Topics What is green biotechnology? History of green biotechnology Aims of plant biotechnology Applicationsgreenbiotechnology Benefits
Green Biotechnologywhich is commonly known PlantBiotechnology . Which applied to agriculturalprocesses produce more environmentallyfriendly solutions alternative to traditionalindustrial agriculture.
History of Green biotechnologyPlant biotechnology is founded fromthe Cell Theory of Schleiden andSchwann to biotech crops & theprinciples of cellular totipotency andgenetic transformation in bacteriaby Frederick Griffith
Aims of green biotechnology Tackle food Plants for security fuels issues Reduce the environment al footprint of industry
Application of green biotechnologyThe application refer to of geneticengineering .Plant tissue culture:A technique lets whole plantsproduce from minute amounts ofplant parts like the roots or evenjust a single plant cell underlaboratory conditions. Exampleproducts in Kenya include bananaand Irish potato.
Plant molecular marker assisted breeding: A technique uses molecular markers to select a specific trait of interest yield and linked to it. E.g. maize that is tolerant to drought and maize streak virus. Plant genetic engineering: The selective and transfer of beneficial gene(s) from one to another to create new improved crops. Examples cotton, sweet potato.
Bio fertilizers and bio pesticides:farmers are using bio fertilizers and biopesticides to reap more benefits and avoid thechemical pesticides having pollutants India10%saving through the use of bio fertilizers.Plants for bio-energy:Plants are used a bit for the production ofdifferent biofuels, such as biodiesel or bio-ethanol. Like Wood –the cellulose andhemicellulose in wood – can be converted tobio-ethanol
Hybridization:scientists exploit s the fact thatsome offspring from the progeny ofa cross between two knownparents would be better than theparents example hybrid corns.Example of green biotechnologyBiotech cotton : Somebiotechnology companies are usingthe soil bacterium bacillusthuringiensis (Bt), to produce a Bt-toxin gene to splice into cotton. Thetoxin Eats into the gut of pests andkills them.
Green Biotechnology and ClimateChange:Green biotechnology playing role to fightclimate change.Greenhouse gas reduction by cropadaptation to climate change andpopulation growth. Contribute positivelyby reducing CO2 emissions increase astheir cultivation.
Future with green biotechnology1. Increasing food production: around 800 million people worldwide suffer from hunger. the world’s population will grow to 8.1Billion by 2030. Must increase in production by Biotechnology can improve the global food situation .2. • improvement and the production of new products with new traits like (drought)
3. Food enhancement by enhancement in vital nutrients such as protein and vitamins This food is safer than conventional food because it is tested4. improvement in health & safety standards, and less environment pollution.5. Biotechnology has even greater potential productivity