2.02 understand the_functions_and_disorders_of_the_circulatory_system

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Health Science I
Unit 2.02 Circulatory System

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2.02 understand the_functions_and_disorders_of_the_circulatory_system

  1. 1. 2.02 Understand thefunctions and disorders of thecirculatory system
  2. 2. 2.02 Understand the functions anddisorders of the circulatory systemEssential questions: What are the functions of blood? What are some disorders of the blood? How are blood disorders treated? How do you relate the body’s use of nutrients to the blood? What are the functions of the circulatory system? What are some disorders of the circulatory system? How are disorders of the circulatory system treated? How do you relate the body’s use of nutrients to the circulatory system? 2.02 Understand the functions and disorders of the circulatory system 2
  3. 3. What are the functions of blood?Transportation 2.02 Understand the functions and disorders of the circulatory system 3
  4. 4. What are the functions of blood? Regulation 2.02 Understand the functions and disorders of the circulatory system 4
  5. 5. What are the functions of blood? Protection 2.02 Understand the functions and disorders of the circulatory system 5
  6. 6. Functions of the blood components  Plasma  Erythrocytes  Leukocytes  Thrombocytes 2.02 Understand the functions and disorders of the circulatory system 6
  7. 7. Plasma Plasma Cellular elements 2.01 Remember the structures of the circulatory system 7
  8. 8. Erythrocytes Hemoglobin helps to transport oxygen TO the tissues helps to transport some carbon dioxide AWAY from the tissues 2.02 Understand the functions and disorders of the circulatory system 8
  9. 9. Erythrocytes Starts here hemolysis 1) What is it? 2) Why does it occur? 3) What is the lifetime of an erythrocyte? 4) What happens to old erythrocytes? 2.02 Understand the functions and disorders of the circulatory system 9
  10. 10. Rh factor 2.02 Understand the functions and disorders of the circulatory system 10
  11. 11. Leukocytes Function Compare leukocytes to erythrocytes. 2.02 Understand the functions and disorders of the circulatory system 11
  12. 12. Leukocytes Agranulocytes  Lymphocytes  Monocytes 2.02 Understand the functions and disorders of the circulatory system 12
  13. 13. Leukocytes Granulocytes  Neutrophils  Eosinophils  Basophils 2.02 Understand the functions and disorders of the circulatory system 13
  14. 14. Inflammation 2.02 Understand the functions and disorders of the circulatory system 14
  15. 15. Inflammation 2.02 Understand the functions and disorders of the circulatory system 15
  16. 16. Thrombocytes/Platelets What is the composition of thrombocytes/platelets? What is their function? 2.02 Understand the functions and disorders of the circulatory system 16
  17. 17. Thrombocytes 2.02 Understand the functions and disorders of the circulatory system 17
  18. 18. Blood types 2.02 Understand the functions and disorders of the circulatory system 18
  19. 19. Blood typesComparison of blood types (antigen/antibodies) Someone with type A antigen has B antibodies Someone with type B antigen has A antibodies Someone with type AB antigen has no antibodies Someone with type O antigen has A and B antibodies Who can receive type O blood? 2.02 Understand the functions and disorders of the circulatory system 19
  20. 20. Rh factor 2.02 Understand the functions and disorders of the circulatory system 20
  21. 21. Blood Disorders AnemiaReview the symptoms ofanemia.Discuss why thesesymptoms occur. 2.02 Understand the functions and disorders of the circulatory system 21
  22. 22. Blood disorders 2.02 Understand the functions and disorders of the circulatory system 22
  23. 23. Blood disorders 2.02 Understand the functions and disorders of the circulatory system 23
  24. 24. Blood disordersReview the symptoms of hemophilia.Discuss why these symptoms occur. 2.02 Understand the functions and disorders of the circulatory system 24
  25. 25. Blood DisordersLeukemia 2.02 Understand the functions and disorders of the circulatory system 25
  26. 26. Blood disordersMultiple Myeloma 2.02 Understand the functions and disorders of the circulatory system 26
  27. 27. Blood DisordersPolycythemia 2.02 Understand the functions and disorders of the circulatory system 27
  28. 28. Blood DisordersSepticemia 2.02 Understand the functions and disorders of the circulatory system 28
  29. 29. Blood disorders Sickle cell anemiaWhat is sickle cell anemia?What are the symptoms?How is it treated? 2.02 Understand the functions and disorders of the circulatory system 29
  30. 30. What are thefunctions ofthe heart? 2.02 Understand the functions and disorders of the circulatory system 30
  31. 31. Functions of the heart Did you know? At rest, 2 ounces of blood is circulated with each heart beat. 2.02 Understand the functions and disorders of the circulatory system 31
  32. 32. Functions of the heart It’s a PUMPWhat do pumps do?How does this relate to heart function? 2.02 Understand the functions and disorders of the circulatory system 32
  33. 33. Hear the beat! 2.02 Understand the functions and disorders of the circulatory system 33
  34. 34. Blood Pressure FYI Blood pressure is the surge of blood when heart pumps creates pressure against the walls of the arteries SYSTOLIC PRESSURE  Measured during the contraction phase DIASTOLIC PRESSURE  Measured when the ventricles are relaxed What is the normal blood pressure for an adult? 2.02 Understand the functions and disorders of the circulatory system 34
  35. 35. It’s electric! 2.02 Understand the functions and disorders of the circulatory system 35
  36. 36. Electrocardiogram EKG or ECG SYSTOLE = contraction phase DIASTOLE = relaxation phaseBaseline of an EKG is a flat line: P = Atrial contraction QRS = Ventricular contraction T = Ventricular relaxation 2.02 Understand the functions and disorders of the circulatory system 36
  37. 37. Functions of the heart TransportationWhat does the heart transport? 2.02 Understand the functions and disorders of the circulatory system 37
  38. 38. The transportation process Discuss systemic circulation 2.02 Understand the functions and disorders of the circulatory system 38
  39. 39. The transportation process Right side Left Side Superior vena cava Pulmonary vein Inferior vena cava Left atrium Right atrium Bicuspid valve Tricuspid valve Left ventricle Right Ventricle Aortic valve Pulmonary valve Aorta Pulmonary artery Body Lungs CO2 and O2 exchange (Schematic of systemic circulation) 2.02 Understand the functions and disorders of the circulatory system 39
  40. 40. The transportation process Cardiopulmonary circulation Compare Systemic Circulation To Cardiopulmonary Circulation 2.02 Understand the functions and disorders of the circulatory system 40
  41. 41. Vessels of the circulatory system ARTERIES  What are the functions of arteries?  What are the characteristics of arteries?  Which direction do arteries flow? 2.02 Understand the functions and disorders of the circulatory system 41
  42. 42. Vessels of thecirculatory system Describe arterial blood. 2.02 Understand the functions and disorders of the circulatory system 42
  43. 43. Vessels of the circulatory system VEINS  What is the function of veins?  What are the characteristics of veins?  Which direction do veins flow?  Compare arterial and venous blood. 2.02 Understand the functions and disorders of the circulatory system 43
  44. 44. Vessels of thecirculatory system 2.02 Understand the functions and disorders of the circulatory system 44
  45. 45. Vessels of the circulatory system Capillaries What is the function of capillaries? What happens if this action is obstructed? 2.02 Understand the functions and disorders of the circulatory system 45
  46. 46. Remember Pulse Sites? Where do they come from? 2.02 Understand the functions and disorders of the circulatory system 46
  47. 47. 2.02 Understand the functions and disorders of the circulatory system 47
  48. 48. Circulatory DisordersAneurysm 2.02 Understand the functions and disorders of the circulatory system 48
  49. 49. Circulatory DisordersAngina pectoris 2.02 Understand the functions and disorders of the circulatory system 49
  50. 50. Circulatory Disorders ArrhythmiaBRADYCARDIATACHYCARDIA 2.02 Understand the functions and disorders of the circulatory system 50
  51. 51. Circulatory DisordersArteriosclerosis 2.02 Understand the functions and disorders of the circulatory system 51
  52. 52. Circulatory disorders Atherosclerosis 2.02 Understand the functions and disorders of the circulatory system 52
  53. 53. Circulatory isorders Coronary artery disease 2.02 Understand the functions and disorders of the circulatory system 53
  54. 54. Circulatory DisordersCoronary Artery Disease 2.02 Understand the functions and disorders of the circulatory system 54
  55. 55. Circulatory DisordersHypertension (HTN) 2.02 Understand the functions and disorders of the circulatory system 55
  56. 56. Circulatory DisordersHeart Failure 2.02 Understand the functions and disorders of the circulatory system 56
  57. 57. Circulatory DisordersMurmurs 2.02 Understand the functions and disorders of the circulatory system 57
  58. 58. Circulatory DisordersMyocardial infarction 2.02 Understand the functions and disorders of the circulatory system 58
  59. 59. Circulatory DisordersPeripheral Vascular Disease(PVD) 2.02 Understand the functions and disorders of the circulatory system 59
  60. 60. Circulatory DisordersTransient Ischemic Attack (TIA) 2.02 Understand the functions and disorders of the circulatory system 60
  61. 61. Circulatory DisordersCerebralVascularAccident (CVA) 2.02 Understand the functions and disorders of the circulatory system 61
  62. 62. Circulatory Disorders Varicose Veins 2.02 Understand the functions and disorders of the circulatory system 62
  63. 63. Circulatory Disorders Leading Causes of Death:The Impact of Circulatory Disorders 2.02 Understand the functions and disorders of the circulatory system 63
  64. 64. Relevance of nutrientsto the blood and circulatory system 2.02 Understand the functions and disorders of the circulatory system 64

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