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Diabetes In America

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    Diabetes In America Diabetes In America Presentation Transcript

    • Diabetes in America Morbidity, Mortality and Future Hopes (Presented by Team D: Tomas, Susan, Jeanne and Kathie)
    • Overview
      • Types
      • History
      • Population
      • Disparities
      • Morbidity and Mortality
      • Non-Fatal Symptoms
      • Treatments
      • Cures
      • Future Hope
      • Summary
    • Types of Diabetes
      • Diabetes Mellitus Type 1
      • Diabetes Mellitus Type 2
      • Diabetes Insipidus
      • Gestational Diabetes
      • Maturity Onset Diabetes
    • History
      • Hesire (Hesi-Ra) Egyptian physician 1552 B.C.
      • Described diabetes as“the passing of too much urine”
      • English physician Tomas Willis 1679 A.D.
      • Reported diabetic urine to be “sweet”
      • Matthew Dobson, Liverpool, 1776 A.D.
      • Scientifically proved 'saccharine materials' in urine was a symptom of diabetes.
      • Apollinaire Bouchardat, French M.D. 1871 A.D.
      • Developed “diets” for diabetic patients after war rationing reduced symptoms
      • Known to be fatal until the 1920’s
    • Population
      • 23.6 million Americans have Diabetes
      • 17.9 diagnosed and 5.7 million undiagnosed
      • 1 in every 400-600 children and adolescents
      • 186,200 under the age of 20
      • 23.5 million are between the ages of 20-60
      • 12 million men and 11.5 million women
      • 12.2 million are over the age of 60
      • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sTgBvJsHcCk
    • Disparities
      • Prevalent propensity for Diabetes in these populations: 3
      • African American
      • Native American
      • Asian American
      • Pacific Islander
      • Hispanic American
    • Disparities ALL NHW AA H API AI ALL NHW AA H API AI * NHW=Non-Hispanic whites; AA=African Americans; H=Hispanics; API=Asians/Pacific Islanders; AI=American Indians Rate of new cases of type 1 and type 2 diabetes among youth aged <20 years, by race/ethnicity, 2002–2003
    • Morbidity and Mortality
      • Heart Disease and Stroke
      • Attributed 68% to heart disease related deaths
      • Attributed 16% to stroke related deaths
      • Death rate 2 to 4 times higher than non-diabetics
      • High Blood Pressure
      • Found in 75% of diabetic adults
      • Blindness
      • Leading cause among adults age 20-74 with diabetes
    • Morbidity and Mortality
      • Kidney Disease
      • Leading cause of kidney failure
      • Accounts for 44% of all reports
      • Neuropathy (Nervous System Damage)
      • 60% to 70% have mild to severe form
      • Amputations
      • Accounts for 60% of non-traumatic lower-limb amputations
      • Mortality
      • Seventh leading cause of death in 2004
    • Non-Fatal Complications
      • Bladder control problems for women
      • Erectile dysfunction for men
      • Kidney Disease
      • Gastro paresis
      • Eye Disease
    • Common Symptoms
      • Frequent urination
      • Increase blood sugar (hyperglycemia)
      • Irritability / Rage
      • Neuropathy
      • Slow to heal
      • Sweet breath and urine
    • Treatments
      • For Type 1: Insulin, Nutrition, Exercise
      • For Type 2: Medication, Nutrition, Exercise
      • Increase your level of physical activity.
      • Keep up with physical check ups with your doctor.
      • Follow the advice of your physician
        • Insulin therapy
        • Oral medications
      • Eat a well balanced diet low in sugar/carbs.
    • Future Hope
      • Estimated 438 million to be diagnosed by 2030
      • Increase of 3% children with Type 1 by 2030
      • Researchers working to isolate “diabetic” gene
      • Researchers searching stem-cell replacement for type 1
      • Educators and Medical professionals increasing awareness to community gardening
      • Increased awareness of healthy eating habits
        • Correlation between diet and nutrition
    • Summary
      • Type 1 Diabetes accounts for 5-10% of all diabetes cases in America
      • Type 2 Diabetes is a growing epidemic not just an adult disease anymore; it can be easily managed through:
        • Healthy Eating
        • Exercise
        • Education
      • Seventh cause of death in America but it does not have to be.
    • References
      • Your Family and Diabetes. (2010).  History of Diabetes . Retrieved from http://www.your-family-and-diabetes.com/history_of_diabetes.html
      • American Diabetes Association. (2010).  Diabetes Statistics . Retrieved from http://www.diabetes.org/diabetes-basics/diabetes-statistics/
      • Center for Disease Control. (2007).  National Diabetes Fact Sheet 2007 . Retrieved from http://www.cdc.gov/diabetes/pubs/pdf/ndfs_2007.pdf
      • American Diabetes Association, (2003). Diabetes A to Z (5th ed.). Alexandria, Virginia: American Diabetes Association.
      • Barrier, P. (2005). Type 2 Diabetes for Beginners . Alexandria, Virginia: American Diabetes Association.
      •   National Institute of Diabetes. (2009).  Complications of Diabetes . Retrieved from http://diabetes.niddk.nih.gov/complications/
      • Oxford Publishing, Inc.. (2010).  &quot;Diabetes&quot; the Oxford Companion to the Body . Retrieved from http://www.oxfordreference.com/views/ENTRY.html?subview=Main&entry=t128.e274
    • References (Cont’d)
      • McCoy, M., & Bass, P.F. (2009, November). Recognizing Key Diabetes Symptoms. http://www.everydayhealth.com/diabetes/recognizing-the-symptoms-of-diabetes.aspx.
      • Global stats on p.1: from Diabetes Atlas 2009: www.diabetesatlas.org/content/foreword-0
      • National stats on p.1: www.phac-aspc.gc.ca/publicat/2008/dicndss-dacsnsd-04-05/pwdd-iadd-eng.php
      • Map of diabetes prevalence: www.diabetesatlas.org/sites/default/files/Map2.1%26lowbar;Prevalence%26lowbar;2010.jpg
      • Diabetes and depression: www.diabetes.ca/about- diabetes /living/complications/depression
      • World Diabetes Congress general info: www.idf.org/media (press releases)