Macromolecule:MagnesiumShould be provided in the foods that we eat everyday
Third most abundant mineral in teeth One of the major cations in plant & animal tissue Essential ion (enzymatic reactions & protein synthesis) Found mostly in bones and muscles, cell types and body fluids Human body = 20 to 35 mg of Mg Essential constituent of bone & soft tissues
Functions: Regulate body’s nerves &muscles Plays a role in protein synthesis Activator of numerous coenzymes (carboxylase and co-A) Helps in catalyzing the transport of phosphate groups Binds mRNA Important in synthesis & degradation of DNA Critical for normal metabolism& function of the organism
Absorption & Excretion 1/3 is absorbed and utilized in the body High intake of other macromolecule (Ca, P, lactose) will interfere with Mg absorption Stored in bone---little excretion through the intestine Mg is lost via urine &feces Maintenance of the normal level of Mg in the blood depends on a balance between absorption and renal excretion of sodium.
Chronic Renal Failure: Definition: Signs & Symptoms: Slow loss of kidney function Appetite loss over time Nausea Headache Treatment: Weight loss Controlling blood pressure will lower further kidney damage Eat a healthy balanced diet
Chronic Alcoholism Definition: Signs & Symptoms: Primary disease with Neglecting responsibilities due to drinking genetic, psychosocial, and environmental factors Tolerance (over time, one needs influencing its development more and more alcohol to feel the same effects): 1st major and manifestations warning sign of alcoholism Withdrawal (body is used to alcohol and experiences withdrawal symptoms if it’s taken away): 2nd major warning sign of alcoholism Anxiety Depression Irritability and so on.
Acute Diarrhea Definition: Signs & Symptoms: Abrupt onset of abnormally Watery stool high fluid content in the stool Abdominal pain Fever Treatment: dehydration Fluid and electrolyte replacement Dietary modifications Drug therapy
Chronic malabsorption syndrome Definition: Signs & Symptoms: Alteration in the ability of Diarrhea the intestine to absorb nutrients adequately into Bloating the bloodstream Flatulence Treatment: Weight loss Fluid and nutrient cramping replacement
Hypomagnesemia Definition: Signs & Symptoms: Low levels of Magnesium in Muscle Weakness the blood Convulsions Often leads to hypocalcemia (inhibition of Fatigue parathyroid hormone; does not resolve until the magnesium deficiency has Treatment: been corrected) Food sources rich in Magnesium should be obtained in the diet