Russian revolution essay plans
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Russian revolution essay plans

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    Russian revolution essay plans Russian revolution essay plans Presentation Transcript

    • GCSE
    •  Why was there a revolution in Russia in March 1917? Why was there a revolution in Russia in March 1917? (2) What were the causes of the March Revolution? Was the Provisional Government doomed from the start? Why was there a Second Revolution in November 1917?
    • Back to ContentsEffects of WW1 Domestic effects of WW1 Tsar Nicholas goes to the• 1 million+ casualties and POWs by • Inflation front line 1914 • Soldiers returned • September 1917• Many defeats • Unemployment • Tsarina (German) in charge• Bad conditions • Food and fuel shortages • Personally responsible • Ban of VodkaLoss of support Revolution begins Army mutiny• Resentment of Tsarina and • 7 March – 40,000 workers on strike • 12 March Rasputin • 8 March – International Women’s • Duma in control• Harsh winder in 1916 Day• People wanted a say in • Tsar orders force government Tsar abdicates • Tries to make deal with Duma • Exiled to Siberia
    • Back to Contents Long term Short term Trigger• Tsar’s mistakes • Effects of war • Conditions in• Economic on the army March 1917 situation • Effects of war • Crucial role of before the war on the people the army• Situation of • Role of the peasants and Tsarina and workers before Rasputin the war • Lack of representation in government via the Duma
    • Back to Contents Introduction Before the War The War The Revolution Conclusions• What were the • Economic causes • Effects of the • Conditions in • Was the War the key events of the • How well were War on people March 1917 main cause? Revolution? industry and • Effects of the • Crucial role of the • Were the failures (define your agriculture War on the army army of the Tsar before terms) doing? • The Tsar’s and during the• How do you • Social causes mistakes War the main intend to answer • Had the • The role of the cause? this question? conditions of Tsarina and the workers and Rasputin peasants improved in the years leading up to the war? • Politics causes • Were the people’s views being heard through the Duma? How well was the Tsar running in the country?
    • Back to ContentsTemporary War Land Food Representation Politicalgovernment •Continued •Refused to reform •Shortages •Soviets Opposition•8 months, 2 prime War, loyal to land ownership increased •3,00 members •SRs, Bolsheviks, ministers Allies, need for •Peasants taking each – 1,000 Mensheviks, etc.•Members of Duma supplies land illegally workers/soldiers •April Theses –•Run country until •1917 offensive – •Controlled army, Peace, Land, elections disaster leading to factories, railways Bread disertions •Hostile to •Kornilov Revolt•Key issues – War, Land, Food •Mutinies 0 Provisional Kronstadt Government•Rival government Rebellion – Soviets •Dominated by •Kornilov Revolt Bolsheviks
    • Back to ContentsConditions in Russia Mistakes of Provisional Government• Mutinies • Continued war• Revolt (July 1917) • Summer offensive 1917• Increase popularity for Petrograd Soviet • Food shortages• Land • Failure to distribute land to peasants• Increase of opposition • Handling of July Days and Kornilov Revolt • Failure to elect Constituent AssemblyLenin and the Bolsheviks Trotsky• Helped by Germans • Lenin’s right-hand man – Chairman of Military• Finland Station Speech/ April Theses • Set HQ in Smolni Institute – made plans for• September 1917 – Bolsheviks dominate take over Petrograd Soviet • Controlled key areas • Red Guard’s stormed Winter Palace • Seized (later) Moscow