تهران:ارزشها
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تهران:ارزشها

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ترانه يلدا

ترانه يلدا

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تهران:ارزشها تهران:ارزشها Document Transcript

  • ‫ﺳﺮﻣﻘﺎﻟﻪ‬‫!‪PRECIOUS TEHRAN‬‬ ‫ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ:ﺍﺭﺯﺵﻫﺎ‬‫‪Taraneh Yalda‬‬ ‫ﺗﺮﺍﻧﻪ ﻳﻠﺪﺍ‬ ‫ﻳﻚ ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻋﺔ ﻓﻀﺎﻳﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻫﻢ ﭘﻴﻮﺳﺘﻪ ﻛﺎﺭ ﻧﻤﻰﻛﻨﺪ، ﮔﺮﭼﻪ ﺍﻧﺴﺠﺎﻡ ﺑﺨﺸﻴﺪﻥ ﻧﺴﺒﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻱ ﺁﺳﻤﺎﻥ، ﻣﺎﻝ ﻣﻨﻲ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺁﻥ ﺑﺮ ﺍﺳﺎﺱ ﺍﺻﺎﻟﺖ ﺍﻭﻟﻴﻪ ﻣﻤﻜﻦ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺑﻮﺩ. ﭘﺲ ﺍﮔﺮ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺩﻗﻴﻖ ﻧﺸﻨﺎﺳﻴﻢ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺁﺳﻤﺎﻥ ﻧﻴﺴﺘﻲ، ﻣﮕﺮ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻭﻳﮋﮔﻰﻫﺎ ﻭ ﻣﺸﻜﻼﺗﺶ ﺁﮔﺎﻩ ﻧﺒﺎﺷﻴﻢ، ﻫﺮﮔﺰ ﻧﺨﻮﺍﻫﻴﻢ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺴﺖ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻣﻌﻤﺎﺭﺍﻥ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻝﻫﺎﻱ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﻣﻦ ﺳﻴﻨﻪﺍﺕ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺸﻜﺎﻓﻨﺪ.....)ﺧﻮﺍﻥ ﺭﺍﻣﻮﻥ ﺧﻴﻤﻪ ﻧ ِﺰ(‬ ‫ﺷﻬﺮﺳﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﻋﻼﻗﻤﻨﺪ، ﺩﺭ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﺁﻥ ﺩﺧﺎﻟﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺆﺛﺮ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﻴﻢ.‬ ‫ﮔﺎﻡ ﺩﻭﻡ ﺁﮔﺎﻩ ﺳﺎﺯﻱ، ﭘﺎﻳﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﻭ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻡ ﺍﺳﺖ. ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯﻩ ﭘﻮﻝﻫﺎﻳﻲ ﻛﻪ ﺷﻬﺮﺩﺍﺭﻱ‬ ‫ﺁﻥ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﻛﻪ ﺩﻭﺳﺘﺶ ﺩﺍﺭﻳﻢ ﻛﺠﺎﺳﺖ؟ ﺍﺭﺯﺵﻫﺎﻱ ﺫﺍﺗﻲ ﻃﺒﻴﻌﻲ ﻭ ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺨﻲ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ - ﺑﺎ ﺧﻮﻥ ﺟﮕﺮ ﺷﻬﺮ- ﺍﺯ ﻓﺮﻭﺵ ﺗﺮﺍﻛﻢ، ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﻣﺸﻜﻞﺳﺎﺯﻱ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ﻛﺠﺎﻱ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﻬﺮ ﺑﻲﺩﺭ ﻭ ﭘﻴﻜﺮ ﻧﻬﻔﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ؟‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻼﺕ، ﺑﻪ ﺩﺳﺖ ﻣﻲﺁﻭﺭﺩ، ﺑﺎ ﺳﺨﺎﻭﺗﻤﻨﺪﻱ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪ ﻭ ﮔﺎﻩ ﺣﻴﻒ ﻭ ﻣﻴﻞ ﻣﻲﺷﻮﺩ.‬ ‫ﺷﺎﻳﺪ ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﺩﺭﺩ ﺍﻳﻨﺠﺎﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﻛﻤﺘﺮ ﻛﺴﻲ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺧﻮﺏ ﻣﻲﺷﻨﺎﺳﺪ ﻭ ﺁﻥ‬ ‫ﺷﻬﺮﺩﺍﺭﻱ ﻫﻨﻮﺯ ﻣﺘﻮﺟﻪ ﻧﺸﺪﻩ ﻛﻪ ﻫﺮﭼﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺷﻬﺮ ﺭﺍﻩ ﻭ ﺍﺗﻮﺑﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺧﻴﺎﺑﺎﻥ ﺑﺎﺯ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﻋﺰﻳﺰ ﻣﻲﺩﺍﺭﺩ. ﺧﻴﻠﻲ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻌﻤﺎﺭﺍﻥ ﺟﻮﺍﻥ ﺣﺘﻲ ﻧﻤﻲﺩﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﺷﻤﺲﺍﻟﻌﻤﺎﺭﻩ ﻛﺠﺎﺳﺖ!‬ ‫ﺗﻌﺮﻳﺾ ﻛﻨﺪ، ﻣﺸﻜﻞ ﺗﺮﺍﻓﻴﻚ ﺷﺪﻳﺪﺗﺮ ﻣﻲﺷﻮﺩ ﻭ ﻫﺮﭼﻪ ﺗﺮﺍﻛﻢ ﻧﺎﺑﺠﺎ ﺑﻔﺮﻭﺷﺪ-‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺘﻰ ﺩﻭﺳﺖ ﺩﻭﺭﺍﻥ ﺟﻮﺍﻧﻲﺍﻡ -ﺳﻬﻴﻼ ﺑﺴﻜﻲ- ﮔﻔﺖ: »ﺗﻮ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻗﺪﺭ ﺷﻜﺎﻳﺖ‬ ‫ﺁﻥﭼﻨﺎﻥ ﻛﻪ ﺗﺎ ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯ ﺩﺭ ﺭﻭﺳﺘﺎﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺭﺯﺷﻤﻨﺪ ﻛﻮﻫﭙﺎﻳﻪﺍﻯ ﻭ ﺳﺎﻳﺮ ﻣﺤﻼﺕ ﺷﻤﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭﻯ، ﺑﻴﺎ ﻳﻚ ﺷﻤﺎﺭﺓ ﻣﻌﻤﺎﺭ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﺓ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﻭ ﺍﺭﺯﺵﻫﺎﻯ ﺁﻥ ﺳﺎﻣﺎﻥ ﺑﺪﻩ«، ﺣﺲ‬ ‫ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﻓﺮﻭﺧﺘﻪ - ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﻼﻑ ﺳﺮﺩﺭﮔﻢﺗﺮ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷﺪ. ﺳﺎﺧﺖ ﻭ ﺳﺎﺯ، ﺣﺘﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻘﺎﻁ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﺩﻡ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﻭﻗﺘﺶ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺍﻧﺘﻘﺎﺩﻫﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺟﺪﻱ ﺑﮕﻴﺮﻳﻢ ﻭ ﻓﺮﻣﻮﻟﻪ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ، ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻣﺎﺕ ﺧﻮﺏ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺣﺴﺎﺱ ﺷﻬﺮ ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺨﻰ ﻣﺎ، ﺍﻏﻠﺐ ﺑﻪ ﺩﺳﺖ ﻛﺴﺎﻧﻲ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻉ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺷﻦ ﺭﺍ ﻫﻢ ﺍﺭﺝ ﻧﻬﻴﻢ، ﻭ ﺁﻥ ﻗﺪﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺍﺳﺘﻤﺮﺍﺭ ﺑﻪ ﺧﺮﺝ ﺩﻫﻴﻢ ﺗﺎ ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﺗﺮﻛﻴﺐ ﺷﻬﺮ ﻭ ﺯﻳﺒﺎﻳﻲ ﻣﻨﻈﺮ ﺁﻥ ﺍﻫﻤﻴﺖ ﻧﻤﻲﺩﻫﻨﺪ. ﺍﻳﻨﺎﻥ ﺑﻪ ﻫﺮ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﺍﺯ ﺷﻬﺮ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮕﻲ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ، ﺍﻋﻢ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻌﻤﺎﺭﺍﻥ ﻭ ﻫﻨﺮﻣﻨﺪﺍﻥ، ﻣﺴﺌﻮﻻﻥ، ﺳﺎﺯﻧﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺍﻧﺠﻤﻦﻫﺎﻱ‬‫ﺷﻨﺎﺧﺖ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﻧﺪ، ﻛﻢ ﻣﻄﺎﻟﻌﻪ ﻣﻲﻛﻨﻨﺪ، ﺍﺯ ﻧﻈﺮ ﻋﻠﻢ ﻭ ﻫﻨﺮ ﺑﻪ ﺭﻭﺯ ﻧﻴﺴﺘﻨﺪ، ﺑﺎ ﺭﻭﺍﺑﻂ ﻛﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻋﻼﻗﻤﻨﺪ ﺑﻪ ﺯﻧﺪﮔﻲ ﺑﺎ ﻛﻴﻔﻴﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺷﻬﺮ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ، ﺑﻪ ﺗﺪﺭﻳﺞ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺣﺮﻛﺖ ﺩﺭﮔﻴﺮ ﺷﻮﺩ.‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ﻣﻲﺩﻫﻨﺪ ﻭ ﻣﻲﮔﻴﺮﻧﺪ، ﻭ ﭼﻮﻥ ﺍﻧﺤﺼﺎﺭ ﻛﺎﺭﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺳﺘﺸﺎﻥ ﺍﺳﺖ، ﺭﻋﺎﻳﺖ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ، ﻧﺸﺎﻧﻪﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻮﻉ ﺣﺮﻛﺎﺕ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺧﻴﺮﺍ ً ﺩﺭ ﻣﻄﺒﻮﻋﺎﺕ ﻭ ﻧﺸﺮﻳﺎﺕ ﺗﺨﺼﺼﻰ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻝ ﻛﺎﺭﺷﺎﻥ ﻛﻨﺘﺮﻝ ﻭ ﻧﻈﺎﺭﺕ ﻧﻤﻲﺷﻮﺩ. ﺩﺳﺘﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻱ ﺭﺍﻫﺒﺮﻱ ﺻﺤﻴﺢ ﻧﻴﺰ‬ ‫ﺷﺎﻫﺪ ﺑﻮﺩﻩﺍﻳﻢ ﻭ ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺨﺼﻮﺹ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﮔﺎﻩ ﺑﻪ ﮔﺎﻩ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺭﺍ ﺟﻠﺐ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ.‬ ‫ﻫﻨﻮﺯ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻭ ﺷﻬﺮﺩﺍﺭﻱ ﺩﺭﺳﺖ ﺷﻜﻞ ﻧﮕﺮﻓﺘﻪﺍﻧﺪ. ﺑﮕﺬﺭﻳﻢ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮﺍﺕ ﺳﺮﻳﻊ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ﻣﻰﺧﻮﺍﺳﺘﻢ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﺍﺭﺯﺵﻫﺎﻯ ﻃﺒﻴﻌﻰ ﻭ ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺨﻰ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﻋﻢ‬ ‫ُ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﭘﺴﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﭘﺮﻣﺴﺌﻮﻟﻴﺖ ﻭ ﺣﺴﺎﺱ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﺭﺷﺘﺔ ﻛﺎﺭ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﻛﻨﺪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻛﻮﻩ ﺍﻟﺒﺮﺯ ﻭ ﺭﻭﺩ- ﺩﺭﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﻫﻔﺘﮕﺎﻧﺔ ﺁﻥ )ﺩﺭﺑﻨﺪ، ﺩﺭﻛﻪ، ﻭ...( ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻣﺤﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﮔﺴﺴﺘﻪ ﺷﻮﺩ. ﻃﺮﺡﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺘﻌﺪﺩ ﺗﻬﻴﻪ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﻧﺪ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺩﺭﺳﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺳﺮﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﻧﻤﻰﺭﺳﻨﺪ.‬ ‫ﺍﻛﻮﻟﻮژﻳﻚ ﺍﺭﺯﺷﻤﻨﺪ ﺷﻬﺮﻣﺎﻥ، ﺭﻭﺳﺘﺎﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺭﺯﺷﻤﻨﺪ ﺷﻤﺎﻝ ﺷﻬﺮ، ﻭ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺤﻮﻃﻪﻫﺎ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻭﻧﺪ ﺁﺷﻔﺘﻪ ﻭ ﻭﺍﭘﺴﮕﺮﺍﻱ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﺔ ﺷﻬﺮﻱ،ﻛﻪ ﺑﻲﺗﻮﺟﻬﻲ ﺷﺪﻳﺪ ﺑﻪ ﻛﻠﻴﺖ ﺷﻬﺮ‬ ‫ﺑﻨﺎﻫﺎﻱ ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺨﻰ ﺷﻬﺮ – ﺍﺯ ﺷﻬﺮ ﺭﻯ ﺗﺎ ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺭﺿﺎﺷﺎﻫﻰ ﻣﺤﻮﺭ ﻓﺪﺍﻳﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﺳﻼﻡ-‬ ‫ﻭ ﻣﻨﺎﻓﻊ ﻋﺎﻡ ﺷﻬﺮﻭﻧﺪﺍﻥ، ﻭ ﺣﺮﻛﺖ ﻧﺰﺩﻳﻚﺑﻴﻨﺎﻧﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺧﺪﻣﺖ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻨﺎﻓﻊ ﺧﻮﺍﺹ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺑﭙﺮﺩﺍﺯﻳﻢ ﻳﺎ ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ. ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﻗﺼﺪ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻴﻢ ﺻﻔﺤﺎﺗﻲ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺩﺑﻴﺎﺕ ﻭ ﺷﻌﺮﻫﺎﻯ‬‫ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﺍﻥ ﺑﻲﺳﻠﻴﻘﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻥ ﻫﺮ ﺑﻴﻨﻨﺪﻩﺍﻱ ﺭﺍ ﺁﺯﺍﺭ ﻣﻲﺩﻫﺪ، ﻧﺘﻴﺠﻪﺍﻱ ﺟﺰ ﻧﺎﭘﺎﻳﺪﺍﺭﻱ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻁ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﺧﺘﺼﺎﺹ ﺩﻫﻴﻢ. ﺁﺧﺮ ﺍﻣﺎ، ﺑﻪ ﻋﻠﺖ ﻛﻤﺒﻮﺩ ﺟﺎ ﻧﺎﭼﺎﺭ ﺷﺪﻳﻢ ﻣﻄﺎﻟﺐ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺷﺪﻳﺪ ﻧﺪﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﻭ ﻧﺨﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺩﺍﺷﺖ!‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﻧﺎﺻﺮﻯ، ﻳﻌﻨﻰ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﻗﺪﻳﻢ ﻭ ﺭﺍﻩﻫﺎ ﻭ ﻧﻤﻮﻧﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺭﻓﺘﺎﺭ ﺑﺎ ﺁﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺣﻮﺯﺓ ﺷﻬﺮ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺣﺮﻛﺎﺕ ﻣﺘﻀﺎﺩﻱ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﺩﺭ ﺷﻬﺮ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺳﺖ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺍﺳﺖ، ﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﻤﺎﺭﻯ ﻣﺤﺪﻭﺩ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ.‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ. ﺍﺯ ﻳﻜﺴﻮ، ﺑﻨﺎﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺻﻴﻞ ﻭ ﺯﻳﺒﺎﻱ ﻗﺪﻳﻤﻲ ﻣﺘﻌﻠﻖ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻭﺭﺍﻥ ﻗﺎﺟﺎﺭ ﻭ ﭘﻬﻠﻮﻱ ﺍﻭﻝ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺍﺻﻞ ﻣﻄﻠﺐ. ﺷﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﻬﺘﺮ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ ﺣﺮﻑ ﺁﺧﺮ ﺭﺍ ﺍﻭﻝ ﺑﺰﻧﻴﻢ:‬‫]ﻣﻘﺎﻟﺔ ﺩﻛﺘﺮ ﺍﺳﻜﻨﺪﺭ ﻣﺨﺘﺎﺭﻯ[ ﻳﻚ ﺑﻪ ﻳﻚ ﺗﺨﺮﻳﺐ ﻣﻲﺷﻮﻧﺪ، ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﺳﻮﻱ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ، ﻧﻮﻋﻲ‬ ‫»ﺍﮔﺮ ﺑﺮﺍﻳﻤﺎﻥ ﻣﻬﻢ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﺑﺎﻓﺖﻫﺎﻱ ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺨﻲ ﻣﺮﻛﺰ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺧﺎﻙ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﻤﺎﺭﻱ ﻭ ﺳﻨﺘﻲﺳﺎﺯﻱ ﺑﺎﺳﻤﻪﺍﻱ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﻗﻮﺱﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺗﺰﺋﻴﻨﺎﺕ ﺑﻲﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺁﺟﺮ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻳﻜﺴﺎﻥ ﺷﻮﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺍﺛﺮﻱ ﺍﺯ ﺷﻬﺮ ﻗﺪﻳﻤﻲ - ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺷﺎﻩﻃﻬﻤﺎﺳﺐ، ﺁﺑﺎﺩﺍﻧﻲ ﮔﺮﻓﺖ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺷﻲ ﺭﺳﻢ ﻣﻲﺷﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻛﻮﺭﺳﺎﺯﻱ ﺷﺒﻴﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺗﺎ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻌﻤﺎﺭﻱ ]ﻣﺼﺎﺣﺒﻪ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫002 ﺳﺎﻝ ﻫﻢ ﻫﺴﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﭘﺎﻳﺘﺨﺖ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺨﻲ ﻋﻤﻞ ﻣﻲﻛﻨﺪ- ﺑﺎﻗﻲ ﺑﻤﺎﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﺁﻗﺎﻱ ﻣﻬﻨﺪﺱ ﺧﻮﺷﻔﻜﺎﺭﻱ[. ﺁﻳﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﺘﻴﺠﺔ ﻧﺎﺁﮔﺎﻫﻲ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺭﺯﺵﻫﺎ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ؟ ﺷﺎﻳﺪ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻳﺎ ﻧﻤﺎﻧﺪ، ﺧﻮﺏ ﺑﻬﺘﺮ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺯﻭﺩﺗﺮ ﻣﺘﻔﻖﺍﻟﻘﻮﻝ ﺷﻮﻳﻢ. ﻣﺴﺌﻠﻪ ﺭﺍ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ ﻭ ﺍﻳﻦﻫﻤﻪ‬ ‫ﺁﻥ ﻓﺮﺍ ﺭﺳﻴﺪﻩ ﻛﻪ ﺷﻬﺮﺩﺍﺭﻱ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺩﺭﺟﺔ ﻛﻴﻔﻴﺖ ﻛﺎﺭﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺷﻬﺮ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻧﻴﻢﻧﮕﺎﻫﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺖ ﻭ ﭘﻮﻝ ﻭ ﺣﺴﺎﺳﻴﺖ ﻫﻢ ﺧﺮﺝ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﻧﻜﻨﻴﻢ« ]ﻣﻘﺎﻟﺔ ﺍﺳﻜﻨﺪﺭ ﻣﺨﺘﺎﺭﻯ[.‬ ‫ﺑﻴﻨﺪﺍﺯﺩ.‬ ‫ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ ﭘﺎﻳﺘﺨﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺰﺭﮔﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻧﻴﺎ - ﻣﺜﻞ ﻗﺎﻫﺮﻩ - ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺣﻔﻆ ﻛﺎﺭﺍﻛﺘﺮ ﺍﺻﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﺷﻬﺮﺷﺎﻥ ﻣﻮﻓﻖ ﻧﺒﻮﺩﻩﺍﻧﺪ، ﻭﻟﻰ ﺁﻥﻫﺎ ﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﻣﺎﺩﻯ ﻭ ﻣﻌﻨﻮﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺭﺍ ﻧﺪﺍﺷﺘﻪﺍﻧﺪ ﻭ ﻣﺎ‬ ‫»ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﻗﺪﻳﻢ« ﻫﻨﻮﺯ ﻣﻮﺟﻮﺩﻳﺖ ﻧﻬﺎﺩﻯ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ!‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭﻳﻢ! ﭘﺲ ﺍﮔﺮ ﺑﺮﺍﻳﻤﺎﻥ ﻣﻬﻢ ﺍﺳﺖ، ﺑﻬﺘﺮ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺭﺍﻩ ﻭ ﺭﻭﺷﻤﺎﻥ ﺩﻗﺖ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮﻯ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻛﻼﻧﺸﻬﺮﻱ ﺑﻪ ﻭﺳﻌﺖ ﺷﻬﺮ ﻣﺎ، ﻫﻤﻴﺸﻪ ﺻﺤﺒﺖ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﻫﺴﺖ، ﻭﻟﻲ ﻧﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺧﺮﺝ ﺩﻫﻴﻢ.‬ ‫ﻣﻨﻄﻘﺔ 21، ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻣﺮﻛﺰ ﺯﻧﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺯﻳﺒﺎﻯ ﺷﻬﺮ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ، ﺗﺼﻮﻳﺮ ﺧﺎﺻﻲ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺫﻫﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ، ﺍﻭﻟﻴﻦ ﮔﺎﻡ ﺷﻨﺎﺧﺖ ﺍﺳﺖ. ﻣﻦ ﻛﻪ ﻓﻜﺮ ﻣﻲﻛﺮﺩﻡ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺳﺎﻝﻫﺎ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺣﺮﻓﻪﺍﻱ‬ ‫ﺷﻬﺮﻭﻧﺪ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻧﻲ ﺷﻜﻞ ﻧﻤﻲﺩﻫﺪ، ﺯﻳﺮﺍ ﺳﺎﻝﻫﺎﺳﺖ ﺭﻭﺡ ﻣﺮﻛﺰﻳﺖ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻥ ﺭﺧﺖ ﺑﺮ ﺑﺴﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﺓ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﻬﺮ، ﭼﻢ ﻭ ﺧﻢ ﺁﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺧﻮﺏ ﻣﻲﺷﻨﺎﺳﻢ، ﺿﻤﻦ ﺻﺤﺒﺖ ﻭ ﮔﺮﺩﺁﻭﺭﻱ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻣﺪﺍﻡ ﺑﻪ ﺳﻤﺖ ﺻﻔﺤﺎﺕ ﺷﻤﺎﻟﻰﺗﺮ ﺷﻬﺮ ﺭﻓﺘﻪ ﺗﺎ ﺟﺎﻳﻰ ﻛﻪ ﭘﻠﺔ ﺑﻌﺪﻯ ﻗﻠﺔ ﺗﻮﭼﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﻣﻄﺎﻟﺐ ﺍﺯ ﺩﻭﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺁﺷﻨﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﻃﻲ ﭘﺎﻳﻴﺰ ﻭ ﺯﻣﺴﺘﺎﻥ 0931، ﻣﺘﻮﺟﻪ ﺷﺪﻡ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ، ﻛﻪ ﺧﻮﺷﺒﺨﺘﺎﻧﻪ ﻫﻨﻮﺯ ﺟﺎﺩﺓ ﻣﺎﺷﻴﻦﺭﻭﻯ ﺁﻥ ﺗﻜﻤﻴﻞ ﻧﺸﺪﻩ. ﺑﺮ ﻋﻜﺲ ﺩﺭﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﺷﻬﺮﻡ ﭼﻪ ﻛﻢ ﻣﻲﺩﺍﻧﻢ. ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯ، ﺑﻪ ﺭﻏﻢ ﺟﻤﻌﻴﺖ ﭼﻨﺪ ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻧﻰ، ﻛﻼﻧﺸﻬﺮﻱ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻗﻠﺐ ﺷﻬﺮ، ﺩﺭ ﻣﺤﻮﻃﺔ ﺑﺎﻍ ﻣﻠﻰ، ﻛﻪ ﺳﺎﻝﻫﺎ ﻓﻀﺎﻳﻰ ﺷﻠﻮﻍ ﻭ ﻣﺤﻞ ﺭﻓﺖ ﻭ ﺁﻣﺪ، ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ »ﺷﻬﺮﺳﺘﺎﻧﻲ« ﻭ ﺣﺘﻲ »ﺭﻭﺳﺘﺎﻳﻲ« ]ﻣﻘﺎﻟﺔ ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺑﻬﺸﺘﻲ[ ﻛﻪ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓ ﻣﺪﻧﻰ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺣﺘﻰ ﺩﺍﺭﺍﻱ ﺟﻮﻯ ﺁﺏ ﻭ ﻓﻮﺍﺭﻩ ﺑﻮﺩ، ﺑﻌﺪ ﻛﻪ ﻣﺮﻣﺖ ﺷﺪ ﻭ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻩ ﻫﻨﺮ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﻪ ﺁﻧﺠﺎ‬ ‫ﻣﻴﺮﺍﺙ ﻣﻌﻤﺎﺭﻯ ﺁﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺳﺮﻋﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ ﻣﺤﻮ ﺷﺪﻥ ﺍﺳﺖ. ﺩﺭ ﺿﻤﻦ، ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ‬‫3/3‬
  • ‫ﻧﻬﺎﺩﻩ ﺷﺪﻩ، ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﻣﻴﺮﺍﺙ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮕﻰ ﻭ ﮔﺮﺩﺷﮕﺮﻯ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺗﻘﺮﻳﺒﺎً ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺣﺘﻰ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺁﻣﺪ ﺗﺎ ﻧﻮﻳﺪ ﺳﺮﺯﻧﺪﮔﻰ ﺑﺪﻫﺪ، ﻧﺮﺩﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺁﻫﻨﻰ ﻋﺒﻮﺭ ﻭ ﻣﺮﻭﺭ ﭘﻴﺎﺩﻩ ﺭﺍ ﻫﻢ ﺳﺪ ﻛﺮﺩﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﺆﺛﺮﻯ ﻫﻢ ﺩﺭ ﺷﻬﺮ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ- ﺯﻳﺮﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺷﻴﺮﺍﺯ ﻣﻨﺘﻘﻞ ﺷﺪﻩ - ﭼﻪ ﺭﺳﺪ ﺑﻪ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻦ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯ ﻫﻤﻪ ﺟﺎﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻓﻀﺎﻯ ﺯﻳﺒﺎ ﻭ ﮔﺮﺍﻥ ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﺷﺪﻩ، ﺳﻮﺕ ﻭ ﻛﻮﺭ ﺍﺳﺖ. ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﻮﺩﺟﺔ ﺩﻭﻟﺘﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻧﺠﺎﺕ ﺧﺎﻧﻪﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺑﻨﺎﻫﺎﻯ ﻗﺪﻳﻤﻰ ﻭ ﻣﻴﺮﺍﺛﻰ. ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺑﺎﺭﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫»ﺍﺣﻴﺎ«، ﻭﺍژﻩﺍﻯ ﻧﺄﻣﺎﻧﻮﺱ، ﻭ ﺑﻬﺴﺎﺯﻱ ﻭ ﺗﻮﺍﻥﺑﺨﺸﻲ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺎﻓﺖﻫﺎﻱ ﺍﺻﻴﻞ ﻭ ﻗﺪﻳﻤﻲ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻝ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﺗﻮﺳﻂ ﺩﻳﻮﺍﻥ ﻋﺪﺍﻟﺖ ﺍﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﻣﺤﻜﻮﻡ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺗﺎ ﺑﺮ ﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪﻥ ﺧﺎﻧﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺛﺒﺖ‬ ‫ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﻣﺜﻞ ﻋﻮﺩﻻﺟﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺳﻨﮕﻠﺞ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺍﻳﺪﻩﻫﺎﻳﻲ ﻏﺮﻳﺒﺎﻧﻪﺍﻧﺪ ﻛﻪ ﻃﺮﺡﻫﺎﻳﻲ ﺑﺮﺍﻳﺸﺎﻥ ﺗﻬﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺯ ﻟﻴﺴﺖ ﺁﺛﺎﺭ ﺛﺒﺘﻰ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﻣﻴﺮﺍﺙ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮕﻰ ﮔﺮﺩﻥ ﻧﻬﺪ. ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ ﺍﻣﻴﺪﻭﺍﺭﻳﻢ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺷﺪﻩ، ﺍﻣﺎ ﺍﻣﻴﺪﻱ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺗﺤﻘﻖ ﺁﻥ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ]ﻣﻘﺎﻟﺔ ﻓﺮﻳﺒﺮﺯ ﺟﺒﺎﺭﻧﻴﺎ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺳﻨﮕﻠﺞ[.‬ ‫ﺭﻭﻧﺪ ﺩﺭ ﻫﻤﻴﻦﺟﺎ ﺧﺎﺗﻤﻪ ﻳﺎﺑﺪ ﻭ ﭼﺎﺭﻩ ﻭ ﻗﺎﻋﺪﻩﺍﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺁﻥ ﺟﺴﺘﺠﻮ ﺷﻮﺩ.‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻋﻼﻭﻩ، ﻳﻚ ﺳﺮﻱ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻣﺎﺕ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﺩﺭ ﻛﻨﺎﺭ ﻫﻢ ﻭ ﺑﺎ ﺩﻳﺪﻯ ﺟﺎﻣﻊﻧﮕﺮ ﻣﻌﻨﻲ ﭘﻴﺪﺍ‬ ‫ﺣﺎﻝ، ﻛﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺳﺎﻥ ﺷﻬﺮﺩﺍﺭﻱ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﺔ 21 ﻣﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺩﻟﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﻨﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺿﻮﺍﺑﻂ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ، ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻣﺎﺗﻲ ﻛﻪ ﺣﻮﻝ ﻳﻚ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﻭ ﻃﺮﺯ ﻓﻜﺮ ﻣﺸﺘﺮﻙ ﺷﻜﻞ ﻣﻲﮔﻴﺮﺩ: ﻣﺮﻣﺖ‬ ‫ﻭﻳﮋﻩﺍﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﻗﺪﻳﻢ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻛﻪ ﻫﻨﻮﺯ ﺗﺼﻮﻳﺐ ﻧﺸﺪﻩ، ﺍﻣﺎ ﺑﻪ ﻫﺮ ﺣﺎﻝ ﻃﻰ ﻳﻜﻲ‬ ‫ﺑﻨﺎﻫﺎ، ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭﭼﻪﻫﺎ، ﺗﻴﻤﭽﻪﻫﺎ، ﺭﺍﺳﺘﺔ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭﻫﺎ، ﺍﺣﻴﺎﻱ ﺧﺎﻧﻪﻫﺎ ﻭ ﻣﺤﻠﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﻗﺪﻳﻤﻲ‬ ‫ﺩﻭ ﺳﺎﻝ ﺍﺧﻴﺮ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻌﺎﻭﻧﺖ ﺷﻬﺮﺳﺎﺯﻱ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪ ﺟﺎ ﺍﻓﺘﺎﺩﻩ، ﻭ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺁﻥﻫﺎ ﻣﺴﺠﻞ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﺓ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ، ﺩﺭ ﻛﻨﺎﺭ ﺍﻣﻜﺎﻥ ﭘﻴﺎﺩﻩ ﺭﺍﻩ ﺭﻓﺘﻦ ﺩﺭ ﺷﻬﺮ، ﻭ ﺑﺎﺯﮔﺮﺩﺍﻧﺪﻥ ﺑﺮﺧﻲ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ً‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻣﺜﻼ ﺩﺭ ﺧﻴﺎﺑﺎﻥ ﻓﺮﺩﻭﺳﻲ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ ﺳﺮﺗﺎﺳﺮ ﺑﺮ ﺧﻴﺎﺑﺎﻥ، ﺑﺮﺝﻫﺎﻱ ﺑﻠﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺳﻜﻮﻧﺖﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺭﺍﻩﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻯ ﮔﺮﺩﺷﮕﺮﻯِ ﺳﻄﺢ ﺑﺎﻻ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺤﻞﻫﺎﻱ ﻣﻨﺎﺳﺐ ﻣﺮﻛﺰ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﺧﺘﻪ ﺷﻮﺩ. ﺍﻣﺎ ﺷﻮﺍﻫﺪ، ﮔﻮﺍﻫﻲ ﺑﺮ ﮔﺮﺍﻳﺸﺎﺕ ﺩﻳﮕﺮﻱ ﻣﻲﻛﻨﻨﺪ، ﻛﻪ ﺟﺎﻟﺐ ﻫﻢ ﻫﺴﺖ:‬ ‫ﺷﻬﺮ، ﻣﻌﻨﺎ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﻳﺎﻓﺖ.‬ ‫ﻣﺜﻼ ﭘﻴﺸﻨﻬﺎﺩﺍﺕ ﺟﺪﻳﺪﻱ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺑﻠﻨﺪ ﻣﺮﺗﺒﻪﺳﺎﺯﻱ، ﻧﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺟﺒﻬﺔ ﺧﻴﺎﺑﺎﻥﻫﺎﻱ ﺍﺻﻠﻲ،‬ ‫ً‬ ‫ﺷﻬﺮﺩﺍﺭﻱ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻴﺎﺯﻫﺎ ﺭﺍ ﻣﻲﺷﻨﺎﺳﺪ، ﺍﻣﺎ ﻫﻨﻮﺯ ﻳﻚ »ﺩﻓﺘﺮ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﻗﺪﻳﻢ« ﻳﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﻠﻜﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ ﺑﻠﻮﻙﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﻻﻳﻪﻫﺎﻱ ﭘﺸﺘﻲ ﺑَﺮﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺻﻠﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺧﻴﺎﺑﺎﻥﻫﺎﻯ ﻻﻟﻪﺯﺍﺭ ﻭ‬ ‫ً‬ ‫»ﺷﻬﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺨﻰ« ﻳﺎ ﭼﻴﺰﻯ ﺷﺒﻴﻪ ﺁﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺍﻳﺮ ﻧﺸﺪﻩ. ﺍﺻﻼ ﻛﺴﻰ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻯ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺍﺭﻳﻢ ﻛﻪ ﺧﻮﺩ، ﺑﻌﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺗﺠﺮﺑﺔ ﺑﺮﺝﻫﺎﻱ ﻛﻠّﻪﺗﻴﺰ ﺷﻤﺎﻝ ﺷﻬﺮ، ﻣﻲﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺨﻰ ﺣﺮﻓﻰ ﻧﻤﻰﺯﻧﺪ. ﺩﺭ ﻋﻮﺽ ﻫﺮ ﻣﺎﻩ ﻳﻚ ﻫﻤﺎﻳﺶ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﻣﺴﺎﺋﻞ ﺷﻬﺮ‬‫ﺗﺠﺮﺑﺔ ﺑﺪﻳﻊ ﺩﻳﮕﺮﻱ ﻣﺨﺘﺺ ﺷﻬﺮ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﺗﺒﺪﻳﻞ ﺷﻮﺩ. ﺁﻧﭽﻪ ﻣﺴﻠﻢ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻫﺮ ﺳﺎﺧﺘﻤﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭ ﻣﻲﺷﻮﺩ، ﻛﻪ ﺍﺗﻔﺎﻗﺎً ﻣﻄﺎﻟﺒﺶ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﺻﻴﻞ ﻭ ﻗﺪﻳﻢ ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻁ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ.‬ ‫ﺯﻳﺒﺎﻳﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺷﻬﺮ ﺗﺸﺨﺺ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﺪ. ﺍﻣﺎ ﻣﻌﻴﺎﺭ ﺯﻳﺒﺎﻳﻰ ﻭ ﻫﻤﺎﻫﻨﮕﻰ ﺭﺍ ﭼﻪ ﻛﺴﺎﻧﻰ ﺗﻌﻴﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺯﻳﺒﺎﺳﺎﺯﻱ ﺷﻬﺮﺩﺍﺭﻱ، ﺑﻪ ﻫﻤﺖ ﺩﻭﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﻋﻼﻗﻤﻨﺪ ﻭ ﻓﻌﺎﻝ، ﺍﺯ ﺑﺤﺚﻫﺎﻳﻲ ﻣﺎﻧﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ؟ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﺩﺍﺭﺍﻥ ﻭ ﺑﺴﺎﺯ ﻭ ﺑﻔﺮﻭﺵﻫﺎﻱ ﺑﺰﺭگ ﻭ ﻗﺪﺭﺗﻤﻨﺪ ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺗﺤﻮﻻﺕ ﻣﻔﻬﻮﻣﻲ ﻣﻨﻈﺮ ﺷﻬﺮﻱ، ﭘﻴﺎﺩﻩﺭﺍﻩﺳﺎﺯﻱ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺮﺗﺎﺳﺮ ﺷﻬﺮ، ﻫﻨﺮﻫﺎ، ﻃﺮﺍﺣﻲ ﻭ‬‫ﺗﻼﺵﻫﺎﻯ ﻓﻨﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺣﻮﺯﺓ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻧﮕﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺷﻬﺮﻯ ﺭﺍ ﻣﺬﺑﻮﺣﺎﻧﻪ ﻣﻲﺩﺍﻧﻨﺪ. ﻛﺎﻓﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻧﻈﺮﻯ‬ ‫ُ‬ ‫ﻣﺒﻠﻤﺎﻥ ﺷﻬﺮﻱ، ﺍﺳﺘﻘﺒﺎﻝ ﻣﻲﻛﻨﺪ، ﺍﻣﺎ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻣﺎﺕ ﻋﻤﻠﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﺍﺳﺘﺎ ﻛﻨﺪ ﻭ ﻧﺎﻫﻤﺎﻫﻨﮓ‬‫ﺑﻴﻨﺪﺍﺯﻳﺪ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻭ ﻧﻤﺎﻯ ﺩﻭﻗﻠﻮﻯ ﺳﺎﺧﺘﻤﺎﻥﻫﺎﻯ ﻋﻼءﺍﻟﺪﻳﻦ ﺩﺭ ﭼﻬﺎﺭﺭﺍﻩ ﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻯ-ﺣﺎﻓﻆ،‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ. ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺍﺯ ﻧﻬﻀﺖ ﭘﻴﺎﺩﻩﺭﻭﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ ﭼﻨﺪ ﺳﺎﻝ ﭘﻴﺶ ﺁﻏﺎﺯ ﺷﺪ،‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﺯﻧﺠﻴﺮﻩﺍﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺰﺭگ ﺗﻜﺮﺍﺭ ﺷﻮﺩ!‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻫﻤﻴﻦﺟﺎ ﻗﺪﺭﺩﺍﻧﻰ ﻛﺮﺩ! ﺍﻣﺎ ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ ﻛﻠﻰ، ﻣﻨﻈﺮ ﺷﻬﺮﻱ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ، ﺑﻪ ﺭﻏﻢ ﺳﺎﺧﺖ‬ ‫ﺷﺎﻳﺪ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﮔﺮﺍﻥﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﺷﻬﺮ ﺩﻧﻴﺎ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ. ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﻬﺮ، ﺟﻮﺍﻥ ﻭ ﺑﻲﻣﻄﺎﻟﻌﻪ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺳﺎﺯﻫﺎﻯ ﭘﺮﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪ، ﻫﺮ ﺭﻭﺯ ﺯﺷﺖﺗﺮ ﻣﻲﺷﻮﺩ ﻭ ﻛﻤﻴﺘﻪﻫﺎﻱ ﻣﻌﻤﺎﺭﻱ ﻣﻨﺎﻃﻖ - ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ. ﺑﻪ ﺩﻧﺒﺎﻝ ﺟﺎﻳﻲ ﻭ ﻛﺎﺭﻱ ﻣﻲﮔﺮﺩﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺯﻭﺩ ﺑﺎﺯﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺑﺮﺍﻳﺶ ﺍﻳﻤﻦ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ، ﻭ ﺍﻧﺒﺎﺷﺖ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﭘﺎﺳﺪﺍﺭﺍﻥ ﻭ ﻛﻨﺘﺮﻝﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺳﺎﺧﺖ ﻭ ﺳﺎﺯ ﻣﺠﺎﺯ ﺩﺭ ﺷﻬﺮ- ﺩﺭ ﺷﺮﻕ ﺭﻭﺩﺧﺎﻧﺔ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺁﻥ ﺯﻳﺎﺩ ﻭ ﺳﺮﻳﻊ ﺍﺗﻔﺎﻕ ﺑﻴﻔﺘﺪ. ﻣﻬﻢ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ ﺍﻳﻤﻨﻲ ﺳﺎﺧﺘﻤﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺮﺍﺑﺮ ﺯﻟﺰﻟﻪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻛﻦ ﻓﻌﺎﻝ ﻧﻴﺴﺘﻨﺪ ﻭ ﻧﻈﺎﺭﺕ ﻧﻤﻲﻛﻨﻨﺪ، ﺯﻳﺮﺍ ﻣﺴﺎﺋﻞ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻱ ﺷﻬﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﻫﻤﻪ ﭼﻴﺰ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺁﺗﺶﺳﻮﺯﻱ ﺩﺭﺳﺖ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ، ﺍﻧﺮژﻱ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﺑﻬﻴﻨﻪ ﻣﺼﺮﻑ ﺷﻮﺩ، ﺳﺎﺧﺘﻤﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺗﺤﺖﺍﻟﺸﻌﺎﻉ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﺪ. ﻣﺸﻜﻞ ﺍﺻﻠﻰ ﺷﺎﻳﺪ ﺍﺳﺘﻤﺪﺍﺩ ﻧﻄﻠﺒﻴﺪﻥ ﺷﻬﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﺮ ﻃﻮﻻﻧﻲ ﻛﻨﺪ، ﺑﺎ ﻣﺤﻴﻂﺯﻳﺴﺖ ﺳﺎﺯﮔﺎﺭ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ، ﻳﺎ ﺗﻌﻤﻴﺮ ﻭ ﻧﮕﻬﺪﺍﺭﻱ ﺁﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻯ ﭘﺮﻭژﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﭘﺎﻳﻪﺍﻯ ﻣﺎﻧﻨﺪ »ﻣﺘﺮﻭﻯ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ« ﻭ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﭘﺮﻭژﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻬﻢ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺑﻬﺮﻩﺑﺮﺩﺍﺭﻱ ﭼﮕﻮﻧﻪ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﺷﻮﺩ. ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯ ﻫﻤﺔ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﺍﻥ ﻃﺮﻓﺪﺍﺭ ﺳﺎﺧﺘﻤﺎﻥﻫﺎﻱ‬ ‫ﺣﻴﺎﺗﻰ ﻣﺜﻞ »ﺍﺣﻴﺎﻯ ﻣﺮﻛﺰ ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺨﻰ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ« ﺑﺎﺷﺪ. ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺩﺍﺷﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﻭ ﭘﺮﻭژﻩ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ً‬ ‫ﺗﺠﺎﺭﻱ ﺑﺰﺭگﺍﻧﺪ، ﻭ ﻓﻌﻼ ﺍﺯ ﺳﺮ ﺑﻰﺍﻋﺘﻨﺎﻳﻰ، ﺯﻣﻴﻦ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺮﻛﺰ ﻣﻬﺠﻮﺭ ﻣﺎﻧﺪﺓ ﺷﻬﺮ ﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﺻﻞ ﺩﻭ ﺭﻭﻯ ﻳﻚ ﺳﻜﻪﺍﻧﺪ! ﺑﺪﻭﻥ ﺁﻫﻦ ﺩﺭﻣﺎﻧﻰ، ﺷﻬﺮ »ﭘﻴﺎﺩﻩ« ﻧﻤﻰﺷﻮﺩ!‬ ‫ﻫﻤﻪ ﭼﻴﺰ ﻭ ﻫﻤﻪ ﻛﺲ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺳﺎﺧﺘﻦ ﭘﺮﻭژﻩﻫﺎﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﺭﺯﺍﻥﺗﺮ ﺍﺯ ﻫﻤﻪ ﺟﺎﺳﺖ. ﺁﻥﻫﺎ ﻋﻠﻨﺎً‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﺷﺎﻥ ﺑﺴﻴﺞ ﻣﻲﻛﻨﻨﺪ: ﺑﻨﺎﻫﺎﻱ ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺨﻲ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ ﻟﻴﺴﺖ ﺛﺒﺖ ﻣﻴﺮﺍﺙ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮕﻲ ﺑﻴﺮﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻳﻚ ﺑﺎﻡ ﻭ ﺩﻭ ﻫﻮﺍ‬ ‫ﻣﻲﺁﻭﺭﻧﺪ، ﺩﺭ ﻫﺮ ﻛﺠﺎﻱ ﺷﻬﺮ ﻫﺮ ﭼﻨﺪ ﻃﺒﻘﻪ ﻣﻲﺧﻮﺍﻫﻨﺪ ﻣﻲﺳﺎﺯﻧﺪ ﻭ 001 ﺩﺭﺻﺪ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺿﻮﺍﺑﻂ ﭘﻬﻨﻪﺑﻨﺪﻱ ﻣﺼﻮﺏ ﻃﺮﺡ ﺗﻔﺼﻴﻠﻲ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ، ﻳﻌﻨﻰ ﺿﻮﺍﺑﻄﻰ ﻛﻪ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﺳﺎﺧﺖ‬ ‫ﺳﻄﺢ ﻗﻄﻌﻪ ﺯﻣﻴﻦ ﺭﺍ ﻫﻢ ﺍﺷﻐﺎﻝ ﻣﻲﻛﻨﻨﺪ. ﺑﺪﻳﻦ ﺗﺮﺗﻴﺐ، ﻫﺮ ﺟﺎ ﻧﺸﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺧﺎﻃﺮﻩﺍﻯ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺳﺎﺯ ﻣﺠﺎﺯ ﺩﺭ ﻫﺮ ﻛﺠﺎﻯ ﺷﻬﺮ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﺭﺍ ﻣﻌﻴﻦ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ، ﺑﺮﺍﻯ »ﭘﻬﻨﻪﻫﺎﻱ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ،‬ ‫ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺨﻲ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ، ﺑﻪ ﺳﺮﻋﺖ ﺭﻭ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺤﻮ ﻭ ﻧﺎﺑﻮﺩﻯ ﺍﺳﺖ ]ﻣﻘﺎﻟﺔ ﺷﻬﺮﺯﺍﺩ ﻣﻬﺪﻭﻯ[.‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﻋﻤﻠﻜﺮﺩ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﻱ- ﺍﺩﺍﺭﻱ- ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺗﻲ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻘﻴﺎﺱ ﺷﻬﺮﻱ ﻭ ﻓﺮﺍﺷﻬﺮﻱ«، ﻛﻪ ﺍﻏﻠﺐ‬‫ﺍﻣﺎ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﻳﺎﺩﺁﻭﺭ ﺷﺪ ﻛﻪ ﻣﺴﺌﻮﻟﻴﺖ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺣﺮﻛﺎﺕ ﻧﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻬﺪﺓ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳﺎﺯﻧﺪﮔﺎﻥ، ﺑﻠﻜﻪ ﻣﺘﻮﺟﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻛﻨﺎﺭ ﺧﻴﺎﺑﺎﻥﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺻﻠﻰ ﻭ ﺷﺮﻳﺎﻧﻰ ﺷﻬﺮ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪﺍﻧﺪ، ﺳﺎﺧﺘﻤﺎﻥﻫﺎﻱ 9 ﻃﺒﻘﻪ‬ ‫ﺟﺎﻣﻌﺔ ﺣﺮﻓﻪﺍﻯ ﻭ ﻣﺴﺌﻮﻻﻥ ﺷﻬﺮ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻧﻘﺶ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻌﻴﻴﻦ ﻭ ﻫﺪﺍﻳﺖ ﺳﺎﺧﺖ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻭﮔﺎﻩ ﺑﺮﺝﻫﺎﻯ21 ﻃﺒﻘﻪ ﻭ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ، ﻣﺠﺎﺯ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﺷﺪﻩﺍﻧﺪ. ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﺯﻣﻴﻦ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﺯ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺩﺭﺳﺘﻰ ﺑﺎﺯﻯ ﻧﻤﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ.‬ ‫ً‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻮﺍﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﮔﺮﺍﻧﻘﻴﻤﺖ، ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕ ﻭﺍﻗﻌﻰ ﻭ ﻣﺮﺩﻣﻰ، ﻣﺜﻼ ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕ ﺁﻣﻮﺯﺷﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺧﻴﺮﺍ ً ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺧﺒﺮﻧﮕﺎﺭﺍﻥ ﻭ ﺩﻭﺳﺘﺪﺍﺭﺍﻥ ﻣﻴﺮﺍﺙ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮕﻲ ﻭ ﻋﻼﻗﻤﻨﺪﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺩﺭﻣﺎﻧﻰ ﺩﻭﻟﺘﻰ، ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﮔﺮﻭﻩ ﻋﻤﻠﻜﺮﺩﻯ ﻫﺮ ﺭﻭﺯ ﻛﻤﺮﻧﮓﺗﺮ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷﺪ، ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﻫﻢ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﻗﺪﻳﻢ ﺑﻪ ﺁﻗﺎﻯ ﻗﺎﻟﻴﺒﺎﻑ ﺷﻬﺮﺩﺍﺭ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﻧﻮﺷﺘﻪﺍﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻭ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﺓ ﻭﻗﺎﻳﻌﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻨﻚ ﺣﺘﻰ ﺑﻌﻀﻰ ﺩﺳﺘﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﻭﻟﺘﻰ ﺩﺳﺖ ﺑﻪ ﻓﺮﻭﺵ ﺯﻣﻴﻦﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﻮﺵ ﻣﻮﻗﻌﻴﺘﺸﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺨﻲ ﺩﺭ ﺷﺮﻑ ﺗﻜﻮﻳﻦ ﺍﺳﺖ ﭘﺮﺳﻴﺪﻩﺍﻧﺪ، ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻭ ﻫﺸﺪﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺩﻩﺍﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﺯﺩﻩﺍﻧﺪ. ﺩﺭ ﻭﺍﻗﻊ، ﺍﻳﻦ ﺿﺎﺑﻄﻪ ﺑﺪﻳﻦ ﻣﻌﻨﺎﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺮﺗﺎﺳﺮ ﺧﻴﺎﺑﺎﻥﻫﺎﻱ ﺍﺻﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺗﺨﺮﻳﺐ ﺧﺎﻧﻪﻫﺎﻳﻲ ﻣﺎﻧﻨﺪ ﺍﺛﺮ ﺛﺒﺘﻲ »ﺧﺎﻧﺔ ﺍﺗﺤﺎﺩﻳﻪ«- ﺧﺎﻧﺔ ﺳﺮﻳﺎﻝ»ﺩﺍﻳﻰ ﺟﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺷﻬﺮ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﺍﻥ ﻭ ﺳﺎﺯﻧﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰ ﻭ ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻰ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﻨﺪ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺴﺖ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻧﺎﭘﻠﺌﻮﻥ«- ﺳﻴﻞ ﺗﺨﺮﻳﺐ ﺑﻨﺎﻫﺎﻱ ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺨﻲ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ ﻣﻬﺎﺭﻧﺎﭘﺬﻳﺮﻱ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻧﺒﺎﻝ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ‬ ‫ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﺳﺎﺧﺘﻤﺎﻥ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﻱ ﻭ ﺍﺩﺍﺭﻱ ﺑﻠﻨﺪ ﺑﺴﺎﺯﻧﺪ. ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭ ﻫﻢ ﻋﺎﻟﻲ! ﻭ ﺍﻧﺸﺎءﺍﷲ، ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻣﺮ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺷﺖ ﻭ ﺍﻭ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﻧﻘﺶ ﺗﺸﻮﻳﻖﮔﺮﺍﻧﻪ - ﺍﮔﺮﭼﻪ ﻏﻴﺮ ﻣﺴﺘﻘﻴﻢ - ﺷﻬﺮﺩﺍﺭﻱ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺧﻴﺎﺑﺎﻥﻫﺎﻯ ﺷﻬﺮﻣﺎﻥ ﺑﻪ ﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻮﺍﺣﻰ ﻧﻮﺳﺎﺯ ﻭ ﻣﺪﺭﻥ، ﺷﺨﺼﻴﺖ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﮔﻮﻧﻪ ﺗﺨﺮﻳﺐﻫﺎ ﺳﺮﺯﻧﺶ ﻛﺮﺩﻩﺍﻧﺪ.‬ ‫ﻧﺸﺎﻧﮕﻰ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﺒﺨﺸﺪ. ﺍﻣﺎ ﻭﻗﺘﻲ ﺻﺤﺒﺖ ﺻﺪﻭﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺠﻮﺯﻫﺎ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺧﻴﺎﺑﺎﻥﻫﺎﻱ ﺍﺻﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻭﺍﻗﻊ، ﺍﻳﻦ ﻳﻚ ﻣﺴﺌﻠﺔ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮕﻰ ﻭ ﭼﻨﺪ ﻭﺟﻬﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ. ﺩﺭ ﺍﺻﻞ، ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺎﻟﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﻛﺰ ﺷﻬﺮ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﻣﻲﺷﻮﺩ، ﻛﻪ ﺷﻜﻞ ﻛﺎﻟﺒﺪﻯ ﺁﻥﻫﺎ ﺟﺎ ﺍﻓﺘﺎﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺳﺎﺧﺘﻤﺎﻥﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻮﺟﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﻧﻪﻫﺎﻱ ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺨﻲ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ ﻛﻪ ﭘﺎ ﭘﻴﺶ ﻣﻲﮔﺬﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺍﻭﻃﻠﺒﺎﻧﻪ ﻣﻰﻓﺮﻭﺷﻨﺪ،‬ ‫ﺑﺮ ﺧﻴﺎﺑﺎﻥ، ﺩﻭ ﺗﺎ ﭼﻬﺎﺭ ﻃﺒﻘﻪ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ، ﺩﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺩﭼﺎﺭ ﺗﻨﺎﻗﺾ ﻣﻲﺷﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺧﻴﻠﻰ ﺳﺎﺩﻩ،‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ﺯﻳﺮﺍ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﻧﻪ ﻋﻼﻗﻪﺍﻯ ﺑﻪ ﺣﻔﻆ ﺁﻥ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ، ﻧﻪ ﻗﺎﺩﺭ ﺑﻪ ﺣﻞ ﻣﺴﺎﺋﻞ ﺍﺭﺙ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻥﺍﻧﺪ، ﻭ‬ ‫ﺑﻌﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺳﺎﺧﺘﻪ ﺷﺪﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺮﺍﻛﺰ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﻯ- ﺍﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ، ﺳﺎﺧﺘﻤﺎﻥﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﻌﻀﺎً ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺨﻰ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻧﻪ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﻭ ﺷﻬﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﺭﺍﻩ ﺟﺪﻳﺪﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪﺯﺍﻳﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻋﻴﻦ ﺣﻔﻆ ﺑﻨﺎ، ﺟﻠﻮﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺭﺯﺷﻤﻨﺪ ﻗﺪﻳﻤﻲ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺧﻴﺎﺑﺎﻥﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺷﻨﺎﺳﻨﺎﻣﺔ ﺷﻬﺮ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﻣﺤﺴﻮﺏ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﭘﺎﻯ ﻭﺭﺛﻪ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﻨﺪ. ﺩﻛﺘﺮ ﺣﺠﺖ، ﺭﺋﻴﺲ ﺍﻳﻜﻮﻣﻮﺱ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ، ﻣﻲﮔﻮﻳﺪ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﻪ ﻧﺎﭼﺎﺭ ﺗﺨﺮﻳﺐ ﻭ ﻧﻮﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﻨﺪ ﺷﺪ.‬ ‫ﻣﻴﺮﺍﺙ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮕﻲ ﻭ ﺩﻳﻮﺍﻥ ﻋﺪﺍﻟﺖ ﺍﺩﺍﺭﻱ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺍﺑﺰﺍﺭﻱ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻧﻲ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺭﺍﺿﻲ ﻛﺮﺩﻥ ﻣﺎﻟﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺳﻮﻯ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ، ﺑﺎ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺷﻬﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺎ ﻋﻼﻗﻪ ﭼﻨﺪ ﺧﺎﻧﺔ ﻗﺪﻳﻤﻰ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﻧﻪﻫﺎﻱ ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺨﻲ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺑﻮﺩﺟﻪﺷﺎﻥ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﻨﺪ، ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭﻱ ﻛﻪ ﻳﺎ ﺑﻨﺎﻫﺎﻱ ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺨﻲ‬ ‫ﺧﺮﻳﺪﻩ ﻭ ﻣﺮﻣﺖ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻥﻫﺎ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻫﻢ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ، ﺍﻣﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺣﺎﺿﺮ، ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﻧﻬﺎﺩ‬‫ﺧﺮﻳﺪﻩ، ﻭ ﻳﺎ ﻣﺎﻟﻜﺎﻥ ﺁﻥﻫﺎ ﺑﻪ ﻧﺤﻮﻱ ﺭﺍﺿﻲ ﺷﻮﻧﺪ. ﺍﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻳﺖ ﺍﻳﻜﻮﻣﻮﺱ، ﺑﻪ ﺷﻬﺮﺩﺍﺭﻱ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻟﺘﻰ ﻭ ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻰ ﻛﻪ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻧﺎً »ﻣﺴﺌﻮﻟﻴﺖ« ﺣﻔﺎﻇﺖ ﺍﺯ ﺑﻨﺎﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺭﺯﺷﻤﻨﺪ ﺑﺮ ﻋﻬﺪﻩﺍﺵ‬ ‫4/4‬
  • Photos by Mohammadali Sabbaghi ‫ﻋﻜﺲﻫﺎ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺤﻤﺪﻋﻠﻲ ﺻﺒﺎﻏﻲ‬ Where is our beloved Tehran? Where are its natural and historical val- with the Judiciary’s Notary Org. of documents and properties, and the ues hidden in the midst of this chaotic sprawl? Maybe it’s all because Development company of the Ministry of Housing, have in April 2012 nobody knows and loves this city any more. Many young architects signed a Memorandum of Understanding to “facilitate”! the ‘renovation’ don’t even know where the iconic ‘Shams-ol-Emaret’- the Sun of all [that is: destruction and construction from scratch], of ‘obsolete urban Palaces- stands in the city center! fabrics’ [this is how our historical neighborhoods are being called!]. This issue is a response to our owing to our city, Tehran, all our This also means the easier appropriation of the lots that hamper the memories. The old city of Tehran is rapidly vanishing, making way for ‘renovation projects’ by giving them ‘persuasive packages’. What is mediocre commercial buildings. A disaster. A real pity, because it does going to become of old Tehran with these by-laws who are promoted have precious historical buildings and urban spaces that are worth by the slogan of this year: “National production, protection of Iranian being discretely restored in the context of a comprehensive regenera- work and capital”? We can pray they hire good architects, and build in tion of the old core of the city. So, we will here discuss all what can smaller scales, and on smaller lots. draw the attention of all Tehranis, including architects and planners-, There are also contradictions and incoherence in what is techni- to make them look at the city with more interest and dedication. And cally done in the field of urban planning and architecture. In the recent we will continue doing this until something moves… zoning ordinance approved after a decade of work of the whole Tehran is the capital city of Iran,- an ancient, world famous civiliza- professional society of urban consultants and planners, there are no tion- since 200 years ago; and there are signs of 8000 years old set- clear regulations or by-laws which would effectively protect the herit- tlements in the region. Once the old city of Rey, whose ruins lay now age buildings, and the regulations give out permits for 9 storey high in the south of Tehran-, was an important city on the Silk Road; and buildings on commercial zones all along the main streets of the city. all during her recent history, Tehran has been a beautiful, wealthy and This means that soon all fine facades in old Tehran will not be able to strong city, full of Plane trees, gardens, fields and pastures, and also resist the wave. very nice buildings, of which many still remain from the epoch of Qajar Cultural Heritage Organization is legally responsible for the and Pahlavi. Today, the metropolis is an endless sprawl devouring all conservation of monuments and valuable buildings, but does not have the land that lies in its surroundings, with a population of 14 or more the means to pursuit its tasks and functions, at least to supervise millions in the metropolitan area, who give an overall impression of an the works that are being done around the old city. Consultants to the extended village with a provincial culture. municipality are not taken seriously as planners, but when it comes How can we save the soul of our city? First by knowing it well, to finding solutions to compromise the interests of the developers and second by trying to analyze the dynamics of drivers for urban and ‘the city’ at the same time, then the same consultant architects change, and the way they are dealt with. Also by promoting future put forward strange, unprecedented proposals about building higher directions by persuading the stakeholders and the public opinion that buildings in the middle of the urban blocks, in order to save the lower the best is to stop the destruction of our heritage, and to regenerate it facades on the edges of the block. Architectural firms have to survive, by all means. It is also necessary to enter into some kind of dialogue and we will sit and watch the results! It will be one of those rare inven- with the urban authorities who maybe don’t see deeply into what this tions tailor-made for Tehran like a by-law that came out some 15 years process might bring in future. ago introducing a model for building all higher buildings in Tehran with Today the money that is raised by the municipality of Tehran by a pointed head. Some were alright, but many were really horrible! selling construction permits to developers is easily spent in highways The truth is that like in many other underdeveloped poor countries, and other urban infrastructure, but the metro net spreads with great we in Iran have neglected our precious heritage[ including Monuments difficulty, and public transport does not cover sufficiently. So, the traffic with Modern Art Deco Architecture], in the old cities. But are we really crisis persists. The city becomes more compact especially in the north, not aware of these values? And are we that financially and technically losing its villages and trees together with the low density neighbor- poor, not to be able to manage or afford some urban regeneration hoods, where it is so hard to move around today. The developers do project? The answer is no. But many, just don’t see the importance. not care much about quality or beauty, and do whatever they think This is why we architects should start to give our contribution to profitable by relationships. Many urban plans are drawn and planned, our city. First by knowing it and loving it, and second by taking effec- but none is really followed. The urban authorities try hard, but little is tive steps for it when we are given the chance. the result of all their efforts, because the approach is not quite right. The generalized myopia puts them all to the service of the speculative * Taraneh Yalda graduated in Architecture and Urbanism from Torino and Paris in 1978, and has since been working in Tehran as an architect of the urban investors, who are not very cultivated people, and want big short-term environment, and since 2004 has been collaborating for the presentation of the profit. The only thing we do not hear them talk about is Historic Tehran. new Development Plans of Tehran. She has been writing during all these years The Renovation Org. of the Municipality of Tehran, who together as a critic to urban events, especially in Tehran.5/5
  • ‫ﻫﻢ ﻧﻤﻰﺧﻮﺍﻧﺪ.‬ ‫ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ ﻣﻲﻛﻨﺪ ﻛﻪ ﮔﻮﻳﻰ ﭘﺸﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺍﺩﮔﺎﻩ ﺩﻳﻮﺍﻥ ﻋﺪﺍﻟﺖ ﺍﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﻳﺴﺘﺎﺩﻩ ﺗﺎ ﻓﻮﺭﺍ ً‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫- ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩ ﻛﻤﻲ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﻨﺎﻫﺎ ﺗﺎ ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯ ﺗﻮﺳﻂ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﻣﻴﺮﺍﺙ ﻭ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ، ﺷﻬﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻣﺠﻮﺯ ﺳﺎﺧﺖ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺳﺖ ﻣﺎﻟﻚ ﺷﺎﻛﻲ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﻫﺪ ﻭ ﺑﺎ ﻓﺮﻭﺵ ﺗﺮﺍﻛﻢ، ﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪﻯ ﻛﺴﺐ‬‫ﺑﺨﺶ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰ ﻣﺮﻣﺖ ﺷﺪﻩﺍﻧﺪ]ﻣﻘﺎﻟﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﻓﺮﺍﻣﺮﺯ ﭘﺎﺭﺳﻰ، ﺳﻬﺮﺍﺏ ﺳﺮﻭﺷﻴﺎﻧﻰ، ﻣﻬﺮﺩﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﺪ. ﺍﻣﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﮔﻮﻧﻪ ﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﺎﭘﺎﻳﺪﺍﺭ ﺗﺎ ﻛﻰ ﻛﻔﺎﻑ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺷﻬﺮ ﻣﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺩﺍﺩ؟‬ ‫ﺑﻬﻤﻨﻰ ﻭ...[ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﻤﺎﺭﺓ ﻣﻌﻤﺎﺭ ﻣﻌﺮﻓﻰ، ﻭ ﻧﻘﺪ ﻭ ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻰ ﺷﺪﻩﺍﻧﺪ.‬ ‫- ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ ﻃﺮﺡﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻫﻢ ﺍﺯ ﺩﻳﺪ ﻃﺮﺍﺣﻰ ﺷﻬﺮﻯ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﺔ ﺷﻬﺮﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﻓﻀﺎﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺘﺪﺍﺭ ﺣﺮﻓﻪ، ﻋﺰﻡ ﺷﻬﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ، ﻳﺎ ﻫﺮﺩﻭ؟‬‫ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻛﻞ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﻧﺎﺻﺮﻯ ﻭ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺗﻚ ﺗﻚ ﺧﻴﺎﺑﺎﻥﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻬﻢ ﺁﻥ ﺗﻬﻴﻪ ﺷﺪﻩﺍﻧﺪ، ﺍﻣﺎ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ﺑﺰﺭگ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﺔ ﺣﺮﻓﻪﺍﻱ ﻣﻌﻤﺎﺭﻯ - ﺍﻳﺮﺝ ﻛﻼﻧﺘﺮﻱ - ﺩﺭ ﭘﺎﺳﺦ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺑﺮﺍﺯ ﻧﮕﺮﺍﻧﻲ ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﻪ ﺗﻘﺮﻳﺒﺎً ﻧﺎﺩﻳﺪﻩ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺑﺎﺯ ﻃﺮﺡﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﺪﻳﺪﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻫﻤﺎﻥ ﺧﻴﺎﺑﺎﻥﻫﺎ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻣﻲﮔﻮﻳﺪ: »ﻣﺎ ﺷﺄﻧﻤﺎﻥ ﻧﺎﺯﻝ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺍﺧﺘﻴﺎﺭ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﺔ ﺗﺨﺼﺼﻲ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺳﺖ‬ ‫ً‬‫ﻣﻴﺪﺍﻥﻫﺎ ﺳﻔﺎﺭﺵ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﻧﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺮﺗﺮﻯ ﺁﻥﻫﺎ ﻧﺴﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ ﻗﺒﻠﻰﻫﺎ ﺍﺻﻼ ﻣﺤﺮﺯ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ‬ ‫ﻧﺪﺍﺭﻳﻢ.« ﺍﻭ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻌﻤﺎﺭﻱﺍﺵ ﻫﻤﻴﺸﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻧﺒﺎﻝ ﻳﻚ ﻣﻬﺮ ﻭ ﻧﺸﺎﻥ ﺍﺻﻴﻞ ﻭ ﺑﻮﻣﻲ ﻧﻴﺰ‬ ‫]ﻣﻘﺎﻟﺔ »ﻻﻟﻪﺯﺍﺭ« ﻣﺮﻳﻢ ﻣﻴﺮﺯﺍﻳﻰ[.‬ ‫ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ، ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﺔ ﻣﺸﺎﻭﺭﺍﻥ ﺍﺟﺎﺯﺓ ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺏ ﻭ ﻟﻴﺴﺖ ﻛﺮﺩﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺤﺮﻳﻢ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻧﺘﻴﺠﻪ ﺑﺎ ﻧﻮﻋﻰ ﺍﻏﺘﺸﺎﺵ ﺭﻭﺑﻪﺭﻭ ﻫﺴﺘﻴﻢ، ﻛﻪ ﭘﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻧﻜﻪ ﻧﺸﺎﻧﺔ ﺑﻲﻧﻈﻤﻲ‬ ‫ﺩﺳﺖ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﺷﻜﺎﻳﺖ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ، ﻭ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻧﺤﻼﻝ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻴﺪﺍﻥ ﺁﻣﺪﻥ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺳﺎﻥ ﺩﺭﮔﻴﺮ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ، ﻧﺸﺎﻧﺔ ﺑﻰﺍﻋﺘﻨﺎﻳﻰ ﻛﻞ ﻧﻈﺎﻡ ﺷﻬﺮﺳﺎﺯﻱ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺴﺌﻠﺔ ﺑﺎﻓﺖﻫﺎﻱ‬ ‫ﻣﺸﺎﻭﺭﺍﻥ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ، ﻭ ﻣﻌﻤﺎﺭﺍﻥ ﺟﻮﺍﻧﻲ ﻛﻪ ﻫﺮ ﺳﺎﻝ ﺍﺯ 034 ﻣﺪﺭﺳﺔ ﻣﻌﻤﺎﺭﻱ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺨﻲ، ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻮﻉ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭ ﺧﻄﺮﻧﺎﻙ ﺍﺳﺖ. ﺯﻳﺮﺍ ﺍﮔﺮﭼﻪ ﻣﻤﻜﻦ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺗﺨﺮﻳﺐ‬ ‫ﻓﺎﺭﻍﺍﻟﺘﺤﺼﻴﻞ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺳﺮﺍﺯﻳﺮ ﻣﻲﺷﻮﻧﺪ، ﻣﻲﮔﻮﻳﺪ: »ﺍﻳﻦﻫﺎ ﺗﻌﺮﻓﻪ ﻭ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻳﻚ ﺳﺎﺧﺘﻤﺎﻥ ﻣﺴﻜﻮﻧﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻨﻬﺎﻳﻰ ﺁﺳﻴﺒﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻛﻞ ﺑﺎﻓﺖ ﻗﺪﻳﻢ ﻧﺰﻧﺪ، ﺍﻣﺎ ﺍﮔﺮ ﻫﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺮﺭﺍﺕ ﻧﻤﻲﺷﻨﺎﺳﻨﺪ.« ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ، ﻫﺮﻛﺲ ﺁﺯﺍﺩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻫﺮ ﭼﻴﺰﻱ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﻫﺮ ﻛﺠﺎﻱ ﺷﻬﺮ،‬ ‫ﺳﺎﺧﺘﻤﺎﻥﻫﺎﻯ ﻗﺪﻳﻤﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺑﻬﺎﻧﺔ ﻓﺮﺳﻮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﻣﻠﻚ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰ ﺑﻮﺩﻥ ﻭ... ﺑﻪ ﺗﺪﺭﻳﺞ ﻃﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻛﻨﺎﺭ ﻫﺮ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺑﮕﺬﺍﺭﺩ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﻗﻮﻝ ﻣﻌﺮﻭﻑ، ﺑﻪ »ﺧﻠﻖ« ﻭ »ﺍﺑﺘﻜﺎﺭ« ﺑﭙﺮﺩﺍﺯﺩ. ﻧﺘﻴﺠﻪ‬ ‫ﭘﻨﺞ ﺳﺎﻝ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﺗﺨﺮﻳﺐ ﺷﻮﻧﺪ، ﺁﻥﮔﺎﻩ ﺯﻣﺎﻧﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺧﻮﺩﻣﺎﻥ ﻣﻰﺁﻳﻴﻢ ﻛﻪ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺩﻳﺮ ﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﻣﻲﺷﻮﺩ: ﭘﻴﺘﺰﺍﻱ ﻗﻮﺭﻣﻪ ﺳﺒﺰﻱ!‬ ‫ﻭ ﭘﺸﻴﻤﺎﻧﻰ ﺳﻮﺩﻯ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ... .‬ ‫ﺟﺒﺮﺍﻥ ﻏﻔﻠﺖ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﺼﻮﺑﺎﺕ ﻣﺆﺛﺮ ﺷﻮﺭﺍﻱ ﺷﻬﺮ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ، ﺷﻬﺮﺳﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺗﻬﻴﺔ ﻃﺮﺡ ﺟﺎﻣﻊ، ﺩﻭﺭ ﺑﺎﻓﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﭘﺮﻣﺴﺌﻠﺔ ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺨﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ﺩﻭ ﺳﺎﻝ ﭘﻴﺶ، ﻣﻘﺪﻣﺎﺕ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﺷﻬﺮﺩﺍﺭﻱ ﺩﺭ ﺣﻮﻝ ﻣﺼﻮﺑﺔ »ﺗﻌﻴﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺧﻄﻰ ﻣﻰﻛﺸﻴﺪﻧﺪ، ﺗﺎ ﺩﺭ »ﻓﺮﺻﺘﻲ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ« ﺑﻪ ﺁﻥ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺘﻪ ﺷﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﻭﺍﻗﻊ ﺑﺎﻓﺖ‬ ‫ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺖﻫﺎﻱ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻱ، ﺟﺬﺏ ﻣﺸﺎﺭﻛﺖ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻲ ﺩﺭ ﺣﻔﻆ ﻭ ﺍﺣﻴﺎﻱ ﺍﻣﺎﻛﻦ‬ ‫ﻗﺪﻳﻢ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺷﻜﻞ ﻳﻚ ﺳﻴﺎﻫﭽﺎﻟﻪ ﻣﻲﺩﻳﺪﻧﺪ. ﺷﺎﻳﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻥ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺣﻮﺻﻠﻪ، ﺑﻮﺩﺟﻪ، ﻭ‬ ‫ُ‬ ‫ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺨﻲ« ﺷﻮﺭﺍﻱ ﺷﻬﺮ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﻪ ﻛﻨﺪﻯ ﺩﺭﺣﺎﻝ ﻓﺮﺍﻫﻢ ﺷﺪﻥ ﺍﺳﺖ. ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺼﻮﺑﻪ، ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺘﻦ ﺑﻪ ﺁﻥ ﺭﺍ ﻧﺪﺍﺷﺘﻨﺪ. ﺍﻣﺎ ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺳﺎﻝﻫﺎ ﺑﻲﺍﻋﺘﻨﺎﻳﻲ، ﻭﻗﺖ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﺑﻘﻪﺍﻱ ﺑﺎ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻣﺼﻮﺑﺔ »ﭼﮕﻮﻧﮕﻲ ﻣﺸﺎﺭﻛﺖ ﺷﻬﺮﺩﺍﺭﻱ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻣﺎﻧﺪﻫﻲ ﺑﺎﻓﺖ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﺍ ﺭﺳﻴﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻧﺠﺎ ﻛﻪ ﻣﺎ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻴﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻴﺎﻥ ﺟﺰﻭ ﺁﺧﺮﻳﻦﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﻫﺴﺘﻴﻢ،‬ ‫ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺨﻲ، ﻣﺬﻫﺒﻲ ﻭ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮕﻲ ﺷﻬﺮ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ« ﺩﺍﺭﺩ )ﻓﺮﻭﺭﺩﻳﻦ ﺳﺎﻝ 48(، ﺷﻬﺮﺩﺍﺭﻱ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﻣﺎﻥ ﺁﺳﺎﻥﺗﺮ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻫﺴﺖ! ﺯﻳﺮﺍ ﻛﺎﻓﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺭﻭﻯ ﺩﺳﺖ ﺑﻘﻴﻪ ﻧﮕﺎﻩ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ ﻭ ﺑﻴﺎﻣﻮﺯﻳﻢ!‬ ‫ﻣﻮﻇﻒ ﺑﻪ ﺳﺎﻣﺎﻧﺪﻫﻲ ﺑﺎﻓﺖ ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺨﻲ ﺷﻬﺮ ﻭ ﺣﻔﻆ ﻭ ﺍﺣﻴﺎﻱ ﻓﻀﺎﻫﺎﻱ ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺨﻲ ﻣﻮﺟﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺍﻳﻦ، ﺍﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﻛﻪ ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﺣﻮﺯﻩﻫﺎﻱ ﭘﻴﺮﺍﻣﻮﻧﻲ ﺷﻬﺮﻫﺎﻳﻤﺎﻥ ﺯﻳﺮﺳﺎﺧﺖ ﻭ ﺳﺎﺯ ﺭﻓﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﺩﻩ. ﺍﻣﺎ ﺩﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﻫﻨﻮﺯ ﺟﺪﻯ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ.‬ ‫ﻭ ﻧﻮﺑﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺭﺳﻴﺪﮔﻲ ﻭ ﺳﺎﻣﺎﻧﺪﻫﻲ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺮﺍﻛﺰ ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺨﻲ ﺷﻬﺮﻫﺎ ﺭﺳﻴﺪﻩ، ﻣﻲﺑﻴﻨﻴﻢ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻼ ﺩﺭ ﺣﻮﺯﺓ ﺷﻬﺮﺳﺎﺯﻱ ﻓﺎﻗﺪ ﺍﺑﺰﺍﺭ ﺷﻬﺮﺳﺎﺯﻱ ﻭ ﻣﻌﻤﺎﺭﻯ ﻣﻨﺎﺳﺐ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﻣﻮﺍﺟﻬﻪ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ً‬ ‫ﭼﻪ ﻣﻰ ﺷﻮﺩ ﻛﺮﺩ؟‬ ‫ﻣﺸﻜﻼﺕ ﻣﺎﻟﻲ، ﺣﻘﻮﻗﻲ، ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻲ، ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻱ ﻭ ﻏﻴﺮﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﺔ ﺑﻬﺴﺎﺯﻱ ﻭ ﻧﻮﺳﺎﺯﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﮔﺮ ﺷﻬﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﻋﺰﻡ ﻭ ﺍﺭﺍﺩﻩﺍﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﺍﻩ ﺑﮕﺬﺍﺭﺩ، ﺭﻭﻧﺪ ﻋﻤﻠﻲ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺍﺻﺎﻟﺖﺑﺨﺸﻲ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻓﺖﻫﺎﻱ ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺨﻲ ﻫﺴﺘﻴﻢ. ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺑﺰﺍﺭ ﺭﺍ، ﻛﻪ ﺷﺎﻣﻞ ﺿﻮﺍﺑﻂ ﻭ ﻣﻘﺮﺭﺍﺕ ﺷﻬﺮﺳﺎﺯﻱ ﻭﻳﮋﺓ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﺎ ﺳﺎﻛﻨﺎﻥ ﻓﻌﻠﻲ ﻭ ﻣﺎﻟﻜﺎﻧﻲ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻛﻨﺪﻱ ﺩﺭﮔﻴﺮ ﺭﻭﻧﺪ ﺗﻮﺍﻥﺑﺨﺸﻲ ﻭ ﺑﻬﺴﺎﺯﻱ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﺧﺖ ﻭ ﺳﺎﺯ ﻭ ﺍﻧﻮﺍﻉ ﺗﻤﻬﻴﺪﺍﺕ ﺣﻘﻮﻗﻲ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺗﺸﻮﻳﻖ ﻣﺎﻟﻜﺎﻥ ﺑﻨﺎﻫﺎﻱ ﺍﺭﺯﺷﻤﻨﺪ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻓﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺨﻰ ﻋﻮﺩﻻﺟﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺳﻨﮕﻠﺞ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﻨﺪ ﺷﺪ، ﺁﻏﺎﺯ ﺷﻮﺩ. ﺩﺭ ﺍﺭﺍﺿﻲ ﺗﺨﺮﻳﺐ‬ ‫ﺣﻔﻆ ﻭ ﻣﺮﻣﺖ ﺑﻨﺎﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺧﺎﻧﻪﻫﺎﻳﺸﺎﻥ ﻣﻲﺷﻮﺩ، ﭼﻪ ﻛﺴﻲ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﻨﻮﻳﺴﺪ ﺟﺰ ﻛﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺳﺎﻥ‬‫ﺷﺪﺓ ﻭﺍﻗﻊ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺎﻓﺖﻫﺎ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺍﻣﻴﺪﻭﺍﺭﻳﻢ ﺑﻪ ﺗﺪﺭﻳﺞ ﺳﺎﺧﺘﻤﺎﻥﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺎﺍﺭﺯﺵ ﻭ ﺑﺎ ﻛﻴﻔﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﺭﺷﺘﻪ؟ )ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻛﻤﻚ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﺩﺍﻧﺎﻥ، ﺣﻘﻮﻕﺩﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﻭ ...( ﻭ ﭼﻪ ﻛﺴﻲ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﺎﻳﺴﺘﺪ‬ ‫ﺟﺪﻳﺪ، ﻫﻤﺨﻮﺍﻥ ﺑﺎ ﻛﺎﺭﺍﻛﺘﺮ ﺑﺎﻓﺖ، ﺳﺎﺧﺘﻪ ﺷﻮﺩ. ﺍﻣﺎ ﺭﻭﺷﻦ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺭﺯﺵﻳﺎﺑﻲ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺍﺻﺮﺍﺭ ﺑﻮﺭﺯﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺭﺍﻩﺣﻠﻲ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﻫﺮ ﻛﺪﺍﻡ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﻨﮕﻨﺎﻫﺎ ﭘﻴﺪﺍ ﺷﻮﺩ؟ ﺍﮔﺮ ﻣﺘﺨﺼﺼﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺑﺎﺭﺓ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻮﺍﺣﻲ ﻣﺮﻛﺰﻱ ﺷﻬﺮ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ، ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭﻱ ﺍﺯ ﺳﺎﻛﻨﺎﻥ ﻓﻌﻠﻲ ﻭ ﻣﺴﺘﺄﺟﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﺎ، ﺑﺎﺭ ﻣﺴﺌﻮﻟﻴﺖ ﻓﻨﻲ ﻭ ﺣﺮﻓﻪﺍﻱ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺎ ﻣﺴﺌﻮﻟﻴﺖ ﺳﻨﮕﻴﻦ ﺑﺎﺭ ﻣﺎﻟﻲ ﺷﻬﺮﺩﺍﺭﻱ‬ ‫ﻣﻤﻜﻦ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺗﺪﺭﻳﺞ ﺧﺎﻧﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻔﺮﻭﺷﻨﺪ ﻭ ﻳﺎ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪ ﺑﺮﻭﻧﺪ، ﻭ ﺗﺮﻛﻴﺐ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺍﺩﺍﺭﺓ ﺭﻭﺯﻣﺮﺓ ﺷﻬﺮ ﺍﺷﺘﺒﺎﻩ ﺑﮕﻴﺮﻧﺪ، ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺎﺳﺔ ﺩﺍﻍﺗﺮ ﺍﺯ ﺁﺵ ﺷﺪﻥ، ﻧﺘﻴﺠﻪﺍﻱ ﺟﺰ‬ ‫ٌ‬ ‫ﻃﺒﻘﺎﺗﻲ ﺳﺎﻛﻨﺎﻥ ﻃﺒﻴﻌﺘﺎ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﻳﺎﺑﺪ، ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻣﺮ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﻣﻮﺍﺭﺩ ﻣﺸﺎﺑﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻧﻴﺎ ﻧﻴﺰ‬ ‫ﺍﻫﻤﺎﻝ ﻭ ﺳﻬﻞﺍﻧﮕﺎﺭﻱ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻟﻮﺙ ﺷﺪﻥ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﻣﺴﺌﻠﻪ ﻣﻲﺍﻧﺠﺎﻣﺪ، ﻧﺨﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺩﺍﺷﺖ.‬ ‫ﺍﺗﻔﺎﻕ ﺍﻓﺘﺎﺩﻩ. ﻭﺍﺿﺢ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻭﺍﻗﻊ ﺑﻮﺩﻥ ﺩﺭ »ﻣﻜﺎﻥ ﻣﺮﻛﺰﻱ«، ﺩﺭ ﺷﻬﺮﻱ ﺑﺎ ﺗﺮﺍﻓﻴﻚ‬ ‫ﻧﻔﺲﮔﻴﺮ، ﻭ ﺍﺻﺎﻟﺖ ﺑﺨﺸﻲ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺎﻓﺖﻫﺎﻳﻲ ﻛﻪ »ﺯﻧﺪﮔﻲ ﭘﻴﺎﺩﻩ« ﺩﺭ ﺁﻥﻫﺎ ﻣﻲﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺩﻟﭽﺴﺐ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ، ﺑﻪ ﺍﺭﺯﺵﻫﺎ ﻣﻲﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺪ؛ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻼﻭﻩ، ﺗﺒﺪﻳﻞ ﻧﻮﺍﺣﻲ ﻣﺮﻛﺰﻱ ﺷﻬﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻣﺎﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺮ ﻣﺎﺳﺖ!‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﻭ ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻥ ﺗﺮﺍﻛﻢ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ، ﺑﻪ ﻣﺤﻴﻂﻫﺎﻳﻲ ﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﺩﺳﺘﺮﺱ ﻭ ﻣﺠﻬﺰ‬ ‫ﺭﻓﺘﺎﺭ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﺔ ﺣﺮﻓﻪﺍﻯ ﻣﺎ ﺗﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺨﻲ ﭼﻨﻴﻦ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ:‬ ‫)ﻣﺘﺮﻭ ﻭ ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕ ﻛﺎﻣﻞ( ﻣﻲﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺁﻥﻗﺪﺭ ﺟﺬﺍﺏ ﺷﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺮﻛﺰ ﺷﻬﺮ، ﺑﻪ ﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫- ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩ 214 ﺑﻨﺎﻱ ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺨﻲ، ﻃﺒﻖ ﻟﻴﺴﺖ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﻣﻴﺮﺍﺙ ﻃﻰ ﺳﺎﻟﻴﺎﻥ، ﺑﺮﺍﻱ‬ ‫ً‬ ‫ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ، ﺗﺤﺮﻛﻲ ﺩﺭ ﺟﻬﺖ ﺟﺬﺏ ﻃﺒﻘﺎﺕ ﻣﺮﻓﻪ ﻭ ﻧﻴﺰ ﮔﺮﻭﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﺎﺹ )ﻣﺜﻼ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭﻯﻫﺎ،‬ ‫ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﺛﺒﺖ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ.‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻧﺸﺠﻮﻳﺎﻥ، ﻳﺎ ﻫﻨﺮﻣﻨﺪﺍﻥ( ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﻛﺎﺭ ﻭ ﺳﻜﻮﻧﺖ، ﺑﻪ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺁﻭﺭﺩ. ﺍﮔﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻳﺪﻩ ﺭﺍ ﻗﺒﻮﻝ‬ ‫- ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﻣﻴﺮﺍﺙ ﭼﻨﺪ ﺳﺎﻝ ﭘﻴﺶ، ﺣﺪﻭﺩ 5ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺑﻨﺎﻱ ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺨﻲ )ﺍﻏﻠﺐ ﺧﺎﻧﻪﻫﺎﻱ‬‫ﻛﻨﻴﻢ، ﻣﺴﺌﻠﺔ ﺟﺬﺏ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻱ ﻭ ﻟﺰﻭﻡ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﺭﻳﺰﻱ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺍﺳﻜﺎﻥ ﺩﻭﺑﺎﺭﺓ ﻃﺒﻘﺎﺕ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻲ( ﺭﺍ ﺷﻨﺎﺳﺎﻳﻲ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺛﺒﺖ ﻛﻨﺪ، ﺍﻣﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﻨﺎﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺧﻴﺮ ﺍﻏﻠﺐ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪ ﻣﺘﻮﺳﻂ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺎﻻ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻮﺍﺣﻲ ﻣﺮﻛﺰﻱ ﺷﻬﺮ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ، ﺑﻪ ﺭﺍﺣﺘﻰ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﻣﻄﺮﺡ ﺷﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺗﺨﺮﻳﺐ ﺷﺪﻩﺍﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻥﻫﺎ ﺍﺣﺘﻤﺎﻻً ﺣﺪﻭﺩ 0001 ﺑﻨﺎ ﻫﻨﻮﺯ ﺑﺎﻗﻲ ﻭ ﻣﻨﺘﻈﺮ ﺛﺒﺖ ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺨﻲ‬ ‫ﻭ ﭘﺎ ﺑﮕﻴﺮﺩ! ﻭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺁﻏﺎﺯ ﺭﻭﻧﻖ ﺩﻭﺑﺎﺭﺓ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﻗﺪﻳﻢ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺑﻮﺩ.‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﻣﻴﺮﺍﺙ ﺍﺳﺖ.‬ ‫- ﻳﻚ ﺳﺮﻱ ﺑﻨﺎ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺗﻮﺳﻂ ﺧﻮﺩ ﻣﺸﺎﻭﺭﺍﻥ ﻃﺮﺡ ﺗﻔﺼﻴﻠﻲ ﻣﻨﺎﻃﻖ ﻃﻰ ﺳﺎﻝﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫* ﺗﺮﺍﻧﻪ ﻳﻠﺪﺍ ﻣﻌﻤﺎﺭ ﻭ ﺷﻬﺮﺳﺎﺯ، ﻓﺎﺭﻍﺍﻟﺘﺤﺼﻴﻞ ﻣﻌﻤﺎﺭﻱ ﻭ ﺷﻬﺮﺳﺎﺯﻱ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻮﺭﻳﻨﻮ ﻭ ﭘﺎﺭﻳﺲ 03ﺳﺎﻝ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ‬ ‫ﺩﻫﺔ 0831 ﻭ ﺣﻴﻦ ﻓﺮﺍﻳﻨﺪ ﺗﻬﻴﺔ ﻃﺮﺡﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻔﺼﻴﻠﻰ ﺷﻨﺎﺳﺎﻳﻲ ﺷﺪﻩﺍﻧﺪ ﻛﻪ ﻋﻤﺪﺗﺎً‬ ‫ﺷﻬﺮﻫﺎﻱ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻛﺎﺭﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﺳﺎﻝ 38 ﺩﺭﮔﻴﺮ ﻃﺮﺡﻫﺎﻱ ﺷﻬﺮﻱ ﺷﻬﺮ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ. ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﺍﻭ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳﺎﻝﻫﺎ ﻧﻮﺷﺘﻦ ﻣﻘﺎﻟﻪ ﻭ ﻧﻘﺪ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺍﺗﻔﺎﻗﺎﺕ ﺷﻬﺮﻱ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ.‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭﺍﻱ ﻋﻨﺎﺻﺮ ﺍﺭﺯﺷﻤﻨﺪ ﻣﻌﻤﺎﺭﻯ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ. ﺑﻪ ﻫﺮ ﺣﺎﻝ، ﻧﺤﻮﺓ ﺛﺒﺖ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﻨﺎﻫﺎ ﺭﻭﻱ‬ ‫ﻧﻘﺸﻪﻫﺎ، ﻭ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩ ﻭ ﻛﻴﻔﻴﺖ ﺍﻃﻼﻋﺎﺕ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﺷﺪﻩ، ﺩﺭ ﻣﻨﺎﻃﻖ ﻣﺘﻔﺎﻭﺕ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫6/6‬