Liip Techday 2009
  Memi Beltrame: Mind the Gap - On Gender and Technology




           Memi Beltrame

   Mind the Gap
O...
Liip Techday 2009
       Memi Beltrame: Mind the Gap - On Gender and Technology




This talk points out social patterns
b...
Liip Techday 2009
Memi Beltrame: Mind the Gap - On Gender and Technology




What is Gender?
Liip Techday 2009
    Memi Beltrame: Mind the Gap - On Gender and Technology




Is it just another word
         for sex?...
Liip Techday 2009
Memi Beltrame: Mind the Gap - On Gender and Technology


Sex                                   Gender
Liip Techday 2009
   Memi Beltrame: Mind the Gap - On Gender and Technology




 Sex                                   Gen...
Liip Techday 2009
     Memi Beltrame: Mind the Gap - On Gender and Technology




Gender is definded by the social
 pattern...
Liip Techday 2009
     Memi Beltrame: Mind the Gap - On Gender and Technology




These patterns in general stand
    for ...
Liip Techday 2009
     Memi Beltrame: Mind the Gap - On Gender and Technology




Gender Boundaries are fluid and in
consta...
Liip Techday 2009
        Memi Beltrame: Mind the Gap - On Gender and Technology




Gender operates on three levels:
Leve...
Liip Techday 2009
         Memi Beltrame: Mind the Gap - On Gender and Technology




Level 1: Identity
● How I present my...
Liip Techday 2009
        Memi Beltrame: Mind the Gap - On Gender and Technology




Gender operates on three levels:
Leve...
Liip Techday 2009
        Memi Beltrame: Mind the Gap - On Gender and Technology




Level 2: Stuctures & Institutions
● B...
Liip Techday 2009
        Memi Beltrame: Mind the Gap - On Gender and Technology




Gender operates on three levels:
Leve...
Liip Techday 2009
        Memi Beltrame: Mind the Gap - On Gender and Technology




Level 3: Symbolism & representation
●...
Liip Techday 2009
      Memi Beltrame: Mind the Gap - On Gender and Technology



The male/female duality is reflected
by o...
Liip Techday 2009
 Memi Beltrame: Mind the Gap - On Gender and Technology




  In the Past 40 years the
boundaries betwee...
Liip Techday 2009
   Memi Beltrame: Mind the Gap - On Gender and Technology




   In the Past 40 years the
 boundaries be...
Liip Techday 2009
  Memi Beltrame: Mind the Gap - On Gender and Technology




What has this got to
do with technology?
Liip Techday 2009
Memi Beltrame: Mind the Gap - On Gender and Technology




    Glad you ask!
Liip Techday 2009
Memi Beltrame: Mind the Gap - On Gender and Technology




 Technology
Liip Techday 2009
     Memi Beltrame: Mind the Gap - On Gender and Technology




       Technology
     A simple definitio...
Liip Techday 2009
     Memi Beltrame: Mind the Gap - On Gender and Technology




Ask yourself:
Who
  ● Engineeres

  ● De...
Liip Techday 2009
        Memi Beltrame: Mind the Gap - On Gender and Technology



Engineers in Germany
    2008:
      W...
Liip Techday 2009
               Memi Beltrame: Mind the Gap - On Gender and Technology

Architects & Construction enginee...
Liip Techday 2009
        Memi Beltrame: Mind the Gap - On Gender and Technology



Production
Electronics assembly line
Liip Techday 2009
            Memi Beltrame: Mind the Gap - On Gender and Technology



Users
Internet usage in relation t...
Liip Techday 2009
 Memi Beltrame: Mind the Gap - On Gender and Technology




Is there gendered
   technology?
Liip Techday 2009
    Memi Beltrame: Mind the Gap - On Gender and Technology




#1 The superfluous hair problem
Liip Techday 2009
    Memi Beltrame: Mind the Gap - On Gender and Technology




#1 The superfluous hair problem
Liip Techday 2009
        Memi Beltrame: Mind the Gap - On Gender and Technology




  #1 The superfluous hair problem




...
Liip Techday 2009
       Memi Beltrame: Mind the Gap - On Gender and Technology




#1 The superfluous hair problem
●   Bea...
Liip Techday 2009
          Memi Beltrame: Mind the Gap - On Gender and Technology




    #1 The superfluous hair problem
...
Liip Techday 2009
         Memi Beltrame: Mind the Gap - On Gender and Technology




 #1 The superfluous hair problem
„Tri...
Liip Techday 2009
Memi Beltrame: Mind the Gap - On Gender and Technology




 #2 Home sweet home

          Gadgets!
Liip Techday 2009
    Memi Beltrame: Mind the Gap - On Gender and Technology




      #2 Home sweet home

               ...
Liip Techday 2009
Memi Beltrame: Mind the Gap - On Gender and Technology




General household tools




Associated with w...
Liip Techday 2009
      Memi Beltrame: Mind the Gap - On Gender and Technology




But of course: the washing machine is
 ...
Liip Techday 2009
     Memi Beltrame: Mind the Gap - On Gender and Technology




Household tools in a broader sense




 ...
Liip Techday 2009
    Memi Beltrame: Mind the Gap - On Gender and Technology




              Leisure items




Associate...
Liip Techday 2009
Memi Beltrame: Mind the Gap - On Gender and Technology




   Programming
Liip Techday 2009
  Memi Beltrame: Mind the Gap - On Gender and Technology




    Programming
A brief history lesson
Liip Techday 2009
      Memi Beltrame: Mind the Gap - On Gender and Technology




  During World War II the U.S. Army
sta...
Liip Techday 2009
Memi Beltrame: Mind the Gap - On Gender and Technology




                                  These Machi...
Liip Techday 2009
       Memi Beltrame: Mind the Gap - On Gender and Technology




Nearly two hundred mathematically
trai...
Liip Techday 2009
       Memi Beltrame: Mind the Gap - On Gender and Technology




Nearly two hundred mathematically
trai...
Liip Techday 2009
       Memi Beltrame: Mind the Gap - On Gender and Technology




Ironically the machines would take ove...
Liip Techday 2009
       Memi Beltrame: Mind the Gap - On Gender and Technology




So while men engineered the machines
w...
Liip Techday 2009
       Memi Beltrame: Mind the Gap - On Gender and Technology




Since the real bottleneck was
engineer...
Liip Techday 2009
       Memi Beltrame: Mind the Gap - On Gender and Technology




These women never received any credit
...
Liip Techday 2009
       Memi Beltrame: Mind the Gap - On Gender and Technology




Once the bottleneck of engineering had...
Liip Techday 2009
       Memi Beltrame: Mind the Gap - On Gender and Technology




Once the bottleneck of engineering had...
Liip Techday 2009
Memi Beltrame: Mind the Gap - On Gender and Technology




   Emancipation
  Closing the gap
Liip Techday 2009
         Memi Beltrame: Mind the Gap - On Gender and Technology




●   Freedom of choice
Liip Techday 2009
          Memi Beltrame: Mind the Gap - On Gender and Technology




●   Freedom of choice
●   Equality ...
Liip Techday 2009
          Memi Beltrame: Mind the Gap - On Gender and Technology




●   Freedom of choice
●   Equality ...
Liip Techday 2009
  Memi Beltrame: Mind the Gap - On Gender and Technology




Embrace Difference!
Overcome dualities
 and...
Liip Techday 2009
Memi Beltrame: Mind the Gap - On Gender and Technology




  Thank you!
Liip Techday 2009
               Memi Beltrame: Mind the Gap - On Gender and Technology




Bibliography:
Lerman, Nina E. ...
Mind the Gap:  On Gender And Technology
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Mind the Gap: On Gender And Technology

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This talk points out social patterns
based on gender, with a special focus on
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Transcript of "Mind the Gap: On Gender And Technology"

  1. 1. Liip Techday 2009 Memi Beltrame: Mind the Gap - On Gender and Technology Memi Beltrame Mind the Gap On Gender and Technology Liip techday, july 1st 2009
  2. 2. Liip Techday 2009 Memi Beltrame: Mind the Gap - On Gender and Technology This talk points out social patterns based on gender, with a special focus on technology
  3. 3. Liip Techday 2009 Memi Beltrame: Mind the Gap - On Gender and Technology What is Gender?
  4. 4. Liip Techday 2009 Memi Beltrame: Mind the Gap - On Gender and Technology Is it just another word for sex? Gender: Sex: F M
  5. 5. Liip Techday 2009 Memi Beltrame: Mind the Gap - On Gender and Technology Sex Gender
  6. 6. Liip Techday 2009 Memi Beltrame: Mind the Gap - On Gender and Technology Sex Gender Biology Society
  7. 7. Liip Techday 2009 Memi Beltrame: Mind the Gap - On Gender and Technology Gender is definded by the social patterns of the male/female duality
  8. 8. Liip Techday 2009 Memi Beltrame: Mind the Gap - On Gender and Technology These patterns in general stand for stereotypical roles
  9. 9. Liip Techday 2009 Memi Beltrame: Mind the Gap - On Gender and Technology Gender Boundaries are fluid and in constant change, evolving in time, culture or social environment
  10. 10. Liip Techday 2009 Memi Beltrame: Mind the Gap - On Gender and Technology Gender operates on three levels: Level 1: Identity
  11. 11. Liip Techday 2009 Memi Beltrame: Mind the Gap - On Gender and Technology Level 1: Identity ● How I present myself ● Words I choose & things I say ● Things I wear, clothes, jewels ● How I move and act ● Stuff I like and use
  12. 12. Liip Techday 2009 Memi Beltrame: Mind the Gap - On Gender and Technology Gender operates on three levels: Level 1: Identity Level 2: Stuctures & Institutions
  13. 13. Liip Techday 2009 Memi Beltrame: Mind the Gap - On Gender and Technology Level 2: Stuctures & Institutions ● Boy Scout/Girl Scout ● Boy/Girl boarding Scools ● Locker Rooms ● Barber/Beauty Parlor
  14. 14. Liip Techday 2009 Memi Beltrame: Mind the Gap - On Gender and Technology Gender operates on three levels: Level 1: Identity Level 2: Stuctures & Institutions Level 3: Symbolism & representation
  15. 15. Liip Techday 2009 Memi Beltrame: Mind the Gap - On Gender and Technology Level 3: Symbolism & representation ● Images of manhood /womanhood ● Assumptions on what a man/woman likes ● Behaviour that is expected by a man/woman
  16. 16. Liip Techday 2009 Memi Beltrame: Mind the Gap - On Gender and Technology The male/female duality is reflected by other dualities: Female Male Home Work Private Public Soft Hard Pink Blue Extroversion Introversion
  17. 17. Liip Techday 2009 Memi Beltrame: Mind the Gap - On Gender and Technology In the Past 40 years the boundaries between these dualisms have been blurred
  18. 18. Liip Techday 2009 Memi Beltrame: Mind the Gap - On Gender and Technology In the Past 40 years the boundaries between these dualisms have been blurred But the stereotypes are still present today.
  19. 19. Liip Techday 2009 Memi Beltrame: Mind the Gap - On Gender and Technology What has this got to do with technology?
  20. 20. Liip Techday 2009 Memi Beltrame: Mind the Gap - On Gender and Technology Glad you ask!
  21. 21. Liip Techday 2009 Memi Beltrame: Mind the Gap - On Gender and Technology Technology
  22. 22. Liip Techday 2009 Memi Beltrame: Mind the Gap - On Gender and Technology Technology A simple definition: the engineered products and services that surround us
  23. 23. Liip Techday 2009 Memi Beltrame: Mind the Gap - On Gender and Technology Ask yourself: Who ● Engineeres ● Designs ● Produces/Manufactures ● Repairs/Maintains ● Uses these products & services?
  24. 24. Liip Techday 2009 Memi Beltrame: Mind the Gap - On Gender and Technology Engineers in Germany 2008: Women: 77'986 11.6% Men: 596'280 88.4% Source: Verband Deutsche Ingenieure e.V. (German Engineering Association)
  25. 25. Liip Techday 2009 Memi Beltrame: Mind the Gap - On Gender and Technology Architects & Construction engineers Electrical engineers Source: Verband Deutsche Ingenieure e.V. (German Engineering Association)
  26. 26. Liip Techday 2009 Memi Beltrame: Mind the Gap - On Gender and Technology Production Electronics assembly line
  27. 27. Liip Techday 2009 Memi Beltrame: Mind the Gap - On Gender and Technology Users Internet usage in relation to age and sex Men Women 15-24 25-34 35-44 45-54 55-64 65+ Age Source: Bundesamt für Statistik (Swiss Federal Buro of Statistics)
  28. 28. Liip Techday 2009 Memi Beltrame: Mind the Gap - On Gender and Technology Is there gendered technology?
  29. 29. Liip Techday 2009 Memi Beltrame: Mind the Gap - On Gender and Technology #1 The superfluous hair problem
  30. 30. Liip Techday 2009 Memi Beltrame: Mind the Gap - On Gender and Technology #1 The superfluous hair problem
  31. 31. Liip Techday 2009 Memi Beltrame: Mind the Gap - On Gender and Technology #1 The superfluous hair problem Form follows function Form follows emotions
  32. 32. Liip Techday 2009 Memi Beltrame: Mind the Gap - On Gender and Technology #1 The superfluous hair problem ● Beard trimming for men, with blades ●Full body epilation for women with a wide variety: shaving, waxing, depilatory creams, laser treatment
  33. 33. Liip Techday 2009 Memi Beltrame: Mind the Gap - On Gender and Technology #1 The superfluous hair problem The 1920-40 featured a variety of mostly bizarre techniques: ● Abrasives made from sandpaper ● Aggresive chemical treatments ● Removal by electrolysis where the hair was galvanised and roasted away, predecessor of laser treatment. ● X-Ray Epilation where the hair was removed by radiation
  34. 34. Liip Techday 2009 Memi Beltrame: Mind the Gap - On Gender and Technology #1 The superfluous hair problem „Trimming the bush to make the tree look taller“ Gillette, Groin-Shaving tips Watch this and notice the references to technology! http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1TiJNewpCnY
  35. 35. Liip Techday 2009 Memi Beltrame: Mind the Gap - On Gender and Technology #2 Home sweet home
  36. 36. Liip Techday 2009 Memi Beltrame: Mind the Gap - On Gender and Technology #2 Home sweet home Gadgets!
  37. 37. Liip Techday 2009 Memi Beltrame: Mind the Gap - On Gender and Technology #2 Home sweet home Gadgets! And a lot of assumptions!
  38. 38. Liip Techday 2009 Memi Beltrame: Mind the Gap - On Gender and Technology General household tools Associated with women
  39. 39. Liip Techday 2009 Memi Beltrame: Mind the Gap - On Gender and Technology But of course: the washing machine is repaired by a man...
  40. 40. Liip Techday 2009 Memi Beltrame: Mind the Gap - On Gender and Technology Household tools in a broader sense Associated with men
  41. 41. Liip Techday 2009 Memi Beltrame: Mind the Gap - On Gender and Technology Leisure items Associated with men and women
  42. 42. Liip Techday 2009 Memi Beltrame: Mind the Gap - On Gender and Technology Programming
  43. 43. Liip Techday 2009 Memi Beltrame: Mind the Gap - On Gender and Technology Programming A brief history lesson
  44. 44. Liip Techday 2009 Memi Beltrame: Mind the Gap - On Gender and Technology During World War II the U.S. Army started to use machines to figure out ballistic trajectories and to solve complex mathematical equations of wartime research
  45. 45. Liip Techday 2009 Memi Beltrame: Mind the Gap - On Gender and Technology These Machines filled entire houses and took several people to operate.
  46. 46. Liip Techday 2009 Memi Beltrame: Mind the Gap - On Gender and Technology Nearly two hundred mathematically trained women were recruited.
  47. 47. Liip Techday 2009 Memi Beltrame: Mind the Gap - On Gender and Technology Nearly two hundred mathematically trained women were recruited They were called „computers“.
  48. 48. Liip Techday 2009 Memi Beltrame: Mind the Gap - On Gender and Technology Ironically the machines would take over their name and replace them later in history.
  49. 49. Liip Techday 2009 Memi Beltrame: Mind the Gap - On Gender and Technology So while men engineered the machines women did the programming
  50. 50. Liip Techday 2009 Memi Beltrame: Mind the Gap - On Gender and Technology Since the real bottleneck was engineering the machines, the women's work was regarded as subprofessional.
  51. 51. Liip Techday 2009 Memi Beltrame: Mind the Gap - On Gender and Technology These women never received any credit for their innovations and inventions
  52. 52. Liip Techday 2009 Memi Beltrame: Mind the Gap - On Gender and Technology Once the bottleneck of engineering had been mastered the new major task had become programming the machine.
  53. 53. Liip Techday 2009 Memi Beltrame: Mind the Gap - On Gender and Technology Once the bottleneck of engineering had been mastered the new major task had become programming the machine. That's the point where men took over.
  54. 54. Liip Techday 2009 Memi Beltrame: Mind the Gap - On Gender and Technology Emancipation Closing the gap
  55. 55. Liip Techday 2009 Memi Beltrame: Mind the Gap - On Gender and Technology ● Freedom of choice
  56. 56. Liip Techday 2009 Memi Beltrame: Mind the Gap - On Gender and Technology ● Freedom of choice ● Equality : ● Opportunities (education, jobs) ● Genuine encouragement ● Credits and rewards (salary, Promotions)
  57. 57. Liip Techday 2009 Memi Beltrame: Mind the Gap - On Gender and Technology ● Freedom of choice ● Equality : ● Opportunities (education, jobs) ● Genuine encouragement ● Credits and rewards (salary, Promotions) ● Dropping the assumptions on what men/women want, like and need
  58. 58. Liip Techday 2009 Memi Beltrame: Mind the Gap - On Gender and Technology Embrace Difference! Overcome dualities and assumptions!
  59. 59. Liip Techday 2009 Memi Beltrame: Mind the Gap - On Gender and Technology Thank you!
  60. 60. Liip Techday 2009 Memi Beltrame: Mind the Gap - On Gender and Technology Bibliography: Lerman, Nina E. Et al. Gender & Technology. A Reader. 2003. The John Hopkins University Press, Baltimore. Froidevaux, Yves and Volker G. Täube Internetnutzung in den Haushalten der Schweiz. 2006. Bundesamt für Statistik, Neuchâtel Statistics on slides 24/25: Verband Deutsche Ingenieure e.V.:Arbeitsmarktdaten Ingenieurwissenschaften http://liip.to/engineerStatsGermany

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