1920’s America

7,536 views

Published on

Published in: Education, Career, Business
0 Comments
3 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
7,536
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
28
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
69
Comments
0
Likes
3
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

1920’s America

  1. 1. 1920’S AMERICA The Boom
  2. 2. CONTENTS
  3. 3. THE BOOM <ul><li>Why was there a ‘Boom?’ </li></ul><ul><li>Key Features of the Boom </li></ul>
  4. 4. WHY WAS THERE A ‘BOOM?’ <ul><li>Long Term: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The US had lots of raw materials like coal, iron and oil </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>US industry was already successful </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>There was a large internal market to sell to because of the large population </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Short Term: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>WW1 allowed the US industry to expand </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The US supplied many goods to Europe </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The US took over important industries like chemicals </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The US trade took over world markets </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The US investors had money from European loans to spend on US industry </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Fordney-McCumber tariff protected US industry </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Factors During the 1920’s: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>There was new selling techniques </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>There was no restriction on business as Republicans were in charge </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>‘ Taylorism’ was used. This is the use of mass production and assembly lines to make products cheaper. This was best used by Henry Ford on the Model-T car </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. KEY FEATURES OF THE BOOM
  6. 6. AMERICAN IDEAS AND FEARS <ul><li>Prohibition Left-wing Ideas </li></ul>
  7. 7. PROHIBITION
  8. 8. INTOLERANCE OF LEFT-WING IDEAS <ul><li>Trade Union membership fell in the 1920’s </li></ul><ul><li>Ford banned his employees from joining trade unions </li></ul><ul><li>In some states it was illegal to teach Darwin’s Theory of Evolution </li></ul><ul><li>Socialist were harassed </li></ul><ul><li>Sacco and Vanzetti were Italian Anarchists accused of robbery </li></ul><ul><ul><li>They were executed in 1927 based on little evidence because of a bias judge </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. WHO DIDN’T BENEFIT? <ul><ul><li>Black Americans </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Farmers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Others </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. BLACK AMERICANS
  11. 11. FARMERS <ul><li>Farmers didn’t do well in the 1920’s </li></ul><ul><li>There was competition from Canada </li></ul><ul><li>Farmers did well during WW1 but European countries were growing their own food now that the war was over </li></ul><ul><li>Nearly all farmers were overproducing which made the price of food remain low </li></ul><ul><li>Foreigners couldn’t buy US food because high tariffs meant that they didn’t have any dollars to spend on food </li></ul>
  12. 12. OTHERS <ul><li>Wage Earners </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Profits rose by 80% but wages only rose by 8% </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Unemployed </li></ul><ul><ul><li>There was never less than 2million unemployed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>But many had been skilled workers replaced by mechanisation </li></ul></ul><ul><li>New Immigrants </li></ul><ul><ul><li>They got the worst jobs; casual work, low pay </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Workers in Old Industries </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Wages were low and faced world competition like coal and textiles </li></ul></ul>

×