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Hobbes was a rationalist, building his arguments on deductive design, at a time in which English science was moving more closely toward the empirical method of truth-building, that is, using inductive methods to validate hypotheses. He built strong metaphysical arguments in favor of a mechanics-based vision of life.
Charles I was as ambitious as his father. Back then, the Parliament was in charge of approving the money for the king according to English Law. Charles, in his desire of power and wealthy, extorted loans by threatening parliament men with prison. He lost popularity by pressing the poor into service as soldiers and sailors.
Andrew Marvell was born later than the other metaphysical and Cavalier poets. He tutored the daughter of a Puritan leader. He used his influence at court to prevent Milton’s execution for treason.
Marvell’s best lyrics blend the metaphysical brilliance of Donne and Herbert and the classical finish of Jonson and Herrick. They offer observations on nature, love, and God. His best-known poem, “To His Coy Mistress,” is one of the very best lyrics in English literature.
In John Milton the streams of the Renaissance and the Reformation flow together. He was a learned disciple of the Greek and Latin authors; and was a profound Calvinist who studied the Old Testament in Hebrew.
As the battle between Charles I and Parliament grew hotter, Milton began writing political pamphlets for the Roundhead cause.
He supported the Commonwealth and Protectorate and even defended the execution of Charles I.
Why God allows suffering and unhappiness in this world.
After decades of political activity, Milton concluded that the best humans could hope for was to lead their individual lives blamelessly. Unlike Milton, Bunyan had little education beyond reading the Bible.
He wrote The Pilgrim’s Progress (the allegory tells the story of a man who flees sin to lead a holy life).
Bunyan and Milton produced the greatest literary works of the Puritan revolution. The Commonwealth had failed, but left behind a new culture that was neither courtly nor Puritan.
The revolution that had begun in the mid-seventeenth century would continue in the eighteenth.
Marilyn Vasquez Luz Mary Ot árola Susannah Monge Shantany Walker