Magnesium

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Magnesium

  1. 1. Macromolecule:MagnesiumShould be provided in the foods that we eat everyday
  2. 2.  Third most abundant mineral in teeth One of the major cations in plant & animal tissue Essential ion (enzymatic reactions & protein synthesis) Found mostly in bones and muscles, cell types and body fluids Human body = 20 to 35 mg of Mg Essential constituent of bone & soft tissues
  3. 3. Functions: Regulate body’s nerves &muscles Plays a role in protein synthesis  Activator of numerous coenzymes (carboxylase and co-A)  Helps in catalyzing the transport of phosphate groups  Binds mRNA  Important in synthesis & degradation of DNA Critical for normal metabolism& function of the organism
  4. 4. Absorption & Excretion 1/3 is absorbed and utilized in the body High intake of other macromolecule (Ca, P, lactose) will interfere with Mg absorption Stored in bone---little excretion through the intestine Mg is lost via urine &feces Maintenance of the normal level of Mg in the blood depends on a balance between absorption and renal excretion of sodium.
  5. 5. Magnesium Deficiency Conditions: Symptoms: Chronic malabsoprtion  Hyperexcitability syndrome  Behavioral disturbances Acute diarrhea  Weakness Chronic renal failure  Depression Chronic alcoholism  Tremors  Convulsions
  6. 6. Chronic Renal Failure: Definition: Signs & Symptoms: Slow loss of kidney function  Appetite loss over time  Nausea  Headache Treatment:  Weight loss  Controlling blood pressure will lower further kidney damage  Eat a healthy balanced diet
  7. 7. Chronic Alcoholism Definition: Signs & Symptoms: Primary disease with  Neglecting responsibilities due to drinking genetic, psychosocial, and environmental factors  Tolerance (over time, one needs influencing its development more and more alcohol to feel the same effects): 1st major and manifestations warning sign of alcoholism  Withdrawal (body is used to alcohol and experiences withdrawal symptoms if it’s taken away): 2nd major warning sign of alcoholism  Anxiety  Depression  Irritability and so on.
  8. 8. Acute Diarrhea Definition: Signs & Symptoms: Abrupt onset of abnormally  Watery stool high fluid content in the stool  Abdominal pain  Fever Treatment:  dehydration  Fluid and electrolyte replacement  Dietary modifications  Drug therapy
  9. 9. Chronic malabsorption syndrome Definition: Signs & Symptoms: Alteration in the ability of  Diarrhea the intestine to absorb nutrients adequately into  Bloating the bloodstream  Flatulence Treatment:  Weight loss  Fluid and nutrient  cramping replacement
  10. 10. Hypomagnesemia Definition: Signs & Symptoms: Low levels of Magnesium in  Muscle Weakness the blood  Convulsions Often leads to hypocalcemia (inhibition of  Fatigue parathyroid hormone; does not resolve until the magnesium deficiency has Treatment: been corrected)  Food sources rich in Magnesium should be obtained in the diet
  11. 11. Sources Dietary allowance Mustard greens  Male: 350 mg Whole grains  Females: 300 mg Nuts Soybeans Green leafy veggies
  12. 12. Thank you andhave a good day.

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