Advisory of Those Who Face the QiblahPage36leaving out a factor. If one says that they did not need the North Pole because they were close toMakkah, then how far does one have to be for it to become a factor? He said, “The North Pole isthe center of direction and it is used as a reference in order to relate direction.” In our Religion,the Ka^bah is the center and the focus, and whoever is north of it faces the south, and whoeverwest of it faces the east, etc. Where is a religious reference (Qur‟an, Hadith, Consensus or Qiyas)that we should believe this and factor in the North Pole? Where is the documentation that the onewho wants to face the Ka^bah must consider a third place in his determination; a place otherthan his location and the location of Makkah? He has provided none. He said, “However, in orderto determine the direction of the Kabah, there will be a drastic change between the earth being asurface and the earth being spherical and oblate.” Where is this from the rules of the Qiblah? Thesepeople insist on using a method that is foreign to the Religion, and they know it, but do not care.They want to compete in showing which one has stronger math skills, and who among the peoplehas enough arithmetic to explain this math problem. Did The Companions use it? Did the FourImams use it? If not, how do these northeast people have the permission to add something to theReligion that contradicts the original rules they practiced? If they say that the later scholars becameaware of what the Prophet ‫ﷺ‬ did not know, then they must prove that. The Prophet ‫ﷺ‬ knewfrom Allah by way of revelation what others did not know. The Prophet ‫ﷺ‬ left the earth andascended up into the skies. He received revelation of the Qur‟an with descriptions of the earth,sky, and more, and he knew the Tafsir (interpretation) of those verses. They have to prove thatthe Prophet ‫ﷺ‬ was ignorant of what they claim, and as such what he taught was deficient(which they will wickedly try to do although his Sunnah is applicable all over the world), becauseif he knew what they claim and ignored it as a factor, they must do the same, and if he wasignorant of what they claim and still his method was sufficient, then they must throw all of theirqiblah calculations in the trash. He said, “Consider the following illustration of an orange peel.When a visible mark is made on the orange peel and the orange is carefully peeled and flattened,the mark will not remain at the same point.” Firstly, this is totally irrelevant to facing the Ka^bah.By this they make the issue distorted and convoluted. Secondly, this claim is untrue. The markremains where it is, it is the peel itself that moves, just like a ring on a finger. The ring remains in itsplace, but the finger moves. If a person‟s chest were cut open, this does not make the nipples of hischest relocate. It is the chest itself that moved, so the nipples moved with it while in their place.This example is totally irrelevant for facing the Qiblah. “The earth is a sphere and expressingdirections of this sphere as a surface creates great distortions.” This is untrue. The directions areclear. The way to read a globe is clear. There is no ambiguity in north, east, south and west on aglobe, or on the real earth. The only thing unclear for the majority of people is the calculationsused to face northeast, and what is even more unclear, is why a person believes that he has toreject the Sunnah for facing the Qiblah in North America. For this reason, school children caneasily know what is east of what or north of what by using a globe. There is absolutely nothingdifficult about that. What is difficult is the ingredients needed to convince a person that they haveto face north to face the south. He said, “In short distances, this may be insignificant but in longdistances it will matter.” This is untrue. Directions do not change due to distance. North ofMakkah is north of Makkah no matter the distance. This is the same for all other directions. Hesaid, “Our concern here is the direction of facing Makkah and not the direction one would take toreach Makkah.” This is the true concern, but it is not truly the concern of the northeast people.The concern of the northeast person is to face the shortest route to Makkah, and this is not part offacing the Qiblah. “Whilst the direction to reach Makkah may be many but the direction of facingMakkah from any point will only be one. Notwithstanding the arguments of the modernists intheir decision, the underlying principle of the Fuqahaa (for those who cannot see the Kabah) is toface the direction of the Kabah. “The direction of travelling (i.e. shortest route along the greatcircles) undoubtedly cannot be a blanket rule in determining the direction of the Kabah due to theconstant change of directions. It is not necessary that the great circle route will always (NOT) be
  37. 37. The Advisory of Those Who Face the QiblahPage37or Qiyas. The best that they can do for this is bring names of contemporaries whoare pushing the northeast direction, or quotes from Sunni imams with heavywording that do not actually prove what they are saying. None of the Sunni Imamssaid that you can be north of Makkah and face the south by facing north, unless hewent against the Consensus.Advice to any person defending the southeastern Qiblah: if this issue comes up inthe discussion; if you ask for proof that one must use the North Pole as a reference,nothing should be accepted before him producing a reference, or until he admitsthat he does not have a reference. He will try hard to slide out of this imposition,but do not let him. Once he admits that he does not have a reference, then andonly then move on. If he is honest, he will easily admit it, but if his true concern isto win the debate, or not to be shown as a loser; if actually he does not want toestablish the truth, he will refuse this imposition and refuse to answer.2. Another part of his mistake is that he abandoned the religiously recognized signsfor determining the directions, and instead, he preferred imaginary markers. OurReligion is easier than that, applicable by the literate and the illiterate. According tohis diagram, directions are determined by imaginary markers, not the signs of Allahlike the sun and the stars. According to this, a person could be facing the north, andinstead of going back in the other direction, take one step in the same direction,and be facing the south.the direction of facing your destination neither will the rhumb line route always be the method offacing your destination.” Makkah is not our destination, because we are not travelling. He said,“However, the rising and setting of the sun will determine East and West, and the movement ofthe sun is according to the spherical shape of the earth. Therefore, when determining direction onearth, the spherical shape of the earth cannot be ignored.” This is also irrelevant. The personseeking the Qiblah does not have to consider the reality of the sun‟s rising and setting. All he has toknow is that the sun rises in the east and sets in the west. Nothing more is needed in this issue.There is no religious evidence for their claim. There is only western „science‟, calculus,trigonometry and other things that a person does not have to know to obey Allah. There is moretalk after these quotes, but perhaps what is mentioned here is sufficient for the person to knowthat the North Pole has nothing to do with facing the Ka^bah. One can see that this answerdiverges far from the original question: why must we consider the North Pole? The fact is, no onehas to care about the North Pole to face the Qiblah.
  38. 38. The Advisory of Those Who Face the QiblahPage38In the real, physical world, a learned Muslim would look for the sunrise to know the east,for the sunset to know the west, and for the North Star to know the north, and put his backto it for the south. If he is in the northern part of the world, he can also face the sun at itszenith for the south, and turn his back to it for the north. Those imaginary markers do nottruly determine the directions, and the globe is not among „Adillatul-Qiblah‟; the religiousproofs for determining the Qiblah. It is by the signs created by Allah that the directions aredetermined- at least this is the case for the Muslim who wants to practice like the Prophet‫ﷺ‬ and his Companions. The Messenger of Allah ‫ﷺ‬ said32:‫ن‬ِ‫إ‬َ‫خي‬‫ا‬‫ر‬ِ‫اّلل‬ ِ‫ر‬ْ‫ك‬ِ‫ذ‬ِ‫ل‬ َ‫ة‬‫ل‬ِ‫َظ‬ْ‫اْل‬َ‫و‬ َ‫وم‬ُ‫ُّج‬‫ن‬‫ال‬َ‫و‬ َ‫ر‬َ‫م‬َ‫ق‬ْ‫ل‬‫ا‬َ‫و‬ َ‫س‬ْ‫م‬‫الش‬ َ‫ن‬‫و‬ُ‫اع‬َ‫ر‬ُ‫ي‬ َ‫ين‬ِ‫ذ‬‫ال‬ ِ‫اّلل‬ ِ‫اد‬َ‫ب‬ِ‫ع‬“Surely, the best of the slaves of Allah are those who observethe sun, the moon, the stars and the shadows for the remembranceof Allah (the Prayer).”Among what demonstrates that they believe that this imaginary realm exists, this„dimension‟, is what one of them, who most definitely wants to remain anonymous, posedin a debate against us, “Another point (among many others) that indicates the invalidity of yourmethod in some parts of the world is that it becomes insufficient in determining the Qiblahdirection at the two poles. A religiously method that is valid all over the world should not becomeinsufficient to determine the direction of Qiblah at the poles.” The answer is that had a persontruly been at the Poles, the east would still be the direction of sunrise, and the west wouldbe the direction of sunset. In our Religion, the sun sets in the west until the day it shall risefrom its place of setting. That is among the Major signs of Judgment Day. On that day, theDoor of Repentance will be closed, and the Beast of the Earth emerges. There is noinconsistency in using the Sunnah of the Qiblah at the Poles. What this man said is due toa creed that implies that the Revealed Laws are not applicable all over the world and untilthe end of time, a creed generated by misapplying the rules and following wahm (delusion;imagination).32At-Tabaraniyy and others
  39. 39. The Advisory of Those Who Face the QiblahPage39Had Nuh Keller demonstrated in his picture that there is a curve; a change in direction-which will be shortly demonstrated-, then we would be unable to argue with this diagram.However, it would then be useless for him, because he needs something that looks like astraight line. Instead, he left the impression that there is no curve; no change in direction,to encourage people to pray in the wrong direction.For him to explicitly confess that there is a curve (change in direction) is to open himself upfor rebuttal. The direction between points A and B is not the shortest distance between thetwo points. It is the shortest distance without a curve (without a change in direction); theshortest distance with a straight line. As for the shortest distance over a curved surface, thisis the concern of the traveler, not the person performing the prayer.‫امتوفيق‬ ‫وِبهلل‬
  40. 40. The Advisory of Those Who Face the QiblahPage40PEOPLE WHO FACE NORTHEAST DO NOT READ THE MAP1. globe/glōb/ … A spherical representation of the earth or of the constellations with a map on the surface. 2. Globe [gləʊb] n (EarthSciences / Physical Geography) a sphere on which a map of the world or the heavens is drawn or represented ‎3. Globe - a sphere on whicha map (especially of the earth) is represented 4. A sphere on which is depicted a map of the earth (terrestrial globe) 5. Globe [countable] 1 around object with a map of the Earth drawn on it…People who face northeast have disgraced themselves, not for any faulty math, but becausethey seemingly do not know how to read a map. This lack of simple and universalknowledge makes non-Muslims who know of this northeast mistake chuckle at theseMuslims facing northeast. Some do not even know what is a map and what is not, becausethey say that the globe is not a map, as one said, “And again a globe is not a map. They aretwo completely different things”. More than one of them said, “Maps are flat, the earth isround.” It is as if he is saying that there are no maps of the earth! Let them tell this to anelementary school teacher and see her reaction. To that embarrassing confession ofignorance or arrogance (which is defined by the Prophet ‫ﷺ‬ as “raddul-haqq: (intentional)rejection of the truth”), you may say:1. If the globe is not a map, why does it have latitude and longitude lines on it?2. If every map is flat, what is the point of calling a map that is not a globe a flat map?So, the essence of their mistake is that they looked at the globe, not as a map, but as a mereball. If this is not blindness and stubbornness, then it can only be an extremely deformedignorance (that causes blindness).They say, “The earth is not flat, therefore we need a globe to truly express the issue,” thenthey pull a string from New York to Makkah and say, “Look how the string goesnortheast.” If the listener does not know how to read a map, he would easily accept. If heknows how, then he would say, “Wait, the string is turning; it‟s going from northeast, toeast, then to southeast, and that is not an unchanging direction.” The person who facesnortheast would easily ignore that point as if it is the babble of a child, and justify hisnortheast argument by saying, “It‟s not changing, actually. Look at it from the top and seethat it is a straight line; the shortest distance from New York to Makkah.” Unfortunately,for many people, they have denied their own eyes and despite seeing the line changedirections, and perhaps even after knowing how to read a map, they believe that it is anunchanging direction because of looking from the top (the northern view). This will only
  41. 41. The Advisory of Those Who Face the QiblahPage41take place for the one who does not look at the globe like a map. Whoever reads it as amap will be unable to accept it.It is very important to understand here, that we are not citing maps to verify southeast. TheQiblah is verified by the religiously recognized signs. It is the map that must comply withthe Qiblah references, not the other way around. They refer to a map to prove thenortheastern direction: a globe, however they do not read it. They merely use it as a ball. Itis this notion that we are attacking. We are not saying that maps are the evidence of thesoutheast Qiblah. However, no map contradicts the southeast Qiblah.In their minds, the person is travelling forward, and therefore is maintaining one constantdirection until reaching Makkah. Refute this claim by reminding the person about thedirections. There are two sets of directions: the fixed, unmoving cardinal directions (north,east, south and west), and the six, alternating relative directions (over, below, ahead,behind, right and left). Tell him that your line definitely changes (both cardinal andrelative) direction, and your claim of an unchanging direction is false: If you are goingforward, you would be going forward into one of those four cardinal directions. Therefore,had you gone forward (east), without changing that direction to go backward (west), whilekeeping the constant direction of forward (east) you are still going from side to side (norththen south). This means that you are changing directions; starting northeast, turning, andending southeast. This is crystal clear, dubious beyond uncertainty, and cannot be deniedwithout astounding an intelligent person‟s mind, yet they deny it. Contradicting that makesthe school children laugh, but they contradict it. One of them said, “You do realize that thepilot is continuing in the same direction he started out in right? That Northeasterndirection. He never steers right, he never steers left, and you know what happens....Heends up in Mecca. I say: This is proof enough. Just like if I was in Mecca and could seethe Kaaba from a mile away. If I was to walk strait, never turning to the right, never turningto the left I would walk right smack dab into the Kaaba. The reality is, the pilot is goingstrait, this Southern direction you say hes going is the result of the Earths shape, a realitywe dont ignore.” Look at how this person ignored (or did not realize) the fact that northand south are two opposite directions. O, you who faces the north to face the south, who
  42. 42. The Advisory of Those Who Face the QiblahPage42said that one can change cardinal directions without changing relative directions? If one isfacing east, the north is to his left and the south is to his right. Silly rabbit, going fromnortheast to southeast requires a RIGHT TURN.To avoid this imposition, he may come up with a number of tricks:1. He may invent a new way to define „direction‟, or restrict all directions to only one:“forward; front”. For that, he says “The direction (of facing) of something is suchthat its right in front of us, were we to walk straight wed reach it.” The key thateradicates this fallacy and renders him in opposition with his own definition is theword „straight‟. If straight means „without going to the left or right‟, then we ask,„Who said that one can go forward eastbound (for example), and change cardinaldirections (from north to south) without changing relative directions (left to right)?‟2. He may negate that cardinal directions are relevant, but if cardinal directions areirrelevant, then why is his line called “northeast”?3. He may introduce the fallacy of „direction vs. bearing‟. He will say, “Northeast isthe direction, but southeast is the bearing.” Upon that you can ask:a. Who said that bearing is relevant in the issue of the Qiblah? Remember,though, that references and hadiths are all irrelevant to them. However, youmay insist on the reference because they are very relevant in reality.b. Is southeast a direction or not? If he says yes, then he contradicted himself. Ifhe says no, then he exposed himself, because saying that southeast is not adirection is unheard of. Insist on a yes or no answer. He will most likely refuseto answer.
  43. 43. The Advisory of Those Who Face the QiblahPage43These answers of theirs are a result of not actually reading the map, and all of this effort ontheir part is to avoid confessing to a mistake.They are like a person who only looks at the pictures in a book without reading the words,and then misinterprets the pictures because of not reading. One does not read the book,either because he does not know how, or because he does not want to. This is why theydiscuss the Qiblah with any round object, but reject any map that is not a globe; reading themap is not their concern, even if it is on a sphere. This is why they ignore the latitude-longitude coordinates that prove that Makkah is southeast of the U.S.A., whether on aglobe or a flat map, and this is why the issue makes sense in their minds. They imaginedthe string that they pulled over the globe as one direction because they saw a line frompoint A to point B over a mere ball, but this is not the way to read a map. One of themsaid, “I would say put aside north, south, east and west, and just connect two points on aglobe or ball. Then draw your poles and latitudes. Unless one of your points is at a pole, orboth points line up on the equator, you will have a direction that has different bearingsalong its path.” Putting those four directions to the side is his confession of ignoring themap from the beginning, as well as his confession that he is not seeking a direction, whichis against the basis of facing the Qiblah. Connecting two points on a globe (he really intendsby the word „globe‟ a mere sphere and not a globe that is a map) or a ball is the proof thathe is not seeking a direction. Facing a direction does not require connecting two points.Drawing the poles and latitudes after the fact means that he was not using the globe as amap from the beginning; not seeking any one of the cardinal directions.This is why they will never answer these questions with a straight, honest answer: IsMakkah closer to the Equator than we are? Are we closer to the North Pole? Is it in thetropical region, and is the U.S.A. north of the tropical region? These questions are onlyanswered by them, if answered, with lengthy explanation, although they are very simplyanswered with a „yes‟. If they were looking at the globe as a map, then their claim would beas ridiculous to them as it is to everyone who reads it as a map, but if they look at it like amere object or sphere, seeking the shortest distance (and not the direction) between points
  44. 44. The Advisory of Those Who Face the QiblahPage44A and B and not being concerned with the cardinal directions of north, south, east andwest, then their math is correct (for the shortest distance between two points on an object).How to read a mapThis is how one reads a map33: Mapmakers draw two sets of lines: a set of east-west lines,parallel to the Equator, and a set of north-south lines crossing the Equator. The result is agrid, a network of reference lines for pinpointing locations and establishing distance anddirection between places:The position of a point north or south of the Equator is known as its „latitude‟. Its lines arecalled „parallels of latitude‟ or simply „parallels‟. Lines of latitude run east-west, but north-south positions are referenced by them. The entire U.S.A. and Canada has a higher degreeof latitude than Makkah, so Makkah is to the south.33What is mentioned here is general guidelines for understanding a map. Maps have other featuresnot mentioned in this booklet.
  45. 45. The Advisory of Those Who Face the QiblahPage45A second set of lines passing through the poles is known as „meridians of longitude‟, orsimply „meridians‟. One meridian is designated as the Prime Meridian. The position eastor west of a prime meridian is its „longitude‟. Lines of longitude (meridians) run north-south but east-west positions are referenced by them. There is no difference in opinion thatMakkah is to our east, but it is not true that east is sufficient for the one who knows thatMakkah is in the desert, and that the warm region of the earth is to our south.Here are other projections with respective latitude and longitude lines:
  46. 46. The Advisory of Those Who Face the QiblahPage46Figure ‎0-1: a flat map is still valid if the landmasses comply with the grid properlyFigure ‎0-2: different projections have different goals, but if the parrallels and maridians are correct, the map iscorrectIt is for this reason our determination of Makkah being southeast of the U.S.A. does notcontradict any map; we are actually reading the map and following its rules. Again, the mapis not our proof, but the map complies with the reality of the situation. The person whoknows how to read a map knows that as long as the „land masses‟ fall on the grid (latitudeand longitude lines) properly, then the distortion of the map is irrelevant. The distortion
  47. 47. The Advisory of Those Who Face the QiblahPage47exists because different maps have different purposes. When did the Muslims becomeignorant of how to read maps?Therefore, the Equator is 0 on any map, even if the projection of that map shows theEquator bending, broken, closer to the top of the page, or closer to the bottom. Also, theNorth Pole is 90 on any map, no matter the projection or distortion of the map. Observeother projections. If the latitude and longitude lines are properly distributed, then Makkahis southeast of the U.S.A. on all of them:Figure ‎0-3: Demonstrating the relationship between a globe and a fat map
  48. 48. The Advisory of Those Who Face the QiblahPage48And so, we ask the northeast supporter, “Is latitude and longitude relevant or not?” If hesays yes, then he must face southeast as per reading the map as it should be read. If he saysno, then why is he calling his line „northeast‟? Knowing north on the map is by latitudelines, and knowing east on the map is by longitude lines. That is as far as reading a map isconcerned. In reality, knowing north would be by the North Star and knowing east would
  49. 49. The Advisory of Those Who Face the QiblahPage49be by the sunrise. However, a mere ball or sphere is not looked at as having north orsouth. Once we assign north or south on the ball or sphere, it becomes a sort of map, andthen must be read as maps are read.The person who supports northeast cannot hold both sides. If he wants to refer to a roundobject simply for its shape, then he cannot assign cardinal directions to it and treat it like amap, and cannot validly call his line „northeast‟, although he can successfully find theshortest distance between two points on that object by placing a string over it. If he wants aglobe, then he cannot ignore the fact that it is a map, and not a mere ball, and thus cannotvalidly name a line „northeast‟ based on the shortest distance; that is not how you read amap. Nor can he refuse any other map because of its distortion, for all maps have onething in common: latitude and longitude lines.So, if the grid on the map is irrelevant, then based on what is he determining north and easton the globe when he pulls his string? If he names his line “northeast” because of a NorthPole at 90 and an Equator at 0, then he has to be consistent all the way through, andaccept the latitude and longitude coordinates in between 0 and 90, and face southeast. Ifhe wants to ignore all latitude and longitude, then he has confessed that he is not seeking adirection, and has validated that of which we have accused him: not facing the direction.‫امتوفيق‬ ‫وِبهلل‬
  50. 50. The Advisory of Those Who Face the QiblahPage50MORE ILLUSIONSNow, if it is clear that all cardinal directions are different, then it is clear that if a linedesignated as AC were a perfectly straight line; an unchanging direction bearingnorth(east), then line CA would not bear north(west), since it should be the oppositedirection. It must bear south(west). To say otherwise is to fall into explicit contradiction,which is invalid.This is the same fallacy of Nuh Keller. Here are more optical illusions from his book. Tryto follow the reasoning behind them being illusions and the refutation of them. It might bemore difficult for one to understand this case, especially if one is reading on his own andnot hearing the words of a teacher, but we seek the help of Allah in making this as simpleas possible. Below, there are three globe pictures:
  51. 51. The Advisory of Those Who Face the QiblahPage51Figure ‎0-1: Nuh Keller diagram 2 (labelled)A CACA
  52. 52. The Advisory of Those Who Face the QiblahPage52How many illusions can you detect?1. One illusion is that the circles seem three dimensional while they are only picturesdrawn on a flat surface; these are flat and not spherical globes.2. Another illusion is that line AC in the second and third pictures is bearingnorth(east), and line CA , the exact opposite, is also bearing north(west) instead ofsouth(west).3. Yet a third illusion is that a line that is not curved occurs over a curved surface:The illusion of a straight line over a curved surface is clear; if the surface is curved, any linerunning over it would also be curved. Therefore:1. They promote yet another illusion, which is that this „unchanging direction‟ is athree dimensional object, because in their reasoning, if you look at the line from“above”, it appears straight, and if you look at it from “the side” it appears to bend,like a bridge that had you seen it from the side you would see it curving as itascends and descends as an arc, but had you seen it from above, it looks straight.They claimed the northeast qiblah is an unchanging direction because they arelooking from “above”; from the North Pole view. The Qiblah, in reality, is not aline or a beam that is looked at from the side or the top. Nor is any directionsomething looked at from the top or side. This is in terms of reality, not imaginedconception.2. For him to draw a solid, black line for northeast, and a curved, dotted line forsoutheast is dishonesty. Both lines would be curved in reality, because the surfaceof the globe is curved, but our point is that the surface and the curve do notinfluence the directions. They only effect one‟s ability to move about; to travel. Thecardinal directions will not change because of this curve. At this point, many whodefend southeast will slip and lose their footing in the debate, so be attentive: If theyask us, “If your line (over the surface) is curved too, it means you have no straightdirection, like us, and no one else has one either.” The answer is that we do notfigure out the Qiblah by drawing lines on a globe, and we do not use the shape of

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