Women's Civil Rights Turning Points

14,039 views
13,537 views

Published on

Notes of women's civil rights in America 1865-1992

Published in: Education
0 Comments
9 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
14,039
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
22
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
215
Comments
0
Likes
9
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Women's Civil Rights Turning Points

  1. 1. History – Civil Rights in America<br />Women Quick Notes/ Turning Points<br />Roe vs. Wade<br /><ul><li>Right to abortion
  2. 2. Broke from the idea that women only satisfied in home
  3. 3. Anti-feminist movement
  4. 4. Lots of protests</li></ul>1960’s<br /><ul><li>Civil Rights movement
  5. 5. Higher pay
  6. 6. End to discrimination in work
  7. 7. Betty Freidan’s “The Feminine Mystique”</li></ul>World Wars<br /><ul><li>More in workplace
  8. 8. Many stayed in workplace
  9. 9. More from WW2 than WW1
  10. 10. Capable of hard work
  11. 11. Can work and look after household
  12. 12. Gave confidence</li></ul>Prohibition and Temperance<br /><ul><li>Gives confidence
  13. 13. Reactionary groups form – both men and women</li></ul>Contraceptives and the 1920’s<br /><ul><li>Change in views
  14. 14. Right to decide about their bodies
  15. 15. Limited
  16. 16. Mainly middle class girls
  17. 17. Many not happy with flappers</li></ul>14th and 15th Amendment<br /><ul><li>Gave citizenship and the right to vote to men
  18. 18. Sparks women’s suffrage</li></ul>19th Amendment (1918)<br /><ul><li>Right for women to vote
  19. 19. Political equality</li></ul>The Equal Rights Amendment<br /><ul><li>Women are equal politically, economically and socially
  20. 20. Cemented other Acts/ Bills/ Amendments
  21. 21. Too late to make any difference</li></ul>Industrial Era<br /><ul><li>More job opportunities
  22. 22. More divorces
  23. 23. Legislation to improve rights</li></ul>Women Detailed Notes<br />Federal Government<br /><ul><li>15th Amendment 1870 no vote
  24. 24. Homestead Act 1862 able to own land in their own right
  25. 25. Wilson called for an amendment for the vote
  26. 26. Roosevelt New Deal
  27. 27. Social Security Act 1935 welfare benefits for poor helped married women but not designed for them in particular
  28. 28. Aid to Dependent Children 1935 designed for women with young families and no male head of household frequently humiliating process
  29. 29. Fair Labor Standards Act 1938 new minimum wage levels still earned less than men
  30. 30. 19th Amendment 1920 vote
  31. 31. Shephard-Towner Act 1921-1929 funding for maternity and infant health education resisted by medical profession
  32. 32. Women’s Bureau Department of Labor 1920
  33. 33. Comstock Laws 1873 the sale, advertisement and distribution of contraceptives was illegal
  34. 34. 21st Amendment stops prohibition 1933
  35. 35. 18th Amendment prohibition 1917
  36. 36. Kennedy wanted civil rights act considered women’s status seriously policies failed to deliver promises
  37. 37. Equal Employment Opportunities Commission ensures Civil Rights Act and Equal Pay Act are fulfilled
  38. 38. Civil Rights Act 1964 no discrimination on the grounds of race or gender
  39. 39. Equal Pay Act 1964 stated there should be no discrimination due to race or gender in pay
  40. 40. Roe v. Wade 1973 abortion
  41. 41. Clinton 1992 huge opportunities for women in politics
  42. 42. Nixon vetoed Child Development Act 1972
  43. 43. Equal Credit Opportunity Act 1974 banned discrimination in access to credit due to race or gender
  44. 44. Equal Rights Act (ERA) only exists as State law (see later) </li></ul>Women and Campaigns (including Reactionary)<br /><ul><li>Jane Addams Hull House (Chicago) 1889 social centre for immigrant families
  45. 45. Temperance and prohibition
  46. 46. Women’s Crusade 1973
  47. 47. Women’s Christian temperance Union (WCTU) 1874
  48. 48. Anti-Saloon League (ASL) 1893
  49. 49. Women’s Organization for National Prohibition Reform (WONPR) 1929
  50. 50. Association Against the Prohibition Amendment (AAPA) 1918
  51. 51. Rights in the workplace
  52. 52. National Consumers’ League (NCL) 1899
  53. 53. Women’s Trade Union League 1921
  54. 54. National Association of Colored Women (NACW) 1896 vote anti-lynching education
  55. 55. Ida B. Wells & Mary Talbert
  56. 56. Campaign to abolish slavery
  57. 57. Lucretia Mott
  58. 58. Elizabeth Cady Stanton
  59. 59. Susan B. Anthony
  60. 60. Campaign for suffrage
  61. 61. American Women Suffrage Association (NWSA) 1869
  62. 62. Carrie Chapman Catt
  63. 63. Alice Paul Congressional Union for Women’s Suffrage 1915 (became National Women’s Party post 1917)
  64. 64. Women’s Rights Convention 1848
  65. 65. Flappers 1920s
  66. 66. Eleanor Roosevelt role model for many women
  67. 67. Equal Rights Amendment (ERA) campaigned for since 1920’s but never passed by Congress almost passed in 1972 but time ran out in 1982
  68. 68. Schlafly established National committee to Stop ERA 1972
  69. 69. Campaign for birth control, abortion and the right to control their bodies
  70. 70. Margaret Sanger American Birth Control League (ABCL) 1921 backed my Rockefeller
  71. 71. National Organization for the Repeal of the Abortion Laws (NARAL) 1969
  72. 72. Phyllis Schlafly anti-feminist anti-abortion
  73. 73. National Right to Life Committee
  74. 74. Betty Friedan ‘The Feminine Mystique’ 1963
  75. 75. National Organization for Women (NOW) 1966 used all forms of protest
  76. 76. National Women’s Political Caucus 1971 more women in politics through training and support
  77. 77. Gloria Steinem believed women could have a family and career
  78. 78. Women’s Liberation Movement</li></ul>Society & Economy<br /><ul><li>Industrialisation women needed in the workplace
  79. 79. WW1 saw women in workplace but returned to home, little change
  80. 80. WW2 many women stayed in workplace after war, proved they could work and handle home life
  81. 81. 1920’s and the Depression many needed to work in Depression although frowned on, employed agreed for cheaper labour 1920’s mostly the emergence of contraception and flappers
  82. 82. Working women appears to be a major driving force, more women in workplace, the more women want rights
  83. 83. Divisions amongst women themselves divided by class and race for most of the period reactionary group to all campaigns major inhibitor of rights
  84. 84. Cold War increased opportunities all talents needed in space race etc. needed to show that America was the land of the free
  85. 85. New Feminism 1960s gave women new confidence some suspicious as many working women had no children belief that it went against traditions
  86. 86. Technological advances allowed for more women in the workplace especially in white-collar work
  87. 87. Expansion of educational opportunities allowed women to train and create careers
  88. 88. Political awareness more later in the period politicians targeted women for votes
  89. 89. Christian views belief women should be in the home continues to present day</li></ul>Situation in 1992<br /><ul><li>Discrimination jobs and careers still experienced discrimination, nearer the top the harder it was for women over men
  90. 90. Obstacles remained married women had more obstacles than single women
  91. 91. Importance of the home and family increased compared to the 1960s
  92. 92. Barriers existed affordable child care and paid maternity leave were often hard to get</li></ul>Situation in 1865<br /><ul><li>Divisions between race and class failed to unite women
  93. 93. Despite divisions, many groups campaigned for similar issues, focusing on social issues (e.g. slavery, child labour, temperance)
  94. 94. No vote due to 15th Amendment although some States would include vote for white women
  95. 95. Expansion of workforce providing more opportunities for unmarried women
  96. 96. Homestead Act 1862 gives women more freedom by owning property
  97. 97. Christian attitudes dominate and most women stay at home</li></ul>Themes<br /><ul><li>Economy
  98. 98. Society and its attitudes
  99. 99. Women themselves
  100. 100. Federal Government

×