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Spanish grammar book may Spanish grammar book may Presentation Transcript

  • Grammar BookPart 2
    Memo Strickland
    5th Period
  • Table of Contents:
    Conditional + Irregulars
    Perfect tenses
    Present
    Past
    Present perfect irregulars
    Subjunctive perfect
    Tantoy Tan
    Impersonal se
    Saber vs. Conocer
    Los Mandatos
    Informal/ formal
    Affirmative
    Negative
    Irregular
    DOP + IOP placement
    Nosotros Commands
    Mono Verbs
    Subjunctive + Irregulars
    Expressions of Emotion with Present Sub.
    Trigger Phrases
    Impersonal Expressions
    Expressions of Emotion
    Conjunctions of Time
    Demonstrative Adjective and Pronouns
  • Conditional + Irregulars
    Expresses probability, possibility, or conjecture.
    “Would, could, should.”
    • These irregulars are the same as future tense.
  • Perfect Tenses
    Prefect tense portrays an action or state as completed and not in progress; from a different point of view
    It has two parts….
    helping verb + past participle
    3 main perfect tenses:
    present perfect
    past perfect
    future perfect
  • Present
    The present perfect is formed by combining the auxiliary verb "has" or "have" with the past participle.
    Example:
    He comido- I have eaten.
  • Past
    Past tense is “had”
    It has the same endings as the conditional
    Example:
    Había vivido- I had lived.
  • Present Perfect Irregulars
    Hemospuesto- we have put
    Han escrito- they have written
    He abierto- I have opened
    Ha muerto- she has died
    Han visto- you all have seen
    Ha dicho- you (formal) have said
    Has vuelto- you have returned
    Hemoshecho- we have done
  • Subjunctive Perfect
    Subjunctive perfect is the compound tense of the present subjunctive of haber and the past participle of the main verb
  • Tanto & Tan
    Forming comparisons of equalities with nouns:
    Tanto (-a,-os,-as) + noun + como
    • Example:
    Roberto tienetantogalletascomoShakira.
    Forming comparisons of equalities with adjectives or adverbs:
    Tan + adj (adverb) + como
    • Example:
    El libroes tan buenocomo la película.
  • Impersonal ‘Se’
    Verb is always in 3rd person and followed by a direct object
    Se + 3rd person singular
    Example:
    Se hablaespañol.
  • Saber vs. Conocer
  • Los Mandatos:
    Used to directly address someone and give them an order
    Can be formal or informal
    Can be nosotros
    Can be affirmative or negative
  • Informal & Formal
  • Affirmative
  • Negative
  • Irregulars
  • Dop & Iop Placement
    The DOP is placed before verb
    It answers the questions of who? & what?
    • The IOPis placed before the verb
    • It answers the questions of to whom? & for whom?
  • Nosotros Commands
    Used when speaker is included, used to express: lets + verb
    Opposite nosotros ending is used
    Example:
    Comamosallí
    -emos: nosotros command of -AR verbs
    -amos: nosotros command of -ER and -IR verbs
    ***For negative, just add no before verb
  • Mono Verbs
    • With affirmative nosotros commands, the final “s” is dropped before adding the pronouns –nos or –se
    • Example:
    Sentemos+ nos = sentémonos
    • With negative nosotros commands, the pronoun comes before the verd
    • Example:
    No nossentemonos
  • Subjunctive
    The subjunctive is used to express everything but certainty and objectivity
    Process:
    Start w/ “yo” form, drop the –o ending, and add the following endings
    Examples:
    com + a = coma
    habl + e = hable
  • Subjunctive Irregulars
    The irregulars for subjunctive are the car, gar, zars and T.V.D.I.S.H.E.S.
    Examples:
    Dar

    des

    demos
    den
    Estar
    esté
    estés
    esté
    estemos
    estén
    Ir
    Vaya
    vayas
    vaya
    vayamos
    Vayan
  • ExampleSentences:
    Nos alegramos de que te gusten las flores
    We are happy that you like the flowers
     
    Siento que tu no puedas venir mañana
    Im sorry that you cant come tomorrow
    Expressions of Emotions with Present Subjunctive
  • Trigger Phases:
    A menosque…
    Antes que…
    Cuando…
    Dudarque…
    En cuanto…
    Es buenoque…
    Es imposibleque…
    Es maloque…
    • Querer que…
    • Sin que…
    • Negar que…
    • Hasta que…
    • Enraro que…
    • Esmejor que…
    • Es posibleque…
    • Esperarque…
  • Impersonal Expressions
    Triggers of the subjunctive
  • Expressions of Emotions
  • Conjunctions of Time
  • Demonstrative Adjectives
    • Placed before the noun and agree with number and gender
    • Example:
    this restaurant = este resturante
  • Demonstrative Pronouns
    • Adj. can act as a noun, accent is added to the first “e” in the word
    • Example: prefieroésa =that one
  • The End