Diabetes In America

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Diabetes In America

  1. 1. Diabetes in America Morbidity, Mortality and Future Hopes(Presented by Team D: Tomas, Susan, Jeanne and Kathie)
  2. 2. Overview  Types  History  Population  Disparities  Morbidity and Mortality  Non-Fatal Symptoms  Treatments  Cures  Future Hope  Summary
  3. 3. Types of Diabetes  Diabetes Mellitus Type 1  Diabetes Mellitus Type 2  Diabetes Insipidus  Gestational Diabetes  Maturity Onset Diabetes
  4. 4. History Hesire (Hesi-Ra) Egyptian physician 1552 B.C.  Described diabetes as“the passing of too much urine” English physician Tomas Willis 1679 A.D.  Reported diabetic urine to be “sweet” Matthew Dobson, Liverpool, 1776 A.D.  Scientifically proved 'saccharine materials' in urine was a symptom of diabetes. Apollinaire Bouchardat, French M.D. 1871 A.D.  Developed “diets” for diabetic patients after war rationing reduced symptoms Known to be fatal until the 1920’s
  5. 5. Population 23.6 million Americans have Diabetes  17.9 diagnosed and 5.7 million undiagnosed 1 in every 400-600 children and adolescents  186,200 under the age of 20 23.5 million are between the ages of 20-60  12 million men and 11.5 million women  12.2 million are over the age of 60  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sTgBvJsHcCk
  6. 6. Disparities Prevalent propensity for Diabetes in these populations:3  African American  Native American  Asian American  Pacific Islander  Hispanic American
  7. 7. Disparities 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 Less than 10 years 10-19 years Rate(per100,000peryear) Type 2 Type 1 ALL NHW AA H API AI ALL NHW AA H API AI * NHW=Non-Hispanic whites; AA=African Americans; H=Hispanics; API=Asians/Pacific Islanders; AI=American Indians Rate of new cases of type 1 and type 2 diabetes among youth aged <20 years, by race/ethnicity, 2002–2003
  8. 8. Morbidity and Mortality Heart Disease and Stroke  Attributed 68% to heart disease related deaths  Attributed 16% to stroke related deaths  Death rate 2 to 4 times higher than non-diabetics High Blood Pressure  Found in 75% of diabetic adults Blindness  Leading cause among adults age 20-74 with diabetes
  9. 9. Morbidity and Mortality Kidney Disease  Leading cause of kidney failure  Accounts for 44% of all reports Neuropathy (Nervous System Damage)  60% to 70% have mild to severe form Amputations  Accounts for 60% of non-traumatic lower-limb amputations Mortality  Seventh leading cause of death in 2004
  10. 10. Non-Fatal Complications  Bladder control problems for women  Erectile dysfunction for men  Kidney Disease  Gastro paresis  Eye Disease
  11. 11. Common Symptoms  Frequent urination  Increase blood sugar (hyperglycemia)  Irritability / Rage  Neuropathy  Slow to heal  Sweet breath and urine
  12. 12. Treatments  For Type 1: Insulin, Nutrition, Exercise  For Type 2: Medication, Nutrition, Exercise  Increase your level of physical activity.  Keep up with physical check ups with your doctor.  Follow the advice of your physician  Insulin therapy  Oral medications  Eat a well balanced diet low in sugar/carbs.
  13. 13. Future Hope  Estimated 438 million to be diagnosed by 2030  Increase of 3% children with Type 1 by 2030  Researchers working to isolate “diabetic” gene  Researchers searching stem-cell replacement for type 1  Educators and Medical professionals increasing awareness to community gardening  Increased awareness of healthy eating habits  Correlation between diet and nutrition
  14. 14. Summary Type 1 Diabetes accounts for 5-10% of all diabetes cases in America  Type 2 Diabetes is a growing epidemic not just an adult disease anymore; it can be easily managed through:  Healthy Eating  Exercise  Education  Seventh cause of death in America but it does not have to be.
  15. 15. References Your Family and Diabetes. (2010). History of Diabetes. Retrieved from http://www.your-family- and-diabetes.com/history_of_diabetes.html American Diabetes Association. (2010). Diabetes Statistics. Retrieved from http://www.diabetes.org/diabetes-basics/diabetes-statistics/ Center for Disease Control. (2007). National Diabetes Fact Sheet 2007. Retrieved from http://www.cdc.gov/diabetes/pubs/pdf/ndfs_2007.pdf American Diabetes Association, (2003). Diabetes A to Z (5th ed.). Alexandria, Virginia: American Diabetes Association. Barrier, P. (2005). Type 2 Diabetes for Beginners. Alexandria, Virginia: American Diabetes Association. National Institute of Diabetes. (2009). Complications of Diabetes. Retrieved from http://diabetes.niddk.nih.gov/complications/ Oxford Publishing, Inc.. (2010). "Diabetes" the Oxford Companion to the Body. Retrieved from http://www.oxfordreference.com/views/ENTRY.html?subview=Main&entry=t128.e274
  16. 16. References (Cont’d) McCoy, M., & Bass, P.F. (2009, November). Recognizing Key Diabetes Symptoms. http://www.everydayhealth.com/diabetes/recognizing-the-symptoms-of- diabetes.aspx. Global stats on p.1: from Diabetes Atlas 2009: www.diabetesatlas.org/content/foreword-0 National stats on p.1: www.phac-aspc.gc.ca/publicat/2008/dicndss-dacsnsd-04-05/pwdd- iadd-eng.php Map of diabetes prevalence: www.diabetesatlas.org/sites/default/files/Map2.1%26lowbar;Prevalence %26lowbar;2010.jpg Diabetes and depression: www.diabetes.ca/about- diabetes/living/complications/depression World Diabetes Congress general info: www.idf.org/media (press releases)

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