1.02 remember the_structures_of_the_skeletal_system

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Health Science I
1.02 Structures of Skeletal System

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1.02 remember the_structures_of_the_skeletal_system

  1. 1. 1.02 Remember the structures of the skeletal system
  2. 2. 1.02 Remember the structures of the skeletal systemWhat do you know?
  3. 3. 1.02 Remember the structures of the skeletal systemEssential Standards: • What is the process of bone formation? • What are the structures of the long bones? • What are the structures of the skeletal system? 1.02 Remember the structures of the skeletal system 3
  4. 4. Bone formationIdentify the osteocytes. Osteo = bone Cyte = cell Microscopic mature bone cells 1.02 Remember the structures of the skeletal system 4
  5. 5. Bone formation Ossification – new minerals deposit to form bone Discuss the process of ossification? How do we know ossification occurs? Example 1.02 Remember the structures of the skeletal system 5
  6. 6. Bone formation Ossification – Minerals replace previously formed cartilage. Infants bones are soft and pliable because of incomplete ossification. As bones ossify, they become hard. 1.02 Remember the structures of the skeletal system 6
  7. 7. Bone formation How do we know ossification occurs? Long bones grow in length and ossify from the center to the ends. Give examples of ossification. 1.02 Remember the structures of the skeletal system 7
  8. 8. Bone formation 1.02 Remember the structures of the skeletal system 8
  9. 9. Bone formation 1.02 Remember the structures of the skeletal system 9
  10. 10. Types of BonesDiscuss their possible function based onappearance. 1.02 Remember the structures of the skeletal system 10
  11. 11. Types of Bones Long bones•Found in the arms and legs 1.02 Remember the structures of the skeletal system 11
  12. 12. Types of Bones Flat bones•Bones of the skull•Ribs 1.02 Remember the structures of the skeletal system 12
  13. 13. Types of Bones Irregular bones•Spinal column 1.02 Remember the structures of the skeletal system 13
  14. 14. Types of Bones Short bones•Wrist 1.02 Remember the structures of the skeletal system 14
  15. 15. Structures of long bones Identifystructure s of the long bones.Compare spongybone tocompact bone. 1.02 Remember the structures of the skeletal system 15
  16. 16. Structure of the long bones Comparestructuresof the long bones. Discuss theimportance of having both types of bone tissue. 1.02 Remember the structures of the skeletal system 16
  17. 17. Axial SkeletonThe axialskeleton is blue. 1.02 Remember the structures of the skeletal system 17
  18. 18. Axial Skeleton Skull frontal view Identify the structures of the frontal view of the skull. 1.02 Remember the structures of the skeletal system 18
  19. 19. Axial Skeleton Skull lateral view Identify the structures of the lateral view of the skull. 1.02 Remember the structures of the skeletal system 19
  20. 20. Axial Skeleton Skull superior view 1.02 Remember the structures of the skeletal system 20
  21. 21. Axial Skeleton Skull lateral view 1.02 Remember the structures of the skeletal system 21
  22. 22. Axial Skelton Hyoid Bone What is unique about the hyoid bone? 1.02 Remember the structures of the skeletal system 22
  23. 23. Axial Skeleton Spinal Vertebral Structure column Identify the structures of the spinal vertebra. 1.02 Remember the structures of the skeletal system 23
  24. 24. Axial Skeleton Spinal column Identify the vertebrae in the spinal column. 1.02 Remember the structures of the skeletal system 24
  25. 25. Axial Skeleton Spinal column Identify the vertebrae in this x-ray. 1.02 Remember the structures of the skeletal system 25
  26. 26. Appendicular SkeletonTheappendicularskeleton isbeige. 1.02 Remember the structures of the skeletal system 26
  27. 27. Appendicular Skeleton Shoulder girdle Identify the structures of the shoulder girdle and upper extremities. 1.02 Remember the structures of the skeletal system 27
  28. 28. Appendicular Skeleton Shoulder girdle Identify the structures of the shoulder girdle and upper extremities. 1.02 Remember the structures of the skeletal system 28
  29. 29. Appendicular Skeleton Pelvic girdle Identify the structures of the pelvic girdle and lower extremities. 1.02 Remember the structures of the skeletal system 29
  30. 30. Appendicular Skeleton Pelvic girdle Identify the structures of the lower extremities. 1.02 Remember the structures of the skeletal system 30
  31. 31. Appendicular Skeleton Pelvis Identify the structures of the pelvis. 1.02 Remember the structures of the skeletal system 31
  32. 32. Appendicular Skeleton Pelvic girdle Identify the structures of the pelvic girdle and lower extremities. 1.02 Remember the structures of the skeletal system 32
  33. 33. Appendicular Skeleton Pelvic girdle Compare the male and female pelvis. Copyright Pearson Education, Inc. 1.02 Remember the structures of the skeletal system 33
  34. 34. Joints:Diarthroses 1.02 Remember the structures of the skeletal system 34
  35. 35. Joints Diarthroses = moveable joints Four types  Ball and socket  Pivot  Hinge  Gliding 1.02 Remember the structures of the skeletal system 35
  36. 36. Joints Ball and socket  One bone has a ball at one end  The other has a concave socket  Allows for the greatest range of motion  Ex: shoulder 1.02 Remember the structures of the skeletal system 36
  37. 37. Joints: Diarthroses Example of a ball and socket joint. 1.02 Remember the structures of the skeletal system 37
  38. 38. Joints Hinge joint  Move in one direction 1.02 Remember the structures of the skeletal system 38
  39. 39. Joints: Diarthroses Example of a hinge joint. Define uniaxial. 1.02 Remember the structures of the skeletal system 39
  40. 40. Joints Pivot joints  Bones that rotate across each other 1.02 Remember the structures of the skeletal system 40
  41. 41. Joints: Diarthroses Identify the pivot joints in this x-ray. Identify other pivot joints. 1.02 Remember the structures of the skeletal system 41
  42. 42. Joints Gliding joint  Bones with flat surfaces that slide across each other 1.02 Remember the structures of the skeletal system 42
  43. 43. Joints Example of gliding joint Give examples not pictured here 1.02 Remember the structures of the skeletal system 43
  44. 44. Joints Amphiarthroses  Partially movable joints 1.02 Remember the structures of the skeletal system 44
  45. 45. Joints Synarthroses  Immovable joints  Connected by fibrous connective tissue 1.02 Remember the structures of the skeletal system 45
  46. 46. Bursa and Synovial Membrane Bursa  Fluid-filled sac that contains the synovial membrane  Lined by synovial membrane 1.02 Remember the structures of the skeletal system 46
  47. 47. Bursa and Synovial Membrane Synovial membrane  Capsule that encloses a joint  Lines the bursa  Contains synovial fluid 1.02 Remember the structures of the skeletal system 47
  48. 48. 1.02 Remember the structures of the skeletal systemEssential Standards: • What is the process of bone formation? • What are the structures of the long bones? • What are the structures of the skeletal system? 1.02 Remember the structures of the skeletal system 48
  49. 49. 1.02 Remember the structures of the skeletal system The End 1.02 Remember the structures of the skeletal system 49

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