Risk Assessment


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An introduction into risk assessment and the risk assessment modle by Melvyn Hopkins

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Risk Assessment

  1. 1. <ul><li>RISK ASSESSMENT </li></ul>
  2. 2. <ul><li>Three reasons why Risk Assessment is carried out. </li></ul><ul><li>Legal Duty. </li></ul><ul><li>Moral Duty. </li></ul><ul><li>Economic Duty. </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>The Present Situation </li></ul><ul><li>1999 – 2000 </li></ul><ul><li>161 workers died </li></ul><ul><li>At least 27,563 workers suffered major injuries. </li></ul><ul><li>At least 128,889 workers suffered ‘over 3 day’ injuries. </li></ul><ul><li>Around 2.2 million workers suffer work-related ill health. </li></ul><ul><li>About 12 million days are lost… </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>The H&S at Work act 1974 </li></ul><ul><li>Section 2 (1) says… </li></ul><ul><li>‘ It shall be the duty of every employer to ensure, so far as is reasonably practicable, the health, safety & welfare at work of all his employees’ </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>‘ Employers shall ensure’: </li></ul><ul><li>Safe plant & safe systems of work </li></ul><ul><li>Safe use of articles & substances </li></ul><ul><li>Adequate training & supervision </li></ul><ul><li>Safe access & egress </li></ul><ul><li>Safe working environment / welfare facilities… </li></ul><ul><li>This implies a Risk Assessment approach </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Management of H & S at work regulations 1999 </li></ul><ul><li>Made under the H & S at work act 1974 </li></ul><ul><li>Originally came into force 1/1/93, Latest edition is 1999. </li></ul><ul><li>Covers almost all people at work… </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>The Act covers: </li></ul><ul><li>Risk Assessment & Management. </li></ul><ul><li>Health & Safety Management </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Management of H & S at work Regulations 1999 </li></ul><ul><li>Regulation 3: Risk Assessment: </li></ul><ul><li>‘ Imposes a legal duty on employers & the self-employed to make a suitable & sufficient assessment of risks to employees & others’. </li></ul><ul><li>The findings must be recorded if >5 employees… </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>Basic steps to risk assessment </li></ul><ul><li>Identify the hazard </li></ul><ul><li>Identify the risk </li></ul><ul><li>Consider existing controls </li></ul><ul><li>Evaluate (assess) the residual risk </li></ul><ul><li>Decide / implement controls </li></ul><ul><li>Record assessment </li></ul><ul><li>Monitor </li></ul><ul><li>Review </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>Risk Levels depend on: </li></ul><ul><li>Severity of the outcome </li></ul><ul><li>Likelihood </li></ul><ul><li>Therefore, </li></ul><ul><li>Risk = Severity * Likelihood </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>Likelihood </li></ul><ul><li>Probable – Where it is certain or near certain that harm will occur. </li></ul><ul><li>Possible – where harm May occur </li></ul><ul><li>Remote – Where harm will Seldom occur… </li></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>Severity </li></ul><ul><li>Fatal – Death or major injury / illness. </li></ul><ul><li>Major / Serious – Serious injury or ill health. E.g. People off work for 3 days or </li></ul><ul><li>more. </li></ul><ul><li>Minor Injury – Where other less serious injuries could arise & may / may not require time off work… </li></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>Risk Assessment Procedure </li></ul><ul><li>Examine hazardous work activities & list them down. </li></ul><ul><li>Ask who is exposed to the possible harm arising from the activity & how likely it is to occur. </li></ul><ul><li>If it did occur how badly would the people be injured. </li></ul><ul><li>List the current controls in place to prevent the accident. </li></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>Ask yourself ‘ is it enough?’ </li></ul><ul><li>What further action will be required to reduce the risk further </li></ul><ul><li>If further action is required, who will do it & by when… </li></ul>
  15. 15. <ul><li>Simple Risk Assessment </li></ul><ul><li>Severity </li></ul><ul><li>Likelihood Major Minor Fatal </li></ul>Very high risk High risk Medium risk Probable High risk Medium risk Low risk Possible Medium risk Low risk Low risk Trivial Remote
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