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Protecting and Empowering our Next Generation... Globally

Protecting and Empowering our Next Generation... Globally
Deborah Taylor Tate
ITU WTISD Laureate 2009

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    Protecting and Empowering our Next Generation... Globally Protecting and Empowering our Next Generation... Globally Presentation Transcript

    • 1 st International Congress Minors & ICT Protecting and Empowering our Next Generation---- Globally Deborah Taylor Tate ITU WTISD Laureate 2009
    • DIGI-ZENS: ARE WE RAISING GOOD CITIZENS FOR THE DIGITAL AGE? Global Cybersecurity and the world’s children
    • International Rights of Children • UN Resolution 44/25 WSIS • ITU: “Building confidence and security in use of ICTs” • Specifically recognized needs of children and protection in cyberspace • Tunis Commitment: “the role of ICTs in protection of children… and protect children from abuse and defend their rights in the context of ICTs” • High Level Segment ITU: Adoption COP Initiative
    • TUNIS COMMITMENT “We recognize the role of information and communication technologies (ICT) in the protection of children and in enhancing the development of children. We will strengthen action to protect children from abuse and defend their rights in the context of ICT.”
    • UN Secretary General Ban Ki-Moon "I welcome the ITU's Child Online Protection Initiative and I urge all States to support it."
    • World Telecommunications and Information and Society Day 2009 Laureates • ITU Sec.Gen.Toure “Call to Action” • Historic emphasis on children and ICT • President Lula, Brazil • GSMA Association • Historic emphasis on children and ICT
    • Queen Silvia of Sweden • "We must work together like never before if we are to protect our children. In cyberspace, we really are only as strong as our weakest link; we are only as secure as our weakest hub."
    • Remember when??? • The internet was used by 900 US officials? • Cell phones were $3,500 and 5 lbs. • Bill Gates was in college • Computers took up an entire room
    • Investment = Connectivity= Investment • Worldwide Telecom revenues estimated at $ 3.5 trillion in 2007, and is expected to grow 10% annually. • 34% Germany/Italy access internet mobile • 24.4% increase in internet access revenue • 300 million mobile connections worldwide. • $1.3 trillion in wireless revenue projected in 2011.
    • Increased Broadband Penetration Increased availability would have a positive economic impact of $134 BILLION!
    • Benefits of Broadband • E-Health • Remote and Distance Learning. • Civil participation • E Government • E-agriculture • E-COMMERCE!
    • Financial Cybersecurity: “…I the Governor of the Central Bank of Nigeria on this day issued the release of your forty two million United States dollars ($42,000,000.00) contract payment by classified bank draft.”
    • Cybersecurity Costs? $1 Trillion
    • What is the cost to our Children? • Cyberbullying • Identity theft, cheating, fraud • Accidents (driving while texting) • Digital Footprints eternal-job/college • Economic cost • Suicide • Addictive behaviors (gaming/online) • Criminal convictions (sxtng)
    • But risks to our children: Screen Time already 22 hours/week!
    • Total screen time almost 50 hours/week (vs. 15 parents)
    • What is happenening online…. • What Many Parents Don’t Know – most of children are willing to share personal information about themselves and their family in exchange for goods and services – children are increasingly being targeted by online predators. • What are the online risks? – Pornography – Violence – Online Gaming & Addiction – Online Fraud – Cyber-bulling – Racism
    • Child Internet Safety • In the United States: – between 1 in 7 and 1 in 25 children have been solicited online. – 28% of online teens have created their own blog. – 27% maintain their own webpage. – 39% share their own artwork, photos, stories or videos online. – 41% of teens who use MySpace, Facebook, or other social networking sites send messages to their friends everyday through these sites – 42% of children have been bullied online, and 1 in 4 has had it happen more than once – 89% solicitation in “chat rooms”
    • “Tween” Statistics • Online earlier (3 in 5 by age 7) • All screen time increasing-90% tweens • 1 in 10 online over 3 hrs/day (21+22=43) • Personal info shared-social networking • Unknown contacts (11% total strangers) • Cyberbullying: mental issues/suicide • Posting personal info/sxting etc. • Future problems: Digital footprint forever….
    • Research shows technology: • Improving academic performance • Creating and sharing their own creative works online • ALSO---utilizing technology for cheating in school • Hacking into another teen’s account and stealing their identity • Just as in the offline world, we must teach our children and youth more than technical skills of keyboards • Curriculum must include “digital literacy” • “Right” from “Wrong”/Civil discourse • Empowerment • Anti-bullying and emotional control
    • 2009 Internet Porn statistics • 1st Internet exposure = 11 yrs. Avg. • 90% (8-16) usually doing homework • 26 Child characters (Pokemon etc) link to thousands of websites • 116,000 daily “child porn” requests • $4.9 B. industry
    • Not merely U.S. Today….. A Global Issue • Over 1.5 Billion Internet users worldwide • 400 million broadband and growing! • Not just developed nations….. • Asia 600 M • Latin America 130 M • Africa 50 M • China 19m YOUTH!!
    • First Lady of Egypt Suzanne Mubarak • E-safety Family Kit • spark discussions about security, privacy, respect, codes of conduct • guides families with children aged between 6 and 12 years through the basics of the internet via the story of two youngsters, their parents and the IT genius. • Color-coded chapters highlight four key e-safety themes: Security, Communication, Cyber bullying and Entertainment.
    • • West Africa ICT, Ghana. • APEC-TEL, Bangkok. • Ministers of: China, Egypt, Australia, Brazil, Japan, Vietnam 1st Congress Gijon, Spain
    • International Child Safety Organizations and Nonprofits Int’l Center for Missing and Exploited Children iKEEPSAFE Coalition ITU Child Online Protection Initiative (COP) Family Online Safety Institute (FOSI) GSMA-Mobile Alliance Against Child Sexual Abuse Content More………
    • “The Interactive Generation in Ibero- America. Children and adolescents faced with the screens”, a first landmark book faces us with the reality of the use of these technologies by minors in Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Mexico, Peru and Venezuela. The fact that more than 80,000 students have already participated. The results of the study are specially aimed to parents and educators, as well as companies, institutions and society in general, with the idea of watching so that ICT are a tool which favors the personal growth of the young ones. The final mission of the project is to use this knowledge to develop guidelines and educative actions at all levels –including family, school and institutional level— that will help us to educate young people so they become experts in the present and future technologies.
    • ITU Secretary General Hamadoun Toure announces “COP”
    • COP- International Collaboration • Children’s Charities’Coalition on Internet Safety (CHIS) • Child Helpline Internation (CHI) • International Centre for Missing and Exploited Chidlren (ICMEC) • Interpol • United National Interregional Crime and Justice Research Institute (UNICRI) • UNICEF • YOUR ORGANIZATION!
    • Terms of Reference of COP Initiative • Liase with world organizations: add-on to global conferences, international fora, workshops • Global awareness, information and tools • Emerging trends and gaps: More Research • Build global resource repository/best practices • Facilitate international strategic partnerships emphasizing multi-stakeholder approach=concrete deliverables (2010) • Support/strengthen Member States enforcement investigative tools (draft templates)
    • Guidelines for Policymakers, Parents, Educators and YOUTH now available (6 UN languages)
    • Repository of Tools
    • Market Solutions: Self regulatory • Opt in vs. opt out at sale • Software/other • No behavior ads • Limited internet access • Parent Monitor • “Playground monitors”
    • Global Youth Forum Geneva
    • Human Factor = Secret Ingredient – Security is not a checklist, it is a culture – To create the culture of security we must deliver engaging and inspiring awareness and education resources – People must be empowered not instilled with fear
    • Child Online Protection Guidelines available now! www.itu.int/cop
    • Guidelines on COPhttp://www.itu.int/osg/csd/cybersecurity/gca/cop/guidelines/index.html ITU has been working with some COP members to develop initial sets of guidelines for the different stakeholders. Guidelines for parents, guardians and Guidelines for industry educators •Children’s Charities’ Coalition on Children’ Charities’ •Children’s Charities’ Coalition on Internet Children’ Charities’ Internet Safety (CHIS) Safety (CHIS) •GSM Association •University of Edinburgh, United Kingdom •European Broadcasting Union (EBU) •Insafe Network •INTERPOL •European Network and Information •AfrISPA Security Agency (ENISA) •Telecom Italia •European Commission’s Safer Internet Commission’ •Vodafone programme •Cyber Peace Initiative Guidelines for policy-makers policy- •Children’s Charities’ Coalition on Internet Children’ Charities’ Guidelines for children Safety (CHIS) •Telefónica Telefó •United Nations Interregional Crime and •Children’s Charities’ Coalition on Children’ Charities’ Justice Research Institute (UNICRI) Internet Safety (CHIS) •International Centre for Missing and •Save the Children Exploited Children (ICMEC) •INTERPOL •Child Helpline International (CHI) •INTERPOL
    • MySecureCyberspace -Carnegie Mellon CyLab
    • Next Steps • A global survey was also initiated to • determine the current scope of online • child safety policy and legal • frameworks across the world – a • preliminary report on the findings of • this survey will be reported to the IGF in • November 2009. • The next phases of the COP initiative are • currently being developed within the ITU, • consulting closely with partners.
    • Click for free brochure in 6 languages
    • For more Information: • Child Online Protection Initiative (COP) http://www.itu.int/cop • World Telecommunication & Information Society Day • http://www.itu.int/wtisd/index.html • Cybersecurity, Spam and Cybercrime: Confidence and security in the use of ICTs • http://www.itu.int/cybersecurity • ITU Global Cybersecurity Agenda http://www.itu.int/cybersecurity/gca
    • Gracias! Please join the COP Initiative www.itu.int/cop
    • Thank you for helping protect the world’s children Contact us: cop@itu.int